[bitcoin-dev] Proposal: Bitcoin Secure Multisig Setup

Peter D. Gray peter at coinkite.com
Fri Feb 12 13:48:16 UTC 2021

Hard no to this idea:

On Thu, Feb 11, 2021 at 02:29:46PM -0800, Christopher Allen proposed:
> /48'/0'/0'/3'/PBKDF(complex string)'

As someone who has helped people find UTXO at key paths they didn't
know/want, this is a terrible idea. Key derivation paths should be
small, sequential integers, so they can be searched in reasonable time.

Of course when things are working it doesn't matter, but the stakes
can be very high when they stop working.

This is true for multisig and single signer.

Peter D. Gray  ||  Founder, Coinkite  ||  Twitter: @dochex  ||  GPG: A3A31BAD 5A2A5B10

On Thu, Feb 11, 2021 at 02:29:46PM -0800, Christopher Allen wrote:
> I think the key issue here is avoiding xpub key reuse in multisig. Not only
> in the future with Schnorr, but we need it today!
> Current common practice by hardware wallets is the 48'/0'/0'/2' derivation
> for segwit multsig ( e.g.
> [90081696/48'/0'/0'/2']xpub6DYLEkDfCdHzh5FHGHDJksQvFqu6kYANa1sfo6fA8n5ZWkSwyCRVVzyq9LY2eNGB6T9BKDeGJp2ZarjRZHd7WB95nSaFEDhFMK6zSV6D49b
> ) is the only one used for ALL multisigs offered by that hardware wallet.
> As Pieter said, leveraging a HD path parameters can help, but we need a
> better, less reusable path for the index.
> I personally suggest a simpler solution, which is to create an index using
> a PBKDF of the Account Policy (a descriptor with all xpubs and keys
> removed), plus optional notes. (BTW, I think double sha256 or HMAC is
> overkill).
> Example: for the reference bit descriptor that might result in:
> ```
> wsh(sortedmulti(2,xpub661MyMwAqRbcFW31YEwpkMuc5THy2PSt5bDMsktWQcFF8syAmRUapSCGu8ED9W6oDMSgv6Zz8idoc4a6mr8BDzTJY47LJhkJ8UB7WEGuduB/1/0/*,xpub69H7F5d8KSRgmmdJg2KhpAK8SR3DjMwAdkxj3ZuxV27CprR9LgpeyGmXUbC6wb7ERfvrnKZjXoUmmDznezpbZb7ap6r1D3tgFxHmwMkQTPH/0/0/*))
> ```
> What Blockchain Commons (and the Airgapped Wallet Community) call a policy
> map would be
> ```
> wsh(sortedmulti(1,,,))
> ```
> A PBKDF of that as would be unique for all 2 of 3 segwig transactions. With
> the addition of the addition of the Policy Map creators optional note, it
> would be truly unique. The Policy Map and/or PBKDF are small and could
> easily added to existing APIs.
> So for legacy hardware, we can use existing 48' subtree, but 3' as the
> format for this form (2' is segwit), then the desktop can just ask for the
> /48'/0'/0'/3'/PBKDF' when it requests a new xpub from the hardware token.
> More sophisticated Airgapped apps you can send
> "wsh(sortedmulti(1,,,))"+label and let the cosigner app do the PBKDF, and
> optionally allow it return something different in a full keyset (i.e.
> "[90081696/48'/0'/0'/3'/af3948cg…'/]xpub6DYLEk…", and then the requesting
> app, knowing that it is different from the PBKDF can know what to do if it
> needs to what to ask for in the future.
> The other advantage of this technique is that the cosigner app can know
> what policy it is participating in, before the descriptor is completed. It
> may decide it doesn't want to participate in some funky 4:9 with a weird
> script, and not return an xpub at all.
> Long term I think a commitment scheme should be used, so that you don't
> reveal what xpub you offered until all the parties xpubs are shared, but as
> Pieter said, we can do that at the same time we do the musig. But we need
> to prevent xpub reuse NOW, and I think my proposal easy and could the job.
> -- Christopher Allen, Blockchain Commons

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