# [bitcoin-dev] BIP 158 Flexibility and Filter Size

Riccardo Casatta riccardo.casatta at gmail.com
Wed Jun 6 15:14:17 UTC 2018

```Sorry if I continue on the subject even if
​custom filter types are considered in BIP 157/158
.
I am doing it
because
​:
1)​
with a fixed target FP=2^-20  (or 1/784931)
​ and the multi layer filtering maybe it's reasonable to consider less than
~20 bits for the golomb encoding of the per-block filter (one day committed
in the blockchain)
filters doesn't look a concern
3)
As far as I know, anyone is considering to use a map instead of a filter
for the upper layers of the filter​.

Simplistic example:
Suppose to have a 2 blocks blockchain, every block contains N items for the
filter:
1) In the current discussed filter we have 2 filters of 20N bits
2) In a two layer solution, we have 1 map of (10+1)2N bits and 2 filters of
10N bits
The additional bit in the map discriminate if the match is in the first or
in the second block.
Supposing to have 1 match in the two blocks, the filter size downloaded in
the first case is always 40N bits, while the expected downloaded size in
the second case is 22N+2^-10*10N+10N ~= 32N with the same FP because
independence.
This obviously isn't a full analysis of the methodology, the expected
downloaded size in the second case could go from the best case 22N bits to
the worst case of 42N bits...

@Gregory
> I don't know what portion of coins created are spent in the same 144 block
window...

source code <https://github.com/RCasatta/coincount>

>From block 393216 to 458752  (still waiting for results on all the
blockchain)
Total outputs 264185587
size: 2 spent: 11791058 ratio:0.04463172322871649
size: 4 spent: 29846090 ratio:0.11297395266305728
size: 16 spent: 72543182 ratio:0.2745917475051355
size: 64 spent: 113168726 ratio:0.4283682818775424
size: 144 spent: 134294070 ratio:0.508332311103709
size: 256 spent: 148824781 ratio:0.5633342177747191
size: 1024 spent: 179345566 ratio:0.6788620379960395
size: 4096 spent: 205755628 ratio:0.7788298761355213
size: 16384 spent: 224448158 ratio:0.849585174379706

Another point to consider is that if we don't want the full transaction
history of our wallet but only the UTXO, the upper layer map could contain
only the item which are not already spent in the considered window. As we
can see from the previous result if the window is 16384 ~85% of the
elements are already spent suggesting a very high time locality. (apart
144, I choose power of 2 windows so there are an integer number of bits in
the map)

It's possible we need ~20 bits anyway for the per-block filters because
last filter, anyway the upper layer map looks very promising for longer
sync.

Il giorno mer 6 giu 2018 alle ore 03:13 Olaoluwa Osuntokun <
laolu32 at gmail.com> ha scritto:

> It isn't being discussed atm (but was discussed 1 year ago when the BIP
> draft was originally published), as we're in the process of removing items
> or filters that aren't absolutely necessary. We're now at the point where
> there're no longer any items we can remove w/o making the filters less
> generally useful which signals a stopping point so we can begin widespread
> deployment.
>
> In terms of a future extension, BIP 158 already defines custom filter
> types,
> and BIP 157 allows filters to be fetched in batch based on the block height
> and numerical range. The latter feature can later be modified to return a
> single composite filter rather than several individual filters.
>
> -- Laolu
>
>
> On Mon, Jun 4, 2018 at 7:28 AM Riccardo Casatta via bitcoin-dev <
> bitcoin-dev at lists.linuxfoundation.org> wrote:
>
>> I was wondering why this multi-layer multi-block filter proposal isn't
>> getting any comment,
>> is it because not asking all filters is leaking information?
>>
>> Thanks
>>
>> Il giorno ven 18 mag 2018 alle ore 08:29 Karl-Johan Alm via bitcoin-dev <
>> bitcoin-dev at lists.linuxfoundation.org> ha scritto:
>>
>>> On Fri, May 18, 2018 at 12:25 AM, Matt Corallo via bitcoin-dev
>>> <bitcoin-dev at lists.linuxfoundation.org> wrote:
>>> > In general, I'm concerned about the size of the filters making existing
>>> > SPV clients less willing to adopt BIP 158 instead of the existing bloom
>>> > filter garbage and would like to see a further exploration of ways to
>>> > split out filters to make them less bandwidth intensive. Some further
>>> > ideas we should probably play with before finalizing moving forward is
>>> > providing filters for certain script templates, eg being able to only
>>> > get outputs that are segwit version X or other similar ideas.
>>>
>>> There is also the idea of multi-block filters. The idea is that light
>>> clients would download a pair of filters for blocks X..X+255 and
>>> X+256..X+511, check if they have any matches and then grab pairs for
>>> any that matched, e.g. X..X+127 & X+128..X+255 if left matched, and
>>> iterate down until it ran out of hits-in-a-row or it got down to
>>> single-block level.
>>>
>>> This has an added benefit where you can accept a slightly higher false
>>> positive rate for bigger ranges, because the probability of a specific
>>> entry having a false positive in each filter is (empirically speaking)
>>> independent. I.e. with a FP probability of 1% in the 256 range block
>>> and a FP probability of 0.1% in the 128 range block would mean the
>>> probability is actually 0.001%.
>>>
>>> type is different in my experiments)
>>> _______________________________________________
>>> bitcoin-dev mailing list
>>> bitcoin-dev at lists.linuxfoundation.org
>>> https://lists.linuxfoundation.org/mailman/listinfo/bitcoin-dev
>>>
>>
>>
>> --
>> Riccardo Casatta - @RCasatta <https://twitter.com/RCasatta>
>> _______________________________________________
>> bitcoin-dev mailing list
>> bitcoin-dev at lists.linuxfoundation.org
>> https://lists.linuxfoundation.org/mailman/listinfo/bitcoin-dev
>>
>

--