Summary of resource management discussion

Paul Menage menage at
Thu Mar 15 12:12:50 PDT 2007

On 3/15/07, Srivatsa Vaddagiri <vatsa at> wrote:
> On Thu, Mar 15, 2007 at 04:24:37AM -0700, Paul Menage wrote:
> > If there really was a grouping that was always guaranteed to match the
> > way you wanted to group tasks for e.g. resource control, then yes, it
> > would be great to use it. But I don't see an obvious candidate. The
> > pid namespace is not it, IMO.
> In vserver context, what is the "normal" case then? Atleast for Linux
> Vserver pid namespace seems to be normal unit of resource control (as per
> Herbert).

Yes, for vserver the pid namespace is a good proxy for resource
control groupings. But my point was that it's not universally

> (the best I could draw using ASCII art!)

Right, I think those diagrams agree with the point I wanted to make -
that resource control shouldn't be tied to the pid namespace.

> The benefit I see of this approach is it will avoid introduction of
> additional pointers in struct task_struct and also additional structures
> (struct container etc) in the kernel, but we will still be able to retain
> same user interfaces you had in your patches.
> Do you see any drawbacks of doing like this? What will break if we do
> this?

There are some things that benefit from having an abstract
container-like object available to store state, e.g. "is this
container deleted?", "should userspace get a callback when this
container is empty?". But this indirection object wouldn't need to be
on the fast path for subsystem access to their per-taskgroup state.

> > >a. Paul Menage's patches:
> > >
> > >        (tsk->containers->container[cpu_ctlr.subsys_id] - X)->cpu_limit
> >
> > So what's the '-X' that you're referring to
> Oh ..that's to seek pointer to begining of the cpulimit structure (subsys
> pointer in 'struct container' points to a structure embedded in a larger
> structure. -X gets you to point to the larger structure).

OK, so shouldn't that be listed as an overhead for your rcfs version
too? In practice, most subsystems that I've written tend to have the
subsys object at the beginning of the per-subsys state, so X = 0 and
is optimized out by the compiler. Even if it wasn't, X is constant and
so won't hurt much or at all.

> Yes me too. But maybe to keep in simple in initial versions, we should
> avoid that optimisation and at the same time get statistics on duplicates?.

That's an implementation detail - we have more important points to
agree on right now ...


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