[PATCH 2/5] cr: checkpoint the active LSM and add RESTART_KEEP_LSM flag

Casey Schaufler casey at schaufler-ca.com
Fri Aug 28 21:43:03 PDT 2009


Serge E. Hallyn wrote:
> [ patch 1 was a trivial non-security patch so if you didn't see
> it, you didn't miss anything ]
>
> The RESTART_KEEP_LSM flag indicates that the LSM should
> attempt to reuse checkpointed security labels.  It is always
> invalid when the LSM at restart differs from that at checkpoint.
> It is currently only usable for capabilities.
>   

Can you imagine a scenario in which restoring a process on a
system with a different LSM configuration makes any sense at all?
Goodness gracious, even if the "old" environment and the "new"
are both SELinux and the policies are different I can't see how
you could make any sort of claim that restoring the process is
safe. The same goes for having file based capabilities on one
and not on the other.

It seems that the check you've chosen is necessary, but far from
sufficient.


> (For capabilities, restart without RESTART_KEEP_LSM is technically
> not implemented.  There actually might be a use case for that,
> but the safety of it is dubious so for now we always re-create
> checkpointed capability sets whether RESTART_KEEP_LSM is
> specified or not)
>
> Signed-off-by: Serge E. Hallyn <serue at us.ibm.com>
> ---
>  Documentation/checkpoint/readme.txt |   25 +++++++++++++++++++++++++
>  checkpoint/checkpoint.c             |    6 ++++++
>  checkpoint/restart.c                |   19 +++++++++++++++++++
>  include/linux/checkpoint.h          |    6 ++++--
>  include/linux/checkpoint_hdr.h      |    3 ++-
>  include/linux/checkpoint_types.h    |    2 ++
>  include/linux/security.h            |    8 ++++++++
>  security/security.c                 |    5 +++++
>  8 files changed, 71 insertions(+), 3 deletions(-)
>
> diff --git a/Documentation/checkpoint/readme.txt b/Documentation/checkpoint/readme.txt
> index e84dc39..a60e001 100644
> --- a/Documentation/checkpoint/readme.txt
> +++ b/Documentation/checkpoint/readme.txt
> @@ -328,6 +328,31 @@ So that's why we don't want CAP_SYS_ADMIN required up-front. That way
>  we will be forced to more carefully review each of those features.
>  However, this can be controlled with a sysctl-variable.
>  
> +LSM
> +===
> +
> +Security modules use custom labels on subjects and objects to
> +further mediate access decisions beyond DAC controls.  When
> +checkpoint applications, these labels are [ work in progress ]
> +checkpointed along with the objects.  At restart, the
> +RESTART_KEEP_LSM flag tells the kernel whether re-created objects
> +whould keep their checkpointed labels, or get automatically
> +recalculated labels.  Since checkpointed labels will only make
> +sense to the same LSM which was active at checkpoint time,
> +sys_restart() with the RESTART_KEEP_LSM flag will fail with
> +-EINVAL if the LSM active at restart is not the same as that
> +active at checkpoint.  If RESTART_KEEP_LSM is not specified,
> +then objects will be given whatever default labels the LSM and
> +their optional policy decide.  Of course, when RESTART_KEEP_LSM
> +is specified, the LSM may choose a different label than the
> +checkpointed one, or fail the entire restart if the caller
> +does not have permission to create objects with the checkpointed
> +label.
> +
> +It should always be safe to take a checkpoint of an application
> +under LSM_1, and restart it without the RESTART_KEEP_LSM flag
> +under LSM_2.
> +
>  
>  Kernel interfaces
>  =================
> diff --git a/checkpoint/checkpoint.c b/checkpoint/checkpoint.c
> index c19f812..70e3fac 100644
> --- a/checkpoint/checkpoint.c
> +++ b/checkpoint/checkpoint.c
> @@ -250,6 +250,12 @@ static int checkpoint_write_header(struct ckpt_ctx *ctx)
>  	if (ret < 0)
>  		return ret;
>  
> +	memset(ctx->lsm_name, 0, SECURITY_NAME_MAX + 1);
> +	strlcpy(ctx->lsm_name, security_get_lsm_name(), SECURITY_NAME_MAX + 1);
> +	ret = ckpt_write_buffer(ctx, ctx->lsm_name, SECURITY_NAME_MAX + 1);
> +	if (ret < 0)
> +		return ret;
> +
>  	return checkpoint_write_header_arch(ctx);
>  }
>  
> diff --git a/checkpoint/restart.c b/checkpoint/restart.c
> index ed42b4b..f0ca1f6 100644
> --- a/checkpoint/restart.c
> +++ b/checkpoint/restart.c
> @@ -423,6 +423,25 @@ static int restore_read_header(struct ckpt_ctx *ctx)
>  	if (ret < 0)
>  		goto out;
>  
> +	ret = _ckpt_read_buffer(ctx, ctx->lsm_name, SECURITY_NAME_MAX + 1);
> +	if (ret < 0)
> +		goto out;
> +	if (ctx->uflags & RESTART_KEEP_LSM) {
> +		char *cur = security_get_lsm_name();
> +		if (strncmp(cur, ctx->lsm_name, SECURITY_NAME_MAX + 1) != 0) {
> +			pr_warning("c/r: checkpointed LSM %s, current is %s.\n",
> +				ctx->lsm_name, cur);
> +			return -EINVAL;
> +		}
> +		/* to be implemented later, per-lsm */
> +		if (strcmp(ctx->lsm_name, "lsm_none") != 0 &&
> +				strcmp(ctx->lsm_name, "default") != 0) {
> +			pr_warning("c/r: RESTART_KEEP_LSM unsupported for %s\n",
> +					ctx->lsm_name);
> +			return -ENOSYS;
> +		}
> +	}
> +
>  	ret = restore_read_header_arch(ctx);
>   out:
>  	kfree(uts);
> diff --git a/include/linux/checkpoint.h b/include/linux/checkpoint.h
> index 06e3eb0..3a800a6 100644
> --- a/include/linux/checkpoint.h
> +++ b/include/linux/checkpoint.h
> @@ -10,7 +10,7 @@
>   *  distribution for more details.
>   */
>  
> -#define CHECKPOINT_VERSION  1
> +#define CHECKPOINT_VERSION  2
>  
>  /* checkpoint user flags */
>  #define CHECKPOINT_SUBTREE	0x1
> @@ -18,6 +18,7 @@
>  /* restart user flags */
>  #define RESTART_TASKSELF	0x1
>  #define RESTART_FROZEN		0x2
> +#define RESTART_KEEP_LSM	0x4
>  
>  #ifdef __KERNEL__
>  #ifdef CONFIG_CHECKPOINT
> @@ -44,7 +45,8 @@
>  
>  /* ckpt_ctx: uflags */
>  #define CHECKPOINT_USER_FLAGS		CHECKPOINT_SUBTREE
> -#define RESTART_USER_FLAGS		(RESTART_TASKSELF | RESTART_FROZEN)
> +#define RESTART_USER_FLAGS		(RESTART_TASKSELF | RESTART_FROZEN | \
> +					 RESTART_KEEP_LSM)
>  
>  extern void exit_checkpoint(struct task_struct *tsk);
>  
> diff --git a/include/linux/checkpoint_hdr.h b/include/linux/checkpoint_hdr.h
> index 06bc6e2..2b166dc 100644
> --- a/include/linux/checkpoint_hdr.h
> +++ b/include/linux/checkpoint_hdr.h
> @@ -176,10 +176,11 @@ struct ckpt_hdr_header {
>  	__u64 uflags;	/* uflags from checkpoint */
>  
>  	/*
> -	 * the header is followed by three strings:
> +	 * the header is followed by four strings:
>  	 *   char release[const.uts_release_len];
>  	 *   char version[const.uts_version_len];
>  	 *   char machine[const.uts_machine_len];
> +	 *   char lsm_name[SECURITY_NAME_MAX + 1]
>  	 */
>  } __attribute__((aligned(8)));
>  
> diff --git a/include/linux/checkpoint_types.h b/include/linux/checkpoint_types.h
> index a18846f..680750d 100644
> --- a/include/linux/checkpoint_types.h
> +++ b/include/linux/checkpoint_types.h
> @@ -19,6 +19,7 @@
>  #include <linux/fs.h>
>  #include <linux/ktime.h>
>  #include <linux/wait.h>
> +#include <linux/security.h>
>  
>  struct ckpt_stats {
>  	int uts_ns;
> @@ -36,6 +37,7 @@ struct ckpt_ctx {
>  	struct task_struct *root_task;		/* [container] root task */
>  	struct nsproxy *root_nsproxy;		/* [container] root nsproxy */
>  	struct task_struct *root_freezer;	/* [container] root task */
> +	char lsm_name[SECURITY_NAME_MAX + 1];   /* security module at ckpt */
>  
>  	unsigned long kflags;	/* kerenl flags */
>  	unsigned long uflags;	/* user flags */
> diff --git a/include/linux/security.h b/include/linux/security.h
> index 5eff459..f1033a4 100644
> --- a/include/linux/security.h
> +++ b/include/linux/security.h
> @@ -1776,6 +1776,8 @@ int security_secid_to_secctx(u32 secid, char **secdata, u32 *seclen);
>  int security_secctx_to_secid(const char *secdata, u32 seclen, u32 *secid);
>  void security_release_secctx(char *secdata, u32 seclen);
>  
> +char *security_get_lsm_name(void);
> +
>  #else /* CONFIG_SECURITY */
>  struct security_mnt_opts {
>  };
> @@ -1798,6 +1800,12 @@ static inline int security_init(void)
>  	return 0;
>  }
>  
> +#define DEFAULT_LSM_NAME "lsm_none"
> +static inline char *security_get_lsm_name(void)
> +{
> +	return DEFAULT_LSM_NAME;
> +}
> +
>  static inline int security_ptrace_may_access(struct task_struct *child,
>  					     unsigned int mode)
>  {
> diff --git a/security/security.c b/security/security.c
> index dc7674f..3829156 100644
> --- a/security/security.c
> +++ b/security/security.c
> @@ -122,6 +122,11 @@ int register_security(struct security_operations *ops)
>  	return 0;
>  }
>  
> +char *security_get_lsm_name(void)
> +{
> +	return security_ops->name;
> +}
> +
>  /* Security operations */
>  
>  int security_ptrace_may_access(struct task_struct *child, unsigned int mode)
>   



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