[bitcoin-dev] Adding xpub field to PSBT to make multisig more secure

Andrew Chow achow101-lists at achow101.com
Wed May 1 16:57:38 UTC 2019


Hi Stepan,

I think that this would be a good extension.

Just for clairty, by xpub, do you mean the extended serialization format 
defined in BIP 32 or the Base58 check encoded string of that serialization?

Andrew

On 4/26/19 11:21 AM, Stepan Snigirev via bitcoin-dev wrote:
> Hi list,
>
> I was looking at the bip174 PSBT specs, in particular for 
> multisignature setup, and I think with current spec there is a way to 
> steal user funds in M of N setup with M ≤ N/2.
>
> I made a small write-up on this: 
> https://github.com/stepansnigirev/random_notes/blob/master/psbt_multisig.md
>
> To compress:
>
> Currently in PSBT there is no way to reliably say if the output uses 
> the keys derived from the same root keys as the inputs aside from the 
> key owned by the signer => there is no way to verify that the output 
> is a change output in multisig setup.
>
> Therefore an attacker can replace half of the keys in the change 
> address by his own keys and still get the transaction signed.
>
> I suggest to add an xpub field to the inputs and outputs metadata, 
> then signers can verify that the same xpubs are used for public keys 
> in inputs and outputs => output is indeed a change.
>
> Normally change and receiving addresses are derived from the same xpub 
> with non-hardened derivation pathes, so providing xpub after the last 
> hardened index should be enough to see that public keys of inputs and 
> change output are derived from the same xpub.
>
> I suggest to add the following key-value pairs to PSBT:
>
> Type: BIP 32 public key `PSBT_IN_BIP32_XPUB = 0x10`
> - Key: derivation path for xpub
>   `{0x10}|{master key fingerprint}|{32-bit int}|...|{32-bit int}`
> - Value: 78-byte xpub value
>   `{xpub}`
>
> Type: BIP 32 public key `PSBT_OUT_BIP32_XPUB = 0x03`
> - Key: derivation path for xpub
>   `{0x03}|{master key fingerprint}|{32-bit int}|...|{32-bit int}`
> - Value: 78-byte xpub value
>   `{xpub}`
>
> Derivation paths are in the key of the key-value pair as they are used 
> for lookup, and xpub itself is the actual value being looked up.
>
> I also want to mention that Trezor for example doesn't suffer from 
> this problem as they use xpubs to verify change outputs. So it may 
> make sense to go through the communication protocols of existing 
> hardware / multisignature wallets and see if there is something else 
> we are missing.
>
> If everyone is happy about the proposal I would prepare a pull request 
> to the bip.
>
> Best regards,
> Stepan Snigirev.
>



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