[PATCH 6/16] Helpers to obtain pid numbers

Pavel Emelianov xemul at openvz.org
Mon Jul 9 23:49:58 PDT 2007


sukadev at us.ibm.com wrote:
> Pavel Emelianov [xemul at openvz.org] wrote:
> | When showing pid to user or getting the pid numerical id for in-kernel
> | use the value of this id may differ depending on the namespace.
> | 
> | This set of helpers is used to get the global pid nr, the virtual (i.e.
> | seen by task in its namespace) nr and the nr as it is seen from the
> | specified namespace.
> | 
> | Signed-off-by: Pavel Emelianov <xemul at openvz.org>
> | 
> | ---
> | 
> |  include/linux/pid.h   |   27 ++++++++++++
> |  include/linux/sched.h |  108 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-----
> |  kernel/pid.c          |    8 +++
> |  3 files changed, 132 insertions(+), 11 deletions(-)
> | 
> | diff -upr linux-2.6.22-rc4-mm2.orig/include/linux/pid.h linux-2.6.22-rc4-mm2-2/include/linux/pid.h
> | --- linux-2.6.22-rc4-mm2.orig/include/linux/pid.h	2007-06-14 12:14:29.000000000 +0400
> | +++ linux-2.6.22-rc4-mm2-2/include/linux/pid.h	2007-07-04 19:00:38.000000000 +0400
> | @@ -83,6 +89,9 @@ extern void FASTCALL(detach_pid(struct t
> |  extern void FASTCALL(transfer_pid(struct task_struct *old,
> |  				  struct task_struct *new, enum pid_type));
> | 
> | +struct pid_namespace;
> | +extern struct pid_namespace init_pid_ns;
> | +
> |  /*
> |   * look up a PID in the hash table. Must be called with the tasklist_lock
> |   * or rcu_read_lock() held.
> | @@ -93,14 +99,36 @@ extern void FASTCALL(detach_pid(struct t
> |  extern struct pid *alloc_pid(void);
> |  extern void FASTCALL(free_pid(struct pid *pid));
> | 
> | +/*
> | + * the helpers to get the pid's id seen from different namespaces
> | + *
> | + * pid_nr()    : global id, i.e. the id seen from the init namespace;
> | + * pid_vnr()   : virtual id, i.e. the id seen from the namespace this pid
> | + *               belongs to. this only makes sence when called in the
> | + *               context of the task that belongs to the same namespace;
> | + * pid_nr_ns() : id seen from the ns specified.
> | + *
> | + * see also task_xid_nr() etc in include/linux/sched.h
> | + */
> 
> I think its a bit confusing and error-prone to have both pid_nr() and pid_vnr().
> 
> BTW, shouldn't you use pid_vnr() in do_task_stat() ? You currently use pid_nr()

Hm... do_task_stat() has to use pid_nr_ns() actually... I was sure
I fixed it in the 15th patch! Let me see...

Yup! It is there:

-		task->pid,
+		task_pid_nr_ns(task, current->nsproxy->pid_ns),

:)

> and that returns the init-pid-ns id right ?
> 
> 
> | +
> |  static inline pid_t pid_nr(struct pid *pid)
> |  {
> |  	pid_t nr = 0;
> |  	if (pid)
> | -		nr = pid->nr;
> | +		nr = pid->numbers[0].nr;
> |  	return nr;
> |  }
> | 
> | +pid_t pid_nr_ns(struct pid *pid, struct pid_namespace *ns);
> | +
> | +static inline pid_t pid_vnr(struct pid *pid)
> | +{
> | +	pid_t nr = 0;
> | +	if (pid)
> | +		nr = pid->numbers[pid->level].nr;
> | +	return nr;
> | +}
> | +
> |  #define do_each_pid_task(pid, type, task)				\
> |  	do {								\
> |  		struct hlist_node *pos___;				\
> | diff -upr linux-2.6.22-rc4-mm2.orig/kernel/pid.c linux-2.6.22-rc4-mm2-2/kernel/pid.c
> | --- linux-2.6.22-rc4-mm2.orig/kernel/pid.c	2007-06-14 12:14:29.000000000 +0400
> | +++ linux-2.6.22-rc4-mm2-2/kernel/pid.c	2007-07-04 19:00:38.000000000 +0400
> | @@ -339,6 +379,14 @@ struct pid *find_get_pid(pid_t nr)
> |  	return pid;
> |  }
> | 
> | +pid_t pid_nr_ns(struct pid *pid, struct pid_namespace *ns)
> | +{
> | +	pid_t nr = 0;
> | +	if (pid && ns->level <= pid->level)
> | +		nr = pid->numbers[ns->level].nr;
> | +	return nr;
> | +}
> | +
> |  /*
> |   * Used by proc to find the first pid that is greater then or equal to nr.
> |   *
> | diff -upr linux-2.6.22-rc4-mm2.orig/include/linux/sched.h linux-2.6.22-rc4-mm2-2/include/linux/sched.h
> | --- linux-2.6.22-rc4-mm2.orig/include/linux/sched.h	2007-07-04 19:00:38.000000000 +0400
> | +++ linux-2.6.22-rc4-mm2-2/include/linux/sched.h	2007-07-04 19:00:38.000000000 +0400
> | @@ -1153,16 +1154,6 @@ struct task_struct {
> |  #endif
> |  };
> | 
> | -static inline pid_t task_pgrp_nr(struct task_struct *tsk)
> | -{
> | -	return tsk->signal->pgrp;
> | -}
> | -
> | -static inline pid_t task_session_nr(struct task_struct *tsk)
> | -{
> | -	return tsk->signal->__session;
> | -}
> | -
> |  static inline void set_task_session(struct task_struct *tsk, pid_t session)
> |  {
> |  	tsk->signal->__session = session;
> | @@ -1188,6 +1179,104 @@ static inline struct pid *task_session(s
> |  	return task->group_leader->pids[PIDTYPE_SID].pid;
> |  }
> | 
> | +struct pid_namespace;
> | +
> | +/*
> | + * the helpers to get the task's different pids as they are seen
> | + * from various namespaces
> | + *
> | + * task_xid_nr()     : global id, i.e. the id seen from the init namespace;
> | + * task_xid_vnr()    : virtual id, i.e. the id seen from the namespace the task
> | + *                     belongs to. this only makes sence when called in the
> | + *                     context of the task that belongs to the same namespace;
> | + * task_xid_nr_ns()  : id seen from the ns specified;
> | + *
> | + * set_task_vxid()   : assigns a virtual id to a task;
> | + *
> | + * task_ppid_nr_ns() : the parent's id as seen from the namespace specified.
> | + *                     the result depends on the namespace and whether the
> | + *                     task in question is the namespace's init. e.g. for the
> | + *                     namespace's init this will return 0 when called from
> | + *                     the namespace of this init, or appropriate id otherwise.
> | + *                     
> | + *
> | + * see also pid_nr() etc in include/linux/pid.h
> | + */
> | +
> | +static inline pid_t task_pid_nr(struct task_struct *tsk)
> | +{
> | +	return tsk->pid;
> | +}
> | +
> | +static inline pid_t task_pid_nr_ns(struct task_struct *tsk,
> | +		struct pid_namespace *ns)
> | +{
> | +	return pid_nr_ns(task_pid(tsk), ns);
> | +}
> | +
> | +static inline pid_t task_pid_vnr(struct task_struct *tsk)
> | +{
> | +	return pid_vnr(task_pid(tsk));
> | +}
> | +
> | +
> | +static inline pid_t task_tgid_nr(struct task_struct *tsk)
> | +{
> | +	return tsk->tgid;
> | +}
> | +
> | +static inline pid_t task_tgid_nr_ns(struct task_struct *tsk,
> | +		struct pid_namespace *ns)
> | +{
> | +	return pid_nr_ns(task_tgid(tsk), ns);
> | +}
> | +
> | +static inline pid_t task_tgid_vnr(struct task_struct *tsk)
> | +{
> | +	return pid_vnr(task_tgid(tsk));
> | +}
> | +
> | +
> | +static inline pid_t task_pgrp_nr(struct task_struct *tsk)
> | +{
> | +	return tsk->signal->pgrp;
> | +}
> | +
> | +static inline pid_t task_pgrp_nr_ns(struct task_struct *tsk,
> | +		struct pid_namespace *ns)
> | +{
> | +	return pid_nr_ns(task_pgrp(tsk), ns);
> | +}
> | +
> | +static inline pid_t task_pgrp_vnr(struct task_struct *tsk)
> | +{
> | +	return pid_vnr(task_pgrp(tsk));
> | +}
> | +
> | +
> | +static inline pid_t task_session_nr(struct task_struct *tsk)
> | +{
> | +	return tsk->signal->__session;
> | +}
> | +
> | +static inline pid_t task_session_nr_ns(struct task_struct *tsk,
> | +		struct pid_namespace *ns)
> | +{
> | +	return pid_nr_ns(task_session(tsk), ns);
> | +}
> | +
> | +static inline pid_t task_session_vnr(struct task_struct *tsk)
> | +{
> | +	return pid_vnr(task_session(tsk));
> | +}
> | +
> | +
> | +static inline pid_t task_ppid_nr_ns(struct task_struct *tsk,
> | +		struct pid_namespace *ns)
> | +{
> | +	return pid_nr_ns(task_pid(rcu_dereference(tsk->real_parent)), ns);
> | +}
> | +
> |  /**
> |   * pid_alive - check that a task structure is not stale
> |   * @p: Task structure to be checked.
> 



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