[PATCH 09/10] Task Containers(V11): Example CPU accounting subsystem

menage at google.com menage at google.com
Fri Jul 20 11:32:01 PDT 2007


This example demonstrates how to use the generic container subsystem for a
simple resource tracker that counts, for the processes in a container, the
total CPU time used and the %CPU used in the last complete 10 second interval.

Portions contributed by Balbir Singh <balbir at in.ibm.com>

Signed-off-by: Paul Menage <menage at google.com>
---

 include/linux/container_subsys.h |    6 +
 include/linux/cpu_acct.h         |   14 ++
 init/Kconfig                     |    7 +
 kernel/Makefile                  |    1 
 kernel/cpu_acct.c                |  186 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 kernel/sched.c                   |   14 ++
 6 files changed, 225 insertions(+), 3 deletions(-)

Index: container-2.6.22-rc6-mm1/include/linux/container_subsys.h
===================================================================
--- container-2.6.22-rc6-mm1.orig/include/linux/container_subsys.h
+++ container-2.6.22-rc6-mm1/include/linux/container_subsys.h
@@ -13,4 +13,10 @@ SUBSYS(cpuset)
 
 /* */
 
+#ifdef CONFIG_CONTAINER_CPUACCT
+SUBSYS(cpuacct)
+#endif
+
+/* */
+
 /* */
Index: container-2.6.22-rc6-mm1/include/linux/cpu_acct.h
===================================================================
--- /dev/null
+++ container-2.6.22-rc6-mm1/include/linux/cpu_acct.h
@@ -0,0 +1,14 @@
+
+#ifndef _LINUX_CPU_ACCT_H
+#define _LINUX_CPU_ACCT_H
+
+#include <linux/container.h>
+#include <asm/cputime.h>
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_CONTAINER_CPUACCT
+extern void cpuacct_charge(struct task_struct *, cputime_t cputime);
+#else
+static void inline cpuacct_charge(struct task_struct *p, cputime_t cputime) {}
+#endif
+
+#endif
Index: container-2.6.22-rc6-mm1/init/Kconfig
===================================================================
--- container-2.6.22-rc6-mm1.orig/init/Kconfig
+++ container-2.6.22-rc6-mm1/init/Kconfig
@@ -339,6 +339,13 @@ config PROC_PID_CPUSET
 	depends on CPUSETS
 	default y
 
+config CONTAINER_CPUACCT
+	bool "Simple CPU accounting container subsystem"
+	depends on CONTAINERS
+	help
+	  Provides a simple Resource Controller for monitoring the
+	  total CPU consumed by the tasks in a container
+
 config RELAY
 	bool "Kernel->user space relay support (formerly relayfs)"
 	help
Index: container-2.6.22-rc6-mm1/kernel/Makefile
===================================================================
--- container-2.6.22-rc6-mm1.orig/kernel/Makefile
+++ container-2.6.22-rc6-mm1/kernel/Makefile
@@ -39,6 +39,7 @@ obj-$(CONFIG_KEXEC) += kexec.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_COMPAT) += compat.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_CONTAINERS) += container.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_CPUSETS) += cpuset.o
+obj-$(CONFIG_CONTAINER_CPUACCT) += cpu_acct.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_IKCONFIG) += configs.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_STOP_MACHINE) += stop_machine.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_AUDIT) += audit.o auditfilter.o
Index: container-2.6.22-rc6-mm1/kernel/cpu_acct.c
===================================================================
--- /dev/null
+++ container-2.6.22-rc6-mm1/kernel/cpu_acct.c
@@ -0,0 +1,186 @@
+/*
+ * kernel/cpu_acct.c - CPU accounting container subsystem
+ *
+ * Copyright (C) Google Inc, 2006
+ *
+ * Developed by Paul Menage (menage at google.com) and Balbir Singh
+ * (balbir at in.ibm.com)
+ *
+ */
+
+/*
+ * Example container subsystem for reporting total CPU usage of tasks in a
+ * container, along with percentage load over a time interval
+ */
+
+#include <linux/module.h>
+#include <linux/container.h>
+#include <linux/fs.h>
+#include <linux/rcupdate.h>
+
+#include <asm/div64.h>
+
+struct cpuacct {
+	struct container_subsys_state css;
+	spinlock_t lock;
+	/* total time used by this class */
+	cputime64_t time;
+
+	/* time when next load calculation occurs */
+	u64 next_interval_check;
+
+	/* time used in current period */
+	cputime64_t current_interval_time;
+
+	/* time used in last period */
+	cputime64_t last_interval_time;
+};
+
+struct container_subsys cpuacct_subsys;
+
+static inline struct cpuacct *container_ca(struct container *cont)
+{
+	return container_of(container_subsys_state(cont, cpuacct_subsys_id),
+			    struct cpuacct, css);
+}
+
+static inline struct cpuacct *task_ca(struct task_struct *task)
+{
+	return container_of(task_subsys_state(task, cpuacct_subsys_id),
+			    struct cpuacct, css);
+}
+
+#define INTERVAL (HZ * 10)
+
+static inline u64 next_interval_boundary(u64 now)
+{
+	/* calculate the next interval boundary beyond the
+	 * current time */
+	do_div(now, INTERVAL);
+	return (now + 1) * INTERVAL;
+}
+
+static struct container_subsys_state *cpuacct_create(
+	struct container_subsys *ss, struct container *cont)
+{
+	struct cpuacct *ca = kzalloc(sizeof(*ca), GFP_KERNEL);
+
+	if (!ca)
+		return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);
+	spin_lock_init(&ca->lock);
+	ca->next_interval_check = next_interval_boundary(get_jiffies_64());
+	return &ca->css;
+}
+
+static void cpuacct_destroy(struct container_subsys *ss,
+			    struct container *cont)
+{
+	kfree(container_ca(cont));
+}
+
+/* Lazily update the load calculation if necessary. Called with ca locked */
+static void cpuusage_update(struct cpuacct *ca)
+{
+	u64 now = get_jiffies_64();
+
+	/* If we're not due for an update, return */
+	if (ca->next_interval_check > now)
+		return;
+
+	if (ca->next_interval_check <= (now - INTERVAL)) {
+		/* If it's been more than an interval since the last
+		 * check, then catch up - the last interval must have
+		 * been zero load */
+		ca->last_interval_time = 0;
+		ca->next_interval_check = next_interval_boundary(now);
+	} else {
+		/* If a steal takes the last interval time negative,
+		 * then we just ignore it */
+		if ((s64)ca->current_interval_time > 0)
+			ca->last_interval_time = ca->current_interval_time;
+		else
+			ca->last_interval_time = 0;
+		ca->next_interval_check += INTERVAL;
+	}
+	ca->current_interval_time = 0;
+}
+
+static u64 cpuusage_read(struct container *cont, struct cftype *cft)
+{
+	struct cpuacct *ca = container_ca(cont);
+	u64 time;
+
+	spin_lock_irq(&ca->lock);
+	cpuusage_update(ca);
+	time = cputime64_to_jiffies64(ca->time);
+	spin_unlock_irq(&ca->lock);
+
+	/* Convert 64-bit jiffies to seconds */
+	time *= 1000;
+	do_div(time, HZ);
+	return time;
+}
+
+static u64 load_read(struct container *cont, struct cftype *cft)
+{
+	struct cpuacct *ca = container_ca(cont);
+	u64 time;
+
+	/* Find the time used in the previous interval */
+	spin_lock_irq(&ca->lock);
+	cpuusage_update(ca);
+	time = cputime64_to_jiffies64(ca->last_interval_time);
+	spin_unlock_irq(&ca->lock);
+
+	/* Convert time to a percentage, to give the load in the
+	 * previous period */
+	time *= 100;
+	do_div(time, INTERVAL);
+
+	return time;
+}
+
+static struct cftype files[] = {
+	{
+		.name = "usage",
+		.read_uint = cpuusage_read,
+	},
+	{
+		.name = "load",
+		.read_uint = load_read,
+	}
+};
+
+static int cpuacct_populate(struct container_subsys *ss, struct container *cont)
+{
+	return container_add_files(cont, ss, files, ARRAY_SIZE(files));
+}
+
+void cpuacct_charge(struct task_struct *task, cputime_t cputime)
+{
+
+	struct cpuacct *ca;
+	unsigned long flags;
+
+	if (!cpuacct_subsys.active)
+		return;
+	rcu_read_lock();
+	ca = task_ca(task);
+	if (ca) {
+		spin_lock_irqsave(&ca->lock, flags);
+		cpuusage_update(ca);
+		ca->time = cputime64_add(ca->time, cputime);
+		ca->current_interval_time =
+			cputime64_add(ca->current_interval_time, cputime);
+		spin_unlock_irqrestore(&ca->lock, flags);
+	}
+	rcu_read_unlock();
+}
+
+struct container_subsys cpuacct_subsys = {
+	.name = "cpuacct",
+	.create = cpuacct_create,
+	.destroy = cpuacct_destroy,
+	.populate = cpuacct_populate,
+	.subsys_id = cpuacct_subsys_id,
+};
Index: container-2.6.22-rc6-mm1/kernel/sched.c
===================================================================
--- container-2.6.22-rc6-mm1.orig/kernel/sched.c
+++ container-2.6.22-rc6-mm1/kernel/sched.c
@@ -60,6 +60,7 @@
 #include <linux/kgdb.h>
 #include <linux/delayacct.h>
 #include <linux/reciprocal_div.h>
+#include <linux/cpu_acct.h>
 
 #include <asm/tlb.h>
 #include <asm/unistd.h>
@@ -3081,9 +3082,13 @@ void account_user_time(struct task_struc
 {
 	struct cpu_usage_stat *cpustat = &kstat_this_cpu.cpustat;
 	cputime64_t tmp;
+	struct rq *rq = this_rq();
 
 	p->utime = cputime_add(p->utime, cputime);
 
+	if (p != rq->idle)
+		cpuacct_charge(p, cputime);
+
 	/* Add user time to cpustat. */
 	tmp = cputime_to_cputime64(cputime);
 	if (TASK_NICE(p) > 0)
@@ -3113,9 +3118,10 @@ void account_system_time(struct task_str
 		cpustat->irq = cputime64_add(cpustat->irq, tmp);
 	else if (softirq_count())
 		cpustat->softirq = cputime64_add(cpustat->softirq, tmp);
-	else if (p != rq->idle)
+	else if (p != rq->idle) {
 		cpustat->system = cputime64_add(cpustat->system, tmp);
-	else if (atomic_read(&rq->nr_iowait) > 0)
+		cpuacct_charge(p, cputime);
+	} else if (atomic_read(&rq->nr_iowait) > 0)
 		cpustat->iowait = cputime64_add(cpustat->iowait, tmp);
 	else
 		cpustat->idle = cputime64_add(cpustat->idle, tmp);
@@ -3140,8 +3146,10 @@ void account_steal_time(struct task_stru
 			cpustat->iowait = cputime64_add(cpustat->iowait, tmp);
 		else
 			cpustat->idle = cputime64_add(cpustat->idle, tmp);
-	} else
+	} else {
 		cpustat->steal = cputime64_add(cpustat->steal, tmp);
+		cpuacct_charge(p, -tmp);
+	}
 }
 
 /*

--


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