[PATCH] dm-ioband-v1.12.3: I/O bandwidth controller

Ryo Tsuruta ryov at valinux.co.jp
Thu Jul 30 21:03:33 PDT 2009


Hi Alasdair,

This is dm-ioband v1.12.3 release that is a minor update to avoid
sparse warnings other than related to the event tracing. (I used
sparse-2009-07-29.)

This patch can be applied to the current dm-devel tree and 2.6.31-rc4,
so could you please replace dm-add-ioband.patch in your tree with this?
And I would appreciate it if you would let me know your thoughts about
merging dm-ioband to upstream.

Thanks,
Ryo Tsuruta

About dm-ioband:
dm-ioband is an I/O bandwidth controller implemented as a
device-mapper driver and can control bandwidth on per partition, per
user, per process, per virtual machine (such as KVM or Xen) basis.
Please visit our website for further information.
http://sourceforge.net/apps/trac/ioband/

Signed-off-by: Ryo Tsuruta <ryov at valinux.co.jp>
Signed-off-by: Hirokazu Takahashi <taka at valinux.co.jp>

---
 Documentation/device-mapper/ioband.txt   | 1113 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 Documentation/device-mapper/range-bw.txt |   99 ++
 drivers/md/Kconfig                       |   13 
 drivers/md/Makefile                      |    3 
 drivers/md/dm-ioband-ctl.c               | 1319 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 drivers/md/dm-ioband-policy.c            |  458 ++++++++++
 drivers/md/dm-ioband-rangebw.c           |  669 +++++++++++++++
 drivers/md/dm-ioband-type.c              |   76 +
 drivers/md/dm-ioband.h                   |  231 +++++
 include/trace/events/dm-ioband.h         |  242 +++++
 10 files changed, 4223 insertions(+)

Index: linux-2.6.31-rc4/Documentation/device-mapper/ioband.txt
===================================================================
--- /dev/null
+++ linux-2.6.31-rc4/Documentation/device-mapper/ioband.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,1113 @@
+                     Block I/O bandwidth control: dm-ioband
+
+            -------------------------------------------------------
+
+   Table of Contents
+
+   [1]What's dm-ioband all about?
+
+   [2]Differences from the CFQ I/O scheduler
+
+   [3]How dm-ioband works.
+
+   [4]Setup and Installation
+
+   [5]Getting started
+
+   [6]Command Reference
+
+   [7]Examples
+
+What's dm-ioband all about?
+
+     dm-ioband is an I/O bandwidth controller implemented as a device-mapper
+   driver. Several jobs using the same block device have to share the
+   bandwidth of the device. dm-ioband gives bandwidth to each job according
+   to bandwidth control policies.
+
+     A job is a group of processes with the same pid or pgrp or uid or a
+   virtual machine such as KVM or Xen. A job can also be a cgroup by applying
+   the blkio-cgroup patch, which can be found at
+   http://sourceforge.net/apps/trac/ioband/.
+
+       +-------+ +-------+ +-------+ +-------+ +-------+ +-------+
+       |cgroup | |cgroup | |  the  | |  pid  | |  pid  | |  the  |   jobs
+       |   A   | |   B   | |others | |   X   | |   Y   | |others |
+       +---|---+ +---|---+ +---|---+ +---|---+ +---|---+ +---|---+
+           |         |         |         |         |         |
+     +-----|---------|---------|----+----|---------|---------|-----+
+     |     | /dev/mapper/disk1 |    |    | /dev/mapper/disk2 |     |
+     |-----|---------|---------|----+----|---------|---------|-----|
+     | +---V---+ +---V---+ +---V---+ +---V---+ +---V---+ +---V---+ |
+     | | ioband| | ioband| |default| | ioband| | ioband| |default| |
+     | | group | | group | | group | | group | | group | | group | | dm-ioband
+     | |-------+-+-------+-+-------+-+-------+-+-------+-+-------| |
+     | |                     bandwidth control                   | |
+     | +-------------|-----------------------------|-------------+ |
+      ---------------|-----------------------------|---------------
+                     |                             |
+     +---------------V--------------+--------------V---------------+
+     |           /dev/sdb1          |          /dev/sdb2           | partitions
+     +------------------------------+------------------------------+
+
+
+   --------------------------------------------------------------------------
+
+Differences from the CFQ I/O scheduler
+
+     Dm-ioband is flexible to configure the bandwidth settings.
+
+     Dm-ioband can work with any type of I/O scheduler such as the NOOP
+   scheduler, which is often chosen for high-end storages, since it is
+   implemented outside the I/O scheduling layer. It allows both of partition
+   based bandwidth control and job --- a group of processes --- based
+   control. In addition, it can set different configuration on each block
+   device to control its bandwidth.
+
+     Meanwhile the current implementation of the CFQ scheduler has 8 IO
+   priority levels and all jobs whose processes have the same IO priority
+   share the bandwidth assigned to this level between them. And IO priority
+   is an attribute of a process, so that it equally effects to all block
+   devices.
+
+   --------------------------------------------------------------------------
+
+How dm-ioband works.
+
+     The bandwidth of each job is determined by a bandwidth control policy.
+   dm-ioband provides three kinds of policies "weight", "weight-iosize" and
+   "range-bw", and a user can select one of them at the time of setup.
+
+   --------------------------------------------------------------------------
+
+  weight and weight-iosize policy
+
+     Every ioband device has one ioband group, which by default is called the
+   default group, and can also have extra ioband groups in the ioband device.
+   Each ioband group has its own weight and tokens. The amount of tokens are
+   determined proportional to the weight of each ioband group.
+
+     The ioband group can pass on I/O requests that its job issues to the
+   underlying layer so long as it has tokens left, while requests are blocked
+   if there aren't any tokens left in the ioband group. The tokens are
+   refilled once all of the ioband groups that have requests on a given
+   underlying block device use up their tokens.
+
+     The weight policy lets dm-ioband consume one token per one I/O request.
+   The weight-iosize policy lets dm-ioband consume one token per one I/O
+   sector, for example, one I/O request which consists of 4Kbytes (512bytes *
+   8 sectors) read consumes 8 tokens.
+
+     With this approach, a job running on the ioband group with large weight
+   is guaranteed a wide I/O bandwidth.
+
+   --------------------------------------------------------------------------
+
+  range-bw policy
+
+     range-bw means the predicable I/O bandwidth with minimum and maximum
+   value defined by administrator. And it is also possible to set up only
+   maximum value for only I/O limitation. So, you can define the specific and
+   fixed bandwidth to satisfy I/O requirement regardless of whole I/O
+   bandwidth.
+
+     Minimum I/O bandwidth is to guarantee the stable performance or
+   reliability of specific process group and maximum bandwidth is to throttle
+   the unnecessary I/O usage or to reserve the I/O bandwidth for another use.
+   So range-bw supports adequate and predicable I/O bandwidth between minimum
+   and maximum value.
+
+     The setting unit is based on Kbytes/sec. If you want to allocate
+   3M~5Mbytes/sec I/O bandwidth to X group, you should set 3000 to min-bw,
+   5000 to max-bw.
+
+     Attention
+
+     Although range-bw supports the predicable I/O bandwidth, it should be
+   configured in the scope of total I/O bandwidth of the I/O system to
+   guarantee the minimum I/O requirement. For example, if total I/O bandwidth
+   is 40Mbytes/sec, the summary of I/O bandwidth configured in each process
+   group should be equal or smaller than 40Mbytes/sec. So, we need to check
+   total I/O bandwidth before set it up.
+
+   --------------------------------------------------------------------------
+
+Setup and Installation
+
+     Build a kernel with these options enabled:
+
+     CONFIG_MD
+     CONFIG_BLK_DEV_DM
+     CONFIG_DM_IOBAND
+
+
+     If compiled as module, use modprobe to load dm-ioband.
+
+     # make modules
+     # make modules_install
+     # depmod -a
+     # modprobe dm-ioband
+
+
+     "dmsetup targets" command shows all available device-mapper targets.
+   "ioband" and the version number are displayed when dm-ioband has been
+   loaded.
+
+     # dmsetup targets | grep ioband
+     ioband           v1.0.0
+
+
+   --------------------------------------------------------------------------
+
+Getting started
+
+     The following is a brief description how to control the I/O bandwidth of
+   disks. In this description, we'll take one disk with two partitions as an
+   example target.
+
+   --------------------------------------------------------------------------
+
+  Create and map ioband devices
+
+     Create two ioband devices "ioband1" and "ioband2". "ioband1" is mapped
+   to "/dev/sda1" and has a weight of 40. "ioband2" is mapped to "/dev/sda2"
+   and has a weight of 10. "ioband1" can use 80% --- 40/(40+10)*100 --- of
+   the bandwidth of "/dev/sda" while "ioband2" can use 20%.
+
+     # echo "0 $(blockdev --getsize /dev/sda1) ioband /dev/sda1 1 0 0 none" \
+         "weight 0 :40" | dmsetup create ioband1
+     # echo "0 $(blockdev --getsize /dev/sda2) ioband /dev/sda2 1 0 0 none" \
+         "weight 0 :10" | dmsetup create ioband2
+
+
+     If the commands are successful then the device files
+   "/dev/mapper/ioband1" and "/dev/mapper/ioband2" will have been created.
+
+   --------------------------------------------------------------------------
+
+  Additional bandwidth control
+
+     In this example two extra ioband groups are created on "ioband1."
+
+     First, set the ioband group type as user. Next, create two ioband groups
+   that have id 1000 and 2000. Then, give weights of 30 and 20 to the ioband
+   groups respectively.
+
+     # dmsetup message ioband1 0 type user
+     # dmsetup message ioband1 0 attach 1000
+     # dmsetup message ioband1 0 attach 2000
+     # dmsetup message ioband1 0 weight 1000:30
+     # dmsetup message ioband1 0 weight 2000:20
+
+
+     Now the processes owned by uid 1000 can use 30% --- 30/(30+20+40+10)*100
+   --- of the bandwidth of "/dev/sda" when the processes issue I/O requests
+   through "ioband1." The processes owned by uid 2000 can use 20% of the
+   bandwidth likewise.
+
+   Table 1. Weight assignments
+
+   +----------------------------------------------------------------+
+   | ioband device |          ioband group          | ioband weight |
+   |---------------+--------------------------------+---------------|
+   | ioband1       | user id 1000                   | 30            |
+   |---------------+--------------------------------+---------------|
+   | ioband1       | user id 2000                   | 20            |
+   |---------------+--------------------------------+---------------|
+   | ioband1       | default group(the other users) | 40            |
+   |---------------+--------------------------------+---------------|
+   | ioband2       | default group                  | 10            |
+   +----------------------------------------------------------------+
+
+   --------------------------------------------------------------------------
+
+  Remove the ioband devices
+
+     Remove the ioband devices when no longer used.
+
+     # dmsetup remove ioband1
+     # dmsetup remove ioband2
+
+
+   --------------------------------------------------------------------------
+
+Command Reference
+
+  Create an ioband device
+
+   SYNOPSIS
+
+           dmsetup create IOBAND_DEVICE
+
+   DESCRIPTION
+
+             Create an ioband device with the given name IOBAND_DEVICE.
+           Generally, dmsetup reads a table from standard input. Each line of
+           the table specifies a single target and is of the form:
+
+             start_sector num_sectors "ioband" device_file ioband_device_id \
+                 io_throttle io_limit ioband_group_type policy policy_args...
+
+
+                start_sector, num_sectors
+
+                          The sector range of the underlying device where
+                        dm-ioband maps.
+
+                ioband
+
+                          Specify the string "ioband" as a target type.
+
+                device_file
+
+                          Underlying device name.
+
+                ioband_device_id
+
+                          The ID for an ioband device can be symbolic,
+                        numeric, or mixed. The same ID must be set among the
+                        ioband devices that share the same bandwidth. This is
+                        useful for grouping disk drives partitioned from one
+                        disk drive such as RAID drive or LVM logical striped
+                        volume.
+
+                io_throttle
+
+                          When a device has a lot of tokens, and the number
+                        of in-flight I/Os in dm-ioband exceeds io_throttle,
+                        dm-ioband gives priority to the device and issues
+                        I/Os to the device until no tokens of the device are
+                        left. If 0 is specified, the default value is used.
+                        This setting applies all ioband devices which has the
+                        same ioband device ID as you specified by
+                        "ioband_device_id."
+
+                io_limit
+
+                          Dm-ioband blocks all I/O requests for IOBAND_DEVICE
+                        when the number of BIOs in progress exceeds this
+                        value. If 0 is specified, the default value is used.
+                        This setting applies all ioband devices which has the
+                        same ioband device ID as you specified by
+                        "ioband_device_id."
+
+                ioband_group_type
+
+                          Specify how to evaluate the ioband group ID. The
+                        selectable group types are "none", "user", "gid",
+                        "pid" or "pgrp." The type "cgroup" is enabled by
+                        applying the blkio-cgroup patch. Specify "none" if
+                        you don't need any ioband groups other than the
+                        default ioband group.
+
+                policy and policy_args
+
+                          Specify a bandwidth control policy. The selectable
+                        policies are "weight", "weight-iosize" or "range-bw."
+                        This setting applies all ioband devices which has the
+                        same ioband device ID as you specified by
+                        "ioband_device_id."
+
+                          policy_args are specific for each policy. See below
+                        for information on each policy.
+
+   WEIGHT AND WEIGHT-IOSIZE POLICIES
+
+             The "weight" and "weight-iosize" policies distribute bandwidth
+           proportional to the weight of each ioband group. Each ioband group
+           is charged on an I/O count basis when the "weight" policy is used
+           and an I/O size basis when the "weight-iosize" policy is used. The
+           arguments are of the form:
+
+             token_base :weight [ioband_group_id:weight...]
+
+
+                token_base
+
+                          The number of tokens which specified by token_base
+                        will be distributed to all ioband groups proportional
+                        to the weight of each ioband group. If 0 is
+                        specified, the default value is used. This setting
+                        applies all ioband devices which has the same ioband
+                        device ID as you specified by "ioband_device_id."
+
+                :weight
+
+                          Set the weight of the default ioband group.
+
+                ioband_group_id:weight
+
+                          Create an extra ioband group with an
+                        ioband_group_id and set its weight. The
+                        ioband_group_id is an identification number and
+                        corresponds to pid, pgrp , uid and so on which depend
+                        on ioband group type settings.
+
+   RANGE-BW POLICY
+
+             The "range-bw" policy distributes the predicable bandwidth to
+           each group according to the values of minimum and maximum
+           bandwidth value. And range-bw is not based on I/O token which is
+           usually grant for I/O authority.
+
+             So, "0" value is used for token_base parameter in range-bw
+           policy. And both parameters, min-bw and max-bw, are generally used
+           together, but, max-bw can be used alone for only limitation. The
+           arguments are of the form:
+
+             token_base :min-bw:max-bw [ioband_group_id:min-bw:max-bw...]
+
+
+                token_base
+
+                          "0" is used, because it is not meaningful in this
+                        policy
+
+                min-bw
+
+                          Set the minimum bandwidth of the default ioband
+                        group. This parameter can't be used alone.
+
+                max-bw
+
+                          Set the maximum bandwidth of the default ioband
+                        group.
+
+                ioband_group_id:min-bw:max-bw
+
+                          Create an extra ioband group with an
+                        ioband_group_id and set its min and max bandwidth.
+                        The ioband_group_id is an identification number and
+                        corresponds to pid, pgrp , uid and so on which depend
+                        on ioband group type settings.
+
+   EXAMPLE
+
+             Create an ioband device with the following parameters:
+
+              *   Starting sector = "0"
+
+              *   The number of sectors = "$(blockdev --getsize /dev/sda1)"
+
+              *   Target type = "ioband"
+
+              *   Underlying device name = "/dev/sda1"
+
+              *   Ioband device ID = "share1"
+
+              *   I/O throttle = "10"
+
+              *   I/O limit = "400"
+
+              *   Ioband group type = "user"
+
+              *   Bandwidth control policy = "weight"
+
+              *   Token base = "2048"
+
+              *   Weight for the default ioband group = "100"
+
+              *   Weight for the ioband group 1000 = "80"
+
+              *   Weight for the ioband group 2000 = "20"
+
+              *   Ioband device name = "ioband1"
+
+             # echo "0 $(blockdev --getsize /dev/sda1) ioband /dev/sda1" \
+               "share1 10 400 user weight 2048 :100 1000:80 2000:20" \
+               | dmsetup create ioband1
+
+
+             Create two device groups (ID=1,2). The bandwidths of these
+           device groups will be individually controlled.
+
+             # echo "0 $(blockdev --getsize /dev/sda1) ioband /dev/sda1 1" \
+               "0 0 none weight 0 :80" | dmsetup create ioband1
+             # echo "0 $(blockdev --getsize /dev/sda2) ioband /dev/sda2 1" \
+               "0 0 none weight 0 :20" | dmsetup create ioband2
+             # echo "0 $(blockdev --getsize /dev/sdb3) ioband /dev/sdb3 2" \
+               "0 0 none weight 0 :60" | dmsetup create ioband3
+             # echo "0 $(blockdev --getsize /dev/sdb4) ioband /dev/sdb4 2" \
+               "0 0 none weight 0 :40" | dmsetup create ioband4
+
+
+   --------------------------------------------------------------------------
+
+  Remove the ioband device
+
+   SYNOPSIS
+
+           dmsetup remove IOBAND_DEVICE
+
+   DESCRIPTION
+
+             Remove the specified ioband device IOBAND_DEVICE. All the band
+           groups attached to the ioband device are also removed
+           automatically.
+
+   EXAMPLE
+
+             Remove ioband device "ioband1."
+
+             # dmsetup remove ioband1
+
+
+   --------------------------------------------------------------------------
+
+  Set an ioband group type
+
+   SYNOPSIS
+
+           dmsetup message IOBAND_DEVICE 0 type TYPE
+
+   DESCRIPTION
+
+             Set an ioband group type of IOBAND_DEVICE. TYPE must be one of
+           "none", "user", "gid", "pid" or "pgrp." The type "cgroup" is
+           enabled by applying the blkio-cgroup patch. Once the type is set,
+           new ioband groups can be created on IOBAND_DEVICE.
+
+   EXAMPLE
+
+             Set the ioband group type of ioband device "ioband1" to "user."
+
+             # dmsetup message ioband1 0 type user
+
+
+   --------------------------------------------------------------------------
+
+  Create an ioband group
+
+   SYNOPSIS
+
+           dmsetup message IOBAND_DEVICE 0 attach ID
+
+   DESCRIPTION
+
+             Create an ioband group and attach it to IOBAND_DEVICE. ID
+           specifies user-id, group-id, process-id or process-group-id
+           depending the ioband group type of IOBAND_DEVICE.
+
+   EXAMPLE
+
+             Create an ioband group which consists of all processes with
+           user-id 1000 and attach it to ioband device "ioband1."
+
+             # dmsetup message ioband1 0 type user
+             # dmsetup message ioband1 0 attach 1000
+
+
+   --------------------------------------------------------------------------
+
+  Detach the ioband group
+
+   SYNOPSIS
+
+           dmsetup message IOBAND_DEVICE 0 detach ID
+
+   DESCRIPTION
+
+             Detach the ioband group specified by ID from ioband device
+           IOBAND_DEVICE.
+
+   EXAMPLE
+
+             Detach the ioband group with ID "2000" from ioband device
+           "ioband2."
+
+             # dmsetup message ioband2 0 detach 1000
+
+
+   --------------------------------------------------------------------------
+
+  Set bandwidth control policy
+
+   SYNOPSIS
+
+           dmsetup message IOBAND_DEVICE 0 policy POLICY
+
+   DESCRIPTION
+
+             Set POLICY to a bandwidth control policy. The selectable
+           policies are "weight", "weight-iosize" and "range-bw." This
+           setting applies all ioband devices which has the same ioband
+           device ID as IOBAND_DEVICE.
+
+                weight
+
+                          This policy distributes bandwidth proportional to
+                        the weight of each ioband group. Each ioband group is
+                        charged on an I/O count basis.
+
+                weight-iosize
+
+                          This policy distributes bandwidth proportional to
+                        the weight of each ioband group. Each ioband group is
+                        charged on an I/O size basis.
+
+                range-bw
+
+                          This policy guarantees minimum bandwidth and limits
+                        maximum bandwidth for each ioband group.
+
+   EXAMPLE
+
+             Set bandwidth control policy of ioband devices which have the
+           same ioband device ID as "ioband1" to "weight-iosize."
+
+             # dmsetup message ioband1 0 policy weight-iosize
+
+
+   --------------------------------------------------------------------------
+
+  Set the weight of an ioband group
+
+   SYNOPSIS
+
+           dmsetup message IOBAND_DEVICE 0 weight VAL
+
+           dmsetup message IOBAND_DEVICE 0 weight ID:VAL
+
+   DESCRIPTION
+
+             Set the weight of the ioband group which belongs to
+           IOBAND_DEVICE. The group is determined by ID. If ID: is omitted,
+           the default ioband group is chosen.
+
+             The following example means that "ioband1" can use 80% ---
+           40/(40+10)*100 --- of the bandwidth of the underlying block device
+           while "ioband2" can use 20%.
+
+             # dmsetup message ioband1 0 weight 40
+             # dmsetup message ioband2 0 weight 10
+
+
+             The following lines have the same effect as the above:
+
+             # dmsetup message ioband1 0 weight 4
+             # dmsetup message ioband2 0 weight 1
+
+
+             VAL must be an integer larger than 0. The default value, which
+           is assigned to newly created ioband groups, is 100.
+
+   EXAMPLE
+
+             Set the weight of the default ioband group of "ioband1" to 40.
+
+             # dmsetup message ioband1 0 weight 40
+
+
+             Set the weight of the ioband group of "ioband1" with ID "1000"
+           to 10.
+
+             # dmsetup message ioband1 0 weight 1000:10
+
+
+   --------------------------------------------------------------------------
+
+  Set the range-bw of an ioband group
+
+   SYNOPSIS
+
+           dmsetup -- message IOBAND_DEVICE 0 range-bw -1:MIN:MAX
+
+           dmsetup message IOBAND_DEVICE 0 range-bw ID:MIN-BW:MAX-BW
+
+   DESCRIPTION
+
+             Set the range-bw of the ioband group which belongs to
+           IOBAND_DEVICE. The group is determined by ID. If -1 is specified
+           as ID, the default ioband group is chosen.
+
+             The following example means that "ioband1" can use
+           5M~6Mbytes/sec bandwidth of the underlying block device while
+           "ioband2" can use 900K~1Mbytes/sec bandwidth.
+
+             # dmsetup message -- ioband1 0 range-bw -1:5000:6000
+
+             # dmsetup message -- ioband2 0 range-bw -1:900:1000
+
+
+             MIN-BW and MAX-BW and must be an integer larger than 0 and its
+           unit is Kbyte/sec.
+
+   EXAMPLE
+
+             Set the range-bw of the default ioband group of "ioband1" to
+           200K~300K I/O bandwidth.
+
+             # dmsetup -- message ioband1 0 range-bw -1:200:300
+
+
+             Set the weight of the ioband group of "ioband1" with ID "1000"
+           to 10M~12M I/O bandwidth.
+
+             # dmsetup message ioband1 0 range-bw 1000:10000:12000
+
+
+   --------------------------------------------------------------------------
+
+  Set the number of tokens
+
+   SYNOPSIS
+
+           dmsetup message IOBAND_DEVICE 0 token VAL
+
+   DESCRIPTION
+
+             The number of tokens will be distributed to all ioband groups
+           proportional to the weight of each ioband group. If 0 is
+           specified, the default value is used. This setting applies all
+           ioband devices which has the same ioband device ID as
+           IOBAND_DEVICE
+
+   EXAMPLE
+
+             Set the number of tokens to 256.
+
+             # dmsetup message ioband1 0 token 256
+
+
+   --------------------------------------------------------------------------
+
+  Set a limit of how many tokens are carried over
+
+   SYNOPSIS
+
+           dmsetup message IOBAND_DEVICE 0 carryover VAL
+
+   DESCRIPTION
+
+             When dm-ioband tries to refill an ioband group with tokens after
+           another ioband group is already refilled several times, dm-ioband
+           determines the number of tokens to refill by multiplying the
+           number of tokens refilled once by the smaller of how many times
+           the other group is already refilled or this limit. If 0 is
+           specified, the default value is used. This setting applies all
+           ioband devices which has the same ioband device ID as
+           IOBAND_DEVICE.
+
+   EXAMPLE
+
+             Set a limit for "ioband1" to 2.
+
+             # dmsetup message ioband1 0 carryover 2
+
+
+   --------------------------------------------------------------------------
+
+  Set I/O throttling
+
+   SYNOPSIS
+
+           dmsetup message IOBAND_DEVICE 0 io_throttle VAL
+
+   DESCRIPTION
+
+             When a device has a lot of tokens, and the number of in-flight
+           I/Os in dm-ioband exceeds io_throttle, dm-ioband gives priority to
+           the device and issues I/Os to the device until no tokens of the
+           device are left. If 0 is specified, the default value is used.
+           This setting applies all ioband devices which has the same ioband
+           device ID as you specified by "ioband_device_id."
+
+   EXAMPLE
+
+             Set the I/O throttling value of "ioband1" to 16.
+
+             # dmsetup message ioband1 0 io_throttle 16
+
+
+   --------------------------------------------------------------------------
+
+  Set I/O limiting
+
+   SYNOPSIS
+
+           dmsetup message IOBAND_DEVICE 0 io_limit VAL
+
+   DESCRIPTION
+
+             Dm-ioband blocks all I/O requests for IOBAND_DEVICE when the
+           number of BIOs in progress exceeds this value. If 0 is specified,
+           the default value is used. This setting applies all ioband devices
+           which has the same ioband device ID as IOBAND_DEVICE.
+
+   EXAMPLE
+
+             Set the I/O limiting value of "ioband1" to 128.
+
+             # dmsetup message ioband1 0 io_limit 128
+
+
+   --------------------------------------------------------------------------
+
+  Display settings
+
+   SYNOPSIS
+
+           dmsetup table --target ioband
+
+   DESCRIPTION
+
+             Display the current table for the ioband device in a format. See
+           "dmsetup create" command for information on the table format.
+
+   EXAMPLE
+
+             The following output shows the current table of "ioband1."
+
+             # dmsetup table --target ioband
+             ioband: 0 32129937 ioband1 8:29 128 10 400 user weight \
+               2048 :100 1000:80 2000:20
+
+
+   --------------------------------------------------------------------------
+
+  Display Statistics
+
+   SYNOPSIS
+
+           dmsetup status --target ioband
+
+   DESCRIPTION
+
+             Display the statistics of all the ioband devices whose target
+           type is "ioband."
+
+             The output format is as below. the first five columns shows:
+
+              *   ioband device name
+
+              *   logical start sector of the device (must be 0)
+
+              *   device size in sectors
+
+              *   target type (must be "ioband")
+
+              *   device group ID
+
+             The remaining columns show the statistics of each ioband group
+           on the band device. Each group uses seven columns for its
+           statistics.
+
+              *   ioband group ID (-1 means default)
+
+              *   total read requests
+
+              *   delayed read requests
+
+              *   total read sectors
+
+              *   total write requests
+
+              *   delayed write requests
+
+              *   total write sectors
+
+   EXAMPLE
+
+             The following output shows the statistics of two ioband devices.
+           Ioband2 only has the default ioband group and ioband1 has three
+           (default, 1001, 1002) ioband groups.
+
+             # dmsetup status
+             ioband2: 0 44371467 ioband 128 -1 143 90 424 122 78 352
+             ioband1: 0 44371467 ioband 128 -1 223 172 408 211 136 600 1001 \
+             166 107 472 139 95 352 1002 211 146 520 210 147 504
+
+
+   --------------------------------------------------------------------------
+
+  Reset status counter
+
+   SYNOPSIS
+
+           dmsetup message IOBAND_DEVICE 0 reset
+
+   DESCRIPTION
+
+             Reset the statistics of ioband device IOBAND_DEVICE.
+
+   EXAMPLE
+
+             Reset the statistics of "ioband1."
+
+             # dmsetup message ioband1 0 reset
+
+
+   --------------------------------------------------------------------------
+
+Examples
+
+  Example #1: Bandwidth control on Partitions
+
+     This example describes how to control the bandwidth with disk
+   partitions. The following diagram illustrates the configuration of this
+   example. You may want to run a database on /dev/mapper/ioband1 and web
+   applications on /dev/mapper/ioband2.
+
+                 /mnt1                        /mnt2            mount points
+                   |                              |
+     +-------------V------------+ +-------------V------------+
+     |   /dev/mapper/ioband1    | |   /dev/mapper/ioband2    | ioband devices
+     +--------------------------+ +--------------------------+
+     |       default group      | |       default group      | ioband groups
+     |           (80)           | |           (40)           |    (weight)
+     +-------------|------------+ +-------------|------------+
+                   |                            |
+     +-------------V-------------+--------------V------------+
+     |         /dev/sda1         |          /dev/sda2        | partitions
+     +---------------------------+---------------------------+
+
+
+     To setup the above configuration, follow these steps:
+
+    1.   Create ioband devices with the same device group ID and assign
+       weights of 80 and 40 to the default ioband groups respectively.
+
+         # echo "0 $(blockdev --getsize /dev/sda1) ioband /dev/sda1 1 0 0" \
+             "none weight 0 :80" | dmsetup create ioband1
+         # echo "0 $(blockdev --getsize /dev/sda2) ioband /dev/sda2 1 0 0" \
+             "none weight 0 :40" | dmsetup create ioband2
+
+
+    2.   Create filesystems on the ioband devices and mount them.
+
+         # mkfs.ext3 /dev/mapper/ioband1
+         # mount /dev/mapper/ioband1 /mnt1
+
+         # mkfs.ext3 /dev/mapper/ioband2
+         # mount /dev/mapper/ioband2 /mnt2
+
+
+   --------------------------------------------------------------------------
+
+  Example #2: Bandwidth control on Logical Volumes
+
+     This example is similar to the example #1 but it uses LVM logical
+   volumes instead of disk partitions. This example shows how to configure
+   ioband devices on two striped logical volumes.
+
+                 /mnt1                        /mnt2            mount points
+                   |                            |
+     +-------------V------------+ +-------------V------------+
+     |   /dev/mapper/ioband1    | |   /dev/mapper/ioband2    | ioband devices
+     +--------------------------+ +--------------------------+
+     |       default group      | |       default group      | ioband groups
+     |           (80)           | |           (40)           |    (weight)
+     +-------------|------------+ +-------------|------------+
+                   |                            |
+     +-------------V------------+ +-------------V------------+
+     |      /dev/mapper/lv0     | |     /dev/mapper/lv1      | striped logical
+     |                          | |                          | volumes
+     +-------------------------------------------------------+
+     |                          vg0                          | volume group
+     +-------------|----------------------------|------------+
+                   |                            |
+     +-------------V------------+ +-------------V------------+
+     |         /dev/sdb         | |         /dev/sdc         | physical disks
+     +--------------------------+ +--------------------------+
+
+
+     To setup the above configuration, follow these steps:
+
+    1.   Initialize the partitions for use by LVM.
+
+         # pvcreate /dev/sdb
+         # pvcreate /dev/sdc
+
+
+    2.   Create a new volume group named "vg0" with /dev/sdb and /dev/sdc.
+
+         # vgcreate vg0 /dev/sdb /dev/sdc
+
+
+    3.   Create two logical volumes in "vg0." The volumes have to be striped.
+
+         # lvcreate -n lv0 -i 2 -I 64 vg0 -L 1024M
+         # lvcreate -n lv1 -i 2 -I 64 vg0 -L 1024M
+
+
+         The rest is the same as the example #1.
+
+    4.   Create ioband devices corresponding to each logical volume and
+       assign weights of 80 and 40 to the default ioband groups respectively.
+
+         # echo "0 $(blockdev --getsize /dev/mapper/vg0-lv0)" \
+            "ioband /dev/mapper/vg0-lv0 1 0 0 none weight 0 :80" | \
+            dmsetup create ioband1
+         # echo "0 $(blockdev --getsize /dev/mapper/vg0-lv1)" \
+            "ioband /dev/mapper/vg0-lv1 1 0 0 none weight 0 :40" | \
+            dmsetup create ioband2
+
+
+    5.   Create filesystems on the ioband devices and mount them.
+
+         # mkfs.ext3 /dev/mapper/ioband1
+         # mount /dev/mapper/ioband1 /mnt1
+
+         # mkfs.ext3 /dev/mapper/ioband2
+         # mount /dev/mapper/ioband2 /mnt2
+
+
+   --------------------------------------------------------------------------
+
+  Example #4: Bandwidth control on processes
+
+     This example describes how to control the bandwidth with groups of
+   processes. You may also want to run an additional application on the same
+   machine described in the example #1. This example shows how to add a new
+   ioband group for this application.
+
+                 /mnt1                        /mnt2            mount points
+                   |                            |
+     +-------------V------------+ +-------------V------------+
+     |   /dev/mapper/ioband1    | |   /dev/mapper/ioband2    | ioband devices
+     +-------------+------------+ +-------------+------------+
+     |          default         | |  user=1000  |   default  | ioband groups
+     |           (80)           | |     (20)    |    (40)    |   (weight)
+     +-------------+------------+ +-------------+------------+
+                   |                            |
+     +-------------V-------------+--------------V------------+
+     |         /dev/sda1         |          /dev/sda2        | partitions
+     +---------------------------+---------------------------+
+
+
+     The following shows to set up a new ioband group on the machine that is
+   already configured as the example #1. The application will have a weight
+   of 20 and run with user-id 1000 on /dev/mapper/ioband2.
+
+    1.   Set the type of ioband2 to "user."
+
+         # dmsetup message ioband2 0 type user.
+
+
+    2.   Create a new ioband group on ioband2.
+
+         # dmsetup message ioband2 0 attach 1000
+
+
+    3.   Assign weight of 10 to this newly created ioband group.
+
+         # dmsetup message ioband2 0 weight 1000:20
+
+
+   --------------------------------------------------------------------------
+
+  Example #3: Bandwidth control for Xen virtual block devices
+
+     This example describes how to control the bandwidth for Xen virtual
+   block devices. The following diagram illustrates the configuration of this
+   example.
+
+           Virtual Machine 1            Virtual Machine 2      virtual machines
+                   |                            |
+     +-------------V------------+ +-------------V------------+
+     |         /dev/xvda1       | |         /dev/xvda1       | virtual block
+     +-------------|------------+ +-------------|------------+    devices
+                   |                            |
+     +-------------V------------+ +-------------V------------+
+     |   /dev/mapper/ioband1    | |   /dev/mapper/ioband2    | ioband devices
+     +--------------------------+ +--------------------------+
+     |       default group      | |       default group      | ioband groups
+     |           (80)           | |           (40)           |    (weight)
+     +-------------|------------+ +-------------|------------+
+                   |                            |
+     +-------------V-------------+--------------V------------+
+     |         /dev/sda1         |          /dev/sda2        | partitions
+     +---------------------------+---------------------------+
+
+
+     The followings shows how to map ioband device "ioband1" and "ioband2" to
+   virtual block device "/dev/xvda1 on Virtual Machine 1" and "/dev/xvda1 on
+   Virtual Machine 2" respectively on the machine configured as the example
+   #1. Add the following lines to the configuration files that are referenced
+   when creating "Virtual Machine 1" and "Virtual Machine 2."
+
+       For "Virtual Machine 1"
+       disk = [ 'phy:/dev/mapper/ioband1,xvda,w' ]
+
+       For "Virtual Machine 2"
+       disk = [ 'phy:/dev/mapper/ioband2,xvda,w' ]
+
+
+   --------------------------------------------------------------------------
+
+  Example #4: Bandwidth control for Xen blktap devices
+
+     This example describes how to control the bandwidth for Xen virtual
+   block devices when Xen blktap devices are used. The following diagram
+   illustrates the configuration of this example.
+
+           Virtual Machine 1            Virtual Machine 2      virtual machines
+                   |                            |
+     +-------------V------------+ +-------------V------------+
+     |         /dev/xvda1       | |         /dev/xvda1       | virtual block
+     +-------------|------------+ +-------------|------------+    devices
+                   |                            |
+        +----------V----------+     +-----------V---------+
+        |       tapdisk       |     |        tapdisk      |    tapdisk daemons
+        |       (15011)       |     |        (15276)      |    (daemon's pid)
+        +----------|----------+     +-----------|---------+
+                   |                            |
+     +-------------|----------------------------|------------+
+     |             |     /dev/mapper/ioband1    |            | ioband device
+     |             |       mount on /vmdisk     |            |
+     +-------------V-------------+--------------V------------+
+     |     group for PID=15011   |    group for PID=15276    | ioband groups
+     |           (80)            |            (40)           |    (weight)
+     +-------------|----------------------------|------------+
+                   |                            |
+     +-------------|----------------------------|------------+
+     |  +----------V----------+     +-----------V---------+  |
+     |  |       vm1.img       |     |        vm2.img      |  | disk image files
+     |  +---------------------+     +---------------------+  |
+     |                       /dev/sda1                       | partition
+     +-------------------------------------------------------+
+
+
+     To setup the above configuration, follow these steps:
+
+    1.   Create an ioband device.
+
+         # echo "0 $(blockdev --getsize /dev/sda1) ioband /dev/sda1" \
+             "1 0 0 none weight 0 :100" | dmsetup create ioband1
+
+
+    2.   Add the following lines to the configuration files that are
+       referenced when creating "Virtual Machine 1" and "Virtual Machine 2."
+       Disk image files "/vmdisk/vm1.img" and "/vmdisk/vm2.img" will be used.
+
+         For "Virtual Machine 1"
+         disk = [ 'tap:aio:/vmdisk/vm1.img,xvda,w', ]
+
+         For "Virtual Machine 1"
+         disk = [ 'tap:aio:/vmdisk/vm2.img,xvda,w', ]
+
+
+    3.   Run the virtual machines.
+
+         # xm create vm1
+         # xm create vm2
+
+
+    4.   Find out the process IDs of the daemons which control the blktap
+       devices.
+
+         # lsof /vmdisk/disk[12].img
+         COMMAND   PID USER   FD   TYPE DEVICE       SIZE  NODE NAME
+         tapdisk 15011 root   11u   REG  253,0 2147483648 48961 /vmdisk/vm1.img
+         tapdisk 15276 root   13u   REG  253,0 2147483648 48962 /vmdisk/vm2.img
+
+
+    5.   Create new ioband groups of pid 15011 and pid 15276, which are
+       process IDs of the tapdisks, and assign weight of 80 and 40 to the
+       groups respectively.
+
+         # dmsetup message ioband1 0 type pid
+         # dmsetup message ioband1 0 attach 15011
+         # dmsetup message ioband1 0 weight 15011:80
+         # dmsetup message ioband1 0 attach 15276
+         # dmsetup message ioband1 0 weight 15276:40
Index: linux-2.6.31-rc4/drivers/md/Kconfig
===================================================================
--- linux-2.6.31-rc4.orig/drivers/md/Kconfig
+++ linux-2.6.31-rc4/drivers/md/Kconfig
@@ -294,4 +294,17 @@ config DM_UEVENT
 	---help---
 	Generate udev events for DM events.
 
+config DM_IOBAND
+	tristate "I/O bandwidth control (EXPERIMENTAL)"
+	depends on BLK_DEV_DM && EXPERIMENTAL
+	---help---
+	This device-mapper target allows to define how the
+	available bandwidth of a storage device should be
+	shared between processes, cgroups, the partitions or the LUNs.
+
+	Information on how to use dm-ioband is available in:
+	   <file:Documentation/device-mapper/ioband.txt>.
+
+	If unsure, say N.
+
 endif # MD
Index: linux-2.6.31-rc4/drivers/md/Makefile
===================================================================
--- linux-2.6.31-rc4.orig/drivers/md/Makefile
+++ linux-2.6.31-rc4/drivers/md/Makefile
@@ -8,6 +8,8 @@ dm-multipath-y	+= dm-path-selector.o dm-
 dm-snapshot-y	+= dm-snap.o dm-exception-store.o dm-snap-transient.o \
 		    dm-snap-persistent.o
 dm-mirror-y	+= dm-raid1.o
+dm-ioband-y	+= dm-ioband-ctl.o dm-ioband-policy.o dm-ioband-rangebw.o \
+		    dm-ioband-type.o
 dm-log-userspace-y \
 		+= dm-log-userspace-base.o dm-log-userspace-transfer.o
 md-mod-y	+= md.o bitmap.o
@@ -37,6 +39,7 @@ obj-$(CONFIG_BLK_DEV_MD)	+= md-mod.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_BLK_DEV_DM)	+= dm-mod.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_DM_CRYPT)		+= dm-crypt.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_DM_DELAY)		+= dm-delay.o
+obj-$(CONFIG_DM_IOBAND)		+= dm-ioband.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_DM_MULTIPATH)	+= dm-multipath.o dm-round-robin.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_DM_MULTIPATH_QL)	+= dm-queue-length.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_DM_MULTIPATH_ST)	+= dm-service-time.o
Index: linux-2.6.31-rc4/drivers/md/dm-ioband-ctl.c
===================================================================
--- /dev/null
+++ linux-2.6.31-rc4/drivers/md/dm-ioband-ctl.c
@@ -0,0 +1,1319 @@
+/*
+ * Copyright (C) 2008-2009 VA Linux Systems Japan K.K.
+ * Authors: Hirokazu Takahashi <taka at valinux.co.jp>
+ *          Ryo Tsuruta <ryov at valinux.co.jp>
+ *
+ *  I/O bandwidth control
+ *
+ * Some blktrace messages were added by Alan D. Brunelle <Alan.Brunelle at hp.com>
+ *
+ * This file is released under the GPL.
+ */
+#include <linux/module.h>
+#include <linux/init.h>
+#include <linux/bio.h>
+#include <linux/slab.h>
+#include <linux/workqueue.h>
+#include <linux/rbtree.h>
+#include "dm.h"
+#include "md.h"
+#include "dm-ioband.h"
+
+#define CREATE_TRACE_POINTS
+#include <trace/events/dm-ioband.h>
+
+static LIST_HEAD(ioband_device_list);
+/* lock up during configuration */
+static DEFINE_MUTEX(ioband_lock);
+
+static void suspend_ioband_device(struct ioband_device *, unsigned long, int);
+static void resume_ioband_device(struct ioband_device *);
+static void ioband_conduct(struct work_struct *);
+static void ioband_hold_bio(struct ioband_group *, struct bio *);
+static struct bio *ioband_pop_bio(struct ioband_group *);
+static int ioband_set_param(struct ioband_group *, const char *, const char *);
+static int ioband_group_attach(struct ioband_group *, int, const char *);
+static int ioband_group_type_select(struct ioband_group *, const char *);
+
+static void do_nothing(void) {}
+
+static int policy_init(struct ioband_device *dp, const char *name,
+						int argc, char **argv)
+{
+	const struct ioband_policy_type *p;
+	struct ioband_group *gp;
+	unsigned long flags;
+	int r;
+
+	for (p = dm_ioband_policy_type; p->p_name; p++) {
+		if (!strcmp(name, p->p_name))
+			break;
+	}
+	if (!p->p_name)
+		return -EINVAL;
+	/* do nothing if the same policy is already set */
+	if (dp->g_policy == p)
+		return 0;
+
+	spin_lock_irqsave(&dp->g_lock, flags);
+	suspend_ioband_device(dp, flags, 1);
+	list_for_each_entry(gp, &dp->g_groups, c_list)
+		dp->g_group_dtr(gp);
+
+	/* switch to the new policy */
+	dp->g_policy = p;
+	r = p->p_policy_init(dp, argc, argv);
+	if (!r) {
+		if (!dp->g_hold_bio)
+			dp->g_hold_bio = ioband_hold_bio;
+		if (!dp->g_pop_bio)
+			dp->g_pop_bio = ioband_pop_bio;
+
+		list_for_each_entry(gp, &dp->g_groups, c_list)
+			dp->g_group_ctr(gp, NULL);
+	}
+	resume_ioband_device(dp);
+	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&dp->g_lock, flags);
+	return r;
+}
+
+static struct ioband_device *alloc_ioband_device(const char *name,
+						int io_throttle, int io_limit)
+{
+	struct ioband_device *dp, *new_dp;
+
+	new_dp = kzalloc(sizeof(struct ioband_device), GFP_KERNEL);
+	if (!new_dp)
+		return NULL;
+
+	/*
+	 * Prepare its own workqueue as generic_make_request() may
+	 * potentially block the workqueue when submitting BIOs.
+	 */
+	new_dp->g_ioband_wq = create_workqueue("kioband");
+	if (!new_dp->g_ioband_wq) {
+		kfree(new_dp);
+		return NULL;
+	}
+
+	list_for_each_entry(dp, &ioband_device_list, g_list) {
+		if (!strcmp(dp->g_name, name)) {
+			dp->g_ref++;
+			destroy_workqueue(new_dp->g_ioband_wq);
+			kfree(new_dp);
+			return dp;
+		}
+	}
+
+	INIT_DELAYED_WORK(&new_dp->g_conductor, ioband_conduct);
+	INIT_LIST_HEAD(&new_dp->g_groups);
+	INIT_LIST_HEAD(&new_dp->g_list);
+	spin_lock_init(&new_dp->g_lock);
+	bio_list_init(&new_dp->g_urgent_bios);
+	new_dp->g_io_throttle = io_throttle;
+	new_dp->g_io_limit = io_limit;
+	new_dp->g_issued[BLK_RW_SYNC] = 0;
+	new_dp->g_issued[BLK_RW_ASYNC] = 0;
+	new_dp->g_blocked = 0;
+	new_dp->g_ref = 1;
+	new_dp->g_flags = 0;
+	strlcpy(new_dp->g_name, name, sizeof(new_dp->g_name));
+	new_dp->g_policy = NULL;
+	new_dp->g_hold_bio = NULL;
+	new_dp->g_pop_bio = NULL;
+	init_waitqueue_head(&new_dp->g_waitq);
+	init_waitqueue_head(&new_dp->g_waitq_suspend);
+	init_waitqueue_head(&new_dp->g_waitq_flush);
+	list_add_tail(&new_dp->g_list, &ioband_device_list);
+	return new_dp;
+}
+
+static void release_ioband_device(struct ioband_device *dp)
+{
+	dp->g_ref--;
+	if (dp->g_ref > 0)
+		return;
+	list_del(&dp->g_list);
+	destroy_workqueue(dp->g_ioband_wq);
+	kfree(dp);
+}
+
+static int is_ioband_device_flushed(struct ioband_device *dp,
+				    int wait_completion)
+{
+	struct ioband_group *gp;
+
+	if (wait_completion && nr_issued(dp) > 0)
+		return 0;
+	if (dp->g_blocked || waitqueue_active(&dp->g_waitq))
+		return 0;
+	list_for_each_entry(gp, &dp->g_groups, c_list)
+		if (waitqueue_active(&gp->c_waitq))
+			return 0;
+	return 1;
+}
+
+static void suspend_ioband_device(struct ioband_device *dp,
+				  unsigned long flags, int wait_completion)
+{
+	struct ioband_group *gp;
+
+	/* block incoming bios */
+	set_device_suspended(dp);
+
+	/* wake up all blocked processes and go down all ioband groups */
+	wake_up_all(&dp->g_waitq);
+	list_for_each_entry(gp, &dp->g_groups, c_list) {
+		if (!is_group_down(gp)) {
+			set_group_down(gp);
+			set_group_need_up(gp);
+		}
+		wake_up_all(&gp->c_waitq);
+	}
+
+	/* flush the already mapped bios */
+	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&dp->g_lock, flags);
+	queue_delayed_work(dp->g_ioband_wq, &dp->g_conductor, 0);
+	flush_workqueue(dp->g_ioband_wq);
+
+	/* wait for all processes to wake up and bios to release */
+	spin_lock_irqsave(&dp->g_lock, flags);
+	wait_event_lock_irq(dp->g_waitq_flush,
+			    is_ioband_device_flushed(dp, wait_completion),
+			    dp->g_lock, do_nothing());
+}
+
+static void resume_ioband_device(struct ioband_device *dp)
+{
+	struct ioband_group *gp;
+
+	/* go up ioband groups */
+	list_for_each_entry(gp, &dp->g_groups, c_list) {
+		if (group_need_up(gp)) {
+			clear_group_need_up(gp);
+			clear_group_down(gp);
+		}
+	}
+
+	/* accept incoming bios */
+	wake_up_all(&dp->g_waitq_suspend);
+	clear_device_suspended(dp);
+}
+
+static struct ioband_group *ioband_group_find(struct ioband_group *head, int id)
+{
+	struct rb_node *node = head->c_group_root.rb_node;
+
+	while (node) {
+		struct ioband_group *p =
+			rb_entry(node, struct ioband_group, c_group_node);
+
+		if (p->c_id == id || id == IOBAND_ID_ANY)
+			return p;
+		node = (id < p->c_id) ? node->rb_left : node->rb_right;
+	}
+	return NULL;
+}
+
+static void ioband_group_add_node(struct rb_root *root, struct ioband_group *gp)
+{
+	struct rb_node **node = &root->rb_node, *parent = NULL;
+	struct ioband_group *p;
+
+	while (*node) {
+		p = rb_entry(*node, struct ioband_group, c_group_node);
+		parent = *node;
+		node = (gp->c_id < p->c_id) ?
+				&(*node)->rb_left : &(*node)->rb_right;
+	}
+
+	rb_link_node(&gp->c_group_node, parent, node);
+	rb_insert_color(&gp->c_group_node, root);
+}
+
+static int ioband_group_init(struct ioband_group *gp,
+			     struct ioband_group *head,
+			     struct ioband_device *dp,
+			     int id, const char *param)
+{
+	unsigned long flags;
+	int r;
+
+	INIT_LIST_HEAD(&gp->c_list);
+	bio_list_init(&gp->c_blocked_bios);
+	bio_list_init(&gp->c_prio_bios);
+	gp->c_id = id;	/* should be verified */
+	gp->c_blocked = 0;
+	gp->c_prio_blocked = 0;
+	memset(gp->c_stat, 0, sizeof(gp->c_stat));
+	init_waitqueue_head(&gp->c_waitq);
+	gp->c_flags = 0;
+	gp->c_group_root = RB_ROOT;
+	gp->c_banddev = dp;
+
+	spin_lock_irqsave(&dp->g_lock, flags);
+	if (head && ioband_group_find(head, id)) {
+		spin_unlock_irqrestore(&dp->g_lock, flags);
+		DMWARN("%s: id=%d already exists.", __func__, id);
+		return -EEXIST;
+	}
+
+	list_add_tail(&gp->c_list, &dp->g_groups);
+	r = dp->g_group_ctr(gp, param);
+	if (r) {
+		list_del(&gp->c_list);
+		spin_unlock_irqrestore(&dp->g_lock, flags);
+		return r;
+	}
+
+	if (head) {
+		ioband_group_add_node(&head->c_group_root, gp);
+		gp->c_dev = head->c_dev;
+		gp->c_target = head->c_target;
+	}
+
+	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&dp->g_lock, flags);
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static void ioband_group_release(struct ioband_group *head,
+				 struct ioband_group *gp)
+{
+	struct ioband_device *dp = gp->c_banddev;
+
+	list_del(&gp->c_list);
+	if (head)
+		rb_erase(&gp->c_group_node, &head->c_group_root);
+	dp->g_group_dtr(gp);
+	kfree(gp);
+}
+
+static void ioband_group_destroy_all(struct ioband_group *gp)
+{
+	struct ioband_device *dp = gp->c_banddev;
+	struct ioband_group *p;
+	unsigned long flags;
+
+	spin_lock_irqsave(&dp->g_lock, flags);
+	while ((p = ioband_group_find(gp, IOBAND_ID_ANY)))
+		ioband_group_release(gp, p);
+	ioband_group_release(NULL, gp);
+	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&dp->g_lock, flags);
+}
+
+static void ioband_group_stop_all(struct ioband_group *head, int suspend)
+{
+	struct ioband_device *dp = head->c_banddev;
+	struct ioband_group *p;
+	struct rb_node *node;
+	unsigned long flags;
+
+	spin_lock_irqsave(&dp->g_lock, flags);
+	for (node = rb_first(&head->c_group_root); node; node = rb_next(node)) {
+		p = rb_entry(node, struct ioband_group, c_group_node);
+		set_group_down(p);
+		if (suspend)
+			set_group_suspended(p);
+	}
+	set_group_down(head);
+	if (suspend)
+		set_group_suspended(head);
+	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&dp->g_lock, flags);
+	queue_delayed_work(dp->g_ioband_wq, &dp->g_conductor, 0);
+	flush_workqueue(dp->g_ioband_wq);
+}
+
+static void ioband_group_resume_all(struct ioband_group *head)
+{
+	struct ioband_device *dp = head->c_banddev;
+	struct ioband_group *p;
+	struct rb_node *node;
+	unsigned long flags;
+
+	spin_lock_irqsave(&dp->g_lock, flags);
+	for (node = rb_first(&head->c_group_root); node; node = rb_next(node)) {
+		p = rb_entry(node, struct ioband_group, c_group_node);
+		clear_group_down(p);
+		clear_group_suspended(p);
+	}
+	clear_group_down(head);
+	clear_group_suspended(head);
+	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&dp->g_lock, flags);
+}
+
+static int parse_group_param(const char *param, long *id, char const **value)
+{
+	char *s, *endp;
+	long n;
+
+	s = strpbrk(param, POLICY_PARAM_DELIM);
+
+	if (!s) {
+		*id = IOBAND_ID_ANY;
+		*value = param;
+		return 0;
+	}
+
+	n = simple_strtol(param, &endp, 0);
+	if (endp != s)
+		return -EINVAL;
+
+	*id = n;
+	*value = s + 1;
+	return 0;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Create a new band device:
+ *   parameters:  <device> <device-group-id> <io_throttle> <io_limit>
+ *     <type> <policy> <policy-param...> <group-id:group-param...>
+ */
+static int ioband_ctr(struct dm_target *ti, unsigned argc, char **argv)
+{
+	struct ioband_group *gp;
+	struct ioband_device *dp;
+	struct dm_dev *dev;
+	int io_throttle;
+	int io_limit;
+	int i, r, start;
+	long val, id;
+	const char *param;
+	char *s;
+
+	if (argc < POLICY_PARAM_START) {
+		ti->error = "Requires " __stringify(POLICY_PARAM_START)
+							" or more arguments";
+		return -EINVAL;
+	}
+
+	if (strlen(argv[1]) > IOBAND_NAME_MAX) {
+		ti->error = "Ioband device name is too long";
+		return -EINVAL;
+	}
+
+	r = strict_strtol(argv[2], 0, &val);
+	if (r || val < 0 || val > SHORT_MAX) {
+		ti->error = "Invalid io_throttle";
+		return -EINVAL;
+	}
+	io_throttle = (val == 0) ? DEFAULT_IO_THROTTLE : val;
+
+	r = strict_strtol(argv[3], 0, &val);
+	if (r || val < 0 || val > SHORT_MAX) {
+		ti->error = "Invalid io_limit";
+		return -EINVAL;
+	}
+	io_limit = val;
+
+	r = dm_get_device(ti, argv[0], 0, ti->len,
+			  dm_table_get_mode(ti->table), &dev);
+	if (r) {
+		ti->error = "Device lookup failed";
+		return r;
+	}
+
+	if (io_limit == 0) {
+		struct request_queue *q;
+
+		q = bdev_get_queue(dev->bdev);
+		if (!q) {
+			ti->error = "Can't get queue size";
+			r = -ENXIO;
+			goto release_dm_device;
+		}
+		/*
+		 * The block layer accepts I/O requests up to 50% over
+		 * nr_requests when the requests are issued from a
+		 * "batcher" process.
+		 */
+		io_limit = (3 * q->nr_requests / 2);
+	}
+
+	if (io_limit < io_throttle)
+		io_limit = io_throttle;
+
+	mutex_lock(&ioband_lock);
+	dp = alloc_ioband_device(argv[1], io_throttle, io_limit);
+	if (!dp) {
+		ti->error = "Cannot create ioband device";
+		r = -EINVAL;
+		mutex_unlock(&ioband_lock);
+		goto release_dm_device;
+	}
+
+	r = policy_init(dp, argv[POLICY_PARAM_START - 1],
+			argc - POLICY_PARAM_START, &argv[POLICY_PARAM_START]);
+	if (r) {
+		ti->error = "Invalid policy parameter";
+		goto release_ioband_device;
+	}
+
+	gp = kzalloc(sizeof(struct ioband_group), GFP_KERNEL);
+	if (!gp) {
+		ti->error = "Cannot allocate memory for ioband group";
+		r = -ENOMEM;
+		goto release_ioband_device;
+	}
+
+	ti->num_flush_requests = 1;
+	ti->private = gp;
+	gp->c_target = ti;
+	gp->c_dev = dev;
+
+	/* Find a default group parameter */
+	for (start = POLICY_PARAM_START; start < argc; start++) {
+		s = strpbrk(argv[start], POLICY_PARAM_DELIM);
+		if (s == argv[start])
+			break;
+	}
+	param = (start < argc) ? &argv[start][1] : NULL;
+
+	/* Create a default ioband group */
+	r = ioband_group_init(gp, NULL, dp, IOBAND_ID_ANY, param);
+	if (r) {
+		kfree(gp);
+		ti->error = "Cannot create default ioband group";
+		goto release_ioband_device;
+	}
+
+	r = ioband_group_type_select(gp, argv[4]);
+	if (r) {
+		ti->error = "Cannot set ioband group type";
+		goto release_ioband_group;
+	}
+
+	/* Create sub ioband groups */
+	for (i = start + 1; i < argc; i++) {
+		r = parse_group_param(argv[i], &id, &param);
+		if (r) {
+			ti->error = "Invalid ioband group parameter";
+			goto release_ioband_group;
+		}
+		r = ioband_group_attach(gp, id, param);
+		if (r) {
+			ti->error = "Cannot create ioband group";
+			goto release_ioband_group;
+		}
+	}
+	mutex_unlock(&ioband_lock);
+	return 0;
+
+release_ioband_group:
+	ioband_group_destroy_all(gp);
+release_ioband_device:
+	release_ioband_device(dp);
+	mutex_unlock(&ioband_lock);
+release_dm_device:
+	dm_put_device(ti, dev);
+	return r;
+}
+
+static void ioband_dtr(struct dm_target *ti)
+{
+	struct ioband_group *gp = ti->private;
+	struct ioband_device *dp = gp->c_banddev;
+	struct dm_dev *dev = gp->c_dev;
+
+	mutex_lock(&ioband_lock);
+
+	ioband_group_stop_all(gp, 0);
+	cancel_delayed_work_sync(&dp->g_conductor);
+	ioband_group_destroy_all(gp);
+
+	release_ioband_device(dp);
+	mutex_unlock(&ioband_lock);
+
+	dm_put_device(ti, dev);
+}
+
+static void ioband_hold_bio(struct ioband_group *gp, struct bio *bio)
+{
+	/* Todo: The list should be split into a sync list and an async list */
+	bio_list_add(&gp->c_blocked_bios, bio);
+}
+
+static struct bio *ioband_pop_bio(struct ioband_group *gp)
+{
+	return bio_list_pop(&gp->c_blocked_bios);
+}
+
+static int is_urgent_bio(struct bio *bio)
+{
+	struct page *page = bio_iovec_idx(bio, 0)->bv_page;
+	/*
+	 * ToDo: A new flag should be added to struct bio, which indicates
+	 *       it contains urgent I/O requests.
+	 */
+	if (!PageReclaim(page))
+		return 0;
+	if (PageSwapCache(page))
+		return 2;
+	return 1;
+}
+
+static inline int device_should_block(struct ioband_group *gp)
+{
+	struct ioband_device *dp = gp->c_banddev;
+
+	if (is_group_down(gp))
+		return 0;
+	if (is_device_blocked(dp))
+		return 1;
+	if (dp->g_blocked >= dp->g_io_limit * 2) {
+		set_device_blocked(dp);
+		return 1;
+	}
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static inline int group_should_block(struct ioband_group *gp)
+{
+	struct ioband_device *dp = gp->c_banddev;
+
+	if (is_group_down(gp))
+		return 0;
+	if (is_group_blocked(gp))
+		return 1;
+	if (dp->g_should_block(gp)) {
+		set_group_blocked(gp);
+		return 1;
+	}
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static void prevent_burst_bios(struct ioband_group *gp, struct bio *bio)
+{
+	struct ioband_device *dp = gp->c_banddev;
+
+	if (current->flags & PF_KTHREAD || is_urgent_bio(bio)) {
+		/*
+		 * Kernel threads shouldn't be blocked easily since each of
+		 * them may handle BIOs for several groups on several
+		 * partitions.
+		 */
+		wait_event_lock_irq(dp->g_waitq, !device_should_block(gp),
+				    dp->g_lock, do_nothing());
+	} else {
+		wait_event_lock_irq(gp->c_waitq, !group_should_block(gp),
+				    dp->g_lock, do_nothing());
+	}
+}
+
+static inline int should_pushback_bio(struct ioband_group *gp)
+{
+	return is_group_suspended(gp) && dm_noflush_suspending(gp->c_target);
+}
+
+static inline bool bio_is_sync(struct bio *bio)
+{
+	/* Must be the same condition as rw_is_sync() in blkdev.h */
+	return !bio_data_dir(bio) || bio_sync(bio);
+}
+
+static inline int prepare_to_issue(struct ioband_group *gp, struct bio *bio)
+{
+	struct ioband_device *dp = gp->c_banddev;
+
+	dp->g_issued[bio_is_sync(bio)]++;
+	return dp->g_prepare_bio(gp, bio, 0);
+}
+
+static inline int room_for_bio(struct ioband_device *dp)
+{
+	return dp->g_issued[BLK_RW_SYNC] < dp->g_io_limit
+		|| dp->g_issued[BLK_RW_ASYNC] < dp->g_io_limit;
+}
+
+static void hold_bio(struct ioband_group *gp, struct bio *bio)
+{
+	struct ioband_device *dp = gp->c_banddev;
+
+	dp->g_blocked++;
+	if (is_urgent_bio(bio)) {
+		dp->g_prepare_bio(gp, bio, IOBAND_URGENT);
+		bio_list_add(&dp->g_urgent_bios, bio);
+		trace_ioband_hold_urgent_bio(gp, bio);
+	} else {
+		gp->c_blocked++;
+		dp->g_hold_bio(gp, bio);
+		trace_ioband_hold_bio(gp, bio);
+	}
+}
+
+static inline int room_for_bio_sync(struct ioband_device *dp, int sync)
+{
+	return dp->g_issued[sync] < dp->g_io_limit;
+}
+
+static void push_prio_bio(struct ioband_group *gp, struct bio *bio, int sync)
+{
+	if (bio_list_empty(&gp->c_prio_bios))
+		set_prio_queue(gp, sync);
+	bio_list_add(&gp->c_prio_bios, bio);
+	gp->c_prio_blocked++;
+}
+
+static struct bio *pop_prio_bio(struct ioband_group *gp)
+{
+	struct bio *bio = bio_list_pop(&gp->c_prio_bios);
+
+	if (bio_list_empty(&gp->c_prio_bios))
+		clear_prio_queue(gp);
+
+	if (bio)
+		gp->c_prio_blocked--;
+	return bio;
+}
+
+static int make_issue_list(struct ioband_group *gp, struct bio *bio,
+			   struct bio_list *issue_list,
+			   struct bio_list *pushback_list)
+{
+	struct ioband_device *dp = gp->c_banddev;
+
+	dp->g_blocked--;
+	gp->c_blocked--;
+	if (!gp->c_blocked && is_group_blocked(gp)) {
+		clear_group_blocked(gp);
+		wake_up_all(&gp->c_waitq);
+	}
+	if (should_pushback_bio(gp)) {
+		bio_list_add(pushback_list, bio);
+		trace_ioband_make_pback_list(gp, bio);
+	} else {
+		int rw = bio_data_dir(bio);
+
+		gp->c_stat[rw].deferred++;
+		gp->c_stat[rw].sectors += bio_sectors(bio);
+		bio_list_add(issue_list, bio);
+		trace_ioband_make_issue_list(gp, bio);
+	}
+	return prepare_to_issue(gp, bio);
+}
+
+static void release_urgent_bios(struct ioband_device *dp,
+				struct bio_list *issue_list,
+				struct bio_list *pushback_list)
+{
+	struct bio *bio;
+
+	if (bio_list_empty(&dp->g_urgent_bios))
+		return;
+	while (room_for_bio_sync(dp, BLK_RW_ASYNC)) {
+		bio = bio_list_pop(&dp->g_urgent_bios);
+		if (!bio)
+			return;
+		dp->g_blocked--;
+		dp->g_issued[bio_is_sync(bio)]++;
+		bio_list_add(issue_list, bio);
+		trace_ioband_release_urgent_bios(dp, bio);
+	}
+}
+
+static int release_prio_bios(struct ioband_group *gp,
+			     struct bio_list *issue_list,
+			     struct bio_list *pushback_list)
+{
+	struct ioband_device *dp = gp->c_banddev;
+	struct bio *bio;
+	int sync;
+	int ret;
+
+	if (bio_list_empty(&gp->c_prio_bios))
+		return R_OK;
+	sync = prio_queue_sync(gp);
+	while (gp->c_prio_blocked) {
+		if (!dp->g_can_submit(gp))
+			return R_BLOCK;
+		if (!room_for_bio_sync(dp, sync))
+			return R_OK;
+		bio = pop_prio_bio(gp);
+		if (!bio)
+			return R_OK;
+		ret = make_issue_list(gp, bio, issue_list, pushback_list);
+		if (ret)
+			return ret;
+	}
+	return R_OK;
+}
+
+static int release_norm_bios(struct ioband_group *gp,
+			     struct bio_list *issue_list,
+			     struct bio_list *pushback_list)
+{
+	struct ioband_device *dp = gp->c_banddev;
+	struct bio *bio;
+	int sync, ret;
+
+	while (gp->c_blocked - gp->c_prio_blocked) {
+		if (!dp->g_can_submit(gp))
+			return R_BLOCK;
+		if (!room_for_bio(dp))
+			return R_OK;
+		bio = dp->g_pop_bio(gp);
+		if (!bio)
+			return R_OK;
+
+		sync = bio_is_sync(bio);
+		if (!room_for_bio_sync(dp, sync)) {
+			push_prio_bio(gp, bio, sync);
+			continue;
+		}
+		ret = make_issue_list(gp, bio, issue_list, pushback_list);
+		if (ret)
+			return ret;
+	}
+	return R_OK;
+}
+
+static inline int release_bios(struct ioband_group *gp,
+			       struct bio_list *issue_list,
+			       struct bio_list *pushback_list)
+{
+	int ret = release_prio_bios(gp, issue_list, pushback_list);
+	if (ret)
+		return ret;
+	return release_norm_bios(gp, issue_list, pushback_list);
+}
+
+static struct ioband_group *ioband_group_get(struct ioband_group *head,
+					     struct bio *bio)
+{
+	struct ioband_group *gp;
+
+	if (!head->c_type->t_getid)
+		return head;
+
+	gp = ioband_group_find(head, head->c_type->t_getid(bio));
+
+	if (!gp)
+		gp = head;
+	return gp;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Start to control the bandwidth once the number of uncompleted BIOs
+ * exceeds the value of "io_throttle".
+ */
+static int ioband_map(struct dm_target *ti, struct bio *bio,
+		      union map_info *map_context)
+{
+	struct ioband_group *gp = ti->private;
+	struct ioband_device *dp = gp->c_banddev;
+	unsigned long flags;
+	int direct;
+
+	spin_lock_irqsave(&dp->g_lock, flags);
+
+	/*
+	 * The device is suspended while some of the ioband device
+	 * configurations are being changed.
+	 */
+	if (is_device_suspended(dp))
+		wait_event_lock_irq(dp->g_waitq_suspend,
+				    !is_device_suspended(dp), dp->g_lock,
+				    do_nothing());
+
+	gp = ioband_group_get(gp, bio);
+	prevent_burst_bios(gp, bio);
+	if (should_pushback_bio(gp)) {
+		spin_unlock_irqrestore(&dp->g_lock, flags);
+		return DM_MAPIO_REQUEUE;
+	}
+
+	bio->bi_bdev = gp->c_dev->bdev;
+	if (bio_sectors(bio))
+		bio->bi_sector -= ti->begin;
+	direct = bio_data_dir(bio);
+
+	if (!gp->c_blocked && room_for_bio_sync(dp, bio_is_sync(bio))) {
+		if (dp->g_can_submit(gp)) {
+			prepare_to_issue(gp, bio);
+			gp->c_stat[direct].immediate++;
+			gp->c_stat[direct].sectors += bio_sectors(bio);
+			spin_unlock_irqrestore(&dp->g_lock, flags);
+			return DM_MAPIO_REMAPPED;
+		} else if (!dp->g_blocked && nr_issued(dp) == 0) {
+			DMDEBUG("%s: token expired gp:%p", __func__, gp);
+			queue_delayed_work(dp->g_ioband_wq,
+					   &dp->g_conductor, 1);
+		}
+	}
+	hold_bio(gp, bio);
+	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&dp->g_lock, flags);
+
+	return DM_MAPIO_SUBMITTED;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Select the best group to resubmit its BIOs.
+ */
+static struct ioband_group *choose_best_group(struct ioband_device *dp)
+{
+	struct ioband_group *gp;
+	struct ioband_group *best = NULL;
+	int highest = 0;
+	int pri;
+
+	/* Todo: The algorithm should be optimized.
+	 *       It would be better to use rbtree.
+	 */
+	list_for_each_entry(gp, &dp->g_groups, c_list) {
+		if (!gp->c_blocked || !room_for_bio(dp))
+			continue;
+		if (gp->c_blocked == gp->c_prio_blocked &&
+		    !room_for_bio_sync(dp, prio_queue_sync(gp))) {
+			continue;
+		}
+		pri = dp->g_can_submit(gp);
+		if (pri > highest) {
+			highest = pri;
+			best = gp;
+		}
+	}
+
+	return best;
+}
+
+/*
+ * This function is called right after it becomes able to resubmit BIOs.
+ * It selects the best BIOs and passes them to the underlying layer.
+ */
+static void ioband_conduct(struct work_struct *work)
+{
+	struct ioband_device *dp =
+		container_of(work, struct ioband_device, g_conductor.work);
+	struct ioband_group *gp = NULL;
+	struct bio *bio;
+	unsigned long flags;
+	struct bio_list issue_list, pushback_list;
+
+	bio_list_init(&issue_list);
+	bio_list_init(&pushback_list);
+
+	spin_lock_irqsave(&dp->g_lock, flags);
+	release_urgent_bios(dp, &issue_list, &pushback_list);
+	if (dp->g_blocked) {
+		gp = choose_best_group(dp);
+		if (gp &&
+		    release_bios(gp, &issue_list, &pushback_list) == R_YIELD)
+			queue_delayed_work(dp->g_ioband_wq,
+					   &dp->g_conductor, 0);
+	}
+
+	if (is_device_blocked(dp) && dp->g_blocked < dp->g_io_limit * 2) {
+		clear_device_blocked(dp);
+		wake_up_all(&dp->g_waitq);
+	}
+
+	if (dp->g_blocked &&
+	    room_for_bio_sync(dp, BLK_RW_SYNC) &&
+	    room_for_bio_sync(dp, BLK_RW_ASYNC) &&
+	    bio_list_empty(&issue_list) && bio_list_empty(&pushback_list) &&
+	    dp->g_restart_bios(dp)) {
+		DMDEBUG("%s: token expired dp:%p issued(%d,%d) g_blocked(%d)",
+			__func__, dp,
+			dp->g_issued[BLK_RW_SYNC], dp->g_issued[BLK_RW_ASYNC],
+			dp->g_blocked);
+		queue_delayed_work(dp->g_ioband_wq, &dp->g_conductor, 0);
+	}
+
+	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&dp->g_lock, flags);
+
+	while ((bio = bio_list_pop(&issue_list))) {
+		trace_ioband_make_request(dp, bio);
+		generic_make_request(bio);
+	}
+
+	while ((bio = bio_list_pop(&pushback_list))) {
+		trace_ioband_pushback_bio(dp, bio);
+		bio_endio(bio, -EIO);
+	}
+}
+
+static int ioband_end_io(struct dm_target *ti, struct bio *bio,
+			 int error, union map_info *map_context)
+{
+	struct ioband_group *gp = ti->private;
+	struct ioband_device *dp = gp->c_banddev;
+	unsigned long flags;
+	int r = error;
+
+	/*
+	 *  XXX: A new error code for device mapper devices should be used
+	 *       rather than EIO.
+	 */
+	if (error == -EIO && should_pushback_bio(gp)) {
+		/* This ioband device is suspending */
+		r = DM_ENDIO_REQUEUE;
+	}
+	/*
+	 * Todo: The algorithm should be optimized to eliminate the spinlock.
+	 */
+	spin_lock_irqsave(&dp->g_lock, flags);
+	dp->g_issued[bio_is_sync(bio)]--;
+
+	/*
+	 * Todo: It would be better to introduce high/low water marks here
+	 *       not to kick the workqueues so often.
+	 */
+	if (dp->g_blocked)
+		queue_delayed_work(dp->g_ioband_wq, &dp->g_conductor, 0);
+	else if (is_device_suspended(dp) && nr_issued(dp) == 0)
+		wake_up_all(&dp->g_waitq_flush);
+	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&dp->g_lock, flags);
+	return r;
+}
+
+static void ioband_presuspend(struct dm_target *ti)
+{
+	struct ioband_group *gp = ti->private;
+
+	ioband_group_stop_all(gp, 1);
+}
+
+static void ioband_resume(struct dm_target *ti)
+{
+	struct ioband_group *gp = ti->private;
+
+	ioband_group_resume_all(gp);
+}
+
+static void ioband_group_status(struct ioband_group *gp, int *szp,
+				char *result, unsigned maxlen)
+{
+	struct ioband_group_stat *stat;
+	int i, sz = *szp; /* used in DMEMIT() */
+
+	DMEMIT(" %d", gp->c_id);
+	for (i = 0; i < 2; i++) {
+		stat = &gp->c_stat[i];
+		DMEMIT(" %lu %lu %lu",
+		       stat->immediate + stat->deferred, stat->deferred,
+		       stat->sectors);
+	}
+	*szp = sz;
+}
+
+static int ioband_status(struct dm_target *ti, status_type_t type,
+			 char *result, unsigned maxlen)
+{
+	struct ioband_group *gp = ti->private, *p;
+	struct ioband_device *dp = gp->c_banddev;
+	struct rb_node *node;
+	int sz = 0;	/* used in DMEMIT() */
+	unsigned long flags;
+
+	spin_lock_irqsave(&dp->g_lock, flags);
+
+	switch (type) {
+	case STATUSTYPE_INFO:
+		DMEMIT("%s", dp->g_name);
+		ioband_group_status(gp, &sz, result, maxlen);
+		for (node = rb_first(&gp->c_group_root); node;
+		     node = rb_next(node)) {
+			p = rb_entry(node, struct ioband_group, c_group_node);
+			ioband_group_status(p, &sz, result, maxlen);
+		}
+		break;
+
+	case STATUSTYPE_TABLE:
+		DMEMIT("%s %s %d %d %s %s",
+		       gp->c_dev->name, dp->g_name,
+		       dp->g_io_throttle, dp->g_io_limit,
+		       gp->c_type->t_name, dp->g_policy->p_name);
+		dp->g_show(gp, &sz, result, maxlen);
+		break;
+	}
+
+	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&dp->g_lock, flags);
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static int ioband_group_type_select(struct ioband_group *gp, const char *name)
+{
+	struct ioband_device *dp = gp->c_banddev;
+	const struct ioband_group_type *t;
+	unsigned long flags;
+
+	for (t = dm_ioband_group_type; (t->t_name); t++) {
+		if (!strcmp(name, t->t_name))
+			break;
+	}
+	if (!t->t_name) {
+		DMWARN("%s: %s isn't supported.", __func__, name);
+		return -EINVAL;
+	}
+	spin_lock_irqsave(&dp->g_lock, flags);
+	if (!RB_EMPTY_ROOT(&gp->c_group_root)) {
+		spin_unlock_irqrestore(&dp->g_lock, flags);
+		return -EBUSY;
+	}
+	gp->c_type = t;
+	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&dp->g_lock, flags);
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static int ioband_set_param(struct ioband_group *gp,
+				const char *cmd, const char *value)
+{
+	struct ioband_device *dp = gp->c_banddev;
+	const char *val_str;
+	long id;
+	unsigned long flags;
+	int r;
+
+	r = parse_group_param(value, &id, &val_str);
+	if (r)
+		return r;
+
+	spin_lock_irqsave(&dp->g_lock, flags);
+	if (id != IOBAND_ID_ANY) {
+		gp = ioband_group_find(gp, id);
+		if (!gp) {
+			spin_unlock_irqrestore(&dp->g_lock, flags);
+			DMWARN("%s: id=%ld not found.", __func__, id);
+			return -EINVAL;
+		}
+	}
+	r = dp->g_set_param(gp, cmd, val_str);
+	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&dp->g_lock, flags);
+	return r;
+}
+
+static int ioband_group_attach(struct ioband_group *gp,
+					int id, const char *param)
+{
+	struct ioband_device *dp = gp->c_banddev;
+	struct ioband_group *sub_gp;
+	int r;
+
+	if (id < 0) {
+		DMWARN("%s: invalid id:%d", __func__, id);
+		return -EINVAL;
+	}
+	if (!gp->c_type->t_getid) {
+		DMWARN("%s: no ioband group type is specified", __func__);
+		return -EINVAL;
+	}
+
+	sub_gp = kzalloc(sizeof(struct ioband_group), GFP_KERNEL);
+	if (!sub_gp)
+		return -ENOMEM;
+
+	r = ioband_group_init(sub_gp, gp, dp, id, param);
+	if (r < 0) {
+		kfree(sub_gp);
+		return r;
+	}
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static int ioband_group_detach(struct ioband_group *gp, int id)
+{
+	struct ioband_device *dp = gp->c_banddev;
+	struct ioband_group *sub_gp;
+	unsigned long flags;
+
+	if (id < 0) {
+		DMWARN("%s: invalid id:%d", __func__, id);
+		return -EINVAL;
+	}
+	spin_lock_irqsave(&dp->g_lock, flags);
+	sub_gp = ioband_group_find(gp, id);
+	if (!sub_gp) {
+		spin_unlock_irqrestore(&dp->g_lock, flags);
+		DMWARN("%s: invalid id:%d", __func__, id);
+		return -EINVAL;
+	}
+
+	/*
+	 * Todo: Calling suspend_ioband_device() before releasing the
+	 *       ioband group has a large overhead. Need improvement.
+	 */
+	suspend_ioband_device(dp, flags, 0);
+	ioband_group_release(gp, sub_gp);
+	resume_ioband_device(dp);
+	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&dp->g_lock, flags);
+	return 0;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Message parameters:
+ *	"policy"      <name>
+ *       ex)
+ *		"policy" "weight"
+ *	"type"        "none"|"pid"|"pgrp"|"node"|"cpuset"|"cgroup"|"user"|"gid"
+ * 	"io_throttle" <value>
+ * 	"io_limit"    <value>
+ *	"attach"      <group id>
+ *	"detach"      <group id>
+ *	"any-command" <group id>:<value>
+ *       ex)
+ *		"weight" 0:<value>
+ *		"token"  24:<value>
+ */
+static int __ioband_message(struct dm_target *ti, unsigned argc, char **argv)
+{
+	struct ioband_group *gp = ti->private, *p;
+	struct ioband_device *dp = gp->c_banddev;
+	struct rb_node *node;
+	long val;
+	int r = 0;
+	unsigned long flags;
+
+	if (argc == 1 && !strcmp(argv[0], "reset")) {
+		spin_lock_irqsave(&dp->g_lock, flags);
+		memset(gp->c_stat, 0, sizeof(gp->c_stat));
+		for (node = rb_first(&gp->c_group_root); node;
+		     node = rb_next(node)) {
+			p = rb_entry(node, struct ioband_group, c_group_node);
+			memset(p->c_stat, 0, sizeof(p->c_stat));
+		}
+		spin_unlock_irqrestore(&dp->g_lock, flags);
+		return 0;
+	}
+
+	if (argc != 2) {
+		DMWARN("Unrecognised band message received.");
+		return -EINVAL;
+	}
+	if (!strcmp(argv[0], "io_throttle")) {
+		r = strict_strtol(argv[1], 0, &val);
+		if (r || val < 0 || val > SHORT_MAX)
+			return -EINVAL;
+		if (val == 0)
+			val = DEFAULT_IO_THROTTLE;
+		spin_lock_irqsave(&dp->g_lock, flags);
+		if (val > dp->g_io_limit) {
+			spin_unlock_irqrestore(&dp->g_lock, flags);
+			return -EINVAL;
+		}
+		dp->g_io_throttle = val;
+		spin_unlock_irqrestore(&dp->g_lock, flags);
+		ioband_set_param(gp, argv[0], argv[1]);
+		return 0;
+	} else if (!strcmp(argv[0], "io_limit")) {
+		r = strict_strtol(argv[1], 0, &val);
+		if (r || val < 0 || val > SHORT_MAX)
+			return -EINVAL;
+		spin_lock_irqsave(&dp->g_lock, flags);
+		if (val == 0) {
+			struct request_queue *q;
+
+			q = bdev_get_queue(gp->c_dev->bdev);
+			if (!q) {
+				spin_unlock_irqrestore(&dp->g_lock, flags);
+				return -ENXIO;
+			}
+			/*
+			 * The block layer accepts I/O requests up to
+			 * 50% over nr_requests when the requests are
+			 * issued from a "batcher" process.
+			 */
+			val = (3 * q->nr_requests / 2);
+		}
+		if (val < dp->g_io_throttle) {
+			spin_unlock_irqrestore(&dp->g_lock, flags);
+			return -EINVAL;
+		}
+		dp->g_io_limit = val;
+		spin_unlock_irqrestore(&dp->g_lock, flags);
+		ioband_set_param(gp, argv[0], argv[1]);
+		return 0;
+	} else if (!strcmp(argv[0], "type")) {
+		return ioband_group_type_select(gp, argv[1]);
+	} else if (!strcmp(argv[0], "attach")) {
+		r = strict_strtol(argv[1], 0, &val);
+		if (r)
+			return r;
+		return ioband_group_attach(gp, val, NULL);
+	} else if (!strcmp(argv[0], "detach")) {
+		r = strict_strtol(argv[1], 0, &val);
+		if (r)
+			return r;
+		return ioband_group_detach(gp, val);
+	} else if (!strcmp(argv[0], "policy")) {
+		r = policy_init(dp, argv[1], 0, &argv[2]);
+		return r;
+	} else {
+		/* message anycommand <group-id>:<value> */
+		r = ioband_set_param(gp, argv[0], argv[1]);
+		if (r < 0)
+			DMWARN("Unrecognised band message received.");
+		return r;
+	}
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static int ioband_message(struct dm_target *ti, unsigned argc, char **argv)
+{
+	int r;
+
+	mutex_lock(&ioband_lock);
+	r = __ioband_message(ti, argc, argv);
+	mutex_unlock(&ioband_lock);
+	return r;
+}
+
+static int ioband_merge(struct dm_target *ti, struct bvec_merge_data *bvm,
+			struct bio_vec *biovec, int max_size)
+{
+	struct ioband_group *gp = ti->private;
+	struct request_queue *q = bdev_get_queue(gp->c_dev->bdev);
+
+	if (!q->merge_bvec_fn)
+		return max_size;
+
+	bvm->bi_bdev = gp->c_dev->bdev;
+	bvm->bi_sector -= ti->begin;
+
+	return min(max_size, q->merge_bvec_fn(q, bvm, biovec));
+}
+
+static int ioband_iterate_devices(struct dm_target *ti,
+				  iterate_devices_callout_fn fn, void *data)
+{
+	struct ioband_group *gp = ti->private;
+
+	return fn(ti, gp->c_dev, 0, ti->len, data);
+}
+
+static struct target_type ioband_target = {
+	.name	     = "ioband",
+	.module      = THIS_MODULE,
+	.version     = {1, 12, 3},
+	.ctr	     = ioband_ctr,
+	.dtr	     = ioband_dtr,
+	.map	     = ioband_map,
+	.end_io	     = ioband_end_io,
+	.presuspend  = ioband_presuspend,
+	.resume	     = ioband_resume,
+	.status	     = ioband_status,
+	.message     = ioband_message,
+	.merge       = ioband_merge,
+	.iterate_devices = ioband_iterate_devices,
+};
+
+static int __init dm_ioband_init(void)
+{
+	int r;
+
+	r = dm_register_target(&ioband_target);
+	if (r < 0)
+		DMERR("register failed %d", r);
+	return r;
+}
+
+static void __exit dm_ioband_exit(void)
+{
+	dm_unregister_target(&ioband_target);
+}
+
+module_init(dm_ioband_init);
+module_exit(dm_ioband_exit);
+
+MODULE_DESCRIPTION(DM_NAME " I/O bandwidth control");
+MODULE_AUTHOR("Hirokazu Takahashi, Ryo Tsuruta, Dong-Jae Kang");
+MODULE_LICENSE("GPL");
Index: linux-2.6.31-rc4/drivers/md/dm-ioband-policy.c
===================================================================
--- /dev/null
+++ linux-2.6.31-rc4/drivers/md/dm-ioband-policy.c
@@ -0,0 +1,458 @@
+/*
+ * Copyright (C) 2008-2009 VA Linux Systems Japan K.K.
+ *
+ *  I/O bandwidth control
+ *
+ * This file is released under the GPL.
+ */
+#include <linux/bio.h>
+#include <linux/workqueue.h>
+#include <linux/rbtree.h>
+#include "dm.h"
+#include "dm-ioband.h"
+
+/*
+ * The following functions determine when and which BIOs should
+ * be submitted to control the I/O flow.
+ * It is possible to add a new BIO scheduling policy with it.
+ */
+
+/*
+ * Functions for weight balancing policy based on the number of I/Os.
+ */
+#define DEFAULT_WEIGHT		100
+#define DEFAULT_TOKENPOOL	2048
+#define DEFAULT_BUCKET		2
+#define IOBAND_IOPRIO_BASE	100
+#define TOKEN_BATCH_UNIT	20
+#define PROCEED_THRESHOLD	8
+#define	LOCAL_ACTIVE_RATIO	8
+#define	GLOBAL_ACTIVE_RATIO	16
+#define OVERCOMMIT_RATE		4
+
+/*
+ * Calculate the effective number of tokens this group has.
+ */
+static int get_token(struct ioband_group *gp)
+{
+	struct ioband_device *dp = gp->c_banddev;
+	int token = gp->c_token;
+	int allowance = dp->g_epoch - gp->c_my_epoch;
+
+	if (allowance) {
+		if (allowance > dp->g_carryover)
+			allowance = dp->g_carryover;
+		token += gp->c_token_initial * allowance;
+	}
+	if (is_group_down(gp))
+		token += gp->c_token_initial * dp->g_carryover * 2;
+
+	return token;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Calculate the priority of a given group.
+ */
+static int iopriority(struct ioband_group *gp)
+{
+	return get_token(gp) * IOBAND_IOPRIO_BASE / gp->c_token_initial + 1;
+}
+
+/*
+ * This function is called when all the active group on the same ioband
+ * device has used up their tokens. It makes a new global epoch so that
+ * all groups on this device will get freshly assigned tokens.
+ */
+static int make_global_epoch(struct ioband_device *dp)
+{
+	struct ioband_group *gp = dp->g_dominant;
+
+	/*
+	 * Don't make a new epoch if the dominant group still has a lot of
+	 * tokens, except when the I/O load is low.
+	 */
+	if (gp) {
+		int iopri = iopriority(gp);
+		if (iopri * PROCEED_THRESHOLD > IOBAND_IOPRIO_BASE &&
+		    nr_issued(dp) >= dp->g_io_throttle)
+			return 0;
+	}
+
+	dp->g_epoch++;
+	DMDEBUG("make_epoch %d", dp->g_epoch);
+
+	/* The leftover tokens will be used in the next epoch. */
+	dp->g_token_extra = dp->g_token_left;
+	if (dp->g_token_extra < 0)
+		dp->g_token_extra = 0;
+	dp->g_token_left = dp->g_token_bucket;
+
+	dp->g_expired = NULL;
+	dp->g_dominant = NULL;
+
+	return 1;
+}
+
+/*
+ * This function is called when this group has used up its own tokens.
+ * It will check whether it's possible to make a new epoch of this group.
+ */
+static inline int make_epoch(struct ioband_group *gp)
+{
+	struct ioband_device *dp = gp->c_banddev;
+	int allowance = dp->g_epoch - gp->c_my_epoch;
+
+	if (!allowance)
+		return 0;
+	if (allowance > dp->g_carryover)
+		allowance = dp->g_carryover;
+	gp->c_my_epoch = dp->g_epoch;
+	return allowance;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Check whether this group has tokens to issue an I/O. Return 0 if it
+ * doesn't have any, otherwise return the priority of this group.
+ */
+static int is_token_left(struct ioband_group *gp)
+{
+	struct ioband_device *dp = gp->c_banddev;
+	int allowance;
+	int delta;
+	int extra;
+
+	if (gp->c_token > 0)
+		return iopriority(gp);
+
+	if (is_group_down(gp)) {
+		gp->c_token = gp->c_token_initial;
+		return iopriority(gp);
+	}
+	allowance = make_epoch(gp);
+	if (!allowance)
+		return 0;
+	/*
+	 * If this group has the right to get tokens for several epochs,
+	 * give all of them to the group here.
+	 */
+	delta = gp->c_token_initial * allowance;
+	dp->g_token_left -= delta;
+	/*
+	 * Give some extra tokens to this group when there have left unused
+	 * tokens on this ioband device from the previous epoch.
+	 */
+	extra = dp->g_token_extra * gp->c_token_initial /
+	    (dp->g_token_bucket - dp->g_token_extra / 2);
+	delta += extra;
+	gp->c_token += delta;
+	gp->c_consumed = 0;
+
+	if (gp == dp->g_current)
+		dp->g_yield_mark += delta;
+	DMDEBUG("refill token: gp:%p token:%d->%d extra(%d) allowance(%d)",
+		gp, gp->c_token - delta, gp->c_token, extra, allowance);
+	if (gp->c_token > 0)
+		return iopriority(gp);
+	DMDEBUG("refill token: yet empty gp:%p token:%d", gp, gp->c_token);
+	return 0;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Use tokens to issue an I/O. After the operation, the number of tokens left
+ * on this group may become negative value, which will be treated as debt.
+ */
+static int consume_token(struct ioband_group *gp, int count, int flag)
+{
+	struct ioband_device *dp = gp->c_banddev;
+
+	if (gp->c_consumed * LOCAL_ACTIVE_RATIO < gp->c_token_initial &&
+	    gp->c_consumed * GLOBAL_ACTIVE_RATIO < dp->g_token_bucket) {
+		; /* Do nothing unless this group is really active. */
+	} else if (!dp->g_dominant ||
+		   get_token(gp) > get_token(dp->g_dominant)) {
+		/*
+		 * Regard this group as the dominant group on this
+		 * ioband device when it has larger number of tokens
+		 * than those of the previous one.
+		 */
+		dp->g_dominant = gp;
+	}
+	if (dp->g_epoch == gp->c_my_epoch &&
+	    gp->c_token > 0 && gp->c_token - count <= 0) {
+		/* Remember the last group which used up its own tokens. */
+		dp->g_expired = gp;
+		if (dp->g_dominant == gp)
+			dp->g_dominant = NULL;
+	}
+
+	if (gp != dp->g_current) {
+		/* This group is the current already. */
+		dp->g_current = gp;
+		dp->g_yield_mark =
+		    gp->c_token - (TOKEN_BATCH_UNIT << dp->g_token_unit);
+	}
+	gp->c_token -= count;
+	gp->c_consumed += count;
+	if (gp->c_token <= dp->g_yield_mark && !(flag & IOBAND_URGENT)) {
+		/*
+		 * Return-value 1 means that this policy requests dm-ioband
+		 * to give a chance to another group to be selected since
+		 * this group has already issued enough amount of I/Os.
+		 */
+		dp->g_current = NULL;
+		return R_YIELD;
+	}
+	/*
+	 * Return-value 0 means that this policy allows dm-ioband to select
+	 * this group to issue I/Os without a break.
+	 */
+	return R_OK;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Consume one token on each I/O.
+ */
+static int prepare_token(struct ioband_group *gp, struct bio *bio, int flag)
+{
+	return consume_token(gp, 1, flag);
+}
+
+/*
+ * Check if this group is able to receive a new bio.
+ */
+static int is_queue_full(struct ioband_group *gp)
+{
+	return gp->c_blocked >= gp->c_limit;
+}
+
+static void set_weight(struct ioband_group *gp, int new)
+{
+	struct ioband_device *dp = gp->c_banddev;
+	struct ioband_group *p;
+
+	dp->g_weight_total += (new - gp->c_weight);
+	gp->c_weight = new;
+
+	if (dp->g_weight_total == 0) {
+		list_for_each_entry(p, &dp->g_groups, c_list)
+			p->c_token = p->c_token_initial = p->c_limit = 1;
+	} else {
+		list_for_each_entry(p, &dp->g_groups, c_list) {
+			p->c_token = p->c_token_initial =
+				dp->g_token_bucket * p->c_weight /
+				dp->g_weight_total + 1;
+			p->c_limit = dp->g_io_limit * 2 * p->c_weight /
+				dp->g_weight_total / OVERCOMMIT_RATE + 1;
+		}
+	}
+}
+
+static void init_token_bucket(struct ioband_device *dp,
+			      int token_bucket, int carryover)
+{
+	if (!token_bucket)
+		dp->g_token_bucket = (dp->g_io_limit * 2 * DEFAULT_BUCKET) <<
+							dp->g_token_unit;
+	else
+		dp->g_token_bucket = token_bucket;
+	if (!carryover)
+		dp->g_carryover = (DEFAULT_TOKENPOOL << dp->g_token_unit) /
+							dp->g_token_bucket;
+	else
+		dp->g_carryover = carryover;
+	if (dp->g_carryover < 1)
+		dp->g_carryover = 1;
+	dp->g_token_left = 0;
+}
+
+static int policy_weight_param(struct ioband_group *gp,
+				const char *cmd, const char *value)
+{
+	struct ioband_device *dp = gp->c_banddev;
+	long val = 0;
+	int r = 0, err = 0;
+
+	if (value)
+		err = strict_strtol(value, 0, &val);
+
+	if (!strcmp(cmd, "weight")) {
+		if (!value)
+			set_weight(gp, DEFAULT_WEIGHT);
+		else if (!err && 0 < val && val <= SHORT_MAX)
+			set_weight(gp, val);
+		else
+			r = -EINVAL;
+	} else if (!strcmp(cmd, "token")) {
+		if (!err && 0 <= val && val <= INT_MAX) {
+			init_token_bucket(dp, val, 0);
+			set_weight(gp, gp->c_weight);
+			dp->g_token_extra = 0;
+		} else
+			r = -EINVAL;
+	} else if (!strcmp(cmd, "carryover")) {
+		if (!err && 0 <= val && val <= INT_MAX) {
+			init_token_bucket(dp, dp->g_token_bucket, val);
+			set_weight(gp, gp->c_weight);
+			dp->g_token_extra = 0;
+		} else
+			r = -EINVAL;
+	} else if (!strcmp(cmd, "io_limit")) {
+		init_token_bucket(dp, 0, 0);
+		set_weight(gp, gp->c_weight);
+	} else {
+		r = -EINVAL;
+	}
+	return r;
+}
+
+static int policy_weight_ctr(struct ioband_group *gp, const char *arg)
+{
+	struct ioband_device *dp = gp->c_banddev;
+
+	gp->c_my_epoch = dp->g_epoch;
+	gp->c_weight = 0;
+	gp->c_consumed = 0;
+	return policy_weight_param(gp, "weight", arg);
+}
+
+static void policy_weight_dtr(struct ioband_group *gp)
+{
+	struct ioband_device *dp = gp->c_banddev;
+	set_weight(gp, 0);
+	dp->g_dominant = NULL;
+	dp->g_expired = NULL;
+}
+
+static void policy_weight_show(struct ioband_group *gp, int *szp,
+			       char *result, unsigned maxlen)
+{
+	struct ioband_group *p;
+	struct ioband_device *dp = gp->c_banddev;
+	struct rb_node *node;
+	int sz = *szp;	/* used in DMEMIT() */
+
+	DMEMIT(" %d :%d", dp->g_token_bucket, gp->c_weight);
+
+	for (node = rb_first(&gp->c_group_root); node; node = rb_next(node)) {
+		p = rb_entry(node, struct ioband_group, c_group_node);
+		DMEMIT(" %d:%d", p->c_id, p->c_weight);
+	}
+	*szp = sz;
+}
+
+/*
+ *  <Method>      <description>
+ * g_can_submit   : To determine whether a given group has the right to
+ *                  submit BIOs. The larger the return value the higher the
+ *                  priority to submit. Zero means it has no right.
+ * g_prepare_bio  : Called right before submitting each BIO.
+ * g_restart_bios : Called if this ioband device has some BIOs blocked but none
+ *                  of them can be submitted now. This method has to
+ *                  reinitialize the data to restart to submit BIOs and return
+ *                  0 or 1.
+ *                  The return value 0 means that it has become able to submit
+ *                  them now so that this ioband device will continue its work.
+ *                  The return value 1 means that it is still unable to submit
+ *                  them so that this device will stop its work. And this
+ *                  policy module has to reactivate the device when it gets
+ *                  to be able to submit BIOs.
+ * g_hold_bio     : To hold a given BIO until it is submitted.
+ *                  The default function is used when this method is undefined.
+ * g_pop_bio      : To select and get the best BIO to submit.
+ * g_group_ctr    : To initalize the policy own members of struct ioband_group.
+ * g_group_dtr    : Called when struct ioband_group is removed.
+ * g_set_param    : To update the policy own date.
+ *                  The parameters can be passed through "dmsetup message"
+ *                  command.
+ * g_should_block : Called every time this ioband device receive a BIO.
+ *                  Return 1 if a given group can't receive any more BIOs,
+ *                  otherwise return 0.
+ * g_show         : Show the configuration.
+ */
+static int policy_weight_init(struct ioband_device *dp, int argc, char **argv)
+{
+	long val;
+	int r = 0;
+
+	if (argc < 1)
+		val = 0;
+	else {
+		r = strict_strtol(argv[0], 0, &val);
+		if (r || val < 0 || val > INT_MAX)
+			return -EINVAL;
+	}
+
+	dp->g_can_submit = is_token_left;
+	dp->g_prepare_bio = prepare_token;
+	dp->g_restart_bios = make_global_epoch;
+	dp->g_group_ctr = policy_weight_ctr;
+	dp->g_group_dtr = policy_weight_dtr;
+	dp->g_set_param = policy_weight_param;
+	dp->g_should_block = is_queue_full;
+	dp->g_show = policy_weight_show;
+
+	dp->g_epoch = 0;
+	dp->g_weight_total = 0;
+	dp->g_current = NULL;
+	dp->g_dominant = NULL;
+	dp->g_expired = NULL;
+	dp->g_token_extra = 0;
+	dp->g_token_unit = 0;
+	init_token_bucket(dp, val, 0);
+	dp->g_token_left = dp->g_token_bucket;
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+/* weight balancing policy based on the number of I/Os. --- End --- */
+
+/*
+ * Functions for weight balancing policy based on I/O size.
+ * It just borrows a lot of functions from the regular weight balancing policy.
+ */
+static int iosize_prepare_token(struct ioband_group *gp,
+					struct bio *bio, int flag)
+{
+	/* Consume tokens depending on the size of a given bio. */
+	return consume_token(gp, bio_sectors(bio), flag);
+}
+
+static int policy_weight_iosize_init(struct ioband_device *dp,
+						int argc, char **argv)
+{
+	long val;
+	int r = 0;
+
+	if (argc < 1)
+		val = 0;
+	else {
+		r = strict_strtol(argv[0], 0, &val);
+		if (r || val < 0 || val > INT_MAX)
+			return -EINVAL;
+	}
+
+	r = policy_weight_init(dp, argc, argv);
+	if (r < 0)
+		return r;
+
+	dp->g_prepare_bio = iosize_prepare_token;
+	dp->g_token_unit = PAGE_SHIFT - 9;
+	init_token_bucket(dp, val, 0);
+	dp->g_token_left = dp->g_token_bucket;
+	return 0;
+}
+
+/* weight balancing policy based on I/O size. --- End --- */
+
+static int policy_default_init(struct ioband_device *dp, int argc, char **argv)
+{
+	return policy_weight_init(dp, argc, argv);
+}
+
+const struct ioband_policy_type dm_ioband_policy_type[] = {
+	{ "default",		policy_default_init		},
+	{ "weight",		policy_weight_init		},
+	{ "weight-iosize",	policy_weight_iosize_init	},
+	{ "range-bw",		policy_range_bw_init		},
+	{ NULL,			policy_default_init		}
+};
Index: linux-2.6.31-rc4/drivers/md/dm-ioband-type.c
===================================================================
--- /dev/null
+++ linux-2.6.31-rc4/drivers/md/dm-ioband-type.c
@@ -0,0 +1,76 @@
+/*
+ * Copyright (C) 2008-2009 VA Linux Systems Japan K.K.
+ *
+ *  I/O bandwidth control
+ *
+ * This file is released under the GPL.
+ */
+#include <linux/bio.h>
+#include "dm.h"
+#include "dm-ioband.h"
+
+/*
+ * Any I/O bandwidth can be divided into several bandwidth groups, each of which
+ * has its own unique ID. The following functions are called to determine
+ * which group a given BIO belongs to and return the ID of the group.
+ */
+
+/* ToDo: unsigned long value would be better for group ID */
+
+static int ioband_process_id(struct bio *bio)
+{
+	/*
+	 * This function will work for KVM and Xen.
+	 */
+	return (int)current->tgid;
+}
+
+static int ioband_process_group(struct bio *bio)
+{
+	return (int)task_pgrp_nr(current);
+}
+
+static int ioband_uid(struct bio *bio)
+{
+	return (int)current_uid();
+}
+
+static int ioband_gid(struct bio *bio)
+{
+	return (int)current_gid();
+}
+
+static int ioband_cpuset(struct bio *bio)
+{
+	return 0;	/* not implemented yet */
+}
+
+static int ioband_node(struct bio *bio)
+{
+	return 0;	/* not implemented yet */
+}
+
+static int ioband_cgroup(struct bio *bio)
+{
+	/*
+	 * This function should return the ID of the cgroup which
+	 * issued "bio". The ID of the cgroup which the current
+	 * process belongs to won't be suitable ID for this purpose,
+	 * since some BIOs will be handled by kernel threads like aio
+	 * or pdflush on behalf of the process requesting the BIOs.
+	 */
+	return 0;	/* not implemented yet */
+}
+
+const struct ioband_group_type dm_ioband_group_type[] = {
+	{ "none",	NULL			},
+	{ "pgrp",	ioband_process_group	},
+	{ "pid",	ioband_process_id	},
+	{ "node",	ioband_node		},
+	{ "cpuset",	ioband_cpuset		},
+	{ "cgroup",	ioband_cgroup		},
+	{ "user",	ioband_uid		},
+	{ "uid",	ioband_uid		},
+	{ "gid",	ioband_gid		},
+	{ NULL,		NULL}
+};
Index: linux-2.6.31-rc4/drivers/md/dm-ioband.h
===================================================================
--- /dev/null
+++ linux-2.6.31-rc4/drivers/md/dm-ioband.h
@@ -0,0 +1,231 @@
+/*
+ * Copyright (C) 2008-2009 VA Linux Systems Japan K.K.
+ *
+ *  I/O bandwidth control
+ *
+ * This file is released under the GPL.
+ */
+
+#ifndef DM_IOBAND_H
+#define DM_IOBAND_H
+
+#include <linux/version.h>
+#include <linux/wait.h>
+
+#define DM_MSG_PREFIX "ioband"
+
+#define DEFAULT_IO_THROTTLE	4
+#define IOBAND_NAME_MAX		31
+#define IOBAND_ID_ANY		(-1)
+#define POLICY_PARAM_START	6
+#define POLICY_PARAM_DELIM	"=:,"
+
+#define MAX_BW_OVER             1
+#define MAX_BW_UNDER            0
+#define NO_IO_MODE              4
+
+#define TIME_COMPENSATOR        10
+
+struct ioband_group;
+
+struct ioband_device {
+	struct list_head g_groups;
+	struct delayed_work g_conductor;
+	struct workqueue_struct *g_ioband_wq;
+	struct bio_list g_urgent_bios;
+	int g_io_throttle;
+	int g_io_limit;
+	int g_issued[2];
+	int g_blocked;
+	spinlock_t g_lock;
+	wait_queue_head_t g_waitq;
+	wait_queue_head_t g_waitq_suspend;
+	wait_queue_head_t g_waitq_flush;
+
+	int g_ref;
+	struct list_head g_list;
+	int g_flags;
+	char g_name[IOBAND_NAME_MAX + 1];
+	const struct ioband_policy_type *g_policy;
+
+	/* policy dependent */
+	int (*g_can_submit) (struct ioband_group *);
+	int (*g_prepare_bio) (struct ioband_group *, struct bio *, int);
+	int (*g_restart_bios) (struct ioband_device *);
+	void (*g_hold_bio) (struct ioband_group *, struct bio *);
+	struct bio *(*g_pop_bio) (struct ioband_group *);
+	int (*g_group_ctr) (struct ioband_group *, const char *);
+	void (*g_group_dtr) (struct ioband_group *);
+	int (*g_set_param) (struct ioband_group *, const char *, const char *);
+	int (*g_should_block) (struct ioband_group *);
+	void (*g_show) (struct ioband_group *, int *, char *, unsigned);
+
+	/* members for weight balancing policy */
+	int g_epoch;
+	int g_weight_total;
+	/* the number of tokens which can be used in every epoch */
+	int g_token_bucket;
+	/* how many epochs tokens can be carried over */
+	int g_carryover;
+	/* how many tokens should be used for one page-sized I/O */
+	int g_token_unit;
+	/* the last group which used a token */
+	struct ioband_group *g_current;
+	/* give another group a chance to be scheduled when the rest
+	   of tokens of the current group reaches this mark */
+	int g_yield_mark;
+	/* the latest group which used up its tokens */
+	struct ioband_group *g_expired;
+	/* the group which has the largest number of tokens in the
+	   active groups */
+	struct ioband_group *g_dominant;
+	/* the number of unused tokens in this epoch */
+	int g_token_left;
+	/* left-over tokens from the previous epoch */
+	int g_token_extra;
+
+	/* members for range-bw policy */
+	int     g_min_bw_total;
+	int     g_max_bw_total;
+	unsigned long   g_next_time_period;
+	int     g_time_period_expired;
+	struct ioband_group *g_running_gp;
+	int     g_total_min_bw_token;
+	int     g_consumed_min_bw_token;
+	int     g_io_mode;
+
+};
+
+struct ioband_group_stat {
+	unsigned long sectors;
+	unsigned long immediate;
+	unsigned long deferred;
+};
+
+struct ioband_group {
+	struct list_head c_list;
+	struct ioband_device *c_banddev;
+	struct dm_dev *c_dev;
+	struct dm_target *c_target;
+	struct bio_list c_blocked_bios;
+	struct bio_list c_prio_bios;
+	struct rb_root c_group_root;
+	struct rb_node c_group_node;
+	int c_id;	/* should be unsigned long or unsigned long long */
+	char c_name[IOBAND_NAME_MAX + 1];	/* rfu */
+	int c_blocked;
+	int c_prio_blocked;
+	wait_queue_head_t c_waitq;
+	int c_flags;
+	struct ioband_group_stat c_stat[2];	/* hold rd/wr status */
+	const struct ioband_group_type *c_type;
+
+	/* members for weight balancing policy */
+	int c_weight;
+	int c_my_epoch;
+	int c_token;
+	int c_token_initial;
+	int c_limit;
+	int c_consumed;
+
+	/* rfu */
+	/* struct bio_list	c_ordered_tag_bios; */
+
+	/* members for range-bw policy */
+	wait_queue_head_t       c_max_bw_over_waitq;
+	struct timer_list *c_timer;
+	int     timer_set;
+	int     c_min_bw;
+	int     c_max_bw;
+	int     c_time_slice_expired;
+	int     c_min_bw_token;
+	int     c_max_bw_token;
+	int     c_consumed_min_bw_token;
+	int     c_is_over_max_bw;
+	int     c_io_mode;
+	unsigned long   c_time_slice;
+	unsigned long   c_time_slice_start;
+	unsigned long   c_time_slice_end;
+	int     c_wait_p_count;
+
+};
+
+#define IOBAND_URGENT 1
+
+#define DEV_BIO_BLOCKED		1
+#define DEV_SUSPENDED		2
+
+#define set_device_blocked(dp)		((dp)->g_flags |= DEV_BIO_BLOCKED)
+#define clear_device_blocked(dp)	((dp)->g_flags &= ~DEV_BIO_BLOCKED)
+#define is_device_blocked(dp)		((dp)->g_flags & DEV_BIO_BLOCKED)
+
+#define set_device_suspended(dp)	((dp)->g_flags |= DEV_SUSPENDED)
+#define clear_device_suspended(dp)	((dp)->g_flags &= ~DEV_SUSPENDED)
+#define is_device_suspended(dp)		((dp)->g_flags & DEV_SUSPENDED)
+
+#define IOG_PRIO_BIO_SYNC	1
+#define IOG_PRIO_QUEUE		2
+#define IOG_BIO_BLOCKED		4
+#define IOG_GOING_DOWN		8
+#define IOG_SUSPENDED		16
+#define IOG_NEED_UP		32
+
+#define R_OK		0
+#define R_BLOCK		1
+#define R_YIELD		2
+
+#define set_group_blocked(gp)		((gp)->c_flags |= IOG_BIO_BLOCKED)
+#define clear_group_blocked(gp)		((gp)->c_flags &= ~IOG_BIO_BLOCKED)
+#define is_group_blocked(gp)		((gp)->c_flags & IOG_BIO_BLOCKED)
+
+#define set_group_down(gp)		((gp)->c_flags |= IOG_GOING_DOWN)
+#define clear_group_down(gp)		((gp)->c_flags &= ~IOG_GOING_DOWN)
+#define is_group_down(gp)		((gp)->c_flags & IOG_GOING_DOWN)
+
+#define set_group_suspended(gp)		((gp)->c_flags |= IOG_SUSPENDED)
+#define clear_group_suspended(gp)	((gp)->c_flags &= ~IOG_SUSPENDED)
+#define is_group_suspended(gp)		((gp)->c_flags & IOG_SUSPENDED)
+
+#define set_group_need_up(gp)		((gp)->c_flags |= IOG_NEED_UP)
+#define clear_group_need_up(gp)		((gp)->c_flags &= ~IOG_NEED_UP)
+#define group_need_up(gp)		((gp)->c_flags & IOG_NEED_UP)
+
+#define set_prio_async(gp)		((gp)->c_flags |= IOG_PRIO_QUEUE)
+#define clear_prio_async(gp)		((gp)->c_flags &= ~IOG_PRIO_QUEUE)
+#define is_prio_async(gp) \
+	((gp)->c_flags & (IOG_PRIO_QUEUE|IOG_PRIO_BIO_SYNC) == IOG_PRIO_QUEUE)
+
+#define set_prio_sync(gp) \
+	((gp)->c_flags |= (IOG_PRIO_QUEUE|IOG_PRIO_BIO_SYNC))
+#define clear_prio_sync(gp) \
+	((gp)->c_flags &= ~(IOG_PRIO_QUEUE|IOG_PRIO_BIO_SYNC))
+#define is_prio_sync(gp) \
+	((gp)->c_flags & (IOG_PRIO_QUEUE|IOG_PRIO_BIO_SYNC) == \
+		(IOG_PRIO_QUEUE|IOG_PRIO_BIO_SYNC))
+
+#define set_prio_queue(gp, sync) \
+	((gp)->c_flags |= (IOG_PRIO_QUEUE|sync))
+#define clear_prio_queue(gp)		clear_prio_sync(gp)
+#define is_prio_queue(gp)		((gp)->c_flags & IOG_PRIO_QUEUE)
+#define prio_queue_sync(gp)		((gp)->c_flags & IOG_PRIO_BIO_SYNC)
+
+#define nr_issued(dp) \
+	((dp)->g_issued[BLK_RW_SYNC] + (dp)->g_issued[BLK_RW_ASYNC])
+
+struct ioband_policy_type {
+	const char *p_name;
+	int (*p_policy_init) (struct ioband_device *, int, char **);
+};
+
+extern const struct ioband_policy_type dm_ioband_policy_type[];
+
+struct ioband_group_type {
+	const char *t_name;
+	int (*t_getid) (struct bio *);
+};
+
+extern const struct ioband_group_type dm_ioband_group_type[];
+
+extern int policy_range_bw_init(struct ioband_device *, int, char **);
+
+#endif /* DM_IOBAND_H */
Index: linux-2.6.31-rc4/drivers/md/dm-ioband-rangebw.c
===================================================================
--- /dev/null
+++ linux-2.6.31-rc4/drivers/md/dm-ioband-rangebw.c
@@ -0,0 +1,669 @@
+/*
+ * dm-ioband-rangebw.c
+ *
+ * This is a I/O control policy to support the Range Bandwidth in Disk I/O.
+ * And this policy is for dm-ioband controller by Ryo Tsuruta,
+ * Hirokazu Takahashi
+ *
+ * Copyright (C) 2008 - 2011
+ * Electronics and Telecommunications Research Institute(ETRI)
+ *
+ * This program is free software. you can redistribute it and/or modify
+ * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License(GPL) as published by
+ * the Free Software Foundation, either version 2 of the License, or
+ * (at your option) any later version.
+ *
+ * Contact Information:
+ * Dong-Jae, Kang <djkang at etri.re.kr>, Chei-Yol,Kim <gauri at etri.re.kr>,
+ * Sung-In,Jung <sijung at etri.re.kr>
+ */
+
+#include <linux/bio.h>
+#include <linux/workqueue.h>
+#include <linux/rbtree.h>
+#include <linux/jiffies.h>
+#include <linux/random.h>
+#include <linux/time.h>
+#include <linux/timer.h>
+#include "dm.h"
+#include "md.h"
+#include "dm-ioband.h"
+
+static void range_bw_timeover(unsigned long);
+static void range_bw_timer_register(struct timer_list *,
+					 unsigned long, unsigned long);
+
+/*
+ * Functions for Range Bandwidth(range-bw) policy based on
+ * the time slice and token.
+ */
+#define DEFAULT_BUCKET          2
+#define DEFAULT_TOKENPOOL       2048
+
+#define TIME_SLICE_EXPIRED      1
+#define TIME_SLICE_NOT_EXPIRED  0
+
+#define MINBW_IO_MODE           0
+#define LEFTOVER_IO_MODE        1
+#define RANGE_IO_MODE           2
+#define DEFAULT_IO_MODE         3
+#define NO_IO_MODE 	        4
+
+#define MINBW_PRIO_BASE         10
+#define OVER_IO_RATE		4
+
+#define DEFAULT_RANGE_BW        "0:0"
+#define DEFAULT_MIN_BW          0
+#define DEFAULT_MAX_BW          0
+
+static const int time_slice_base = HZ / 10;
+static const int range_time_slice_base = HZ / 50;
+static void do_nothing(void) {}
+/*
+ * g_restart_bios function for range-bw policy
+ */
+static int range_bw_restart_bios(struct ioband_device *dp)
+{
+	return 1;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Allocate the time slice when IO mode is MINBW_IO_MODE,
+ * RANGE_IO_MODE or LEFTOVER_IO_MODE
+ */
+static int set_time_slice(struct ioband_group *gp)
+{
+	struct ioband_device *dp = gp->c_banddev;
+	int dp_io_mode, gp_io_mode;
+	unsigned long now = jiffies;
+
+	dp_io_mode = dp->g_io_mode;
+	gp_io_mode = gp->c_io_mode;
+
+	gp->c_time_slice_start = now;
+
+	if (dp_io_mode == LEFTOVER_IO_MODE) {
+		gp->c_time_slice_end = now + gp->c_time_slice;
+		return 0;
+	}
+
+	if (gp_io_mode == MINBW_IO_MODE)
+		gp->c_time_slice_end = now + gp->c_time_slice;
+	else if (gp_io_mode == RANGE_IO_MODE)
+		gp->c_time_slice_end = now + range_time_slice_base;
+	else if (gp_io_mode == DEFAULT_IO_MODE)
+		gp->c_time_slice_end = now + time_slice_base;
+	else if (gp_io_mode == NO_IO_MODE) {
+		gp->c_time_slice_end = 0;
+		gp->c_time_slice_expired = TIME_SLICE_EXPIRED;
+		return 0;
+	}
+
+	gp->c_time_slice_expired = TIME_SLICE_NOT_EXPIRED;
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Calculate the priority of given ioband_group
+ */
+static int range_bw_priority(struct ioband_group *gp)
+{
+	struct ioband_device *dp = gp->c_banddev;
+	int prio = 0;
+
+	if (dp->g_io_mode == LEFTOVER_IO_MODE) {
+		prio = random32() % MINBW_PRIO_BASE;
+		if (prio == 0)
+			prio = 1;
+	} else if (gp->c_io_mode == MINBW_IO_MODE) {
+		prio = (gp->c_min_bw_token - gp->c_consumed_min_bw_token) *
+							 MINBW_PRIO_BASE;
+	} else if (gp->c_io_mode == DEFAULT_IO_MODE) {
+		prio = MINBW_PRIO_BASE;
+	} else if (gp->c_io_mode == RANGE_IO_MODE) {
+		prio = MINBW_PRIO_BASE / 2;
+	} else {
+		prio = 0;
+	}
+
+	return prio;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Check whether this group has right to issue an I/O in range-bw policy mode.
+ *  Return 0 if it doesn't have right, otherwise return the non-zero value.
+ */
+static int has_right_to_issue(struct ioband_group *gp)
+{
+	struct ioband_device *dp = gp->c_banddev;
+	int prio;
+
+	if (gp->c_prio_blocked > 0 || gp->c_blocked - gp->c_prio_blocked > 0) {
+		prio = range_bw_priority(gp);
+		if (prio <= 0)
+			return 1;
+		return prio;
+	}
+
+	if (gp == dp->g_running_gp) {
+
+		if (gp->c_time_slice_expired == TIME_SLICE_EXPIRED) {
+
+			gp->c_time_slice_expired = TIME_SLICE_NOT_EXPIRED;
+			gp->c_time_slice_end = 0;
+
+			return 0;
+		}
+
+		if (gp->c_time_slice_end == 0)
+			set_time_slice(gp);
+
+		return range_bw_priority(gp);
+
+	}
+
+	dp->g_running_gp = gp;
+	set_time_slice(gp);
+
+	return range_bw_priority(gp);
+}
+
+/*
+ * Reset all variables related with range-bw token and time slice
+ */
+static int reset_range_bw_token(struct ioband_group *gp, unsigned long now)
+{
+	struct ioband_device *dp = gp->c_banddev;
+	struct ioband_group *p;
+
+	list_for_each_entry(p, &dp->g_groups, c_list) {
+		p->c_consumed_min_bw_token = 0;
+		p->c_is_over_max_bw = MAX_BW_UNDER;
+		if (p->c_io_mode != DEFAULT_IO_MODE)
+			p->c_io_mode = MINBW_IO_MODE;
+	}
+
+	dp->g_consumed_min_bw_token = 0;
+
+	dp->g_next_time_period = now + HZ;
+	dp->g_time_period_expired = TIME_SLICE_NOT_EXPIRED;
+	dp->g_io_mode = MINBW_IO_MODE;
+
+	list_for_each_entry(p, &dp->g_groups, c_list) {
+		if (waitqueue_active(&p->c_max_bw_over_waitq))
+			wake_up_all(&p->c_max_bw_over_waitq);
+	}
+	return 0;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Use tokens(Increase the number of consumed token) to issue an I/O
+ * for guranteeing the range-bw. and check the expiration of local and
+ * global time slice, and overflow of max bw
+ */
+static int range_bw_consume_token(struct ioband_group *gp, int count, int flag)
+{
+	struct ioband_device *dp = gp->c_banddev;
+	struct ioband_group *p;
+	unsigned long now = jiffies;
+
+	dp->g_current = gp;
+
+	if (dp->g_next_time_period == 0) {
+		dp->g_next_time_period = now + HZ;
+		dp->g_time_period_expired = TIME_SLICE_NOT_EXPIRED;
+	}
+
+	if (time_after(now, dp->g_next_time_period)) {
+		reset_range_bw_token(gp, now);
+	} else {
+		gp->c_consumed_min_bw_token += count;
+		dp->g_consumed_min_bw_token += count;
+
+		if (gp->c_max_bw > 0 && gp->c_consumed_min_bw_token >=
+							gp->c_max_bw_token) {
+			gp->c_is_over_max_bw = MAX_BW_OVER;
+			gp->c_io_mode = NO_IO_MODE;
+			return R_YIELD;
+		}
+
+		if (gp->c_io_mode != RANGE_IO_MODE && gp->c_min_bw_token <=
+						gp->c_consumed_min_bw_token) {
+			gp->c_io_mode = RANGE_IO_MODE;
+
+			if (dp->g_total_min_bw_token <=
+						dp->g_consumed_min_bw_token) {
+				list_for_each_entry(p, &dp->g_groups, c_list) {
+					if (p->c_io_mode != RANGE_IO_MODE &&
+					    p->c_io_mode != DEFAULT_IO_MODE)
+						goto out;
+				}
+
+				if (dp->g_io_mode == MINBW_IO_MODE)
+					dp->g_io_mode = LEFTOVER_IO_MODE;
+			out:;
+			}
+		}
+	}
+
+	if (gp->c_time_slice_end != 0 &&
+	    time_after(now, gp->c_time_slice_end)) {
+		gp->c_time_slice_expired = TIME_SLICE_EXPIRED;
+		return R_YIELD;
+	}
+
+	return R_OK;
+}
+
+static int is_no_io_mode(struct ioband_group *gp)
+{
+	if (gp->c_io_mode == NO_IO_MODE)
+		return 1;
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Check if this group is able to receive a new bio.
+ * in range bw policy, we only check that ioband device should be blocked
+ */
+static int range_bw_queue_full(struct ioband_group *gp)
+{
+	struct ioband_device *dp = gp->c_banddev;
+	unsigned long now, time_step;
+
+	if (is_no_io_mode(gp)) {
+		now = jiffies;
+		if (time_after(dp->g_next_time_period, now)) {
+			time_step = dp->g_next_time_period - now;
+			range_bw_timer_register(gp->c_timer,
+						(time_step + TIME_COMPENSATOR),
+						(unsigned long)gp);
+			wait_event_lock_irq(gp->c_max_bw_over_waitq,
+					    !is_no_io_mode(gp),
+					    dp->g_lock, do_nothing());
+		}
+	}
+
+	return (gp->c_blocked >= gp->c_limit);
+}
+
+/*
+ * Convert the bw valuse to the number of bw token
+ * bw : Kbyte unit bandwidth
+ * token_base : the number of tokens used for one 1Kbyte-size IO
+ * -- Attention : Currently, We support the 512byte or 1Kbyte per 1 token
+ */
+static int convert_bw_to_token(int bw, int token_unit)
+{
+	int token;
+	int token_base;
+
+	token_base = (1 << token_unit) / 4;
+	token = bw * token_base;
+
+	return token;
+}
+
+
+/*
+ * Allocate the time slice for MINBW_IO_MODE to each group
+ */
+static void range_bw_time_slice_init(struct ioband_group *gp)
+{
+	struct ioband_device *dp = gp->c_banddev;
+	struct ioband_group *p;
+
+	list_for_each_entry(p, &dp->g_groups, c_list) {
+
+		if (dp->g_min_bw_total == 0)
+			p->c_time_slice = time_slice_base;
+		else
+			p->c_time_slice = time_slice_base +
+				((time_slice_base *
+				  ((p->c_min_bw + p->c_max_bw) / 2)) /
+					 dp->g_min_bw_total);
+	}
+}
+
+/*
+ *  Allocate the range_bw and range_bw_token to the given group
+ */
+static void set_range_bw(struct ioband_group *gp, int new_min, int new_max)
+{
+	struct ioband_device *dp = gp->c_banddev;
+	struct ioband_group *p;
+	int token_unit;
+
+	dp->g_min_bw_total += (new_min - gp->c_min_bw);
+	gp->c_min_bw = new_min;
+
+	dp->g_max_bw_total += (new_max - gp->c_max_bw);
+	gp->c_max_bw = new_max;
+
+	if (new_min)
+		gp->c_io_mode = MINBW_IO_MODE;
+	else
+		gp->c_io_mode = DEFAULT_IO_MODE;
+
+	range_bw_time_slice_init(gp);
+
+	token_unit = dp->g_token_unit;
+	gp->c_min_bw_token = convert_bw_to_token(new_min, token_unit);
+	dp->g_total_min_bw_token =
+		convert_bw_to_token(dp->g_min_bw_total, token_unit);
+
+	gp->c_max_bw_token = convert_bw_to_token(new_max, token_unit);
+
+	if (dp->g_min_bw_total == 0) {
+		list_for_each_entry(p, &dp->g_groups, c_list)
+			p->c_limit = 1;
+	} else {
+		list_for_each_entry(p, &dp->g_groups, c_list) {
+			p->c_limit = dp->g_io_limit * 2 * p->c_min_bw /
+				dp->g_min_bw_total / OVER_IO_RATE + 1;
+		}
+	}
+
+	return;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Allocate the min_bw and min_bw_token to the given group
+ */
+static void set_min_bw(struct ioband_group *gp, int new)
+{
+	struct ioband_device *dp = gp->c_banddev;
+	struct ioband_group *p;
+	int token_unit;
+
+	dp->g_min_bw_total += (new - gp->c_min_bw);
+	gp->c_min_bw = new;
+
+	if (new)
+		gp->c_io_mode = MINBW_IO_MODE;
+	else
+		gp->c_io_mode = DEFAULT_IO_MODE;
+
+	range_bw_time_slice_init(gp);
+
+	token_unit = dp->g_token_unit;
+	gp->c_min_bw_token = convert_bw_to_token(gp->c_min_bw, token_unit);
+	dp->g_total_min_bw_token =
+		convert_bw_to_token(dp->g_min_bw_total, token_unit);
+
+	if (dp->g_min_bw_total == 0) {
+		list_for_each_entry(p, &dp->g_groups, c_list)
+			p->c_limit = 1;
+	} else {
+		list_for_each_entry(p, &dp->g_groups, c_list) {
+			p->c_limit = dp->g_io_limit * 2 * p->c_min_bw /
+				dp->g_min_bw_total / OVER_IO_RATE + 1;
+		}
+	}
+
+	return;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Allocate the max_bw and max_bw_token to the pointed group
+ */
+static void set_max_bw(struct ioband_group *gp, int new)
+{
+	struct ioband_device *dp = gp->c_banddev;
+	int token_unit;
+
+	token_unit = dp->g_token_unit;
+
+	dp->g_max_bw_total += (new - gp->c_max_bw);
+	gp->c_max_bw = new;
+	gp->c_max_bw_token = convert_bw_to_token(new, token_unit);
+
+	range_bw_time_slice_init(gp);
+
+	return;
+
+}
+
+static void init_range_bw_token_bucket(struct ioband_device *dp, int val)
+{
+	dp->g_token_bucket = (dp->g_io_limit * 2 * DEFAULT_BUCKET) <<
+							dp->g_token_unit;
+	if (!val)
+		val = DEFAULT_TOKENPOOL << dp->g_token_unit;
+	if (val < dp->g_token_bucket)
+		val = dp->g_token_bucket;
+	dp->g_carryover = val/dp->g_token_bucket;
+	dp->g_token_left = 0;
+}
+
+static int policy_range_bw_param(struct ioband_group *gp,
+					const char *cmd, const char *value)
+{
+	long val = 0, min_val = DEFAULT_MIN_BW, max_val = DEFAULT_MAX_BW;
+	int r = 0, err = 0;
+	char *endp;
+
+	if (value) {
+		min_val = simple_strtol(value, &endp, 0);
+		if (strchr(POLICY_PARAM_DELIM, *endp)) {
+			max_val = simple_strtol(endp + 1, &endp, 0);
+			if (*endp != '\0')
+				err++;
+		} else
+			err++;
+	}
+
+	if (!strcmp(cmd, "range-bw")) {
+		if (!err && 0 <= min_val &&
+		    min_val <= (INT_MAX / 2) &&	0 <= max_val &&
+		    max_val <= (INT_MAX / 2) && min_val <= max_val)
+			set_range_bw(gp, min_val, max_val);
+		else
+			r = -EINVAL;
+	} else if (!strcmp(cmd, "min-bw")) {
+		if (!err && 0 <= val && val <= (INT_MAX / 2))
+			set_min_bw(gp, val);
+		else
+			r = -EINVAL;
+	} else if (!strcmp(cmd, "max-bw")) {
+		if ((!err && 0 <= val && val <= (INT_MAX / 2) &&
+		     gp->c_min_bw <= val) || val == 0)
+			set_max_bw(gp, val);
+		else
+			r = -EINVAL;
+	} else {
+		r = -EINVAL;
+	}
+	return r;
+}
+
+static int policy_range_bw_ctr(struct ioband_group *gp, const char *arg)
+{
+	int ret;
+
+	init_waitqueue_head(&gp->c_max_bw_over_waitq);
+
+	gp->c_min_bw = 0;
+	gp->c_max_bw = 0;
+	gp->c_io_mode = DEFAULT_IO_MODE;
+	gp->c_time_slice_expired = TIME_SLICE_NOT_EXPIRED;
+	gp->c_min_bw_token = 0;
+	gp->c_max_bw_token = 0;
+	gp->c_consumed_min_bw_token = 0;
+	gp->c_is_over_max_bw = MAX_BW_UNDER;
+	gp->c_time_slice_start = 0;
+	gp->c_time_slice_end = 0;
+	gp->c_wait_p_count = 0;
+
+	gp->c_time_slice = time_slice_base;
+
+	gp->c_timer = kmalloc(sizeof(struct timer_list), GFP_KERNEL);
+	if (gp->c_timer == NULL)
+		return -EINVAL;
+	memset(gp->c_timer, 0, sizeof(struct timer_list));
+	gp->timer_set = 0;
+
+	ret = policy_range_bw_param(gp, "range-bw", arg);
+
+	return ret;
+}
+
+static void policy_range_bw_dtr(struct ioband_group *gp)
+{
+	struct ioband_device *dp = gp->c_banddev;
+
+	gp->c_time_slice = 0;
+	set_range_bw(gp, 0, 0);
+
+	dp->g_running_gp = NULL;
+
+	if (gp->c_timer != NULL) {
+		del_timer(gp->c_timer);
+		kfree(gp->c_timer);
+	}
+}
+
+static void policy_range_bw_show(struct ioband_group *gp, int *szp,
+					char *result, unsigned int maxlen)
+{
+	struct ioband_group *p;
+	struct ioband_device *dp = gp->c_banddev;
+	struct rb_node *node;
+	int sz = *szp; /* used in DMEMIT() */
+
+	DMEMIT(" %d :%d:%d", dp->g_token_bucket * dp->g_carryover,
+						gp->c_min_bw, gp->c_max_bw);
+
+	for (node = rb_first(&gp->c_group_root); node; node = rb_next(node)) {
+		p = rb_entry(node, struct ioband_group, c_group_node);
+		DMEMIT(" %d:%d:%d", p->c_id, p->c_min_bw, p->c_max_bw);
+	}
+	*szp = sz;
+}
+
+static int range_bw_prepare_token(struct ioband_group *gp,
+						struct bio *bio, int flag)
+{
+	struct ioband_device *dp = gp->c_banddev;
+	int unit;
+	int bio_count;
+	int token_count = 0;
+
+	unit = (1 << dp->g_token_unit);
+	bio_count = bio_sectors(bio);
+
+	if (unit == 8)
+		token_count = bio_count;
+	else if (unit == 4)
+		token_count = bio_count / 2;
+	else if (unit == 2)
+		token_count = bio_count / 4;
+	else if (unit == 1)
+		token_count = bio_count / 8;
+
+	return range_bw_consume_token(gp, token_count, flag);
+}
+
+static void range_bw_timer_register(struct timer_list *ptimer,
+				unsigned long timeover, unsigned long  gp)
+{
+	struct ioband_group *group = (struct ioband_group *)gp;
+
+	if (group->timer_set == 0) {
+		init_timer(ptimer);
+		ptimer->expires = get_jiffies_64() + timeover;
+		ptimer->data = gp;
+		ptimer->function = range_bw_timeover;
+		add_timer(ptimer);
+		group->timer_set = 1;
+	}
+}
+
+/*
+ * Timer Handler function to protect the all processes's hanging in
+ * lower min-bw configuration
+ */
+static void range_bw_timeover(unsigned long gp)
+{
+	struct ioband_group *group = (struct ioband_group *)gp;
+
+	if (group->c_is_over_max_bw == MAX_BW_OVER)
+		group->c_is_over_max_bw = MAX_BW_UNDER;
+
+	if (group->c_io_mode == NO_IO_MODE)
+		group->c_io_mode = MINBW_IO_MODE;
+
+	if (waitqueue_active(&group->c_max_bw_over_waitq))
+		wake_up_all(&group->c_max_bw_over_waitq);
+
+	group->timer_set = 0;
+}
+
+/*
+ *  <Method>      <description>
+ * g_can_submit   : To determine whether a given group has the right to
+ *                  submit BIOs. The larger the return value the higher the
+ *                  priority to submit. Zero means it has no right.
+ * g_prepare_bio  : Called right before submitting each BIO.
+ * g_restart_bios : Called if this ioband device has some BIOs blocked but none
+ *                  of them can be submitted now. This method has to
+ *                  reinitialize the data to restart to submit BIOs and return
+ *                  0 or 1.
+ *                  The return value 0 means that it has become able to submit
+ *                  them now so that this ioband device will continue its work.
+ *                  The return value 1 means that it is still unable to submit
+ *                  them so that this device will stop its work. And this
+ *                  policy module has to reactivate the device when it gets
+ *                  to be able to submit BIOs.
+ * g_hold_bio     : To hold a given BIO until it is submitted.
+ *                  The default function is used when this method is undefined.
+ * g_pop_bio      : To select and get the best BIO to submit.
+ * g_group_ctr    : To initalize the policy own members of struct ioband_group.
+ * g_group_dtr    : Called when struct ioband_group is removed.
+ * g_set_param    : To update the policy own date.
+ *                  The parameters can be passed through "dmsetup message"
+ *                  command.
+ * g_should_block : Called every time this ioband device receive a BIO.
+ *                  Return 1 if a given group can't receive any more BIOs,
+ *                  otherwise return 0.
+ * g_show         : Show the configuration.
+ */
+
+int policy_range_bw_init(struct ioband_device *dp, int argc, char **argv)
+{
+	long val;
+	int r = 0;
+
+	if (argc < 1)
+		val = 0;
+	else {
+		r = strict_strtol(argv[0], 0, &val);
+		if (r || val < 0)
+			return -EINVAL;
+	}
+
+	dp->g_can_submit = has_right_to_issue;
+	dp->g_prepare_bio = range_bw_prepare_token;
+	dp->g_restart_bios = range_bw_restart_bios;
+	dp->g_group_ctr = policy_range_bw_ctr;
+	dp->g_group_dtr = policy_range_bw_dtr;
+	dp->g_set_param = policy_range_bw_param;
+	dp->g_should_block = range_bw_queue_full;
+	dp->g_show = policy_range_bw_show;
+
+	dp->g_min_bw_total = 0;
+	dp->g_running_gp = NULL;
+	dp->g_total_min_bw_token = 0;
+	dp->g_io_mode = MINBW_IO_MODE;
+	dp->g_consumed_min_bw_token = 0;
+	dp->g_current = NULL;
+	dp->g_next_time_period = 0;
+	dp->g_time_period_expired = TIME_SLICE_NOT_EXPIRED;
+
+	dp->g_token_unit = PAGE_SHIFT - 9;
+	init_range_bw_token_bucket(dp, val);
+
+	return 0;
+}
Index: linux-2.6.31-rc4/Documentation/device-mapper/range-bw.txt
===================================================================
--- /dev/null
+++ linux-2.6.31-rc4/Documentation/device-mapper/range-bw.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,99 @@
+Range-BW I/O controller by Dong-Jae Kang <djkang at etri.re.kr>
+
+
+1. Introduction
+===============
+
+The design of Range-BW is related with three another parts, Cgroup,
+bio-cgroup (or blkio-cgroup) and dm-ioband and it was implemented as
+an additional controller for dm-ioband.
+Cgroup framework is used to support process grouping mechanism and
+bio-cgroup is used to control delayed I/O or non-direct I/O. Finally,
+dm-ioband is a kind of I/O controller allowing the proportional I/O
+bandwidth to process groups based on its priority.
+The supposed controller supports the process group-based range
+bandwidth according to the priority or importance of the group. Range
+bandwidth means the predicable I/O bandwidth with minimum and maximum
+value defined by administrator.
+
+Minimum I/O bandwidth should be guaranteed for stable performance or
+reliability of specific service and I/O bandwidth over maximum should
+be throttled to protect the limited I/O resource from
+over-provisioning in unnecessary usage or to reserve the I/O bandwidth
+for another use.
+So, Range-BW was implemented to include the two concepts, guaranteeing
+of minimum I/O requirement and limitation of unnecessary bandwidth
+depending on its priority.
+And it was implemented as device mapper driver such like dm-ioband.
+So, it is independent of the underlying specific I/O scheduler, for
+example, CFQ, AS, NOOP, deadline and so on.
+
+* Attention
+Range-BW supports the predicable I/O bandwidth, but it should be
+configured in the scope of total I/O bandwidth of the I/O system to
+guarantee the minimum I/O requirement. For example, if total I/O
+bandwidth is 40Mbytes/sec,
+
+the summary of I/O bandwidth configured in each process group should
+be equal or smaller than 40Mbytes/sec.
+So, we need to check total I/O bandwidth before set it up.
+
+2. Setup and Installation
+=========================
+
+This part is same with dm-ioband,
+../../Documentation/device-mapper/ioband.txt or
+http://sourceforge.net/apps/trac/ioband/wiki/dm-ioband/man/setup
+except the allocation of range-bw values.
+
+3. Usage
+========
+
+It is very useful to refer the documentation for dm-ioband in
+../../Documentation/device-mapper/ioband.txt or
+
+http://sourceforge.net/apps/trac/ioband/wiki/dm-ioband, because
+Range-BW follows the basic semantics of dm-ioband.
+This example is for range-bw configuration.
+
+# mount the cgroup
+mount -t cgroup -o blkio none /root/cgroup/blkio
+
+# create the process groups (3 groups)
+mkdir /root/cgroup/blkio/bgroup1
+mkdir /root/cgroup/blkio/bgroup2
+mkdir /root/cgroup/blkio/bgroup3
+
+# create the ioband device ( name : ioband1 )
+echo "0 $(blockdev --getsize /dev/sdb2) ioband /dev/sdb2 1 0 0 none
+range-bw 0 :0:0" | dmsetup create ioband1
+: Attention - device name (/dev/sdb2) should be modified depending on
+your system
+
+# init ioband device ( type and policy )
+dmsetup message ioband1 0 type cgroup
+dmsetup message ioband1 0 policy range-bw
+
+# attach the groups to the ioband device
+dmsetup message ioband1 0 attach 2
+dmsetup message ioband1 0 attach 3
+dmsetup message ioband1 0 attach 4
+: group number can be referred in /root/cgroup/blkio/bgroup1/blkio.id
+
+# allocate the values ( range-bw ) : XXX Kbytes
+: the sum of minimum I/O bandwidth in each group should be equal or
+smaller than total bandwidth to be supported by your system
+
+# range : about 100~500 Kbytes
+dmsetup message ioband1 0 range-bw 2:100:500
+
+# range : about 700~1000 Kbytes
+dmsetup message ioband1 0 range-bw 3:700:1000
+
+# range : about 30~35Mbytes
+dmsetup message ioband1 0 range-bw 4:30000:35000
+
+You can confirm the configuration of range-bw by using this command :
+[root at localhost range-bw]# dmsetup table --target ioband
+ioband1: 0 305235000 ioband 8:18 1 4 128 cgroup \
+    range-bw 16384 :0:0 2:100:500 3:700:1000 4:30000:35000
Index: linux-2.6.31-rc4/include/trace/events/dm-ioband.h
===================================================================
--- /dev/null
+++ linux-2.6.31-rc4/include/trace/events/dm-ioband.h
@@ -0,0 +1,242 @@
+#if !defined(_TRACE_DM_IOBAND_H) || defined(TRACE_HEADER_MULTI_READ)
+#define _TRACE_DM_IOBAND_H
+
+#include <linux/tracepoint.h>
+
+#undef TRACE_SYSTEM
+#define TRACE_SYSTEM dm-ioband
+
+TRACE_EVENT(ioband_hold_urgent_bio,
+
+	TP_PROTO(struct ioband_group *gp, struct bio *bio),
+
+	TP_ARGS(gp, bio),
+
+	TP_STRUCT__entry(
+		__string(	g_name,		gp->c_banddev->g_name	)
+		__field(	int,		c_id			)
+		__field(	int,		g_blocked		)
+		__field(	int,		c_blocked		)
+		__field(	dev_t,		dev			)
+		__field(	sector_t,	sector			)
+		__field(	unsigned int,	nr_sector		)
+		__field(	char,		rw			)
+	),
+
+	TP_fast_assign(
+		__assign_str(g_name, gp->c_banddev->g_name);
+		__entry->c_id		= gp->c_id;
+		__entry->g_blocked	= gp->c_banddev->g_blocked;
+		__entry->c_blocked	= gp->c_blocked;
+		__entry->dev		= bio->bi_bdev->bd_dev;
+		__entry->sector		= bio->bi_sector;
+		__entry->nr_sector	= bio->bi_size >> 9;
+		__entry->rw	= (bio_data_dir(bio) == READ) ? 'R' : 'W';
+	),
+
+	TP_printk("%s,%d: %d,%d %c %llu + %u %d %d",
+		  __get_str(g_name), __entry->c_id,
+		  MAJOR(__entry->dev), MINOR(__entry->dev), __entry->rw,
+		  (unsigned long long)__entry->sector,
+		  __entry->nr_sector, __entry->g_blocked, __entry->c_blocked)
+);
+
+TRACE_EVENT(ioband_hold_bio,
+
+	TP_PROTO(struct ioband_group *gp, struct bio *bio),
+
+	TP_ARGS(gp, bio),
+
+	TP_STRUCT__entry(
+		__string(	g_name,		gp->c_banddev->g_name	)
+		__field(	int,		c_id			)
+		__field(	int,		g_blocked		)
+		__field(	int,		c_blocked		)
+		__field(	dev_t,		dev			)
+		__field(	sector_t,	sector			)
+		__field(	unsigned int,	nr_sector		)
+		__field(	char,		rw			)
+	),
+
+	TP_fast_assign(
+		__assign_str(g_name, gp->c_banddev->g_name);
+		__entry->c_id		= gp->c_id;
+		__entry->g_blocked	= gp->c_banddev->g_blocked;
+		__entry->c_blocked	= gp->c_blocked;
+		__entry->dev		= bio->bi_bdev->bd_dev;
+		__entry->sector		= bio->bi_sector;
+		__entry->nr_sector	= bio->bi_size >> 9;
+		__entry->rw	= (bio_data_dir(bio) == READ) ? 'R' : 'W';
+	),
+
+	TP_printk("%s,%d: %d,%d %c %llu + %u %d %d",
+		  __get_str(g_name), __entry->c_id,
+		  MAJOR(__entry->dev), MINOR(__entry->dev), __entry->rw,
+		  (unsigned long long)__entry->sector,
+		  __entry->nr_sector, __entry->g_blocked, __entry->c_blocked)
+);
+
+TRACE_EVENT(ioband_make_pback_list,
+
+	TP_PROTO(struct ioband_group *gp, struct bio *bio),
+
+	TP_ARGS(gp, bio),
+
+	TP_STRUCT__entry(
+		__string(	g_name,		gp->c_banddev->g_name	)
+		__field(	int,		c_id			)
+		__field(	int,		g_blocked		)
+		__field(	int,		c_blocked		)
+		__field(	dev_t,		dev			)
+		__field(	sector_t,	sector			)
+		__field(	unsigned int,	nr_sector		)
+		__field(	char,		rw			)
+	),
+
+	TP_fast_assign(
+		__assign_str(g_name, gp->c_banddev->g_name);
+		__entry->c_id		= gp->c_id;
+		__entry->g_blocked	= gp->c_banddev->g_blocked;
+		__entry->c_blocked	= gp->c_blocked;
+		__entry->dev		= bio->bi_bdev->bd_dev;
+		__entry->sector		= bio->bi_sector;
+		__entry->nr_sector	= bio->bi_size >> 9;
+		__entry->rw	= (bio_data_dir(bio) == READ) ? 'R' : 'W';
+	),
+
+	TP_printk("%s,%d: %d,%d %c %llu + %u %d %d",
+		  __get_str(g_name), __entry->c_id,
+		  MAJOR(__entry->dev), MINOR(__entry->dev), __entry->rw,
+		  (unsigned long long)__entry->sector,
+		  __entry->nr_sector, __entry->g_blocked, __entry->c_blocked)
+);
+
+TRACE_EVENT(ioband_make_issue_list,
+
+	TP_PROTO(struct ioband_group *gp, struct bio *bio),
+
+	TP_ARGS(gp, bio),
+
+	TP_STRUCT__entry(
+		__string(	g_name,		gp->c_banddev->g_name	)
+		__field(	int,		c_id			)
+		__field(	int,		g_blocked		)
+		__field(	int,		c_blocked		)
+		__field(	dev_t,		dev			)
+		__field(	sector_t,	sector			)
+		__field(	unsigned int,	nr_sector		)
+		__field(	char,		rw			)
+	),
+
+	TP_fast_assign(
+		__assign_str(g_name, gp->c_banddev->g_name);
+		__entry->c_id		= gp->c_id;
+		__entry->g_blocked	= gp->c_banddev->g_blocked;
+		__entry->c_blocked	= gp->c_blocked;
+		__entry->dev		= bio->bi_bdev->bd_dev;
+		__entry->sector		= bio->bi_sector;
+		__entry->nr_sector	= bio->bi_size >> 9;
+		__entry->rw	= (bio_data_dir(bio) == READ) ? 'R' : 'W';
+	),
+
+	TP_printk("%s,%d: %d,%d %c %llu + %u %d %d",
+		  __get_str(g_name), __entry->c_id,
+		  MAJOR(__entry->dev), MINOR(__entry->dev), __entry->rw,
+		  (unsigned long long)__entry->sector,
+		  __entry->nr_sector, __entry->g_blocked, __entry->c_blocked)
+);
+
+TRACE_EVENT(ioband_release_urgent_bios,
+
+	TP_PROTO(struct ioband_device *dp, struct bio *bio),
+
+	TP_ARGS(dp, bio),
+
+	TP_STRUCT__entry(
+		__string(	g_name,		dp->g_name		)
+		__field(	int,		g_blocked		)
+		__field(	dev_t,		dev			)
+		__field(	sector_t,	sector			)
+		__field(	unsigned int,	nr_sector		)
+		__field(	char,		rw			)
+	),
+
+	TP_fast_assign(
+		__assign_str(g_name, dp->g_name);
+		__entry->g_blocked	= dp->g_blocked;
+		__entry->dev		= bio->bi_bdev->bd_dev;
+		__entry->sector		= bio->bi_sector;
+		__entry->nr_sector	= bio->bi_size >> 9;
+		__entry->rw	= (bio_data_dir(bio) == READ) ? 'R' : 'W';
+	),
+
+	TP_printk("%s: %d,%d %c %llu + %u %d",
+		  __get_str(g_name),
+		  MAJOR(__entry->dev), MINOR(__entry->dev), __entry->rw,
+		  (unsigned long long)__entry->sector,
+		  __entry->nr_sector, __entry->g_blocked)
+);
+
+TRACE_EVENT(ioband_make_request,
+
+	TP_PROTO(struct ioband_device *dp, struct bio *bio),
+
+	TP_ARGS(dp, bio),
+
+	TP_STRUCT__entry(
+		__string(	g_name,		dp->g_name		)
+		__field(	int,		c_id			)
+		__field(	dev_t,		dev			)
+		__field(	sector_t,	sector			)
+		__field(	unsigned int,	nr_sector		)
+		__field(	char,		rw			)
+	),
+
+	TP_fast_assign(
+		__assign_str(g_name, dp->g_name);
+		__entry->dev		= bio->bi_bdev->bd_dev;
+		__entry->sector		= bio->bi_sector;
+		__entry->nr_sector	= bio->bi_size >> 9;
+		__entry->rw	= (bio_data_dir(bio) == READ) ? 'R' : 'W';
+	),
+
+	TP_printk("%s: %d,%d %c %llu + %u",
+		  __get_str(g_name),
+		  MAJOR(__entry->dev), MINOR(__entry->dev), __entry->rw,
+		  (unsigned long long)__entry->sector,
+		  __entry->nr_sector)
+);
+
+TRACE_EVENT(ioband_pushback_bio,
+
+	TP_PROTO(struct ioband_device *dp, struct bio *bio),
+
+	TP_ARGS(dp, bio),
+
+	TP_STRUCT__entry(
+		__string(	g_name,		dp->g_name		)
+		__field(	dev_t,		dev			)
+		__field(	sector_t,	sector			)
+		__field(	unsigned int,	nr_sector		)
+		__field(	char,		rw			)
+	),
+
+	TP_fast_assign(
+		__assign_str(g_name, dp->g_name);
+		__entry->dev		= bio->bi_bdev->bd_dev;
+		__entry->sector		= bio->bi_sector;
+		__entry->nr_sector	= bio->bi_size >> 9;
+		__entry->rw	= (bio_data_dir(bio) == READ) ? 'R' : 'W';
+	),
+
+	TP_printk("%s: %d,%d %c %llu + %u",
+		  __get_str(g_name),
+		  MAJOR(__entry->dev), MINOR(__entry->dev), __entry->rw,
+		  (unsigned long long)__entry->sector,
+		  __entry->nr_sector)
+);
+
+#endif /* _TRACE_DM_IOBAND_H */
+
+/* This part must be outside protection */
+#include <trace/define_trace.h>


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