[RFC][v5][PATCH 8/8]: Define clone_with_pids() syscall

Arnd Bergmann arnd at arndb.de
Wed Sep 9 05:19:50 PDT 2009

On Tuesday 08 September 2009, Nathan Lynch wrote:

> This doesn't work on a 64-bit kernel when the process is 32-bit and uses
> the definition of struct pid_set provided in types.h:
> +struct pid_set {
> +       int num_pids;
> +       pid_t *pids;
> +};
> Shouldn't the pids field be u64 or some other type of fixed size?

This is a complex problem. The structure above would need a conversion
for the pointer size that you can avoid by using a u64, but that introduces
another problem:

struct pid_set {
	int num_pids;
	u64 pidp;

Has implicit padding between the two members on all 64 bit architectures,
but not on i386, so you would still need a conversion (not for s390, power,
mips, sparc or parisc though, only for x86).

I can see two solutions for this:

1. use separate system call arguments for num_pids and pidp.
This avoids the data structure and saves one copy_from_user call,
at the cost of adding another argument to the syscall. syscalls with
more than 6 arguments are somewhat problematic as well.

2. use a single pointer, with variable length data structures:

struct pid_set {
	int num_pids;
	pid_t pids[0];

Since pid_t is always an int, you have no problem with padding or
incompatible types, but rely on a data structure definition that
is not in C89 (not sure about C99).

	Arnd <><

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