[PATCH][BUGFIX] cgroups: fix pid namespace bug

Andrew Morton akpm at linux-foundation.org
Thu Jul 2 16:20:19 PDT 2009


On Thu, 2 Jul 2009 09:27:20 -0700
Paul Menage <menage at google.com> wrote:

> On Thu, Jul 2, 2009 at 9:15 AM, Serge E. Hallyn<serue at us.ibm.com> wrote:
> >>
> >> Well, pid namespaces are marked as experimental, as are user
> >> namespaces (and were described as "very incomplete" a few months
> >
> > incomplete (due to signaling issues which have mostly been resolved)
> > but stable and usable.
> >
> > user namespace are a completely different story :)
> 
> Sorry, that wasn't clear - the "very incomplete" referred to user namespaces.
> 

I do think we should lean toward fixing it.  After all, it used to work
OK and now it doesn't.

It is a three-minute matter of patch-wrangling to take the fix out
again within a more comprehensive 2.6.32 patch series, so that's not an
issue.

So are there any strong (enough) objections to putting this into 2.6.31?




From: Li Zefan <lizf at cn.fujitsu.com>

The bug was introduced by commit cc31edceee04a7b87f2be48f9489ebb72d264844
("cgroups: convert tasks file to use a seq_file with shared pid array").

We cache a pid array for all threads that are opening the same "tasks"
file, but the pids in the array are always from the namespace of the
last process that opened the file, so all other threads will read pids
from that namespace instead of their own namespaces.

To fix it, we maintain a list of pid arrays, which is keyed by pid_ns.
The list will be of length 1 at most time.

Reported-by: Paul Menage <menage at google.com>
Idea-by: Paul Menage <menage at google.com>
Signed-off-by: Li Zefan <lizf at cn.fujitsu.com>
Reviewed-by: Serge Hallyn <serue at us.ibm.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm at linux-foundation.org>
---

 include/linux/cgroup.h |   11 +---
 kernel/cgroup.c        |   94 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++----------
 2 files changed, 74 insertions(+), 31 deletions(-)

diff -puN include/linux/cgroup.h~cgroups-fix-pid-namespace-bug include/linux/cgroup.h
--- a/include/linux/cgroup.h~cgroups-fix-pid-namespace-bug
+++ a/include/linux/cgroup.h
@@ -179,14 +179,11 @@ struct cgroup {
 	 */
 	struct list_head release_list;
 
-	/* pids_mutex protects the fields below */
+	/* pids_mutex protects pids_list and cached pid arrays. */
 	struct rw_semaphore pids_mutex;
-	/* Array of process ids in the cgroup */
-	pid_t *tasks_pids;
-	/* How many files are using the current tasks_pids array */
-	int pids_use_count;
-	/* Length of the current tasks_pids array */
-	int pids_length;
+
+	/* Linked list of struct cgroup_pids */
+	struct list_head pids_list;
 
 	/* For RCU-protected deletion */
 	struct rcu_head rcu_head;
diff -puN kernel/cgroup.c~cgroups-fix-pid-namespace-bug kernel/cgroup.c
--- a/kernel/cgroup.c~cgroups-fix-pid-namespace-bug
+++ a/kernel/cgroup.c
@@ -47,6 +47,7 @@
 #include <linux/hash.h>
 #include <linux/namei.h>
 #include <linux/smp_lock.h>
+#include <linux/pid_namespace.h>
 
 #include <asm/atomic.h>
 
@@ -961,6 +962,7 @@ static void init_cgroup_housekeeping(str
 	INIT_LIST_HEAD(&cgrp->children);
 	INIT_LIST_HEAD(&cgrp->css_sets);
 	INIT_LIST_HEAD(&cgrp->release_list);
+	INIT_LIST_HEAD(&cgrp->pids_list);
 	init_rwsem(&cgrp->pids_mutex);
 }
 static void init_cgroup_root(struct cgroupfs_root *root)
@@ -2202,12 +2204,30 @@ err:
 	return ret;
 }
 
+/*
+ * Cache pids for all threads in the same pid namespace that are
+ * opening the same "tasks" file.
+ */
+struct cgroup_pids {
+	/* The node in cgrp->pids_list */
+	struct list_head list;
+	/* The cgroup those pids belong to */
+	struct cgroup *cgrp;
+	/* The namepsace those pids belong to */
+	struct pid_namespace *pid_ns;
+	/* Array of process ids in the cgroup */
+	pid_t *tasks_pids;
+	/* How many files are using the this tasks_pids array */
+	int pids_use_count;
+	/* Length of the current tasks_pids array */
+	int pids_length;
+};
+
 static int cmppid(const void *a, const void *b)
 {
 	return *(pid_t *)a - *(pid_t *)b;
 }
 
-
 /*
  * seq_file methods for the "tasks" file. The seq_file position is the
  * next pid to display; the seq_file iterator is a pointer to the pid
@@ -2222,45 +2242,47 @@ static void *cgroup_tasks_start(struct s
 	 * after a seek to the start). Use a binary-search to find the
 	 * next pid to display, if any
 	 */
-	struct cgroup *cgrp = s->private;
+	struct cgroup_pids *cp = s->private;
+	struct cgroup *cgrp = cp->cgrp;
 	int index = 0, pid = *pos;
 	int *iter;
 
 	down_read(&cgrp->pids_mutex);
 	if (pid) {
-		int end = cgrp->pids_length;
+		int end = cp->pids_length;
 
 		while (index < end) {
 			int mid = (index + end) / 2;
-			if (cgrp->tasks_pids[mid] == pid) {
+			if (cp->tasks_pids[mid] == pid) {
 				index = mid;
 				break;
-			} else if (cgrp->tasks_pids[mid] <= pid)
+			} else if (cp->tasks_pids[mid] <= pid)
 				index = mid + 1;
 			else
 				end = mid;
 		}
 	}
 	/* If we're off the end of the array, we're done */
-	if (index >= cgrp->pids_length)
+	if (index >= cp->pids_length)
 		return NULL;
 	/* Update the abstract position to be the actual pid that we found */
-	iter = cgrp->tasks_pids + index;
+	iter = cp->tasks_pids + index;
 	*pos = *iter;
 	return iter;
 }
 
 static void cgroup_tasks_stop(struct seq_file *s, void *v)
 {
-	struct cgroup *cgrp = s->private;
+	struct cgroup_pids *cp = s->private;
+	struct cgroup *cgrp = cp->cgrp;
 	up_read(&cgrp->pids_mutex);
 }
 
 static void *cgroup_tasks_next(struct seq_file *s, void *v, loff_t *pos)
 {
-	struct cgroup *cgrp = s->private;
+	struct cgroup_pids *cp = s->private;
 	int *p = v;
-	int *end = cgrp->tasks_pids + cgrp->pids_length;
+	int *end = cp->tasks_pids + cp->pids_length;
 
 	/*
 	 * Advance to the next pid in the array. If this goes off the
@@ -2287,26 +2309,32 @@ static struct seq_operations cgroup_task
 	.show = cgroup_tasks_show,
 };
 
-static void release_cgroup_pid_array(struct cgroup *cgrp)
+static void release_cgroup_pid_array(struct cgroup_pids *cp)
 {
+	struct cgroup *cgrp = cp->cgrp;
+
 	down_write(&cgrp->pids_mutex);
-	BUG_ON(!cgrp->pids_use_count);
-	if (!--cgrp->pids_use_count) {
-		kfree(cgrp->tasks_pids);
-		cgrp->tasks_pids = NULL;
-		cgrp->pids_length = 0;
+	BUG_ON(!cp->pids_use_count);
+	if (!--cp->pids_use_count) {
+		list_del(&cp->list);
+		kfree(cp->tasks_pids);
+		kfree(cp);
 	}
 	up_write(&cgrp->pids_mutex);
 }
 
 static int cgroup_tasks_release(struct inode *inode, struct file *file)
 {
-	struct cgroup *cgrp = __d_cgrp(file->f_dentry->d_parent);
+	struct seq_file *seq;
+	struct cgroup_pids *cp;
 
 	if (!(file->f_mode & FMODE_READ))
 		return 0;
 
-	release_cgroup_pid_array(cgrp);
+	seq = file->private_data;
+	cp = seq->private;
+
+	release_cgroup_pid_array(cp);
 	return seq_release(inode, file);
 }
 
@@ -2325,6 +2353,8 @@ static struct file_operations cgroup_tas
 static int cgroup_tasks_open(struct inode *unused, struct file *file)
 {
 	struct cgroup *cgrp = __d_cgrp(file->f_dentry->d_parent);
+	struct pid_namespace *pid_ns = task_active_pid_ns(current);
+	struct cgroup_pids *cp;
 	pid_t *pidarray;
 	int npids;
 	int retval;
@@ -2351,20 +2381,36 @@ static int cgroup_tasks_open(struct inod
 	 * array if necessary
 	 */
 	down_write(&cgrp->pids_mutex);
-	kfree(cgrp->tasks_pids);
-	cgrp->tasks_pids = pidarray;
-	cgrp->pids_length = npids;
-	cgrp->pids_use_count++;
+
+	list_for_each_entry(cp, &cgrp->pids_list, list) {
+		if (pid_ns == cp->pid_ns)
+			goto found;
+	}
+
+	cp = kzalloc(sizeof(*cp), GFP_KERNEL);
+	if (!cp) {
+		up_write(&cgrp->pids_mutex);
+		kfree(pidarray);
+		return -ENOMEM;
+	}
+	cp->cgrp = cgrp;
+	cp->pid_ns = pid_ns;
+	list_add(&cp->list, &cgrp->pids_list);
+found:
+	kfree(cp->tasks_pids);
+	cp->tasks_pids = pidarray;
+	cp->pids_length = npids;
+	cp->pids_use_count++;
 	up_write(&cgrp->pids_mutex);
 
 	file->f_op = &cgroup_tasks_operations;
 
 	retval = seq_open(file, &cgroup_tasks_seq_operations);
 	if (retval) {
-		release_cgroup_pid_array(cgrp);
+		release_cgroup_pid_array(cp);
 		return retval;
 	}
-	((struct seq_file *)file->private_data)->private = cgrp;
+	((struct seq_file *)file->private_data)->private = cp;
 	return 0;
 }
 
_



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