[Bridge] [PATCH] Remove rcu_assign_pointer() penalty for NULL pointers

Paul E. McKenney paulmck at linux.vnet.ibm.com
Fri Nov 30 16:37:21 PST 2007


Hello!

The rcu_assign_pointer() primitive currently unconditionally executes
a memory barrier, even when a NULL pointer is being assigned.  This
has lead some to avoid using rcu_assign_pointer() for NULL pointers,
which loses the self-documenting advantages of rcu_assign_pointer()
This patch uses __builtin_const_p() to omit needless memory barriers
for NULL-pointer assignments at compile time with no runtime penalty,
as discussed in the following thread:

	http://www.mail-archive.com/netdev@vger.kernel.org/msg54852.html

Tested on x86_64 and ppc64, also compiled the four cases (NULL/non-NULL
and const/non-const) with gcc version 4.1.2, and hand-checked the
assembly output.

Signed-off-by: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck at linux.vnet.ibm.com>
---

 rcupdate.h |   11 +++++++----
 1 file changed, 7 insertions(+), 4 deletions(-)

diff -urpNa -X dontdiff linux-2.6.24-rc1-ego/include/linux/rcupdate.h linux-2.6.24-rc1-egoxu/include/linux/rcupdate.h
--- linux-2.6.24-rc1-ego/include/linux/rcupdate.h	2007-11-06 15:30:02.000000000 -0800
+++ linux-2.6.24-rc1-egoxu/include/linux/rcupdate.h	2007-11-30 09:06:11.000000000 -0800
@@ -191,10 +191,13 @@ static inline void rcu_preempt_boost(voi
  * code.
  */
 
-#define rcu_assign_pointer(p, v)	({ \
-						smp_wmb(); \
-						(p) = (v); \
-					})
+#define rcu_assign_pointer(p, v) \
+	({ \
+		if (!__builtin_constant_p(v) || \
+		    ((v) != NULL)) \
+			smp_wmb(); \
+		(p) = (v); \
+	})
 
 /**
  * synchronize_sched - block until all CPUs have exited any non-preemptive


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