[REVIEW][PATCH] ucount: Remove the atomicity from ucount->count

Eric W. Biederman ebiederm at xmission.com
Sun Mar 5 21:41:06 UTC 2017


Always increment/decrement ucount->count under the ucounts_lock.  The
increments are there already and moving the decrements there means the
locking logic of the code is simpler.  This simplification in the
locking logic fixes a race between put_ucounts and get_ucounts that
could result in a use-after-free because the count could go zero then
be found by get_ucounts and then be freed by put_ucounts.

A bug presumably this one was found by a combination of syzkaller and
KASAN.  JongWhan Kim reported the syzkaller failure and Dmitry Vyukov
spotted the race in the code.

Reported-by: JongHwan Kim <zzoru007 at gmail.com>
Reported-by: Dmitry Vyukov <dvyukov at google.com>
Signed-off-by: "Eric W. Biederman" <ebiederm at xmission.com>
---
 include/linux/user_namespace.h |  2 +-
 kernel/ucount.c                | 18 +++++++++++-------
 2 files changed, 12 insertions(+), 8 deletions(-)

diff --git a/include/linux/user_namespace.h b/include/linux/user_namespace.h
index 363e0e8082a9..61071b6d2d12 100644
--- a/include/linux/user_namespace.h
+++ b/include/linux/user_namespace.h
@@ -69,7 +69,7 @@ struct ucounts {
 	struct hlist_node node;
 	struct user_namespace *ns;
 	kuid_t uid;
-	atomic_t count;
+	int count;
 	atomic_t ucount[UCOUNT_COUNTS];
 };
 
diff --git a/kernel/ucount.c b/kernel/ucount.c
index 68716403b261..73696faa80dd 100644
--- a/kernel/ucount.c
+++ b/kernel/ucount.c
@@ -143,7 +143,7 @@ static struct ucounts *get_ucounts(struct user_namespace *ns, kuid_t uid)
 
 		new->ns = ns;
 		new->uid = uid;
-		atomic_set(&new->count, 0);
+		new->count = 0;
 
 		spin_lock_irq(&ucounts_lock);
 		ucounts = find_ucounts(ns, uid, hashent);
@@ -154,8 +154,10 @@ static struct ucounts *get_ucounts(struct user_namespace *ns, kuid_t uid)
 			ucounts = new;
 		}
 	}
-	if (!atomic_add_unless(&ucounts->count, 1, INT_MAX))
+	if (ucounts->count == INT_MAX)
 		ucounts = NULL;
+	else
+		ucounts->count += 1;
 	spin_unlock_irq(&ucounts_lock);
 	return ucounts;
 }
@@ -164,13 +166,15 @@ static void put_ucounts(struct ucounts *ucounts)
 {
 	unsigned long flags;
 
-	if (atomic_dec_and_test(&ucounts->count)) {
-		spin_lock_irqsave(&ucounts_lock, flags);
+	spin_lock_irqsave(&ucounts_lock, flags);
+	ucounts->count -= 1;
+	if (!ucounts->count)
 		hlist_del_init(&ucounts->node);
-		spin_unlock_irqrestore(&ucounts_lock, flags);
+	else
+		ucounts = NULL;
+	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&ucounts_lock, flags);
 
-		kfree(ucounts);
-	}
+	kfree(ucounts);
 }
 
 static inline bool atomic_inc_below(atomic_t *v, int u)
-- 
2.10.1



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