[-mm PATCH 1/8] Memory controller resource counters (v2)

Dave Hansen haveblue at us.ibm.com
Fri Jul 6 10:24:01 PDT 2007


On Thu, 2007-07-05 at 22:20 -0700, Balbir Singh wrote:
> +/*
> + * the core object. the container that wishes to account for some
> + * resource may include this counter into its structures and use
> + * the helpers described beyond
> + */

I'm going to nitpick a bit here.  Nothing major, I promise. ;)

Could we make these comments into nice sentences with capitalization?  I
think it makes them easier to read in long comments.

How about something like this for the comment:

/*
 * A container wishing to account for a resource should include this
 * structure into one of its own.  It may use the helpers below.
 */

The one above is worded a little bit strangely.

> +struct res_counter {
> +	/*
> +	 * the current resource consumption level
> +	 */
> +	unsigned long usage;
> +	/*
> +	 * the limit that usage cannot exceed
> +	 */
> +	unsigned long limit;
> +	/*
> +	 * the number of insuccessful attempts to consume the resource
> +	 */

unsuccessful

> +	unsigned long failcnt;
> +	/*
> +	 * the lock to protect all of the above.
> +	 * the routines below consider this to be IRQ-safe
> +	 */
> +	spinlock_t lock;
> +};

Do we really need all of these comments?  Some of them are a wee bit
self-explanatory.  I think we mostly know what a limit is. ;)

> +/*
> + * helpers to interact with userspace
> + * res_counter_read/_write - put/get the specified fields from the
> + * res_counter struct to/from the user
> + *
> + * @cnt:     the counter in question
> + * @member:  the field to work with (see RES_xxx below)
> + * @buf:     the buffer to opeate on,...
> + * @nbytes:  its size...
> + * @pos:     and the offset.
> + */
> +
> +ssize_t res_counter_read(struct res_counter *cnt, int member,
> +		const char __user *buf, size_t nbytes, loff_t *pos);
> +ssize_t res_counter_write(struct res_counter *cnt, int member,
> +		const char __user *buf, size_t nbytes, loff_t *pos);
> +
> +/*
> + * the field descriptors. one for each member of res_counter
> + */
> +
> +enum {
> +	RES_USAGE,
> +	RES_LIMIT,
> +	RES_FAILCNT,
> +};
> +
> +/*
> + * helpers for accounting
> + */
> +
> +void res_counter_init(struct res_counter *cnt);
> +
> +/*
> + * charge - try to consume more resource.
> + *
> + * @cnt: the counter
> + * @val: the amount of the resource. each controller defines its own
> + *       units, e.g. numbers, bytes, Kbytes, etc
> + *
> + * returns 0 on success and <0 if the cnt->usage will exceed the cnt->limit
> + * _locked call expects the cnt->lock to be taken
> + */
> +
> +int res_counter_charge_locked(struct res_counter *cnt, unsigned long val);
> +int res_counter_charge(struct res_counter *cnt, unsigned long val);
> +
> +/*
> + * uncharge - tell that some portion of the resource is released
> + *
> + * @cnt: the counter
> + * @val: the amount of the resource
> + *
> + * these calls check for usage underflow and show a warning on the console
> + * _locked call expects the cnt->lock to be taken
> + */
> +
> +void res_counter_uncharge_locked(struct res_counter *cnt, unsigned long val);
> +void res_counter_uncharge(struct res_counter *cnt, unsigned long val);
> +
> +#endif
> diff -puN init/Kconfig~res_counters_infra init/Kconfig
> --- linux-2.6.22-rc6/init/Kconfig~res_counters_infra	2007-07-05 13:45:17.000000000 -0700
> +++ linux-2.6.22-rc6-balbir/init/Kconfig	2007-07-05 13:45:17.000000000 -0700
> @@ -320,6 +320,10 @@ config CPUSETS
> 
>  	  Say N if unsure.
> 
> +config RESOURCE_COUNTERS
> +	bool
> +	select CONTAINERS
> +
>  config SYSFS_DEPRECATED
>  	bool "Create deprecated sysfs files"
>  	default y
> diff -puN kernel/Makefile~res_counters_infra kernel/Makefile
> --- linux-2.6.22-rc6/kernel/Makefile~res_counters_infra	2007-07-05 13:45:17.000000000 -0700
> +++ linux-2.6.22-rc6-balbir/kernel/Makefile	2007-07-05 13:45:17.000000000 -0700
> @@ -58,6 +58,7 @@ obj-$(CONFIG_RELAY) += relay.o
>  obj-$(CONFIG_SYSCTL) += utsname_sysctl.o
>  obj-$(CONFIG_TASK_DELAY_ACCT) += delayacct.o
>  obj-$(CONFIG_TASKSTATS) += taskstats.o tsacct.o
> +obj-$(CONFIG_RESOURCE_COUNTERS) += res_counter.o
> 
>  ifneq ($(CONFIG_SCHED_NO_NO_OMIT_FRAME_POINTER),y)
>  # According to Alan Modra <alan at linuxcare.com.au>, the -fno-omit-frame-pointer is
> diff -puN /dev/null kernel/res_counter.c
> --- /dev/null	2007-06-01 08:12:04.000000000 -0700
> +++ linux-2.6.22-rc6-balbir/kernel/res_counter.c	2007-07-05 13:45:17.000000000 -0700
> @@ -0,0 +1,121 @@
> +/*
> + * resource containers
> + *
> + * Copyright 2007 OpenVZ SWsoft Inc
> + *
> + * Author: Pavel Emelianov <xemul at openvz.org>
> + *
> + */
> +
> +#include <linux/types.h>
> +#include <linux/parser.h>
> +#include <linux/fs.h>
> +#include <linux/res_counter.h>
> +#include <linux/uaccess.h>
> +
> +void res_counter_init(struct res_counter *cnt)
> +{
> +	spin_lock_init(&cnt->lock);
> +	cnt->limit = (unsigned long)LONG_MAX;
> +}
> +
> +int res_counter_charge_locked(struct res_counter *cnt, unsigned long val)
> +{
> +	if (cnt->usage <= cnt->limit - val) {
> +		cnt->usage += val;
> +		return 0;
> +	}
> +
> +	cnt->failcnt++;
> +	return -ENOMEM;
> +}

More nitpicking...

Can we leave the normal control flow in the lowest indentation level,
and have only errors in the indented if(){} blocks?  Something like
this:

> +int res_counter_charge_locked(struct res_counter *cnt, unsigned long
val)
> +{
> +	if (cnt->usage > cnt->limit - val) {
> +		cnt->failcnt++;
> +		return -ENOMEM;
> +	}
> +	cnt->usage += val;
> +	return 0;
> +}

Also, can you do my poor brain a favor an expand "cnt" to "counter"?
You're not saving _that_ much typing ;)

> +int res_counter_charge(struct res_counter *cnt, unsigned long val)
> +{
> +	int ret;
> +	unsigned long flags;
> +
> +	spin_lock_irqsave(&cnt->lock, flags);
> +	ret = res_counter_charge_locked(cnt, val);
> +	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&cnt->lock, flags);
> +	return ret;
> +}
> +
> +void res_counter_uncharge_locked(struct res_counter *cnt, unsigned long val)
> +{
> +	if (unlikely(cnt->usage < val)) {
> +		WARN_ON(1);
> +		val = cnt->usage;
> +	}
> +
> +	cnt->usage -= val;
> +}

It actually looks like the WARN_ON() macros "return" values.  You should
be able to:

	if (WARN_ON(cnt->usage < val))
		val = count->usage;

> +void res_counter_uncharge(struct res_counter *cnt, unsigned long val)
> +{
> +	unsigned long flags;
> +
> +	spin_lock_irqsave(&cnt->lock, flags);
> +	res_counter_uncharge_locked(cnt, val);
> +	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&cnt->lock, flags);
> +}
> +
> +
> +static inline unsigned long *res_counter_member(struct res_counter *cnt, int member)
> +{
> +	switch (member) {
> +	case RES_USAGE:
> +		return &cnt->usage;
> +	case RES_LIMIT:
> +		return &cnt->limit;
> +	case RES_FAILCNT:
> +		return &cnt->failcnt;
> +	};
> +
> +	BUG();
> +	return NULL;
> +}
>
> +ssize_t res_counter_read(struct res_counter *cnt, int member,
> +		const char __user *userbuf, size_t nbytes, loff_t *pos)
> +{
> +	unsigned long *val;
> +	char buf[64], *s;
> +
> +	s = buf;
> +	val = res_counter_member(cnt, member);
> +	s += sprintf(s, "%lu\n", *val);
> +	return simple_read_from_buffer((void __user *)userbuf, nbytes,
> +			pos, buf, s - buf);
> +}

Why do we need that cast?  

> +ssize_t res_counter_write(struct res_counter *cnt, int member,
> +		const char __user *userbuf, size_t nbytes, loff_t *pos)
> +{
> +	int ret;
> +	char *buf, *end;
> +	unsigned long tmp, *val;
> +
> +	buf = kmalloc(nbytes + 1, GFP_KERNEL);

Do we need some checking on nbytes?  Is it sanitized before it gets
here?

> +	ret = -ENOMEM;
> +	if (buf == NULL)
> +		goto out;
> +
> +	buf[nbytes] = 0;

Please use '\0'.  0 isn't a char. 
 
> +	ret = -EFAULT;
> +	if (copy_from_user(buf, userbuf, nbytes))
> +		goto out_free;
> +
> +	ret = -EINVAL;
> +	tmp = simple_strtoul(buf, &end, 10);
> +	if (*end != '\0')
> +		goto out_free;
> +
> +	val = res_counter_member(cnt, member);
> +	*val = tmp;
> +	ret = nbytes;
> +out_free:
> +	kfree(buf);
> +out:
> +	return ret;
> +}
> _
> 
-- Dave



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