[RFC] Default child of a cgroup

Paul Menage menage at google.com
Thu Jan 31 18:39:56 PST 2008

On Jan 30, 2008 6:40 PM, Srivatsa Vaddagiri <vatsa at linux.vnet.ibm.com> wrote:
> Here are some questions that arise in this picture:
> 1. What is the relationship of the task-group in A/tasks with the
>    task-group in A/a1/tasks? In otherwords do they form siblings
>    of the same parent A?

I'd argue the same as Balbir - tasks in A/tasks are are children of A
and are siblings of a1, a2, etc.

> 2. Somewhat related to the above question, how much resource should the
>    task-group A/a1/tasks get in relation to A/tasks? Is it 1/2 of parent
>    A's share or 1/(1 + N) of parent A's share (where N = number of tasks
>    in A/tasks)?

Each process in A should have a scheduler weight that's derived from
its static_prio field. Similarly each subgroup of A will have a
scheduler weight that's determined by its cpu.shares value. So the cpu
share of any child (be it a task or a subgroup) would be equal to its
own weight divided by the sum of weights of all children.

So yes, if a task in A forks lots of children, those children could
end up getting a disproportionate amount of the CPU compared to tasks
in A/a1 - but that's the same as the situation without cgroups. If you
want to control cpu usage between different sets of processes in A,
they should be in sibling cgroups, not directly in A.

Is there a restriction in CFS that stops a given group from
simultaneously holding tasks and sub-groups? If so, couldn't we change
CFS to make it possible rather than enforcing awkward restructions on

If we really can't change CFS in that way, then an alternative would
be similar to Peter's suggestion - make cpu_cgroup_can_attach() fail
if the cgroup has children, and make cpu_cgroup_create() fail if the
cgroup has any tasks - that way you limit the restriction to just the
hierarchy that has CFS attached to it, rather than generically for all

BTW, I noticed this code in cpu_cgroup_create():

        /* we support only 1-level deep hierarchical scheduler atm */
        if (cgrp->parent->parent)
                return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL);

Is anyone working on allowing more levels?


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