[bitcoin-dev] BIP Idea: Marginal Pricing

William Morriss wjmelements at gmail.com
Thu Nov 30 06:05:02 UTC 2017

On Wed, Nov 29, 2017 at 9:52 PM, Chenxi Cai <Chenxi_Cai at live.com> wrote:

> Hi All,
> Auction theory is a well-studied problem in the economics literature.
> Currently what bitcoin has is Generalized first-price auction, where
> winning bidders pay their full bids. Alternatively, two approaches are
> potentially viable, which are Generalized second-price auction and Vickrey–Clarke–Groves
> auction. Generalized second-price auction, where winning bidders pay their
> next highest bids, reduces (but not eliminate) the need for bidders to
> strategize by allowing them to bid closer to their reservation
> price. Vickrey–Clarke–Groves auction, a more sophisticated system that
> considers all bids in relation to one another, elicit truthful bids from
> bidders, but may not maximize miners' fees as the other two systems will.
> Due to one result called Revenue Equivalence, the choice of fee design
> will not impact miners' fees unless the outcomes of the auction changes
> (i.e, the highest bidders do not always win). In addition, the sole benefit
> of second-price auction over first-price auction is to spare people's
> mental troubles from strategizing, rather than actually saving mining fees,
> because in equilibrium the fees bidders pay remain the same. Therefore, in
> balance, I do not see substantial material benefits arising from switching
> to a different fee schedule.
> Best,
> Chenxi Cai
Changing the bidding system to the marginal price allows us to supersede
the block size limit, which changes the outcome of the auction, as
different transactions are included.
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