[PATCHv3 01/27] ns: Introduce Time Namespace

Jann Horn jannh at google.com
Thu Apr 25 19:10:28 UTC 2019

On Thu, Apr 25, 2019 at 6:14 PM Dmitry Safonov <dima at arista.com> wrote:
> Time Namespace isolates clock values.
> The kernel provides access to several clocks CLOCK_REALTIME,
>       System-wide clock that measures real (i.e., wall-clock) time.
>       Clock that cannot be set and represents monotonic time since
>       some unspecified starting point.
>       Identical to CLOCK_MONOTONIC, except it also includes any time
>       that the system is suspended.
> For many users, the time namespace means the ability to changes date and
> time in a container (CLOCK_REALTIME).
> But in a context of the checkpoint/restore functionality, monotonic and
> bootime clocks become interesting. Both clocks are monotonic with
> unspecified staring points. These clocks are widely used to measure time
> slices and set timers. After restoring or migrating processes, we have to
> guarantee that they never go backward. In an ideal case, the behavior of
> these clocks should be the same as for a case when a whole system is
> suspended. All this means that we need to be able to set CLOCK_MONOTONIC
> and CLOCK_BOOTTIME clocks, what can be done by adding per-namespace
> offsets for clocks.
> A time namespace is similar to a pid namespace in a way how it is
> created: unshare(CLONE_NEWTIME) system call creates a new time namespace,
> but doesn't set it to the current process. Then all children of
> the process will be born in the new time namespace, or a process can
> use the setns() system call to join a namespace.
> This scheme allows setting clock offsets for a namespace, before any
> processes appear in it.

Is there a check anywhere to make sure that you can't use
clone(CLONE_VM) after calling unshare(CLONE_NEWTIME), and that you
can't use clone(CLONE_VM|CLONE_NEWTIME)? Those things probably
shouldn't be allowed, right?

CLONE_NEWPID has similar rules; from the clone.2 manpage:

       EINVAL CLONE_THREAD was specified, but the current process previously
              called unshare(2) with the CLONE_NEWPID flag or used setns(2)
              to reassociate itself with a PID namespace.
       EINVAL One (or both) of CLONE_NEWPID or CLONE_NEWUSER and one (or
              both) of CLONE_THREAD or CLONE_PARENT were specified in flags.

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