[RFC PATCH net-next v2 0/5] netns: allow to identify peer netns

Nicolas Dichtel nicolas.dichtel at 6wind.com
Tue Sep 23 13:20:25 UTC 2014

The goal of this serie is to be able to multicast netlink messages with an
attribute that identify a peer netns.
This is needed by the userland to interpret some informations contained in
netlink messages (like IFLA_LINK value, but also some other attributes in case
of x-netns netdevice (see also
http://thread.gmane.org/gmane.linux.network/315933/focus=316064 and

Ids are stored in the parent user namespace. These ids are valid only inside
this user namespace. The user can retrieve these ids via a new netlink messages,
but only if peer netns are in the same user namespace.

Patch 1/5 and 2/5 introduce the netlink API mechanism to exports these ids to
the userland.
Patch 3/5 and 4/5 shows an example of how to use these ids in rtnetlink
messages. And patch 5/5 shows that the netlink messages can be symetric between
a GET and a SET.

iproute2 patches are available, I can send them on demand.

Here is a small screenshot to show how it can be used by userland:
$ ip netns add foo
$ ip netns del foo
$ ip netns
$ touch /var/run/netns/init_net
$ mount --bind /proc/1/ns/net /var/run/netns/init_net
$ ip netns add foo
$ ip netns
foo (id: 3)
init_net (id: 1)
$ ip netns exec foo ip netns
foo (id: 3)
init_net (id: 1)
$ ip netns exec foo ip link add ipip1 link-netnsid 1 type ipip remote local
$ ip netns exec foo ip l ls ipip1
6: ipip1 at NONE: <POINTOPOINT,NOARP> mtu 1480 qdisc noop state DOWN mode DEFAULT group default 
    link/ipip peer link-netnsid 1

The parameter link-netnsid shows us where the interface sends and receives
packets (and thus we know where encapsulated addresses are set).

RFCv1 -> RFCv2:
  remove useless ()
  ids are now stored in the user ns. It's possible to get an id for a peer netns
  only if the current netns and the peer netns have the same user ns parent.

 MAINTAINERS                    |   1 +
 include/linux/user_namespace.h |   4 ++
 include/net/ip_tunnels.h       |   1 +
 include/net/net_namespace.h    |  12 +++++
 include/net/rtnetlink.h        |   2 +
 include/uapi/linux/Kbuild      |   1 +
 include/uapi/linux/if_link.h   |   1 +
 include/uapi/linux/netns.h     |  29 ++++++++++
 kernel/user_namespace.c        |   6 +++
 net/core/net_namespace.c       | 119 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-
 net/core/rtnetlink.c           |  47 ++++++++++++++--
 net/ipv4/ip_gre.c              |   2 +
 net/ipv4/ip_tunnel.c           |   8 +++
 net/ipv4/ip_vti.c              |   1 +
 net/ipv4/ipip.c                |   1 +
 net/ipv6/sit.c                 |   1 +
 net/netlink/genetlink.c        |   4 ++
 17 files changed, 236 insertions(+), 4 deletions(-)

Comments are welcome.


More information about the Containers mailing list