[PATCH] iommu: Relax ACS requirement for RCiEP devices.

Alex Williamson alex.williamson at redhat.com
Tue May 5 05:19:36 UTC 2020


On Mon,  4 May 2020 21:42:16 -0700
Ashok Raj <ashok.raj at intel.com> wrote:

> PCIe Spec recommends we can relax ACS requirement for RCIEP devices.
> 
> PCIe 5.0 Specification.
> 6.12 Access Control Services (ACS)
> Implementation of ACS in RCiEPs is permitted but not required. It is
> explicitly permitted that, within a single Root Complex, some RCiEPs
> implement ACS and some do not. It is strongly recommended that Root Complex
> implementations ensure that all accesses originating from RCiEPs
> (PFs and VFs) without ACS capability are first subjected to processing by
> the Translation Agent (TA) in the Root Complex before further decoding and
> processing. The details of such Root Complex handling are outside the scope
> of this specification.
> 
> Since Linux didn't give special treatment to allow this exception, certain
> RCiEP MFD devices are getting grouped in a single iommu group. This
> doesn't permit a single device to be assigned to a guest for instance.
> 
> In one vendor system: Device 14.x were grouped in a single IOMMU group.
> 
> /sys/kernel/iommu_groups/5/devices/0000:00:14.0
> /sys/kernel/iommu_groups/5/devices/0000:00:14.2
> /sys/kernel/iommu_groups/5/devices/0000:00:14.3
> 
> After the patch:
> /sys/kernel/iommu_groups/5/devices/0000:00:14.0
> /sys/kernel/iommu_groups/5/devices/0000:00:14.2
> /sys/kernel/iommu_groups/6/devices/0000:00:14.3 <<< new group
> 
> 14.0 and 14.2 are integrated devices, but legacy end points.
> Whereas 14.3 was a PCIe compliant RCiEP.
> 
> 00:14.3 Network controller: Intel Corporation Device 9df0 (rev 30)
> Capabilities: [40] Express (v2) Root Complex Integrated Endpoint, MSI 00
> 
> This permits assigning this device to a guest VM.
> 
> Fixes: f096c061f552 ("iommu: Rework iommu_group_get_for_pci_dev()")
> Signed-off-by: Ashok Raj <ashok.raj at intel.com>
> To: Joerg Roedel <joro at 8bytes.org>
> To: Bjorn Helgaas <bhelgaas at google.com>
> Cc: linux-kernel at vger.kernel.org
> Cc: iommu at lists.linux-foundation.org
> Cc: Lu Baolu <baolu.lu at linux.intel.com>
> Cc: Alex Williamson <alex.williamson at redhat.com>
> Cc: Darrel Goeddel <DGoeddel at forcepoint.com>
> Cc: Mark Scott <mscott at forcepoint.com>,
> Cc: Romil Sharma <rsharma at forcepoint.com>
> Cc: Ashok Raj <ashok.raj at intel.com>
> ---
>  drivers/iommu/iommu.c | 15 ++++++++++++++-
>  1 file changed, 14 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)
> 
> diff --git a/drivers/iommu/iommu.c b/drivers/iommu/iommu.c
> index 2b471419e26c..5744bd65f3e2 100644
> --- a/drivers/iommu/iommu.c
> +++ b/drivers/iommu/iommu.c
> @@ -1187,7 +1187,20 @@ static struct iommu_group *get_pci_function_alias_group(struct pci_dev *pdev,
>  	struct pci_dev *tmp = NULL;
>  	struct iommu_group *group;
>  
> -	if (!pdev->multifunction || pci_acs_enabled(pdev, REQ_ACS_FLAGS))
> +	/*
> +	 * PCI Spec 5.0, Section 6.12 Access Control Service
> +	 * Implementation of ACS in RCiEPs is permitted but not required.
> +	 * It is explicitly permitted that, within a single Root
> +	 * Complex, some RCiEPs implement ACS and some do not. It is
> +	 * strongly recommended that Root Complex implementations ensure
> +	 * that all accesses originating from RCiEPs (PFs and VFs) without
> +	 * ACS capability are first subjected to processing by the Translation
> +	 * Agent (TA) in the Root Complex before further decoding and
> +	 * processing.
> +	 */

Is the language here really strong enough to make this change?  ACS is
an optional feature, so being permitted but not required is rather
meaningless.  The spec is also specifically avoiding the words "must"
or "shall" and even when emphasized with "strongly", we still only have
a recommendation that may or may not be honored.  This seems like a
weak basis for assuming that RCiEPs universally honor this
recommendation.  Thanks,

Alex

> +	if (!pdev->multifunction ||
> +	    (pci_pcie_type(pdev) == PCI_EXP_TYPE_RC_END) ||
> +	     pci_acs_enabled(pdev, REQ_ACS_FLAGS))
>  		return NULL;
>  
>  	for_each_pci_dev(tmp) {



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