[PATCH v3 02/11] memcg: document cgroup dirty memory interfaces

Greg Thelen gthelen at google.com
Tue Oct 19 14:00:58 PDT 2010


Daisuke Nishimura <nishimura at mxp.nes.nec.co.jp> writes:

> On Mon, 18 Oct 2010 17:39:35 -0700
> Greg Thelen <gthelen at google.com> wrote:
>
>> Document cgroup dirty memory interfaces and statistics.
>> 
>> Signed-off-by: Andrea Righi <arighi at develer.com>
>> Signed-off-by: Greg Thelen <gthelen at google.com>
>> ---
>> 
>> Changelog since v1:
>> - Renamed "nfs"/"total_nfs" to "nfs_unstable"/"total_nfs_unstable" in per cgroup
>>   memory.stat to match /proc/meminfo.
>> 
>> - Allow [kKmMgG] suffixes for newly created dirty limit value cgroupfs files.
>> 
>> - Describe a situation where a cgroup can exceed its dirty limit.
>> 
>>  Documentation/cgroups/memory.txt |   60 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
>>  1 files changed, 60 insertions(+), 0 deletions(-)
>> 
>> diff --git a/Documentation/cgroups/memory.txt b/Documentation/cgroups/memory.txt
>> index 7781857..02bbd6f 100644
>> --- a/Documentation/cgroups/memory.txt
>> +++ b/Documentation/cgroups/memory.txt
>> @@ -385,6 +385,10 @@ mapped_file	- # of bytes of mapped file (includes tmpfs/shmem)
>>  pgpgin		- # of pages paged in (equivalent to # of charging events).
>>  pgpgout		- # of pages paged out (equivalent to # of uncharging events).
>>  swap		- # of bytes of swap usage
>> +dirty		- # of bytes that are waiting to get written back to the disk.
>> +writeback	- # of bytes that are actively being written back to the disk.
>> +nfs_unstable	- # of bytes sent to the NFS server, but not yet committed to
>> +		the actual storage.
>>  inactive_anon	- # of bytes of anonymous memory and swap cache memory on
>>  		LRU list.
>>  active_anon	- # of bytes of anonymous and swap cache memory on active
>
> Shouldn't we add description of "total_diryt/writeback/nfs_unstable" too ?
> Seeing [5/11], it will be showed in memory.stat.

Good catch.  See patch (below).

>> @@ -453,6 +457,62 @@ memory under it will be reclaimed.
>>  You can reset failcnt by writing 0 to failcnt file.
>>  # echo 0 > .../memory.failcnt
>>  
>> +5.5 dirty memory
>> +
>> +Control the maximum amount of dirty pages a cgroup can have at any given time.
>> +
>> +Limiting dirty memory is like fixing the max amount of dirty (hard to reclaim)
>> +page cache used by a cgroup.  So, in case of multiple cgroup writers, they will
>> +not be able to consume more than their designated share of dirty pages and will
>> +be forced to perform write-out if they cross that limit.
>> +
>> +The interface is equivalent to the procfs interface: /proc/sys/vm/dirty_*.  It
>> +is possible to configure a limit to trigger both a direct writeback or a
>> +background writeback performed by per-bdi flusher threads.  The root cgroup
>> +memory.dirty_* control files are read-only and match the contents of
>> +the /proc/sys/vm/dirty_* files.
>> +
>> +Per-cgroup dirty limits can be set using the following files in the cgroupfs:
>> +
>> +- memory.dirty_ratio: the amount of dirty memory (expressed as a percentage of
>> +  cgroup memory) at which a process generating dirty pages will itself start
>> +  writing out dirty data.
>> +
>> +- memory.dirty_limit_in_bytes: the amount of dirty memory (expressed in bytes)
>> +  in the cgroup at which a process generating dirty pages will start itself
>> +  writing out dirty data.  Suffix (k, K, m, M, g, or G) can be used to indicate
>> +  that value is kilo, mega or gigabytes.
>> +
>> +  Note: memory.dirty_limit_in_bytes is the counterpart of memory.dirty_ratio.
>> +  Only one of them may be specified at a time.  When one is written it is
>> +  immediately taken into account to evaluate the dirty memory limits and the
>> +  other appears as 0 when read.
>> +
>> +- memory.dirty_background_ratio: the amount of dirty memory of the cgroup
>> +  (expressed as a percentage of cgroup memory) at which background writeback
>> +  kernel threads will start writing out dirty data.
>> +
>> +- memory.dirty_background_limit_in_bytes: the amount of dirty memory (expressed
>> +  in bytes) in the cgroup at which background writeback kernel threads will
>> +  start writing out dirty data.  Suffix (k, K, m, M, g, or G) can be used to
>> +  indicate that value is kilo, mega or gigabytes.
>> +
>> +  Note: memory.dirty_background_limit_in_bytes is the counterpart of
>> +  memory.dirty_background_ratio.  Only one of them may be specified at a time.
>> +  When one is written it is immediately taken into account to evaluate the dirty
>> +  memory limits and the other appears as 0 when read.
>> +
>> +A cgroup may contain more dirty memory than its dirty limit.  This is possible
>> +because of the principle that the first cgroup to touch a page is charged for
>> +it.  Subsequent page counting events (dirty, writeback, nfs_unstable) are also
>> +counted to the originally charged cgroup.
>> +
>> +Example: If page is allocated by a cgroup A task, then the page is charged to
>> +cgroup A.  If the page is later dirtied by a task in cgroup B, then the cgroup A
>> +dirty count will be incremented.  If cgroup A is over its dirty limit but cgroup
>> +B is not, then dirtying a cgroup A page from a cgroup B task may push cgroup A
>> +over its dirty limit without throttling the dirtying cgroup B task.
>> +
>>  6. Hierarchy support
>>  
>>  The memory controller supports a deep hierarchy and hierarchical accounting.
>> -- 
>> 1.7.1
>> 
> Can you clarify whether we can limit the "total" dirty pages under hierarchy
> in use_hierarchy==1 case ?
> If we can, I think it would be better to note it in this documentation.
>
>
> Thanks,
> Daisuke Nishimura.

Here is a second version of this -v3 doc patch:

Author: Greg Thelen <gthelen at google.com>
Date:   Sat Apr 10 15:34:28 2010 -0700

    memcg: document cgroup dirty memory interfaces
    
    Document cgroup dirty memory interfaces and statistics.
    
    Signed-off-by: Andrea Righi <arighi at develer.com>
    Signed-off-by: Greg Thelen <gthelen at google.com>

diff --git a/Documentation/cgroups/memory.txt b/Documentation/cgroups/memory.txt
index 7781857..8bf6d3b 100644
--- a/Documentation/cgroups/memory.txt
+++ b/Documentation/cgroups/memory.txt
@@ -385,6 +385,10 @@ mapped_file	- # of bytes of mapped file (includes tmpfs/shmem)
 pgpgin		- # of pages paged in (equivalent to # of charging events).
 pgpgout		- # of pages paged out (equivalent to # of uncharging events).
 swap		- # of bytes of swap usage
+dirty		- # of bytes that are waiting to get written back to the disk.
+writeback	- # of bytes that are actively being written back to the disk.
+nfs_unstable	- # of bytes sent to the NFS server, but not yet committed to
+		the actual storage.
 inactive_anon	- # of bytes of anonymous memory and swap cache memory on
 		LRU list.
 active_anon	- # of bytes of anonymous and swap cache memory on active
@@ -406,6 +410,9 @@ total_mapped_file	- sum of all children's "cache"
 total_pgpgin		- sum of all children's "pgpgin"
 total_pgpgout		- sum of all children's "pgpgout"
 total_swap		- sum of all children's "swap"
+total_dirty		- sum of all children's "dirty"
+total_writeback		- sum of all children's "writeback"
+total_nfs_unstable	- sum of all children's "nfs_unstable"
 total_inactive_anon	- sum of all children's "inactive_anon"
 total_active_anon	- sum of all children's "active_anon"
 total_inactive_file	- sum of all children's "inactive_file"
@@ -453,6 +460,71 @@ memory under it will be reclaimed.
 You can reset failcnt by writing 0 to failcnt file.
 # echo 0 > .../memory.failcnt
 
+5.5 dirty memory
+
+Control the maximum amount of dirty pages a cgroup can have at any given time.
+
+Limiting dirty memory is like fixing the max amount of dirty (hard to reclaim)
+page cache used by a cgroup.  So, in case of multiple cgroup writers, they will
+not be able to consume more than their designated share of dirty pages and will
+be forced to perform write-out if they cross that limit.
+
+The interface is equivalent to the procfs interface: /proc/sys/vm/dirty_*.  It
+is possible to configure a limit to trigger both a direct writeback or a
+background writeback performed by per-bdi flusher threads.  The root cgroup
+memory.dirty_* control files are read-only and match the contents of
+the /proc/sys/vm/dirty_* files.
+
+Per-cgroup dirty limits can be set using the following files in the cgroupfs:
+
+- memory.dirty_ratio: the amount of dirty memory (expressed as a percentage of
+  cgroup memory) at which a process generating dirty pages will itself start
+  writing out dirty data.
+
+- memory.dirty_limit_in_bytes: the amount of dirty memory (expressed in bytes)
+  in the cgroup at which a process generating dirty pages will start itself
+  writing out dirty data.  Suffix (k, K, m, M, g, or G) can be used to indicate
+  that value is kilo, mega or gigabytes.
+
+  Note: memory.dirty_limit_in_bytes is the counterpart of memory.dirty_ratio.
+  Only one of them may be specified at a time.  When one is written it is
+  immediately taken into account to evaluate the dirty memory limits and the
+  other appears as 0 when read.
+
+- memory.dirty_background_ratio: the amount of dirty memory of the cgroup
+  (expressed as a percentage of cgroup memory) at which background writeback
+  kernel threads will start writing out dirty data.
+
+- memory.dirty_background_limit_in_bytes: the amount of dirty memory (expressed
+  in bytes) in the cgroup at which background writeback kernel threads will
+  start writing out dirty data.  Suffix (k, K, m, M, g, or G) can be used to
+  indicate that value is kilo, mega or gigabytes.
+
+  Note: memory.dirty_background_limit_in_bytes is the counterpart of
+  memory.dirty_background_ratio.  Only one of them may be specified at a time.
+  When one is written it is immediately taken into account to evaluate the dirty
+  memory limits and the other appears as 0 when read.
+
+A cgroup may contain more dirty memory than its dirty limit.  This is possible
+because of the principle that the first cgroup to touch a page is charged for
+it.  Subsequent page counting events (dirty, writeback, nfs_unstable) are also
+counted to the originally charged cgroup.
+
+Example: If page is allocated by a cgroup A task, then the page is charged to
+cgroup A.  If the page is later dirtied by a task in cgroup B, then the cgroup A
+dirty count will be incremented.  If cgroup A is over its dirty limit but cgroup
+B is not, then dirtying a cgroup A page from a cgroup B task may push cgroup A
+over its dirty limit without throttling the dirtying cgroup B task.
+
+When use_hierarchy=0, each cgroup has independent dirty memory usage and limits.
+
+When use_hierarchy=1, a parent cgroup increasing its dirty memory usage will
+compare its total_dirty memory (which includes sum of all child cgroup dirty
+memory) to its dirty limits.  This keeps a parent from explicitly exceeding its
+dirty limits.  However, a child cgroup can increase its dirty usage without
+considering the parent's dirty limits.  Thus the parent's total_dirty can exceed
+the parent's dirty limits as a child dirties pages.
+
 6. Hierarchy support
 
 The memory controller supports a deep hierarchy and hierarchical accounting.
-- 
1.7.1


More information about the Containers mailing list