[Bitcoin-development] Draft BIP for geutxos message

Mike Hearn mike at plan99.net
Thu Jul 10 14:44:11 UTC 2014


I took the number out, it is now just "the getutxo bip" until a number is
assigned.


On Thu, Jul 10, 2014 at 4:29 PM, Mike Hearn <mike at plan99.net> wrote:

> I opened up a pull req for a draft BIP for getutxo.
>
>    https://github.com/bitcoin/bips/pull/88
>
> I include a rendering below for your reading convenience. If you'd like to
> comment on design/security/etc then please first familiarise yourself with
> the long discussions that were already had here:
>
>    https://github.com/bitcoin/bitcoin/pull/4351
>
>
>   BIP: 45
>   Title: getutxo message
>   Author: Mike Hearn <hearn at vinumeris.com>
>   Status: Draft
>   Type: Standards Track
>   Created: 2014-06-10
>
>  Table of Contents
>
>    - Abstract
>       <https://github.com/mikehearn/bips/commit/6058b92f5d9804ee4104649f53afc2fa53248c81?short_path=35c7795#Abstract>
>       - Motivation
>       <https://github.com/mikehearn/bips/commit/6058b92f5d9804ee4104649f53afc2fa53248c81?short_path=35c7795#Motivation>
>       - Specification
>       <https://github.com/mikehearn/bips/commit/6058b92f5d9804ee4104649f53afc2fa53248c81?short_path=35c7795#Specification>
>       - Backward compatibility
>       <https://github.com/mikehearn/bips/commit/6058b92f5d9804ee4104649f53afc2fa53248c81?short_path=35c7795#Backward_compatibility>
>       - Authentication
>       <https://github.com/mikehearn/bips/commit/6058b92f5d9804ee4104649f53afc2fa53248c81?short_path=35c7795#Authentication>
>       - Implementation
>       <https://github.com/mikehearn/bips/commit/6058b92f5d9804ee4104649f53afc2fa53248c81?short_path=35c7795#Implementation>
>
>
> <https://github.com/mikehearn/bips/commit/6058b92f5d9804ee4104649f53afc2fa53248c81?short_path=35c7795#abstract>
> Abstract
>
> This document describes a small P2P protocol extension that performs UTXO
> lookups given a set of outpoints.
>
> <https://github.com/mikehearn/bips/commit/6058b92f5d9804ee4104649f53afc2fa53248c81?short_path=35c7795#motivation>
> Motivation
>
> All full Bitcoin nodes maintain a database called the unspent transaction
> output set. This set is how double spending is checked for: to be valid a
> transaction must identify unspent outputs in this set using an identifier
> called an "outpoint", which is merely the hash of the output's containing
> transaction plus an index.
>
> The ability to query this can sometimes be useful for a lightweight/SPV
> client which does not have the full UTXO set at hand. For example, it can
> be useful in applications implementing assurance contracts to do a quick
> check when a new pledge becomes visible to test whether that pledge was
> already revoked via a double spend. Although this message is not strictly
> necessary because e.g. such an app could be implemented by fully
> downloading and storing the block chain, it is useful for obtaining
> acceptable performance and resolving various UI cases.
>
> Another example of when this data can be useful is for performing floating
> fee calculations in an SPV wallet. This use case requires some other
> changes to the Bitcoin protocol however, so we will not dwell on it here.
>
> <https://github.com/mikehearn/bips/commit/6058b92f5d9804ee4104649f53afc2fa53248c81?short_path=35c7795#specification>
> Specification
>
> Two new messages are defined. The "getutxos" message has the following
> structure:
>
>  Field Size DescriptionData typeComments 1check mempoolbool Whether to
> apply mempool transactions during the calculation, thus exposing their
> UTXOs and removing outputs that they spend. ?outpointsvector The list of
> outpoints to be queried. Each outpoint is serialized in the same way it is
> in a tx message.
>
> The response message "utxos" has the following structure:
>
>  Field Size DescriptionData typeComments 4chain heightuint32 The height
> of the chain at the moment the result was calculated. 32chain tip hash
> uint256 Block hash of the top of the chain at the moment the result was
> calculated. ?hit bitmapbyte[] An array of bytes encoding one bit for each
> outpoint queried. Each bit indicates whether the queried outpoint was found
> in the UTXO set or not. ?result utxosresult[] A list of result objects
> (defined below), one for each outpoint that is unspent (i.e. has a bit set
> in the bitmap).
>
> The result object is defined as:
>
>  Field Size DescriptionData typeComments 4tx versionuint32 The version
> number of the transaction the UTXO was found in. 4heightuint256 The
> height of the block containing the defining transaction, or 0x7FFFFFFF if
> the tx is in the mempool. ?outputCTxOut The output itself, serialized in
> the same way as in a tx message.
> <https://github.com/mikehearn/bips/commit/6058b92f5d9804ee4104649f53afc2fa53248c81?short_path=35c7795#backward-compatibility>Backward
> compatibility
>
> Nodes indicate support by advertising a protocol version above 70003 and
> by setting a new NODE_GETUTXO flag in their nServices field, which has a
> value of 2 (1
>
> <https://github.com/mikehearn/bips/commit/6058b92f5d9804ee4104649f53afc2fa53248c81?short_path=35c7795#authentication>
> Authentication
>
> The UTXO set is not currently authenticated by anything. There are
> proposals to resolve this by introducing a new consensus rule that commits
> to a root hash of the UTXO set in blocks, however this feature is not
> presently available in the Bitcoin protocol. Once it is, the utxos message
> could be upgraded to include Merkle branches showing inclusion of the UTXOs
> in the committed sets.
>
> If the requesting client is looking up outputs for a signed transaction
> that they have locally, the client can partly verify the returned output by
> running the input scripts with it. Currently this verifies only that the
> script is correct. A future version of the Bitcoin protocol is likely to
> also allow the value to be checked in this way. It does not show that the
> output is really unspent or was ever actually created in the block chain
> however.
>
> If the requesting client has a mapping of chain heights to block hashes in
> the best chain e.g. obtained via getheaders, then they can obtain a proof
> that the output did at one point exist by requesting the block and
> searching for the output within it. When combined with Bloom filtering this
> can be reasonably efficient.
>
> Note that even when the outputs are being checked against something this
> protocol has the same security model as Bloom filtering: a remote node can
> lie through omission by claiming the requested UTXO does not exist / was
> already spent (they are the same, from the perspective of a full node).
> Querying multiple nodes and combining their answers can be a partial
> solution to this, although as nothing authenticates the Bitcoin P2P network
> a man in the middle could still yield incorrect results.
>
> <https://github.com/mikehearn/bips/commit/6058b92f5d9804ee4104649f53afc2fa53248c81?short_path=35c7795#implementation>
> Implementation
>
> https://github.com/bitcoin/bitcoin/pull/4351/files
>
-------------- next part --------------
An HTML attachment was scrubbed...
URL: <http://lists.linuxfoundation.org/pipermail/bitcoin-dev/attachments/20140710/35e305eb/attachment.html>


More information about the bitcoin-dev mailing list