[PATCH] cgroup: Convert synchronize_rcu to call_rcu in cgroup_attach_task

Colin Cross ccross at android.com
Tue Nov 23 00:58:39 PST 2010

On Tue, Nov 23, 2010 at 12:14 AM, Li Zefan <lizf at cn.fujitsu.com> wrote:
> 12:06, Colin Cross wrote:
>> The synchronize_rcu call in cgroup_attach_task can be very
>> expensive.  All fastpath accesses to task->cgroups that expect
>> task->cgroups not to change already use task_lock() or
>> cgroup_lock() to protect against updates, and, in cgroup.c,
>> only the CGROUP_DEBUG files have RCU read-side critical
>> sections.
>> sched.c uses RCU read-side-critical sections on task->cgroups,
>> but only to ensure that a dereference of task->cgroups does
>> not become invalid, not that it doesn't change.
> Other cgroup subsystems also use rcu_read_lock to access task->cgroups,
> for example net_cls cgroup and device cgroup.
I believe the same comment applies as sched.c, I'll update the commit message.

> I don't think the performance of task attaching is so critically
> important that we have to use call_rcu() instead of synchronize_rcu()?
On my desktop, moving a task between cgroups averages 100 ms, and on
an Tegra2 SMP ARM platform it takes 20 ms.  Moving a task with many
threads can take hundreds of milliseconds or more.  With this patch it
takes 50 microseconds to move one task, a 400x improvement.

>> This patch adds a function put_css_set_rcu, which delays the
>> put until after a grace period has elapsed.  This ensures that
>> any RCU read-side critical sections that dereferenced
>> task->cgroups in sched.c have completed before the css_set is
>> deleted.  The synchronize_rcu()/put_css_set() combo in
>> cgroup_attach_task() can then be replaced with
>> put_css_set_rcu().
>> Also converts the CGROUP_DEBUG files that access
>> current->cgroups to use task_lock(current) instead of
>> rcu_read_lock().
> What for? What do we gain from doing this for those debug
> interfaces?
Left over from the previous patch that incorrectly dropped RCU
completely.  I'll put the rcu_read_locks back.

>> Signed-off-by: Colin Cross <ccross at android.com>
>> ---
>> This version fixes the problems with the previous patch by
>> keeping the use of RCU in cgroup_attach_task, but allowing
>> cgroup_attach_task to return immediately by deferring the
>> final put_css_reg to an rcu callback.
>>  include/linux/cgroup.h |    4 +++
>>  kernel/cgroup.c        |   58 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++----------
>>  2 files changed, 50 insertions(+), 12 deletions(-)

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