containers development plans (July 20 version)

Rohit Seth rohitseth at google.com
Fri Jul 20 14:29:38 PDT 2007


Thanks Serge for collecting these requirements.  Have we decided on
container mini summit?  Couple of points that I want to add in task
container functionality section (not sure if these are already covered
by items below):

1- Per container dirty page (write throttling) limit.
2- Per container memory reclaim
3- network rate limiting (outbound) based on container
4- User level APIS to identify the resource limits that is allowed to a
job, for example, how much physical memory a process can use.  This
should seamlessly integrated with non-container environment as well (may
be with ulimit).
5- Similary, per container stats, like pages on active list, cpus usage
etc. could also be very helpful.


Thanks,
-rohit

On the taskOn Fri, 2007-07-20 at 12:36 -0500, Serge E. Hallyn wrote:
> (If you missed earlier parts of this thread, you can catch earlier parts of
> this thread starting at
> https://lists.linux-foundation.org/pipermail/containers/2007-July/005860.html)
> 
> ======================  Section 0  ======================
> =Status of this document
> ======================  Section 0  ======================
> 
> I've added a 'use cases' section.  That is where we attempt to
> explain to people not familiar with containers work why it is
> worth integrating upstream.
> 
> Srivatsa Vaddagiri is independently gathering additional information
> on specific task container subsystems.  That will eventually be
> incorporated into the final version of this roadmap.
> 
> ======================  Section 1  ======================
> =Introduction
> ======================  Section 1  ======================
> 
> We are trying to create a roadmap for the next year of
> 'container' development, to be reported to the upcoming kernel
> summit.  Containers here is a bit of an ambiguous term, so we are
> taking it to mean all of:
> 
> 	1. namespaces
>                 kernel resource namespaces to support resource isolation
>                 and virtualization for virtual servers and application
>                 checkpoint/restart.
> 	2. task containers framework
>                 the task containers (or, as Paul Jackson suggests, resource
>                 containers) framework by Paul Menage which especially
>                 provides a framework for subsystems which perform resource
>                 accounting and limits.
> 	3. checkpoint/restart
> 
> ======================  Section 2  ======================
> =Detailed development plans
> ======================  Section 2  ======================
> 
> A (still under construction) list of features we expect to be worked on
> next year looks like this:
> 
>         1. completion of ongoing namespaces
>                 pid namespace
>                         push merged patchset upstream
>                         kthread cleanup
>                                 especially nfs
>                                 autofs
>                         af_unix credentials (stores pid_t?)
>                 net namespace
>                 ro bind mounts
>         2. continuation with new namespaces
>                 devpts, console, and ttydrivers
>                 user
>                 time
>                 namespace management tools
>                 namespace entering  (using one of:)
>                         bind_ns()
>                         ns container subsystem
>                         (vs refuse this functionality)
>                 multiple /sys mounts
>                         break /sys into smaller chunks?
>                         shadow dirs vs namespaces
>                 multiple proc mounts
>                         likely need to extend on the work done for pid namespaces
>                         i.e. other /proc files will need some care
> 				virtualization of statistics for 'top', etc
>         3. any additional work needed for virtual servers?
>                 i.e. in-kernel keyring usage for cross-usernamespace permissions, etc
>                         nfs and rpc updates needed?
>                         general security fixes
>                                 per-container capabilities?
>                         device access controls
>                                 e.g. root in container should not have access to /dev/sda by default)
>                         filesystems access controls
> 
>         4. task containers functionality
>                 base features
>                         virtualized continerfs mounts
>                                 to support vserver mgmnt of sub-containers
>                         locking cleanup
>                         control file API simplification
>                         control file prefixing with subsystem name
> 		userpace RBCE to provide controls for
> 			users
> 			groups
> 			pgrp
> 			executable
>                 specific containers
>                         split cpusets into
>                                 cpuset
>                                 memset
>                         network
>                                 connect/bind/accept controller using iptables
>                         network flow id control
>                         userspace per-container OOM handler
> 			per-container swap
> 			per-container disk I/O scheduling
> 
>         5. checkpoint/restart
>                 memory c/r
>                         (there are a few designs and prototypes)
>                         (though this may be ironed out by then)
>                         per-container swapfile?
>                 overall checkpoint strategy  (one of:)
>                         in-kernel
>                         userspace-driven
>                         hybrid
>                 overall restart strategy
>                 use freezer API
>                 use suspend-to-disk?
>                 sysvipc
>                         "set identifier" syscall
> 		pid namespace
>                         clone_with_pid()
> 
> 
> ======================  Section 3  ======================
> =Use cases
> ======================  Section 3  ======================
> 
> 	1, Namespaces:
> 
> 	The most commonly listed uses for namespaces are virtual
> 	servers and checkpoint restart.  Other uses are debugging
> 	(running tests in not-quite-virtual-servers) and resource
> 	isolation, such as the use of mounts namespaces to simulate
> 	multi-level directories for LSPP.
> 
> 	2. Task Containers:
> 
> 	(Vatsa to fill in)
> 
> 	3. Checkpoint/restart
> 
> 	load balancing:
> 	applications can be migrated from high-load systems to ones
> 	with a lower load.  Long-running applications can be checkpointed
> 	(or migrated) to start a short-running high-load job, then
> 	restarted.
> 
> 	kernel upgrades:
> 	A long-running application - or whole virtual server - can
> 	be migrated or checkpointed so that the system can be
> 	rebooted, and the application can continue to run
> 
> 
> ======================  Section 4  ======================
> =Involved parties
> ======================  Section 4  ======================
> 
> In the list of stakeholders, I try to guess based on past comments and
> contributions what *general* area they are most likely to contribute in.
> I may try to narrow those down later, but am just trying to get something
> out the door right now before my next computer breaks.
> 
> Stakeholders:
>         Eric Biederman
>                 everything
>         google
>                 task containers
>         ibm (serge, dave, cedric, daniel)
>                 namespaces
> 		checkpoint/restart
> 	bull (benjamin, pierre)
>                 namespaces
> 		checkpoint/restart
>         ibm (balbir, vatsa)
> 		task containers
>         kerlabs
>                 checkpoint/restart
>         openvz
>                 everything
>         NEC Japan (Masahiko Takahashi)
>                 checkpoint/restart
>         Linux-VServer
>                 namespaces+containers
>         zap project
>                 checkpoint/restart
>         planetlab
>                 everything
>         hp
>                 (i must have lost an email - what are they
> 		interested in working on?)
>         XtreemOS
>                 checkpoint/restart
> 	Fujitsu/VA Linux Japan
> 		resource control
> 
> Is anyone else still missing from the list?
> 
> thanks,
> -serge



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