[RFC] per-containers tcp buffer limitation

Glauber Costa glommer at parallels.com
Wed Aug 24 15:54:47 PDT 2011


This is a proof of concept of some code I have here to limit tcp send 
and receive buffers per-container (in our case). At this phase, I am 
more concerned in discussing my approach, so please curse my family no 
further than the 3rd generation.

The problem we're trying to attack here, is that buffers can grow and 
fill non-reclaimable kernel memory. When doing containers, we can't 
afford having a malicious container pinning kernel memory at will, 
therefore exhausting all the others.

So here a container will be seen in the host system as a group of tasks, 
grouped in a cgroup. This cgroup will have files allowing us to specify 
global per-cgroup limits on buffers. For that purpose, I created a new 
sockets cgroup - didn't really think any other one of the existing would 
do here.

As for the network code per-se, I tried to keep the same code that deals 
with memory schedule as a basis and make it per-cgroup.
You will notice that struct proto now take function pointers to values 
controlling memory pressure and will return per-cgroup data instead of 
global ones. So the current behavior is maintained: after the first 
threshold is hit, we enter memory pressure. After that, allocations are 

Only tcp code was really touched here. udp had the pointers filled, but 
we're not really controlling anything. But the fact that this lives in 
generic code, makes it easier to do the same for other protocols in the 

For this patch specifically, I am not touching - just provisioning - 
rmem and wmem specific knobs. I should also #ifdef a lot of this, but 
hey, remember: rfc...

One drawback of this approach I found, is that cgroups does not really 
work well with modules. A lot of the network code is modularized, so 
this would have to be fixed somehow.

Let me know what you think.
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