[RFC v14][PATCH 53/54] Detect resource leaks for whole-containercheckpoint

Sukadev Bhattiprolu sukadev at linux.vnet.ibm.com
Wed May 6 23:13:21 PDT 2009


Oren Laadan [orenl at cs.columbia.edu] wrote:
| 
| 
| Sukadev Bhattiprolu wrote:
| > Oren Laadan [orenl at cs.columbia.edu] wrote:
| > | Add a 'users' count to objhash items, and, for a !CHECKPOINT_SUBTREE
| > | checkpoint, return an error code if the actual objects' counts are
| > | higher, indicating leaks (references to the objects from a task not
| > | being checkpointed).  Of course, by this time most of the checkpoint
| > | image has been written out to disk, so this is purely advisory.  But
| > | then, it's probably naive to argue that anything more than an advisory
| > | 'this went wrong' error code is useful.
| > | 
| > | The comparison of the objhash user counts to object refcounts as a
| > | basis for checking for leaks comes from Alexey's OpenVZ-based c/r
| > | patchset.
| > | 
| > | Signed-off-by: Oren Laadan <orenl at cs.columbia.edu>
| > | ---
| > |  checkpoint/checkpoint.c    |    8 +++
| > |  checkpoint/memory.c        |    2 +
| > |  checkpoint/objhash.c       |  108 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++----
| > |  include/linux/checkpoint.h |    2 +
| > |  4 files changed, 110 insertions(+), 10 deletions(-)
| > | 
| > | diff --git a/checkpoint/checkpoint.c b/checkpoint/checkpoint.c
| > | index 4319976..32a0a8e 100644
| > | --- a/checkpoint/checkpoint.c
| > | +++ b/checkpoint/checkpoint.c
| > | @@ -498,6 +498,14 @@ int do_checkpoint(struct ckpt_ctx *ctx, pid_t pid)
| > |  	if (ret < 0)
| > |  		goto out;
| > | 
| > | +	if (!(ctx->flags & CHECKPOINT_SUBTREE)) {
| > | +		/* verify that all objects are contained (no leaks) */
| > | +		if (!ckpt_obj_contained(ctx)) {
| > | +			ret = -EBUSY;
| > | +			goto out;
| > | +		}
| > | +	}
| > | +
| > |  	/* on success, return (unique) checkpoint identifier */
| > |  	ctx->crid = atomic_inc_return(&ctx_count);
| > |  	ret = ctx->crid;
| > | diff --git a/checkpoint/memory.c b/checkpoint/memory.c
| > | index 7637c1e..5ae2b41 100644
| > | --- a/checkpoint/memory.c
| > | +++ b/checkpoint/memory.c
| > | @@ -687,6 +687,8 @@ static int do_checkpoint_mm(struct ckpt_ctx *ctx, struct mm_struct *mm)
| > |  			ret = exe_objref;
| > |  			goto out;
| > |  		}
| > | +		/* account for all references through vma/exe_file */
| > | +		ckpt_obj_users_inc(ctx, mm->exe_file, mm->num_exe_file_vmas);
| > 
| > Do we really need to add num_exe_file_vmas here ?
| > 
| > A quick look at all callers for added_exe_file_vma() seems to show that
| > those callers also do a get_file().
| 
| Each vma whose file is the same as mm->exe_file causes the refcount
| of that file to increase by 2: once by vma->vm_file, and once via
| added_exe_file_vma(). The c/r code calls ckpt_obj_checkpoint() only
| once, thus once one obj_file_grab() for that file. The code above
| accounts for the missing count.
| 
| > 
| > Anyway, when I try to C/R a simple process tree, I get -EBUSY because
| > ckpt_obj_contained() finds a ref-count mismatch for the executable file.
| 
| Are you certain the culprit is this count and not, possibly, some
| other "leak" ?

Well, I will look some more tomorrow.

| If so, do you know what's the count difference ?

Yes, dmesg had:

	c/r: FILE users 10 != count 16

The process tree had 3 processes (parent, child, grant-child) all executing
the same file (i.e none of them called exec()). The difference of 6 (or 2
per process made me suspect the num_file_exe_vmas)

| Posting the test program and a description of what you did would
| be useful...

Attached (ptree2.c).  I ran it as:

	$ ./ptree2 -n 1 -d 2


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