[Bitcoin-development] Lexicographical Indexing of Transaction Inputs and Outputs

Kristov Atlas kristovatlas.lists at gmail.com
Sun Jun 14 16:29:37 UTC 2015


Update: BIP 79 has been implemented in the latest release of Electrum,
v2.3.2:

https://github.com/spesmilo/electrum/blob/master/RELEASE-NOTES

-Kristov

On Fri, Jun 12, 2015 at 5:36 PM, Kristov Atlas <kristovatlas.lists at gmail.com
> wrote:

> Since everyone's busy, I went ahead and made a pull request to add this as
> an informational BIP 79 to the bips directory.
>
> https://github.com/bitcoin/bips/pull/157
>
> Regards,
> Kristov
>
> On Tue, Jun 9, 2015 at 4:14 PM, Peter Todd <pete at petertodd.org> wrote:
>
>> On Mon, Jun 08, 2015 at 06:53:54PM -0400, Kristov Atlas wrote:
>>
>> Two other things:
>>
>>
>>
>> > On Sat, Jun 6, 2015 at 10:35 PM, Peter Todd <pete at petertodd.org> wrote:
>> >
>> > > Why mention SIGHASH_SINGLE at all? Its use-case is highly specialized
>> > > protocols; you haven't taken into account the needs of those
>> protocols.
>> > > For BIP's it's better to stick to the use-cases where the need is
>> clear
>> > > and there exists running code that to speculate too much on future
>> uses.
>> > > With signature hashing in particular it's not yet clear at all what
>> > > future OP_CHECKSIG's will look like, let alone the various ways people
>> > > will use sighash for smart contract type stuff.
>> > >
>> > > You'd be better off presenting the BIP in terms of a generic statement
>> > > that "except when otherwise prevented by advanced signature hashing
>> > > requirements, wallet software must emit transactions sorted according
>> to
>> > > the following" You can then specify the two common cases in detail:
>> > >
>> > > 1) SIGHASH_ALL: input and output order signed, so sort appropriately
>> > >
>> > > 2) SIGHASH_ANYONECANPAY: input order not signed, so software should
>> emit
>> > >    transactions sorted, recognising that the actual mined order may be
>> > >    changed.
>> > >
>> >
>> > That makes sense. I updated the language as follows -- your thoughts?
>> Keep
>> > in mind this BIP is informational, and so people are free to ignore it.
>> >
>> > "Applicability: This BIP applies to all transactions of signature hash
>> type
>> > SIGHASH_ALL. Additionally,  software compliant with this BIP that allows
>> > later parties to update the transaction (e.g. using signature hash types
>> > SIGHASH_NONE or a variant of SIGHASH_ANYONECANPAY) should emit
>> > lexicographically sorted inputs and outputs, although they may later be
>> > modified. Transactions that have index dependencies between
>> transactions or
>> > within the same transaction are covered under the section of this BIP
>> > entitled “Handling Input/Output Dependencies.”"
>>
>> I'd keep it even simpler than that, and just say for now that such
>> use-cases are out of the scope of this BIP, however those standards
>> should come up with some kind of deterministic standard that meets the
>> needs of the protocol. Again, there's a bunch of possible use-cases here
>> and we just can't predict them; focus on the fact that the *spirit* of
>> what this BIP is about is applicable and future standards should be
>> developed.
>>
>> So I'd change the "Applicability" section to:
>>
>> This BIP applies to all transactions where the order of inputs and
>> outputs does not matter. This is true for the vast majority of
>> transactions as they simply move funds from one place to another.
>>
>> Currently this generally refers to transactions where SIGHASH_ALL is
>> used, in which case the signatures commit to the exact order of input
>> and outputs. In the case where SIGHASH_ANYONECANPAY and/or SIGHASH_NONE
>> has been used (e.g. crowdfunds) the order of inputs and/or outputs may
>> not be signed, however compliant software should still emit transactions
>> with sorted inputs and outputs, even though they may later be modified
>> by others.
>>
>> In the event that future protocol upgrades introduce new signature hash
>> types, compliant software should apply the lexographic ordering
>> principle analogously.
>>
>> While out of scope of this BIP, protocols that do require a specified
>> order of inputs/outputs (e.g. due to use of SIGHASH_SINGLE) should
>> consider the goals of this BIP and how best to adapt them to the
>> specifics needs of those protocols.
>>
>>
>> Then remove the "handling input/output deps" section.
>>
>> > > Do you have a patch implementing deterministic tx ordering for Bitcoin
>> > > Core yet?
>> > >
>> >
>> > I'm not a frequent C programmer, so I'd prefer to let someone else take
>> > care of it, as a frequent committer of code would do a faster and more
>> > stylistically consistent job of it. If no one else will, however, I
>> will.
>>
>>
>>
>> re: the actual ordering algorithm, having txids be sorted by with the
>> hex-based algorithm is odd. I'd simply say they're sorted as
>> little-endian byte arrays, or in other words, with the bytearr_cmp()
>> function, but with the order of bytes reversed. You also should say that
>> we're doing that to make the user see them in visually sorted order to
>> match expectations because txids are displayed as little-endian.
>>
>> For outputs, don't say "locking script", say "scriptPubKey". Secondly,
>> scriptPubKeys are not in little-endian representation - they have no
>> endianness to them. With output amount, there's no need to say that
>> they're unsigned or little-endian satoshies, just say they're sorted
>> largest/smallest amount first.
>>
>> "For the sake of efficiency, amounts will be considered first for
>> sorting, since they contain fewer bytes of information (7 bytes)
>> compared to a standard P2PKH locking script (800 bytes)." <- where the
>> heck did you get these numbers from? Amounts are 8 bytes, and P2PKH
>> scriptPubKeys are 25 bytes.
>>
>>
>> "Backwards Compatibility" <- I'd just remove this whole section; we're
>> unlikely to make this an IsStandard() rule anytime soon.
>>
>> --
>> 'peter'[:-1]@petertodd.org
>> 0000000000000000127ab1d576dc851f374424f1269c4700ccaba2c42d97e778
>>
>
>
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