[RFC][v6][PATCH 9/9]: Document clone_with_pids() syscall

Sukadev Bhattiprolu sukadev at linux.vnet.ibm.com
Wed Sep 9 23:14:13 PDT 2009


Subject: [RFC][v6][PATCH 9/9]: Document clone_with_pids() syscall

This gives a brief overview of the clone_with_pids() system call.  We should
eventually describe more details either in clone(2) or in a new man page.

Signed-off-by: Sukadev Bhattiprolu <sukadev at vnet.linux.ibm.com>
---
 Documentation/clone-with-pids |   58 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 1 file changed, 58 insertions(+)

Index: linux-2.6/Documentation/clone-with-pids
===================================================================
--- /dev/null	1970-01-01 00:00:00.000000000 +0000
+++ linux-2.6/Documentation/clone-with-pids	2009-09-09 21:53:30.000000000 -0700
@@ -0,0 +1,58 @@
+
+struct pid_set {
+	unsigned int num_pids;
+	pid_t pids[];
+};
+
+clone_with_pids(int flags, void *child_stack_base, int *parent_tid_ptr,
+			int *child_tid_ptr, NULL, struct pid_set *pid_setp)
+
+	The clone_with_pids() system call is identical to clone(), except
+	that it allows the user to specify a pid for the child process
+	in each of the child processes' pid name spaces.
+
+	This system call is meant to be used when restarting an application
+	from an earlier checkpoint. When restarting the application, the
+	processes in the application must get the same pids they had at the
+	time of the checkpoint.
+
+	The 'pid_setp' parameter defines a set of pids to use, one for each
+	pid-namespace of the child process.  The order pids in '->pids[]'
+	corresponds to the nesting order of pid-namespaces, with ->pids[0]
+	corresponding to the init_pid_ns.
+
+	If a pid in the ->pids list is 0, the kernel will assign the next
+	available pid in the pid namespace, for the process.
+
+	If a pid in the ->pids[] list is non-zero, the kernel tries to assign
+	the specified pid in that namespace.  If that pid is already in use
+	by another process, the system call fails with -EBUSY.
+
+	On success, the system call returns the pid of the child process in
+	the parent's active pid namespace.
+
+	On failure, clone_with_pids() returns -1 and sets 'errno' to one of
+	following values (the child process is not created).
+
+	EPERM	Caller does not have the SYS_ADMIN privilege needed to excute
+		this call.
+
+	EINVAL	The number of pids specified in 'pid_set.num_pids' exceeds
+		the current nesting level of parent process
+
+	EBUSY	A requested 'pid' is in use by another process in that name
+		space.
+
+Example:
+
+	struct pid_set pid_set { 3, {0, 99, 177} };
+	void *child_stack = malloc(STACKSIZE);
+
+	/* set up child_stack, like with clone() */
+	rc = clone_with_pids(clone_flags, child_stack, NULL, NULL, &pid_set);
+
+	if (rc < 0) {
+		perror("clone_with_pids()");
+		exit(1);
+	}
+


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