[PATCH 2.6.24-rc8-mm1 09/15] (RFC) IPC: new kernel API to change an ID

Pierre Peiffer pierre.peiffer at bull.net
Wed Jan 30 01:52:14 PST 2008

Alexey Dobriyan wrote:
> On Tue, Jan 29, 2008 at 05:02:38PM +0100, pierre.peiffer at bull.net wrote:
>> This patch provides three new API to change the ID of an existing
>> System V IPCs.
>> These APIs are:
>> 	long msg_chid(struct ipc_namespace *ns, int id, int newid);
>> 	long sem_chid(struct ipc_namespace *ns, int id, int newid);
>> 	long shm_chid(struct ipc_namespace *ns, int id, int newid);
>> They return 0 or an error code in case of failure.
>> They may be useful for setting a specific ID for an IPC when preparing
>> a restart operation.
>> To be successful, the following rules must be respected:
>> - the IPC exists (of course...)
>> - the new ID must satisfy the ID computation rule.
>> - the entry in the idr corresponding to the new ID must be free.
>>  ipc/util.c          |   48 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
>>  ipc/util.h          |    1 +
>>  8 files changed, 197 insertions(+)
> For the record, OpenVZ uses "create with predefined ID" method which
> leads to less code. For example, change at the end is all we want from
> ipc/util.c .

Yes, indeed, I saw that. The idea here is, at the end, to propose a more
"userspace oriented" solution.
As we can't use msgget(), etc, API to specify an ID, I think we can at least
change it afterwards

> Also, if ids were A and B at the moment of checkpoint, and during
> restart they became B and A you'll get collision in both ways which you
> techically can avoid by classic "tmp = A, A = B, B = tmp"

In the general case, yes, you're right.
In the case of the checkpoint/restart, this is not necessarily a problem, as we
will probably restart an application in an empty "container"/"namespace"; Thus
we can create all needed IPCs in an empty IPC namespace like this:
1. create first IPC
2. change its ID
3. create the second IPC
4. change its ID
5. etc..

But yes, I agree that if we can directly create an IPC with the right ID, it
would be better; may be with an IPC_CREATE command or something like that if the
direction is to do that from userspace.

Pierre Peiffer

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