[Bitcoin-development] [RFC] [BIP proposal] Dealing with malleability

Alan Reiner etotheipi at gmail.com
Wed Feb 12 16:22:19 UTC 2014


I think the solution is simply to encourage Bitcoin software developers to
design their software to use this static ID, instead of the full
transaction hash.    If MtGox had talked those IDs instead of the TX ID,
their software would've correctly identified the mutated transactions and
there would be  no problem.

Armory is slightly different, since it doesn't deal with the same stuff as
exchanges do.  But it didn't have any problems with malleability because it
doesn't track anything by ID, it only pays attention to whether inputs and
outputs are related to your wallets.  It's not necessarily hard to do it
this way, people just have to be aware of it.

-Alan

Sent from my overpriced smartphone
On Feb 12, 2014 10:15 AM, "Rune Kjær Svendsen" <runesvend at gmail.com> wrote:

> Instead of trying to remove the possibility of transaction
> malleability, would it make sense to define a new, "canonical
> transaction hash/ID" (cTxID), which would be a hash of the part of the
> transaction data which we know is not malleable, and have clients use
> this cTxID internally, thus making the traditional transaction hash
> irrelevant for a client to function correctly?
>
> We already have a non-malleable transaction hash: the hash that is
> signed, ie. the transaction with each scriptSig replaced by the
> scriptPubKey it redeems. This could be the cTxID.
>
> Or is this simply a too fundamental change to the way bitcoin-qt (and
> all other clients) work in order to be feasible?
>
> As far as I can see, it completely solves the issue of not having a
> canonical ID for a transaction, but it also increases the
> computational requirements for a node. For one, as far as I can see,
> it requires the node to index all transactions, because in order to
> calculate a cTxID, it would be necessary to fetch all transactions
> referred to by the transaction in question, in order to pull in the
> scriptPubKeys that are redeemed.
>
>
> On Mon, Feb 10, 2014 at 4:00 AM, Peter Todd <pete at petertodd.org> wrote:
> > On Mon, Feb 10, 2014 at 12:33:02AM +0100, Pieter Wuille wrote:
> >> Hello all,
> >>
> >> it was something I planned to do since a long time, but with the
> >> recent related issues popping up, I finally got around to writing a
> >> BIP about how we can get rid of transaction malleability over time.
> >>
> >> The proposed document is here: https://gist.github.com/sipa/8907691
> >>
> >> I expect most rules to not be controversial. Maybe rules 1 and 3, as
> >> they require modifications to wallet software (Bitcoin Core 0.9 and
> >> BitcoinJ already implement it, though) and potentially invalidate some
> >> script functionality. However, these new rules remain optional and
> >> controlled by an nVersion increase.
> >>
> >> Comments please!
> >
> > You should probably add making CHECKMULTISIG require the dummy value to
> > be exactly equal to OP_FALSE; verifying that in the transaction itself is
> > laborious. A more subtle example is we may want both CHECKSIG and
> > CHECKMULTISIG to fail the transaction if the signature is invalid but
> > not exactly equal to OP_FALSE; some transaction forms are significantly
> > more compact if you can have failed signatures, but that's a source of
> > malleability. (are there counter examples people can think of?)
> >
> >
> > But as I said on IRC, I'm a bit hesitant to bake in assumptions about
> > malleability when we have no solid idea if ECC signatures are or are not
> > malleable on a fundemental level; if "whack-a-mole" anti-malleability is
> > all we've got it could be ugly if a break is found. Similarly, we may
> > find we missed something, or some needed change makes the malleability
> > rules difficult to work with for some new script type that is required.
> >
> > I'd rather see a new CHECKSIG mode for the case where malleability
> > absolutely must be eliminated - certain multi-party protocols - and fix
> > wallet software instead. (the malleability problems people see are
> > closely related to inability to handle double-spends and reorgs) But I
> > can easily see that being an impossible goal engineering wise...
> >
> > --
> > 'peter'[:-1]@petertodd.org
> > 0000000000000001465bc2730ffed7493d166d18d288f6cf15e8cdb5d4a3c7b1
> >
> >
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