[PATCH review 0/6] Bind mount escape fixes
Eric W. Biederman
ebiederm at xmission.com
Mon Aug 3 21:25:18 UTC 2015
It is possible in some situations to rename a file or directory through
one mount point such that it can start out inside of a bind mount and
after the rename wind up outside of the bind mount. Unfortunately with
user namespaces these conditions can be trivially created by creating a
bind mount under an existing bind mount.
I have identified four situations in which this may be a problem.
- __d_path and d_absolute_path need to error on disconnected paths
that can not reach some root directory or lsm path based security
checks can incorrectly succeed.
- Normal path name resolution following .. can lead to a directory
that is outside of the original loopback mount.
- file handle reconsititution aka exportfs_decode_fh can yield a dentry
from which d_parent can be followed up to mnt->sb->s_root, but
d_parent can not be followed up to mnt->mnt_root.
- Mounts on a path that has been renamed outside of a loopback mount
become unreachable, as there is no possible path that can be passed
to umount to unmount them.
o File handle reconsitituion problems can be prevented by enabling
the nfsd subtree checks for nfs exports, and open_by_handle_at
requires capable(CAP_DAC_READ_SEARCH) so is only usable by the global
root. This makes any problems difficult if not impossible to exploit
in practice so I have not yet written code to address that issue.
o The functions __d_path and d_absolute_path are agumented so that the
security modules will not be fed a problematic path to work with.
o Following of .. has been agumented to test that after d_parent has
been resolved the original directory is connected, and if not
an error of -ENOENT is returned.
o I do not worry about mounts that are disconnected from their bind
mount as these mounts can always be freed by either umount -l on
the bind mount they have escaped from, or by freeing the mount
namespace. So I do not believe there is an actual problem.
That name resolution is a common fast path and most of the code in this
patchset is to support keeping following .. from becoming quadratic as
far as is humanly possible.
For the implementation I went back to the drawing board and carefully
read through the affected code, so I could be certain I knew what was
going on, and this wound of with some very significant implementation
changes from a correctness point of view.
On each mount I keep an escape count which is almost but not quite a
seqcount that is bumped each time a directory escapes a mount point.
This allows marking the mounts that do have directories escape and
allows caching of when a path has been verified to have no escapes, so
in the common case even a mount that has had a directory escape will see
only a single call to d_ancestor during path name resolution the first
time .. is encountered.
I have not benchmarked the code but I don't see any reason to expect
anything except for rename will see a performance impact, and then only
in cases with where a rename potentially affects allows a directory to
escape lots of mounts.
Do I have something that is good enough this time, or am I blind and
These changes are all against v4.2-rc4.
For those who like to see everything in a single tree the code is at:
Eric W. Biederman (6):
mnt: Track which mounts use a dentry as root.
dcache: Handle escaped paths in prepend_path
dcache: Implement d_common_ancestor
mnt: Track when a directory escapes a bind mount
vfs: Test for and handle paths that are unreachable from their mnt_root
vfs: Cache the results of path_connected
fs/dcache.c | 90 ++++++++++++++++--
fs/mount.h | 25 +++++
fs/namei.c | 59 +++++++++++-
fs/namespace.c | 243 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-
include/linux/dcache.h | 8 ++
5 files changed, 409 insertions(+), 16 deletions(-)
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