[PATCH 1/1, v6] cgroup/freezer: add per freezer duty ratio control

Li Zefan lizf at cn.fujitsu.com
Tue Feb 8 19:07:59 PST 2011


jacob.jun.pan at linux.intel.com wrote:
> From: Jacob Pan <jacob.jun.pan at linux.intel.com>
> 
> Freezer subsystem is used to manage batch jobs which can start
> stop at the same time. However, sometime it is desirable to let
> the kernel manage the freezer state automatically with a given
> duty ratio.
> For example, if we want to reduce the time that backgroup apps
> are allowed to run we can put them into a freezer subsystem and
> set the kernel to turn them THAWED/FROZEN at given duty ratio.
> 
> This patch introduces two file nodes under cgroup
> freezer.duty_ratio_pct and freezer.period_sec
> 
> Usage example: set period to be 5 seconds and frozen duty ratio 90%
> [root at localhost aoa]# echo 90 > freezer.duty_ratio_pct
> [root at localhost aoa]# echo 5000 > freezer.period_ms
> 

So after:

# echo FROZEN > freezer.state
# echo 90 > freezer.duty_ratio_pct
# echo 5000 > freezer.period_ms
...
# echo 0 > freezer.duty_ratio_pct

All the tasks in this cgroup are in THAWED state, but the cgroup is
in FROZEN state. This should be fixed.

> Signed-off-by: Jacob Pan <jacob.jun.pan at linux.intel.com>
> ---
>  Documentation/cgroups/freezer-subsystem.txt |   23 +++++
>  kernel/cgroup_freezer.c                     |  132 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++-
>  2 files changed, 154 insertions(+), 1 deletions(-)
> 
> diff --git a/Documentation/cgroups/freezer-subsystem.txt b/Documentation/cgroups/freezer-subsystem.txt
> index 41f37fe..7f06f05 100644
> --- a/Documentation/cgroups/freezer-subsystem.txt
> +++ b/Documentation/cgroups/freezer-subsystem.txt
> @@ -100,3 +100,26 @@ things happens:
>  		and returns EINVAL)
>  	3) The tasks that blocked the cgroup from entering the "FROZEN"
>  		state disappear from the cgroup's set of tasks.
> +
> +In embedded systems, it is desirable to manage group of applications
> +for power saving. E.g. tasks that are not in the foreground may be
> +frozen unfrozen periodically to save power without affecting user
> +experience. In this case, user/management software can attach tasks
> +into freezer cgroup then specify duty ratio and period that the
> +managed tasks are allowed to run.
> +
> +Usage example:
> +Assuming freezer cgroup is already mounted, application being managed
> +are included the "tasks" file node of the given freezer cgroup.
> +To make the tasks frozen at 90% of the time every 5 seconds, do:
> +
> +[root at localhost ]# echo 90 > freezer.duty_ratio_pct
> +[root at localhost ]# echo 5000 > freezer.period_ms
> +
> +After that, the application in this freezer cgroup will only be
> +allowed to run at the following pattern.
> +     __                    __                    __
> +    |  |<-- 90% frozen -->|  |                  |  |
> +____|  |__________________|  |__________________|  |_____
> +
> +    |<---- 5 seconds ---->|
> diff --git a/kernel/cgroup_freezer.c b/kernel/cgroup_freezer.c
> index e7bebb7..5808f28 100644
> --- a/kernel/cgroup_freezer.c
> +++ b/kernel/cgroup_freezer.c
> @@ -21,6 +21,7 @@
>  #include <linux/uaccess.h>
>  #include <linux/freezer.h>
>  #include <linux/seq_file.h>
> +#include <linux/kthread.h>
>  
>  enum freezer_state {
>  	CGROUP_THAWED = 0,
> @@ -28,12 +29,28 @@ enum freezer_state {
>  	CGROUP_FROZEN,
>  };
>  
> +enum duty_ratio_params {
> +	FREEZER_DUTY_RATIO = 0,
> +	FREEZER_PERIOD,
> +};
> +
> +struct freezer_duty {
> +	u32 ratio; /* percentage of time frozen */
> +	u32 period_pct_ms; /* one percent of the period in miliseconds */
> +};
> +
>  struct freezer {
>  	struct cgroup_subsys_state css;
>  	enum freezer_state state;
> +	struct freezer_duty duty;
> +	struct task_struct *fkh;
>  	spinlock_t lock; /* protects _writes_ to state */
>  };
>  
> +static struct task_struct *freezer_task;
> +static int try_to_freeze_cgroup(struct cgroup *cgroup, struct freezer *freezer);
> +static void unfreeze_cgroup(struct cgroup *cgroup, struct freezer *freezer);
> +
>  static inline struct freezer *cgroup_freezer(
>  		struct cgroup *cgroup)
>  {
> @@ -63,6 +80,31 @@ int cgroup_freezing_or_frozen(struct task_struct *task)
>  	return result;
>  }
>  
> +static DECLARE_WAIT_QUEUE_HEAD(freezer_wait);
> +
> +static int freezer_kh(void *data)
> +{
> +	struct cgroup *cgroup = (struct cgroup *)data;
> +	struct freezer *freezer = cgroup_freezer(cgroup);
> +
> +	do {
> +		if (freezer->duty.ratio < 100 && freezer->duty.ratio > 0 &&
> +			freezer->duty.period_pct_ms) {
> +			if (try_to_freeze_cgroup(cgroup, freezer))
> +				pr_info("cannot freeze\n");
> +			msleep(freezer->duty.period_pct_ms *
> +				freezer->duty.ratio);
> +			unfreeze_cgroup(cgroup, freezer);
> +			msleep(freezer->duty.period_pct_ms *
> +				(100 - freezer->duty.ratio));
> +		} else {
> +			sleep_on(&freezer_wait);
> +			pr_debug("freezer thread wake up\n");
> +		}
> +	} while (!kthread_should_stop());
> +	return 0;
> +}
> +
>  /*
>   * cgroups_write_string() limits the size of freezer state strings to
>   * CGROUP_LOCAL_BUFFER_SIZE
> @@ -150,7 +192,12 @@ static struct cgroup_subsys_state *freezer_create(struct cgroup_subsys *ss,
>  static void freezer_destroy(struct cgroup_subsys *ss,
>  			    struct cgroup *cgroup)
>  {
> -	kfree(cgroup_freezer(cgroup));
> +	struct freezer *freezer;
> +
> +	freezer = cgroup_freezer(cgroup);
> +	if (freezer->fkh)
> +		kthread_stop(freezer->fkh);
> +	kfree(freezer);
>  }
>  
>  /*
> @@ -282,6 +329,16 @@ static int freezer_read(struct cgroup *cgroup, struct cftype *cft,
>  	return 0;
>  }
>  
> +static u64 freezer_read_duty_ratio(struct cgroup *cgroup, struct cftype *cft)
> +{
> +	return cgroup_freezer(cgroup)->duty.ratio;
> +}
> +
> +static u64 freezer_read_period(struct cgroup *cgroup, struct cftype *cft)
> +{
> +	return cgroup_freezer(cgroup)->duty.period_pct_ms * 100;
> +}
> +
>  static int try_to_freeze_cgroup(struct cgroup *cgroup, struct freezer *freezer)
>  {
>  	struct cgroup_iter it;
> @@ -368,12 +425,85 @@ static int freezer_write(struct cgroup *cgroup,
>  	return retval;
>  }
>  
> +#define FREEZER_KH_PREFIX  "freezer_"
> +static int freezer_write_param(struct cgroup *cgroup, struct cftype *cft,
> +		u64 val)
> +{
> +	struct freezer *freezer;
> +	char thread_name[32];
> +	int ret = 0;
> +
> +	freezer = cgroup_freezer(cgroup);
> +
> +	if (!cgroup_lock_live_group(cgroup))
> +		return -ENODEV;
> +
> +	switch (cft->private) {
> +	case FREEZER_DUTY_RATIO:
> +		if (val >= 100 || val < 0) {

val will never < 0.

> +			ret = -EINVAL;
> +			goto exit;
> +		}
> +		freezer->duty.ratio = val;
> +		break;
> +	case FREEZER_PERIOD:
> +		if (val)
> +			do_div(val, 100);

Is 0 an invalid value for do_div()?

> +			freezer->duty.period_pct_ms = val;
> +		break;
> +	default:
> +		BUG();
> +	}
> +
> +	/* start/stop management kthread as needed, the rule is that
> +	 * if both duty ratio and period values are zero, then no management
> +	 * kthread is created. when both are non-zero, we create a kthread
> +	 * for the cgroup. When user set zero to duty ratio and period again
> +	 * the kthread is stopped.
> +	 */
> +	if (freezer->duty.ratio && freezer->duty.period_pct_ms) {
> +		if (!freezer->fkh) {
> +			snprintf(thread_name, 32, "%s%s", FREEZER_KH_PREFIX,
> +				cgroup->dentry->d_name.name);
> +			freezer->fkh = kthread_run(freezer_kh, (void *)cgroup,
> +						thread_name);
> +			if (IS_ERR(freezer_task)) {

You mean IS_ERR(freezer->fkh)?

> +				pr_err("create %s failed\n", thread_name);
> +				ret = PTR_ERR(freezer_task);
> +				goto exit;
> +			}
> +		} else
> +			wake_up(&freezer_wait);
> +	} else if ((!freezer->duty.ratio || !freezer->duty.period_pct_ms) &&
> +		freezer->fkh) {
> +			kthread_stop(freezer->fkh);
> +			freezer->fkh = NULL;
> +	}
> +
> +exit:
> +	cgroup_unlock();
> +	return ret;
> +}
> +
>  static struct cftype files[] = {
>  	{
>  		.name = "state",
>  		.read_seq_string = freezer_read,
>  		.write_string = freezer_write,
>  	},
> +	{
> +		.name = "duty_ratio_pct",
> +		.private = FREEZER_DUTY_RATIO,
> +		.read_u64 = freezer_read_duty_ratio,
> +		.write_u64 = freezer_write_param,
> +	},
> +	{
> +		.name = "period_ms",
> +		.private = FREEZER_PERIOD,
> +		.read_u64 = freezer_read_period,
> +		.write_u64 = freezer_write_param,
> +	},
> +
>  };
>  
>  static int freezer_populate(struct cgroup_subsys *ss, struct cgroup *cgroup)


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