[PATCH v2 1/4] seccomp: add a return code to trap to userspace

Christian Brauner christian at brauner.io
Fri May 18 14:04:16 UTC 2018


On Thu, May 17, 2018 at 09:12:15AM -0600, Tycho Andersen wrote:
> This patch introduces a means for syscalls matched in seccomp to notify
> some other task that a particular filter has been triggered.
> 
> The motivation for this is primarily for use with containers. For example,
> if a container does an init_module(), we obviously don't want to load this
> untrusted code, which may be compiled for the wrong version of the kernel
> anyway. Instead, we could parse the module image, figure out which module
> the container is trying to load and load it on the host.
> 
> As another example, containers cannot mknod(), since this checks
> capable(CAP_SYS_ADMIN). However, harmless devices like /dev/null or
> /dev/zero should be ok for containers to mknod, but we'd like to avoid hard
> coding some whitelist in the kernel. Another example is mount(), which has
> many security restrictions for good reason, but configuration or runtime
> knowledge could potentially be used to relax these restrictions.
> 
> This patch adds functionality that is already possible via at least two
> other means that I know about, both of which involve ptrace(): first, one
> could ptrace attach, and then iterate through syscalls via PTRACE_SYSCALL.
> Unfortunately this is slow, so a faster version would be to install a
> filter that does SECCOMP_RET_TRACE, which triggers a PTRACE_EVENT_SECCOMP.
> Since ptrace allows only one tracer, if the container runtime is that
> tracer, users inside the container (or outside) trying to debug it will not
> be able to use ptrace, which is annoying. It also means that older
> distributions based on Upstart cannot boot inside containers using ptrace,
> since upstart itself uses ptrace to start services.
> 
> The actual implementation of this is fairly small, although getting the
> synchronization right was/is slightly complex.
> 
> Finally, it's worth noting that the classic seccomp TOCTOU of reading
> memory data from the task still applies here, but can be avoided with
> careful design of the userspace handler: if the userspace handler reads all
> of the task memory that is necessary before applying its security policy,
> the tracee's subsequent memory edits will not be read by the tracer.
> 
> v2: * make id a u64; the idea here being that it will never overflow,
>       because 64 is huge (one syscall every nanosecond => wrap every 584
>       years)
>     * prevent nesting of user notifications: if someone is already attached
>       the tree in one place, nobody else can attach to the tree
>     * notify the listener of signals the tracee receives as well
>     * implement poll
> 
> Signed-off-by: Tycho Andersen <tycho at tycho.ws>
> CC: Kees Cook <keescook at chromium.org>
> CC: Andy Lutomirski <luto at amacapital.net>
> CC: Oleg Nesterov <oleg at redhat.com>
> CC: Eric W. Biederman <ebiederm at xmission.com>
> CC: "Serge E. Hallyn" <serge at hallyn.com>
> CC: Christian Brauner <christian.brauner at ubuntu.com>
> CC: Tyler Hicks <tyhicks at canonical.com>
> CC: Akihiro Suda <suda.akihiro at lab.ntt.co.jp>
> ---
>  arch/Kconfig                                  |   7 +
>  include/linux/seccomp.h                       |   3 +-
>  include/uapi/linux/seccomp.h                  |  18 +-
>  kernel/seccomp.c                              | 402 +++++++++++++++++-
>  tools/testing/selftests/seccomp/seccomp_bpf.c | 181 +++++++-
>  5 files changed, 605 insertions(+), 6 deletions(-)
> 
> diff --git a/arch/Kconfig b/arch/Kconfig
> index 8e0d665c8d53..dd99eef3e049 100644
> --- a/arch/Kconfig
> +++ b/arch/Kconfig
> @@ -401,6 +401,13 @@ config SECCOMP_FILTER
>  
>  	  See Documentation/prctl/seccomp_filter.txt for details.
>  
> +config SECCOMP_USER_NOTIFICATION
> +	bool "Enable the SECCOMP_RET_USER_NOTIF seccomp action"
> +	depends on SECCOMP_FILTER
> +	help
> +	  Enable SECCOMP_RET_USER_NOTIF, a return code which can be used by seccomp
> +	  programs to notify a userspace listener that a particular event happened.
> +
>  config HAVE_GCC_PLUGINS
>  	bool
>  	help
> diff --git a/include/linux/seccomp.h b/include/linux/seccomp.h
> index c723a5c4e3ff..0fd3e0676a1c 100644
> --- a/include/linux/seccomp.h
> +++ b/include/linux/seccomp.h
> @@ -5,7 +5,8 @@
>  #include <uapi/linux/seccomp.h>
>  
>  #define SECCOMP_FILTER_FLAG_MASK	(SECCOMP_FILTER_FLAG_TSYNC | \
> -					 SECCOMP_FILTER_FLAG_LOG)
> +					 SECCOMP_FILTER_FLAG_LOG | \
> +					 SECCOMP_FILTER_FLAG_GET_LISTENER)
>  
>  #ifdef CONFIG_SECCOMP
>  
> diff --git a/include/uapi/linux/seccomp.h b/include/uapi/linux/seccomp.h
> index 2a0bd9dd104d..8160e6cad528 100644
> --- a/include/uapi/linux/seccomp.h
> +++ b/include/uapi/linux/seccomp.h
> @@ -17,8 +17,9 @@
>  #define SECCOMP_GET_ACTION_AVAIL	2
>  
>  /* Valid flags for SECCOMP_SET_MODE_FILTER */
> -#define SECCOMP_FILTER_FLAG_TSYNC	1
> -#define SECCOMP_FILTER_FLAG_LOG		2
> +#define SECCOMP_FILTER_FLAG_TSYNC		1
> +#define SECCOMP_FILTER_FLAG_LOG			2
> +#define SECCOMP_FILTER_FLAG_GET_LISTENER	4
>  
>  /*
>   * All BPF programs must return a 32-bit value.
> @@ -34,6 +35,7 @@
>  #define SECCOMP_RET_KILL	 SECCOMP_RET_KILL_THREAD
>  #define SECCOMP_RET_TRAP	 0x00030000U /* disallow and force a SIGSYS */
>  #define SECCOMP_RET_ERRNO	 0x00050000U /* returns an errno */
> +#define SECCOMP_RET_USER_NOTIF   0x7fc00000U /* notifies userspace */
>  #define SECCOMP_RET_TRACE	 0x7ff00000U /* pass to a tracer or disallow */
>  #define SECCOMP_RET_LOG		 0x7ffc0000U /* allow after logging */
>  #define SECCOMP_RET_ALLOW	 0x7fff0000U /* allow */
> @@ -59,4 +61,16 @@ struct seccomp_data {
>  	__u64 args[6];
>  };
>  
> +struct seccomp_notif {
> +	__u64 id;
> +	pid_t pid;
> +	struct seccomp_data data;
> +};
> +
> +struct seccomp_notif_resp {
> +	__u64 id;
> +	__s32 error;
> +	__s64 val;
> +};
> +
>  #endif /* _UAPI_LINUX_SECCOMP_H */
> diff --git a/kernel/seccomp.c b/kernel/seccomp.c
> index dc77548167ef..a169a62cb78a 100644
> --- a/kernel/seccomp.c
> +++ b/kernel/seccomp.c
> @@ -38,6 +38,53 @@
>  #include <linux/tracehook.h>
>  #include <linux/uaccess.h>
>  
> +#ifdef CONFIG_SECCOMP_USER_NOTIFICATION
> +#include <linux/file.h>
> +#include <linux/anon_inodes.h>
> +
> +enum notify_state {
> +	SECCOMP_NOTIFY_INIT,
> +	SECCOMP_NOTIFY_SENT,
> +	SECCOMP_NOTIFY_REPLIED,
> +};
> +
> +struct seccomp_knotif {
> +	/* The pid whose filter triggered the notification */
> +	pid_t pid;
> +
> +	/*
> +	 * The "cookie" for this request; this is unique for this filter.
> +	 */
> +	u32 id;
> +
> +	/*
> +	 * The seccomp data. This pointer is valid the entire time this
> +	 * notification is active, since it comes from __seccomp_filter which
> +	 * eclipses the entire lifecycle here.
> +	 */
> +	const struct seccomp_data *data;
> +
> +	/*
> +	 * Notification states. When SECCOMP_RET_USER_NOTIF is returned, a
> +	 * struct seccomp_knotif is created and starts out in INIT. Once the
> +	 * handler reads the notification off of an FD, it transitions to READ.
> +	 * If a signal is received the state transitions back to INIT and
> +	 * another message is sent. When the userspace handler replies, state
> +	 * transitions to REPLIED.
> +	 */
> +	enum notify_state state;
> +
> +	/* The return values, only valid when in SECCOMP_NOTIFY_REPLIED */
> +	int error;
> +	long val;
> +
> +	/* Signals when this has entered SECCOMP_NOTIFY_REPLIED */
> +	struct completion ready;
> +
> +	struct list_head list;
> +};
> +#endif
> +
>  /**
>   * struct seccomp_filter - container for seccomp BPF programs
>   *
> @@ -64,6 +111,27 @@ struct seccomp_filter {
>  	bool log;
>  	struct seccomp_filter *prev;
>  	struct bpf_prog *prog;
> +
> +#ifdef CONFIG_SECCOMP_USER_NOTIFICATION
> +	/*
> +	 * A semaphore that users of this notification can wait on for
> +	 * changes. Actual reads and writes are still controlled with
> +	 * filter->notify_lock.
> +	 */
> +	struct semaphore request;
> +
> +	/* A lock for all notification-related accesses. */
> +	struct mutex notify_lock;
> +
> +	/* Is there currently an attached listener? */
> +	bool has_listener;
> +
> +	/* The id of the next request. */
> +	u64 next_id;
> +
> +	/* A list of struct seccomp_knotif elements. */
> +	struct list_head notifications;
> +#endif
>  };
>  
>  /* Limit any path through the tree to 256KB worth of instructions. */
> @@ -383,6 +451,13 @@ static struct seccomp_filter *seccomp_prepare_filter(struct sock_fprog *fprog)
>  	if (!sfilter)
>  		return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);
>  
> +#ifdef CONFIG_SECCOMP_USER_NOTIFICATION
> +	mutex_init(&sfilter->notify_lock);
> +	sema_init(&sfilter->request, 0);
> +	INIT_LIST_HEAD(&sfilter->notifications);
> +	sfilter->next_id = get_random_u64();
> +#endif
> +
>  	ret = bpf_prog_create_from_user(&sfilter->prog, fprog,
>  					seccomp_check_filter, save_orig);
>  	if (ret < 0) {
> @@ -547,13 +622,15 @@ static void seccomp_send_sigsys(int syscall, int reason)
>  #define SECCOMP_LOG_TRACE		(1 << 4)
>  #define SECCOMP_LOG_LOG			(1 << 5)
>  #define SECCOMP_LOG_ALLOW		(1 << 6)
> +#define SECCOMP_LOG_USER_NOTIF		(1 << 7)
>  
>  static u32 seccomp_actions_logged = SECCOMP_LOG_KILL_PROCESS |
>  				    SECCOMP_LOG_KILL_THREAD  |
>  				    SECCOMP_LOG_TRAP  |
>  				    SECCOMP_LOG_ERRNO |
>  				    SECCOMP_LOG_TRACE |
> -				    SECCOMP_LOG_LOG;
> +				    SECCOMP_LOG_LOG |
> +				    SECCOMP_LOG_USER_NOTIF;
>  
>  static inline void seccomp_log(unsigned long syscall, long signr, u32 action,
>  			       bool requested)
> @@ -572,6 +649,9 @@ static inline void seccomp_log(unsigned long syscall, long signr, u32 action,
>  	case SECCOMP_RET_TRACE:
>  		log = requested && seccomp_actions_logged & SECCOMP_LOG_TRACE;
>  		break;
> +	case SECCOMP_RET_USER_NOTIF:
> +		log = requested && seccomp_actions_logged & SECCOMP_LOG_USER_NOTIF;
> +		break;
>  	case SECCOMP_RET_LOG:
>  		log = seccomp_actions_logged & SECCOMP_LOG_LOG;
>  		break;
> @@ -645,6 +725,91 @@ void secure_computing_strict(int this_syscall)
>  }
>  #else
>  
> +#ifdef CONFIG_SECCOMP_USER_NOTIFICATION
> +static u64 seccomp_next_notify_id(struct seccomp_filter *filter)
> +{
> +	u64 ret = filter->next_id;
> +
> +	/* Note: overflow is ok here, the id just needs to be unique */
> +	filter->next_id++;
> +
> +	return ret;
> +}

Nit: Depending on how averse people are to relying on side-effects this
could be simplified to:

static inline u64 seccomp_next_notify_id(struct seccomp_filter *filter)
{
        /* Note: Overflow is ok. The id just needs to be unique. */
        return filter->next_id++;
}

> +
> +static void seccomp_do_user_notification(int this_syscall,
> +					 struct seccomp_filter *match,
> +					 const struct seccomp_data *sd)
> +{
> +	int err;
> +	long ret = 0;
> +	struct seccomp_knotif n = {};
> +
> +	mutex_lock(&match->notify_lock);
> +	if (!match->has_listener) {
> +		err = -ENOSYS;
> +		goto out;
> +	}

Nit:

err = -ENOSYS;
mutex_lock(&match->notify_lock);
if (!match->has_listener)
        goto out;

looks cleaner to me or you do the err initalization at the top of the
function. :)

> +
> +	n.pid = current->pid;
> +	n.state = SECCOMP_NOTIFY_INIT;
> +	n.data = sd;
> +	n.id = seccomp_next_notify_id(match);
> +	init_completion(&n.ready);
> +
> +	list_add(&n.list, &match->notifications);
> +
> +	mutex_unlock(&match->notify_lock);
> +	up(&match->request);
> +
> +	err = wait_for_completion_interruptible(&n.ready);
> +	mutex_lock(&match->notify_lock);
> +
> +	/*
> +	 * Here it's possible we got a signal and then had to wait on the mutex
> +	 * while the reply was sent, so let's be sure there wasn't a response
> +	 * in the meantime.
> +	 */
> +	if (err < 0 && n.state != SECCOMP_NOTIFY_REPLIED) {
> +		/*
> +		 * We got a signal. Let's tell userspace about it (potentially
> +		 * again, if we had already notified them about the first one).
> +		 */
> +		if (n.state == SECCOMP_NOTIFY_SENT) {
> +			n.state = SECCOMP_NOTIFY_INIT;
> +			up(&match->request);
> +		}
> +		mutex_unlock(&match->notify_lock);
> +		err = wait_for_completion_killable(&n.ready);
> +		mutex_lock(&match->notify_lock);
> +		if (err < 0)
> +			goto remove_list;
> +	}
> +
> +	ret = n.val;
> +	err = n.error;
> +
> +	WARN(n.state != SECCOMP_NOTIFY_REPLIED,
> +	     "notified about write complete when state is not write");

Nit: That message seems a little cryptic.

> +
> +remove_list:
> +	list_del(&n.list);
> +out:
> +	mutex_unlock(&match->notify_lock);
> +	syscall_set_return_value(current, task_pt_regs(current),
> +				 err, ret);
> +}
> +#else
> +static void seccomp_do_user_notification(int this_syscall,
> +					 u32 action,
> +					 struct seccomp_filter *match,
> +					 const struct seccomp_data *sd)
> +{
> +	WARN(1, "user notification received, but disabled");

Nit: "received unexpected user notification" might be clearer

> +	seccomp_log(this_syscall, SIGSYS, action, true);
> +	do_exit(SIGSYS);
> +}
> +#endif
> +
>  #ifdef CONFIG_SECCOMP_FILTER
>  static int __seccomp_filter(int this_syscall, const struct seccomp_data *sd,
>  			    const bool recheck_after_trace)
> @@ -722,6 +887,9 @@ static int __seccomp_filter(int this_syscall, const struct seccomp_data *sd,
>  
>  		return 0;
>  
> +	case SECCOMP_RET_USER_NOTIF:
> +		seccomp_do_user_notification(this_syscall, match, sd);
> +		goto skip;
>  	case SECCOMP_RET_LOG:
>  		seccomp_log(this_syscall, 0, action, true);
>  		return 0;
> @@ -828,6 +996,11 @@ static long seccomp_set_mode_strict(void)
>  }
>  
>  #ifdef CONFIG_SECCOMP_FILTER
> +#ifdef CONFIG_SECCOMP_USER_NOTIFICATION
> +static struct file *init_listener(struct task_struct *,
> +				  struct seccomp_filter *);
> +#endif
> +
>  /**
>   * seccomp_set_mode_filter: internal function for setting seccomp filter
>   * @flags:  flags to change filter behavior
> @@ -847,6 +1020,8 @@ static long seccomp_set_mode_filter(unsigned int flags,
>  	const unsigned long seccomp_mode = SECCOMP_MODE_FILTER;
>  	struct seccomp_filter *prepared = NULL;
>  	long ret = -EINVAL;
> +	int listener = 0;
> +	struct file *listener_f = NULL;
>  
>  	/* Validate flags. */
>  	if (flags & ~SECCOMP_FILTER_FLAG_MASK)
> @@ -857,13 +1032,28 @@ static long seccomp_set_mode_filter(unsigned int flags,
>  	if (IS_ERR(prepared))
>  		return PTR_ERR(prepared);
>  
> +	if (flags & SECCOMP_FILTER_FLAG_GET_LISTENER) {
> +		listener = get_unused_fd_flags(O_RDWR);
> +		if (listener < 0) {
> +			ret = listener;
> +			goto out_free;
> +		}
> +
> +		listener_f = init_listener(current, prepared);
> +		if (IS_ERR(listener_f)) {
> +			put_unused_fd(listener);
> +			ret = PTR_ERR(listener_f);
> +			goto out_free;
> +		}
> +	}
> +
>  	/*
>  	 * Make sure we cannot change seccomp or nnp state via TSYNC
>  	 * while another thread is in the middle of calling exec.
>  	 */
>  	if (flags & SECCOMP_FILTER_FLAG_TSYNC &&
>  	    mutex_lock_killable(&current->signal->cred_guard_mutex))
> -		goto out_free;
> +		goto out_put_fd;
>  
>  	spin_lock_irq(&current->sighand->siglock);
>  
> @@ -881,6 +1071,16 @@ static long seccomp_set_mode_filter(unsigned int flags,
>  	spin_unlock_irq(&current->sighand->siglock);
>  	if (flags & SECCOMP_FILTER_FLAG_TSYNC)
>  		mutex_unlock(&current->signal->cred_guard_mutex);
> +out_put_fd:
> +	if (flags & SECCOMP_FILTER_FLAG_GET_LISTENER) {
> +		if (ret < 0) {
> +			fput(listener_f);
> +			put_unused_fd(listener);
> +		} else {
> +			fd_install(listener, listener_f);
> +			ret = listener;
> +		}
> +	}
>  out_free:
>  	seccomp_filter_free(prepared);
>  	return ret;
> @@ -909,6 +1109,9 @@ static long seccomp_get_action_avail(const char __user *uaction)
>  	case SECCOMP_RET_LOG:
>  	case SECCOMP_RET_ALLOW:
>  		break;
> +	case SECCOMP_RET_USER_NOTIF:
> +		if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_SECCOMP_USER_NOTIFICATION))
> +			break;
>  	default:
>  		return -EOPNOTSUPP;
>  	}
> @@ -1105,6 +1308,7 @@ long seccomp_get_metadata(struct task_struct *task,
>  #define SECCOMP_RET_KILL_THREAD_NAME	"kill_thread"
>  #define SECCOMP_RET_TRAP_NAME		"trap"
>  #define SECCOMP_RET_ERRNO_NAME		"errno"
> +#define SECCOMP_RET_USER_NOTIF_NAME	"user_notif"
>  #define SECCOMP_RET_TRACE_NAME		"trace"
>  #define SECCOMP_RET_LOG_NAME		"log"
>  #define SECCOMP_RET_ALLOW_NAME		"allow"
> @@ -1114,6 +1318,7 @@ static const char seccomp_actions_avail[] =
>  				SECCOMP_RET_KILL_THREAD_NAME	" "
>  				SECCOMP_RET_TRAP_NAME		" "
>  				SECCOMP_RET_ERRNO_NAME		" "
> +				SECCOMP_RET_USER_NOTIF_NAME     " "
>  				SECCOMP_RET_TRACE_NAME		" "
>  				SECCOMP_RET_LOG_NAME		" "
>  				SECCOMP_RET_ALLOW_NAME;
> @@ -1131,6 +1336,7 @@ static const struct seccomp_log_name seccomp_log_names[] = {
>  	{ SECCOMP_LOG_TRACE, SECCOMP_RET_TRACE_NAME },
>  	{ SECCOMP_LOG_LOG, SECCOMP_RET_LOG_NAME },
>  	{ SECCOMP_LOG_ALLOW, SECCOMP_RET_ALLOW_NAME },
> +	{ SECCOMP_LOG_USER_NOTIF, SECCOMP_RET_USER_NOTIF_NAME },
>  	{ }
>  };
>  
> @@ -1279,3 +1485,195 @@ static int __init seccomp_sysctl_init(void)
>  device_initcall(seccomp_sysctl_init)
>  
>  #endif /* CONFIG_SYSCTL */
> +
> +#ifdef CONFIG_SECCOMP_USER_NOTIFICATION
> +static int seccomp_notify_release(struct inode *inode, struct file *file)
> +{
> +	struct seccomp_filter *filter = file->private_data;
> +	struct seccomp_knotif *knotif;
> +
> +	mutex_lock(&filter->notify_lock);
> +
> +	/*
> +	 * If this file is being closed because e.g. the task who owned it
> +	 * died, let's wake everyone up who was waiting on us.
> +	 */
> +	list_for_each_entry(knotif, &filter->notifications, list) {
> +		if (knotif->state == SECCOMP_NOTIFY_REPLIED)
> +			continue;
> +
> +		knotif->state = SECCOMP_NOTIFY_REPLIED;
> +		knotif->error = -ENOSYS;
> +		knotif->val = 0;
> +
> +		complete(&knotif->ready);
> +	}
> +
> +	filter->has_listener = false;
> +	mutex_unlock(&filter->notify_lock);
> +	__put_seccomp_filter(filter);
> +	return 0;
> +}
> +
> +static ssize_t seccomp_notify_read(struct file *f, char __user *buf,
> +				   size_t size, loff_t *ppos)
> +{
> +	struct seccomp_filter *filter = f->private_data;
> +	struct seccomp_knotif *knotif = NULL, *cur;
> +	struct seccomp_notif unotif;
> +	ssize_t ret;
> +
> +	/* No offset reads. */
> +	if (*ppos != 0)
> +		return -EINVAL;
> +
> +	ret = down_interruptible(&filter->request);
> +	if (ret < 0)
> +		return ret;
> +
> +	mutex_lock(&filter->notify_lock);
> +	list_for_each_entry(cur, &filter->notifications, list) {
> +		if (cur->state == SECCOMP_NOTIFY_INIT) {
> +			knotif = cur;
> +			break;
> +		}
> +	}
> +
> +	/*
> +	 * If we didn't find a notification, it could be that the task was
> +	 * interrupted between the time we were woken and when we were able to
> +	 * acquire the rw lock. Should we retry here or just -ENOENT? -ENOENT
> +	 * for now.
> +	 */
> +	if (!knotif) {
> +		ret = -ENOENT;
> +		goto out;
> +	}
> +
> +	unotif.id = knotif->id;
> +	unotif.pid = knotif->pid;
> +	unotif.data = *(knotif->data);
> +
> +	size = min_t(size_t, size, sizeof(struct seccomp_notif));
> +	if (copy_to_user(buf, &unotif, size)) {
> +		ret = -EFAULT;
> +		goto out;
> +	}
> +
> +	ret = sizeof(unotif);
> +	knotif->state = SECCOMP_NOTIFY_SENT;
> +
> +out:
> +	mutex_unlock(&filter->notify_lock);
> +	return ret;
> +}
> +
> +static ssize_t seccomp_notify_write(struct file *file, const char __user *buf,
> +				    size_t size, loff_t *ppos)
> +{
> +	struct seccomp_filter *filter = file->private_data;
> +	struct seccomp_notif_resp resp = {};
> +	struct seccomp_knotif *knotif = NULL;
> +	ssize_t ret = -EINVAL;
> +
> +	/* No partial writes. */
> +	if (*ppos != 0)
> +		return -EINVAL;
> +
> +	size = min_t(size_t, size, sizeof(resp));
> +	if (copy_from_user(&resp, buf, size))
> +		return -EFAULT;
> +
> +	ret = mutex_lock_interruptible(&filter->notify_lock);
> +	if (ret < 0)
> +		return ret;
> +
> +	list_for_each_entry(knotif, &filter->notifications, list) {
> +		if (knotif->id == resp.id)
> +			break;
> +	}
> +
> +	if (!knotif || knotif->id != resp.id) {
> +		ret = -EINVAL;
> +		goto out;
> +	}
> +
> +	/* Allow exactly one reply. */
> +	if (knotif->state != SECCOMP_NOTIFY_SENT) {
> +		ret = -EINVAL;
> +		goto out;
> +	}
> +
> +	ret = size;
> +	knotif->state = SECCOMP_NOTIFY_REPLIED;
> +	knotif->error = resp.error;
> +	knotif->val = resp.val;
> +	complete(&knotif->ready);
> +out:
> +	mutex_unlock(&filter->notify_lock);
> +	return ret;
> +}
> +
> +static __poll_t seccomp_notify_poll(struct file *file,
> +				    struct poll_table_struct *poll_tab)
> +{
> +	struct seccomp_filter *filter = file->private_data;
> +	__poll_t ret = 0;
> +	struct seccomp_knotif *cur;
> +
> +	ret = mutex_lock_interruptible(&filter->notify_lock);
> +	if (ret < 0)
> +		return ret;
> +
> +	list_for_each_entry(cur, &filter->notifications, list) {
> +		if (cur->state == SECCOMP_NOTIFY_INIT)
> +			ret |= EPOLLIN | EPOLLRDNORM;
> +		if (cur->state == SECCOMP_NOTIFY_SENT)
> +			ret |= EPOLLOUT | EPOLLWRNORM;
> +	}
> +
> +	mutex_unlock(&filter->notify_lock);
> +
> +	return ret;
> +}
> +
> +static const struct file_operations seccomp_notify_ops = {
> +	.read = seccomp_notify_read,
> +	.write = seccomp_notify_write,
> +	.poll = seccomp_notify_poll,
> +	.release = seccomp_notify_release,
> +};
> +
> +static struct file *init_listener(struct task_struct *task,
> +				  struct seccomp_filter *filter)
> +{
> +	struct file *ret = ERR_PTR(-EBUSY);
> +	struct seccomp_filter *cur;
> +	bool have_listener = false;
> +
> +	for (cur = task->seccomp.filter; cur; cur = cur->prev) {
> +		mutex_lock(&cur->notify_lock);
> +		if (cur->has_listener)
> +			have_listener = true;
> +	}
> +
> +	if (have_listener)
> +		goto out;
> +
> +	ret = anon_inode_getfile("seccomp notify", &seccomp_notify_ops,
> +				 filter, O_RDWR);
> +	if (IS_ERR(ret))
> +		goto out;
> +
> +
> +	/* The file has a reference to it now */
> +	__get_seccomp_filter(filter);
> +	filter->has_listener = true;
> +
> +out:
> +	for (cur = task->seccomp.filter; cur; cur = cur->prev)
> +		mutex_unlock(&cur->notify_lock);
> +
> +	return ret;
> +}
> +#endif
> diff --git a/tools/testing/selftests/seccomp/seccomp_bpf.c b/tools/testing/selftests/seccomp/seccomp_bpf.c
> index 168c66d74fc5..bb96df66222f 100644
> --- a/tools/testing/selftests/seccomp/seccomp_bpf.c
> +++ b/tools/testing/selftests/seccomp/seccomp_bpf.c
> @@ -40,10 +40,12 @@
>  #include <sys/fcntl.h>
>  #include <sys/mman.h>
>  #include <sys/times.h>
> +#include <sys/socket.h>
>  
>  #define _GNU_SOURCE
>  #include <unistd.h>
>  #include <sys/syscall.h>
> +#include <poll.h>
>  
>  #include "../kselftest_harness.h"
>  
> @@ -150,6 +152,24 @@ struct seccomp_metadata {
>  };
>  #endif
>  
> +#ifndef SECCOMP_FILTER_FLAG_GET_LISTENER
> +#define SECCOMP_FILTER_FLAG_GET_LISTENER 4
> +
> +#define SECCOMP_RET_USER_NOTIF 0x7fc00000U
> +
> +struct seccomp_notif {
> +	__u64 id;
> +	pid_t pid;
> +	struct seccomp_data data;
> +};
> +
> +struct seccomp_notif_resp {
> +	__u64 id;
> +	__s32 error;
> +	__s64 val;
> +};
> +#endif
> +
>  #ifndef seccomp
>  int seccomp(unsigned int op, unsigned int flags, void *args)
>  {
> @@ -2072,7 +2092,8 @@ TEST(seccomp_syscall_mode_lock)
>  TEST(detect_seccomp_filter_flags)
>  {
>  	unsigned int flags[] = { SECCOMP_FILTER_FLAG_TSYNC,
> -				 SECCOMP_FILTER_FLAG_LOG };
> +				 SECCOMP_FILTER_FLAG_LOG,
> +				 SECCOMP_FILTER_FLAG_GET_LISTENER };
>  	unsigned int flag, all_flags;
>  	int i;
>  	long ret;
> @@ -2917,6 +2938,164 @@ TEST(get_metadata)
>  	ASSERT_EQ(0, kill(pid, SIGKILL));
>  }
>  
> +static int user_trap_syscall(int nr, unsigned int flags)
> +{
> +	struct sock_filter filter[] = {
> +		BPF_STMT(BPF_LD+BPF_W+BPF_ABS,
> +			offsetof(struct seccomp_data, nr)),
> +		BPF_JUMP(BPF_JMP+BPF_JEQ+BPF_K, nr, 0, 1),
> +		BPF_STMT(BPF_RET+BPF_K, SECCOMP_RET_USER_NOTIF),
> +		BPF_STMT(BPF_RET+BPF_K, SECCOMP_RET_ALLOW),
> +	};
> +
> +	struct sock_fprog prog = {
> +		.len = (unsigned short)ARRAY_SIZE(filter),
> +		.filter = filter,
> +	};
> +
> +	return seccomp(SECCOMP_SET_MODE_FILTER, flags, &prog);
> +}
> +
> +static int read_notif(int listener, struct seccomp_notif *req)
> +{
> +	int ret;
> +
> +	do {
> +		errno = 0;
> +		ret = read(listener, req, sizeof(*req));
> +	} while (ret == -1 && errno == ENOENT);
> +	return ret;
> +}
> +
> +static void signal_handler(int signal)
> +{
> +}
> +
> +#define USER_NOTIF_MAGIC 116983961184613L
> +TEST(get_user_notification_syscall)
> +{
> +	pid_t pid;
> +	long ret;
> +	int status, listener;
> +	struct seccomp_notif req = {};
> +	struct seccomp_notif_resp resp = {};
> +	struct pollfd pollfd;
> +
> +	pid = fork();
> +	ASSERT_GE(pid, 0);
> +
> +	/* Check that we get -ENOSYS with no listener attached */
> +	if (pid == 0) {
> +		if (user_trap_syscall(__NR_getpid, 0) < 0)
> +			exit(1);
> +		ret = syscall(__NR_getpid);
> +		exit(ret >= 0 || errno != ENOSYS);
> +	}
> +
> +	EXPECT_EQ(waitpid(pid, &status, 0), pid);
> +	EXPECT_EQ(true, WIFEXITED(status));
> +	EXPECT_EQ(0, WEXITSTATUS(status));
> +
> +	/* Check that the basic notification machinery works */
> +	listener = user_trap_syscall(__NR_getpid,
> +				     SECCOMP_FILTER_FLAG_GET_LISTENER);
> +	EXPECT_GE(listener, 0);
> +
> +	/* Installing a second listener in the chain should EBUSY */
> +	EXPECT_EQ(user_trap_syscall(__NR_getpid,
> +				    SECCOMP_FILTER_FLAG_GET_LISTENER),
> +		  -1);
> +	EXPECT_EQ(errno, EBUSY);
> +
> +	pid = fork();
> +	ASSERT_GE(pid, 0);
> +
> +	if (pid == 0) {
> +		ret = syscall(__NR_getpid);
> +		exit(ret != USER_NOTIF_MAGIC);
> +	}
> +
> +	EXPECT_EQ(read(listener, &req, sizeof(req)), sizeof(req));
> +
> +	pollfd.fd = listener;
> +	pollfd.events = POLLIN | POLLOUT;
> +
> +	EXPECT_GT(poll(&pollfd, 1, -1), 0);
> +	EXPECT_EQ(pollfd.revents, POLLOUT);
> +
> +	EXPECT_EQ(req.data.nr,  __NR_getpid);
> +
> +	resp.id = req.id;
> +	resp.error = 0;
> +	resp.val = USER_NOTIF_MAGIC;
> +
> +	EXPECT_EQ(write(listener, &resp, sizeof(resp)), sizeof(resp));
> +
> +	EXPECT_EQ(waitpid(pid, &status, 0), pid);
> +	EXPECT_EQ(true, WIFEXITED(status));
> +	EXPECT_EQ(0, WEXITSTATUS(status));
> +
> +	/*
> +	 * Check that nothing bad happens when we kill the task in the middle
> +	 * of a syscall.
> +	 */
> +	pid = fork();
> +	ASSERT_GE(pid, 0);
> +
> +	if (pid == 0) {
> +		ret = syscall(__NR_getpid);
> +		exit(ret != USER_NOTIF_MAGIC);
> +	}
> +
> +	ret = read(listener, &req, sizeof(req));
> +	EXPECT_EQ(ret, sizeof(req));
> +
> +	EXPECT_EQ(kill(pid, SIGKILL), 0);
> +	EXPECT_EQ(waitpid(pid, NULL, 0), pid);
> +
> +	resp.id = req.id;
> +	ret = write(listener, &resp, sizeof(resp));
> +	EXPECT_EQ(ret, -1);
> +	EXPECT_EQ(errno, EINVAL);
> +
> +	/*
> +	 * Check that we get another notification about a signal in the middle
> +	 * of a syscall.
> +	 */
> +	pid = fork();
> +	ASSERT_GE(pid, 0);
> +
> +	if (pid == 0) {
> +		if (signal(SIGUSR1, signal_handler) == SIG_ERR) {
> +			perror("signal");
> +			exit(1);
> +		}
> +		ret = syscall(__NR_getpid);
> +		exit(ret != USER_NOTIF_MAGIC);
> +	}
> +
> +	ret = read_notif(listener, &req);
> +	EXPECT_EQ(ret, sizeof(req));
> +	EXPECT_EQ(errno, 0);
> +
> +	EXPECT_EQ(kill(pid, SIGUSR1), 0);
> +
> +	ret = read_notif(listener, &req);
> +	EXPECT_EQ(ret, sizeof(req));
> +	EXPECT_EQ(errno, 0);
> +
> +	resp.id = req.id;
> +	ret = write(listener, &resp, sizeof(resp));
> +	EXPECT_EQ(ret, sizeof(resp));
> +	EXPECT_EQ(errno, 0);
> +
> +	EXPECT_EQ(waitpid(pid, &status, 0), pid);
> +	EXPECT_EQ(true, WIFEXITED(status));
> +	EXPECT_EQ(0, WEXITSTATUS(status));
> +
> +	close(listener);
> +}
> +
>  /*
>   * TODO:
>   * - add microbenchmarks
> -- 
> 2.17.0
> 
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