[Bitcoin-development] The relationship between Proof-of-Publication and Anti-Replay Oracles

paul snow snow.paul at gmail.com
Sun Dec 21 15:41:08 UTC 2014

I could play the game where I say, "You don't understand," and, like you,
not address any of your points.

First, there is no dependence on implementation in my arguments.  If a
system can prevent replay by some set of rules, it necessarily must be able
to answer the question if a message is publishable.  Non publishing proofs
are thus possible and even required.

The argument that proof of audience isn't part of an anti-replay system is
not one I picked up on, but an publicly auditable anti replay system
necessarily must define its audience. Again, not an issue for an auditable
On Dec 21, 2014 9:23 AM, "Peter Todd" <pete at petertodd.org> wrote:

> On Sun, Dec 21, 2014 at 07:49:17AM -0600, paul snow wrote:
> > On Dec 20, 2014 8:49 AM, "Peter Todd" <pete at petertodd.org> wrote:
> > >
> > > However the converse is not possible: anti-replay cannot be used to
> > implement proof-of-publication. Knowing that no conflicting message
> exists
> > says nothing about who be in posession of that message, or indeed, any
> > message at all. Thus anti-replay is not sufficient to implement other
> uses
> > of proof-of-publication such as decentralized exchange³.
> >
> > How does proof of publication prove who is in possession of that message?
> > Or of any message at all?
> With the blockchain you prove the message in in the blockchain; anyone
> in posession of the blockchain will be in posession of the message.
> Secondly determining if you are in posession of the blockchain is
> possible subject to the usual considerations about attacker size,
> whether or not your local clock is up-to-date, etc.
> > The data written in an anti-replay system and
> > the data written in a proof of publication system differs in that you
> can't
> > repeat data in an anti-replay system according to some understanding of
> the
> > rules of the meaning of the data (if I am following your description
> > correctly).
> I'm not sure you understand what an anti-replay system is; data isn't
> written to them; they're an abstract mathematical model that may be
> actually implemented in a variety of ways.
> Now it is true that any conceivable implementation must involve some
> type of storage, but that storage can easily 100% local to the
> anti-replay oracle and need not store the data itself. For instance a
> trusted computer in a vault that maintains an extremely large bloom
> filter of previously used keys would be a perfectly reasonable
> implementation.
> > If the data itself defines possession, the "ownership of the message" (it
> > isn't even clear to me what you mean by that phrase) isn't defined by
> > either proof, but by the message itself.  And the message itself isn't
> > constrained by either to prohibit proving ownership (what ever you mean
> by
> > that).
> Wait, where did I say "ownership of the message"? What you quoted above
> says *posession*, which != ownership.
> > Of course, I do assume I can test a message (or a set of messages sharing
> > some feature like a particular input on a transaction) as being
> publishable
> > in an anti-replay system without actually publishing it.  That does allow
> > one to prove non-publishing.  You can determine if a message exists that
> > would preclude the publishing of a message; the very purpose of an
> > anti-replay proof.
> >
> > And I would assert that such a search (i.e. the idea that such a search
> has
> > meaning in a anti-replay system) is already incorporating the assumption
> > that such a search is possible and must be possible for an anti-replay
> > system.
> You're confused about what an anti-replay system actually is - you're
> really talking about a specific implementation of one based on
> proof-of-publication, not the concept itself.
> --
> 'peter'[:-1]@petertodd.org
> 00000000000000001b728df6414af5ef95388557f1c3e5d29c569d7636b93681
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