[RFC][v4][PATCH 0/7] clone_with_pids() system call

Sukadev Bhattiprolu sukadev at linux.vnet.ibm.com
Thu Aug 13 01:00:49 PDT 2009

Eric W. Biederman [ebiederm at xmission.com] wrote:
| Sukadev Bhattiprolu <sukadev at linux.vnet.ibm.com> writes:
| >
| > To support application checkpoint/restart, a task must have the same pid it
| > had when it was checkpointed.  When containers are nested, the tasks within
| > the containers exist in multiple pid namespaces and hence have multiple pids
| > to specify during restart.
| >
| > This patchset implements a new system call, clone_with_pids() that lets a
| > process specify the pids of the child process.
| >
| > Patches 1 through 5 are helpers and we believe they are needed for application
| > restart, regardless of the kernel implementation of application restart.
| I'm not very impressed.
| - static int alloc_pidmap(struct pid_namespace *pid_ns)
| + static int alloc_pidmap(struct pid_namespace *pid_ns, int pid_max, int last_pid)
| Do that.
| That is pass in pid_max and last_pid, and you don't have to do weird
| things in alloc_pidmap, and no set_pidmap is needed.

But last_pid is from the pid_ns. Do you mean to have alloc_pidmap()
take a pid_min and pid_max and when choosing a specific pid, have
pid_min == pid_max == target_pid ?

| No changes to copy_process are needed it already takes a struct pid
| argument.

I see your point about passing in both 'struct pid*' and target_pids[].
But in the common case the struct pid passed into copy_process() is
NULL - allocating pid in do_fork() would significantly alter the
existing control flow - no ? alloc_pid() assumes any new pid namespace
has been created - in copy_namespaces(). Moving the alloc_pid() to
do_fork() would require parsing clone_flags in do_fork() and pulling
pid namespace code out of copy_namespaces().

| I haven't been following closely what is gained by having a clone_with_pids
| syscall?  

When restarting an application from a checkpoint, the application must get
the same pid it had at the time of checkpoint. clone_with_pids() would be
used during restart so the child can be created with a specific set of pids.

| As for new namespaces that don't need to happen at process creation time
| (which is just about anything that is left) we can create a new syscall that
| unshares just that one.

Ok. If all new namespaces can be handled with a variant of unshare(), we can
decouple clone_with_pids() from the clone-flags issue.

| Eric

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