[PATCH, v6 3/3] cgroups: introduce timer slack controller

Matt Helsley matthltc at us.ibm.com
Mon Feb 14 05:59:26 PST 2011


On Mon, Feb 14, 2011 at 03:06:27PM +0200, Kirill A. Shutsemov wrote:
> From: Kirill A. Shutemov <kirill at shutemov.name>
> 
> Every task_struct has timer_slack_ns value. This value uses to round up
> poll() and select() timeout values. This feature can be useful in
> mobile environment where combined wakeups are desired.
> 
> cgroup subsys "timer_slack" implement timer slack controller. It
> provides a way to group tasks by timer slack value and manage the
> value of group's tasks.
> 
> Idea-by: Jacob Pan <jacob.jun.pan at linux.intel.com>
> Signed-off-by: Kirill A. Shutemov <kirill at shutemov.name>
> ---
>  Documentation/cgroups/timer_slack.txt |   93 +++++++++++
>  include/linux/cgroup_subsys.h         |    6 +
>  init/Kconfig                          |   10 ++
>  kernel/Makefile                       |    1 +
>  kernel/cgroup_timer_slack.c           |  285 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
>  5 files changed, 395 insertions(+), 0 deletions(-)
>  create mode 100644 Documentation/cgroups/timer_slack.txt
>  create mode 100644 kernel/cgroup_timer_slack.c
> 
> diff --git a/Documentation/cgroups/timer_slack.txt b/Documentation/cgroups/timer_slack.txt
> new file mode 100644
> index 0000000..e7ec2f3
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/Documentation/cgroups/timer_slack.txt
> @@ -0,0 +1,93 @@
> +Timer Slack Controller
> +=====================
> +
> +Overview
> +--------
> +
> +Every task_struct has timer_slack_ns value. This value uses to round up
> +poll() and select() timeout values. This feature can be useful in
> +mobile environment where combined wakeups are desired.
> +
> +cgroup subsys "timer_slack" implement timer slack controller. It
> +provides a way to group tasks by timer slack value and manage the
> +value of group's tasks.
> +
> +
> +User interface
> +--------------
> +
> +To get timer slack controller functionality you need to enable it in
> +kernel configuration:
> +
> +CONFIG_CGROUP_TIMER_SLACK=y
> +
> +or if you want to compile it as module:
> +
> +CONFIG_CGROUP_TIMER_SLACK=m
> +
> +The controller provides three files in cgroup directory:
> +
> +# mount -t cgroup -o timer_slack none /sys/fs/cgroup
> +# ls /sys/fs/cgroup/timer_slack.*
> +/sys/fs/cgroup/timer_slack.max_slack_ns
> +/sys/fs/cgroup/timer_slack.min_slack_ns
> +/sys/fs/cgroup/timer_slack.set_slack_ns
> +
> +timer_slack.min_slack_ns and timer_slack.set_slack_ns specify allowed
> +range of timer slack for tasks in cgroup. By default it unlimited:
> +
> +# cat /sys/fs/cgroup/timer_slack.min_slack_ns
> +0
> +# cat /sys/fs/cgroup/timer_slack.max_slack_ns
> +4294967295
> +
> +You can specify limits you want:
> +
> +# echo 50000 > /sys/fs/cgroup/timer_slack.min_slack_ns
> +# echo 1000000 > /sys/fs/cgroup/timer_slack.max_slack_ns
> +# cat /sys/fs/cgroup/timer_slack.{min,max}_slack_ns
> +50000
> +1000000
> +
> +Timer slack value of all tasks of the cgroup will be adjusted to fit
> +min-max range.
> +
> +If a task will try to call prctl() to change timer slack value out of
> +the range it get -EPERM.
> +
> +You can change timer slack value of all tasks of the cgroup at once:
> +
> +# echo 70000 > /sys/fs/cgroup/timer_slack.set_slack_ns
> +
> +Timer slack controller supports hierarchical groups. The only rule:
> +parent's limit range should be wider or equal to child's. Sibling
> +cgroups can have overlapping min-max range.
> +
> +		(root: 50000 - 1000000)
> +		 /		     \
> +	(a: 50000 - 50000)	(b: 500000 - 1000000)
> +				 /		   \
> +			(c: 500000 - 900000) (d: 700000 - 800000)
> +
> +# mkdir /sys/fs/cgroup/a
> +# echo 50000 > /sys/fs/cgroup/a/timer_slack.max_slack_ns
> +# cat /sys/fs/cgroup/a/timer_slack.{min,max}_slack_ns
> +50000
> +50000
> +# mkdir /sys/fs/cgroup/b
> +# echo 500000 > /sys/fs/cgroup/b/timer_slack.min_slack_ns
> +# cat /sys/fs/cgroup/b/timer_slack.{min,max}_slack_ns
> +500000
> +1000000
> +# mkdir /sys/fs/cgroup/b/c
> +# echo 900000 > /sys/fs/cgroup/b/c/timer_slack.max_slack_ns
> +# cat /sys/fs/cgroup/b/c/timer_slack.{min,max}_slack_ns
> +500000
> +900000
> +# mkdir /sys/fs/cgroup/b/d
> +# echo 700000 > /sys/fs/cgroup/b/d/timer_slack.min_slack_ns
> +# echo 800000 > /sys/fs/cgroup/b/d/timer_slack.max_slack_ns
> +# cat /sys/fs/cgroup/b/d/timer_slack.{min,max}_slack_ns
> +700000
> +800000
> +
> diff --git a/include/linux/cgroup_subsys.h b/include/linux/cgroup_subsys.h
> index ccefff0..e399228 100644
> --- a/include/linux/cgroup_subsys.h
> +++ b/include/linux/cgroup_subsys.h
> @@ -66,3 +66,9 @@ SUBSYS(blkio)
>  #endif
> 
>  /* */
> +
> +#ifdef CONFIG_CGROUP_TIMER_SLACK
> +SUBSYS(timer_slack)
> +#endif
> +
> +/* */
> diff --git a/init/Kconfig b/init/Kconfig
> index be788c0..bb54ae9 100644
> --- a/init/Kconfig
> +++ b/init/Kconfig
> @@ -596,6 +596,16 @@ config CGROUP_FREEZER
>  	  Provides a way to freeze and unfreeze all tasks in a
>  	  cgroup.
> 
> +config CGROUP_TIMER_SLACK
> +	tristate "Timer slack cgroup controller"
> +	help
> +	  Provides a way of tasks grouping by timer slack value.
> +	  Every timer slack cgroup has min and max slack value. Task's
> +	  timer slack value will be adjusted to fit min-max range once
> +	  the task attached to the cgroup.
> +	  It's useful in mobile devices where certain background apps
> +	  are attached to a cgroup and combined wakeups are desired.
> +
>  config CGROUP_DEVICE
>  	bool "Device controller for cgroups"
>  	help
> diff --git a/kernel/Makefile b/kernel/Makefile
> index aa43e63..0e660c5 100644
> --- a/kernel/Makefile
> +++ b/kernel/Makefile
> @@ -61,6 +61,7 @@ obj-$(CONFIG_BACKTRACE_SELF_TEST) += backtracetest.o
>  obj-$(CONFIG_COMPAT) += compat.o
>  obj-$(CONFIG_CGROUPS) += cgroup.o
>  obj-$(CONFIG_CGROUP_FREEZER) += cgroup_freezer.o
> +obj-$(CONFIG_CGROUP_TIMER_SLACK) += cgroup_timer_slack.o
>  obj-$(CONFIG_CPUSETS) += cpuset.o
>  obj-$(CONFIG_CGROUP_NS) += ns_cgroup.o
>  obj-$(CONFIG_UTS_NS) += utsname.o
> diff --git a/kernel/cgroup_timer_slack.c b/kernel/cgroup_timer_slack.c
> new file mode 100644
> index 0000000..ec63700
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/kernel/cgroup_timer_slack.c
> @@ -0,0 +1,285 @@
> +/*
> + * cgroup_timer_slack.c - control group timer slack subsystem
> + *
> + * Copyright Nokia Corparation, 2011
> + * Author: Kirill A. Shutemov
> + *
> + * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
> + * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
> + * the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
> + * (at your option) any later version.
> + *
> + * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
> + * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
> + * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
> + * GNU General Public License for more details.
> + */
> +#include <linux/cgroup.h>
> +#include <linux/init_task.h>
> +#include <linux/module.h>
> +#include <linux/slab.h>
> +#include <linux/rcupdate.h>
> +
> +struct cgroup_subsys timer_slack_subsys;
> +struct timer_slack_cgroup {
> +	struct cgroup_subsys_state css;
> +	unsigned long min_slack_ns;
> +	unsigned long max_slack_ns;
> +};
> +
> +enum {
> +	TIMER_SLACK_MIN,
> +	TIMER_SLACK_MAX,
> +};
> +
> +static struct timer_slack_cgroup *cgroup_to_tslack_cgroup(struct cgroup *cgroup)
> +{
> +	struct cgroup_subsys_state *css;
> +
> +	css = cgroup_subsys_state(cgroup, timer_slack_subsys.subsys_id);
> +	return container_of(css, struct timer_slack_cgroup, css);
> +}
> +
> +static int is_timer_slack_allowed(struct timer_slack_cgroup *tslack_cgroup,
> +		unsigned long slack_ns)
> +{
> +	if (slack_ns < tslack_cgroup->min_slack_ns ||
> +			slack_ns > tslack_cgroup->max_slack_ns)
> +		return false;
> +	return true;
> +}
> +
> +static int cgroup_timer_slack_check(struct notifier_block *nb,
> +		unsigned long slack_ns, void *data)
> +{
> +	struct cgroup_subsys_state *css;
> +	struct timer_slack_cgroup *tslack_cgroup;
> +
> +	/* XXX: lockdep false positive? */
> +	rcu_read_lock();
> +	css = task_subsys_state(current, timer_slack_subsys.subsys_id);
> +	tslack_cgroup = container_of(css, struct timer_slack_cgroup, css);
> +	rcu_read_unlock();
> +
> +	if (!is_timer_slack_allowed(tslack_cgroup, slack_ns))

I think this test -- or at least accesses to the cgroup's min/max values
-- needs to be in the rcu_read_lock() else there is a race between the
notifier call from the context of the task calling prctl() and the context
of the task writing to the cgroup's (min|max)_slack_ns files.

> +		return notifier_from_errno(-EPERM);
> +	return NOTIFY_OK;
> +}
> +
> +static struct notifier_block cgroup_timer_slack_nb = {
> +	.notifier_call = cgroup_timer_slack_check,
> +};
> +
> +static struct cgroup_subsys_state *
> +tslack_cgroup_create(struct cgroup_subsys *subsys, struct cgroup *cgroup)
> +{
> +	struct timer_slack_cgroup *tslack_cgroup;
> +
> +	tslack_cgroup = kmalloc(sizeof(*tslack_cgroup), GFP_KERNEL);
> +	if (!tslack_cgroup)
> +		return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);
> +
> +	if (cgroup->parent) {
> +		struct timer_slack_cgroup *parent;
> +		parent = cgroup_to_tslack_cgroup(cgroup->parent);
> +		tslack_cgroup->min_slack_ns = parent->min_slack_ns;
> +		tslack_cgroup->max_slack_ns = parent->max_slack_ns;
> +	} else {
> +		tslack_cgroup->min_slack_ns = 0UL;
> +		tslack_cgroup->max_slack_ns = ULONG_MAX;
> +	}
> +
> +	return &tslack_cgroup->css;
> +}
> +
> +static void tslack_cgroup_destroy(struct cgroup_subsys *subsys,
> +		struct cgroup *cgroup)
> +{
> +	kfree(cgroup_to_tslack_cgroup(cgroup));
> +}
> +
> +/*
> + * Adjust ->timer_slack_ns and ->default_max_slack_ns of the task to fit
> + * limits of the cgroup.
> + */
> +static void tslack_adjust_task(struct timer_slack_cgroup *tslack_cgroup,
> +		struct task_struct *tsk)
> +{
> +	if (tslack_cgroup->min_slack_ns > tsk->timer_slack_ns)
> +		tsk->timer_slack_ns = tslack_cgroup->min_slack_ns;
> +	else if (tslack_cgroup->max_slack_ns < tsk->timer_slack_ns)
> +		tsk->timer_slack_ns = tslack_cgroup->max_slack_ns;

It occured to me there's a macro for this in include/linux/kernel.h:

tsk->timer_slack_ns = clamp(tsk->timer_slack_ns,
				tslack_cgroup->min_slack_ns,
				tslack_cgroup->max_slack_ns);

> +
> +	if (tslack_cgroup->min_slack_ns > tsk->default_timer_slack_ns)
> +		tsk->default_timer_slack_ns = tslack_cgroup->min_slack_ns;
> +	else if (tslack_cgroup->max_slack_ns < tsk->default_timer_slack_ns)
> +		tsk->default_timer_slack_ns = tslack_cgroup->max_slack_ns;

tsk->default_timer_slack_ns = clamp(tsk->default_timer_slack_ns,
					tslack_cgroup->min_slack_ns,
					tslack_cgroup->max_slack_ns);

> +}
> +
> +static void tslack_cgroup_attach(struct cgroup_subsys *subsys,
> +		struct cgroup *cgroup, struct cgroup *prev,
> +		struct task_struct *tsk, bool threadgroup)
> +{
> +	tslack_adjust_task(cgroup_to_tslack_cgroup(cgroup), tsk);
> +}
> +
> +static int tslack_write_set_slack_ns(struct cgroup *cgroup, struct cftype *cft,
> +		u64 val)
> +{
> +	struct timer_slack_cgroup *tslack_cgroup;
> +	struct cgroup_iter it;
> +	struct task_struct *task;
> +
> +	tslack_cgroup = cgroup_to_tslack_cgroup(cgroup);
> +	if (!is_timer_slack_allowed(cgroup_to_tslack_cgroup(cgroup), val))
> +		return -EPERM;
> +
> +	/* Change timer slack value for all tasks in the cgroup */
> +	cgroup_iter_start(cgroup, &it);
> +	while ((task = cgroup_iter_next(cgroup, &it)))
> +		task->timer_slack_ns = val;
> +	cgroup_iter_end(cgroup, &it);
> +
> +	return 0;
> +}
> +
> +static u64 tslack_read_range(struct cgroup *cgroup, struct cftype *cft)
> +{
> +	struct timer_slack_cgroup *tslack_cgroup;
> +
> +	tslack_cgroup = cgroup_to_tslack_cgroup(cgroup);
> +	switch (cft->private) {
> +	case TIMER_SLACK_MIN:
> +		return tslack_cgroup->min_slack_ns;
> +	case TIMER_SLACK_MAX:
> +		return tslack_cgroup->max_slack_ns;
> +	default:
> +		BUG();
> +	}
> +}
> +
> +static int validate_change(struct cgroup *cgroup, u64 val, int type)
> +{
> +	struct timer_slack_cgroup *tslack_cgroup, *child;
> +	struct cgroup *cur;
> +
> +	BUG_ON(type != TIMER_SLACK_MIN && type != TIMER_SLACK_MAX);
> +
> +	if (val > ULONG_MAX)
> +		return -EINVAL;
> +
> +	if (cgroup->parent) {
> +		struct timer_slack_cgroup *parent;
> +		parent = cgroup_to_tslack_cgroup(cgroup->parent);
> +		if (!is_timer_slack_allowed(parent, val))
> +			return -EPERM;
> +	}
> +
> +	tslack_cgroup = cgroup_to_tslack_cgroup(cgroup);
> +	if (type == TIMER_SLACK_MIN && val > tslack_cgroup->max_slack_ns)
> +		return -EINVAL;
> +	if (type == TIMER_SLACK_MAX && val < tslack_cgroup->min_slack_ns)
> +		return -EINVAL;
> +
> +	list_for_each_entry(cur, &cgroup->children, sibling) {
> +		child = cgroup_to_tslack_cgroup(cur);
> +		if (type == TIMER_SLACK_MIN && val > child->min_slack_ns)
> +			return -EBUSY;
> +		if (type == TIMER_SLACK_MAX && val < child->max_slack_ns)
> +			return -EBUSY;
> +	}

This doesn't look right. Child cgroups should not constrain their
parents. Instead you should allow the change and propagate the
constraint to the children.

One thing that might make reviewing such changes to these patches easier
would be to split out the arbitrary-depth hierarchy support into a
follow-on patch. You can do it like blkio does in the _create() function:

        /* Currently we do not support hierarchy deeper than two level */
        if (parent != cgroup->top_cgroup)
                return ERR_PTR(-EPERM);

> +
> +	return 0;
> +}
> +
> +static int tslack_write_range(struct cgroup *cgroup, struct cftype *cft,
> +		u64 val)
> +{
> +	struct timer_slack_cgroup *tslack_cgroup;
> +	struct cgroup_iter it;
> +	struct task_struct *task;
> +	int err;
> +
> +	err = validate_change(cgroup, val, cft->private);
> +	if (err)
> +		return err;
> +
> +	tslack_cgroup = cgroup_to_tslack_cgroup(cgroup);
> +	if (cft->private == TIMER_SLACK_MIN)
> +		tslack_cgroup->min_slack_ns = val;
> +	else
> +		tslack_cgroup->max_slack_ns = val;
> +
> +	/*
> +	 * Adjust timer slack value for all tasks in the cgroup to fit
> +	 * min-max range.
> +	 */
> +	cgroup_iter_start(cgroup, &it);
> +	while ((task = cgroup_iter_next(cgroup, &it)))
> +		tslack_adjust_task(tslack_cgroup, task);
> +	cgroup_iter_end(cgroup, &it);

So, you should "adjust" child cgroups too rather than return -EBUSY from
validate_change().

> +
> +	return 0;
> +}
> +
> +static struct cftype files[] = {
> +	{
> +		.name = "set_slack_ns",
> +		.write_u64 = tslack_write_set_slack_ns,
> +	},
> +	{
> +		.name = "min_slack_ns",
> +		.private = TIMER_SLACK_MIN,
> +		.read_u64 = tslack_read_range,
> +		.write_u64 = tslack_write_range,
> +	},
> +	{
> +		.name = "max_slack_ns",
> +		.private = TIMER_SLACK_MAX,
> +		.read_u64 = tslack_read_range,
> +		.write_u64 = tslack_write_range,
> +	},

I didn't get a reply on how a max_slack_ns is useful. It seems
prudent to add as little interface as possible and only when
we clearly see the utility of it.

Cheers,
	-Matt Helsley


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