[PATCH] iomm/arm-smmu: Add stall implementation hook

Sai Prakash Ranjan saiprakash.ranjan at codeaurora.org
Thu May 7 12:06:41 UTC 2020


Hi Robin,

On 2020-05-07 16:25, Robin Murphy wrote:
> On 2020-05-07 11:14 am, Sai Prakash Ranjan wrote:
>> Hi Will, Robin
>> 
>> On 2020-04-22 01:50, Sai Prakash Ranjan wrote:
>>> Add stall implementation hook to enable stalling
>>> faults on QCOM platforms which supports it without
>>> causing any kind of hardware mishaps. Without this
>>> on QCOM platforms, GPU faults can cause unrelated
>>> GPU memory accesses to return zeroes. This has the
>>> unfortunate result of command-stream reads from CP
>>> getting invalid data, causing a cascade of fail.
> 
> I think this came up before, but something about this rationale
> doesn't add up - we're not *using* stalls at all, we're still
> terminating faulting transactions unconditionally; we're just using
> CFCFG to terminate them with a slight delay, rather than immediately.
> It's really not clear how or why that makes a difference. Is it a GPU
> bug? Or an SMMU bug? Is this reliable (or even a documented workaround
> for something), or might things start blowing up again if any other
> behaviour subtly changes? I'm not dead set against adding this, but
> I'd *really* like to have a lot more confidence in it.
> 

Yes it has come up before, you can find details in below links.
  - https://patchwork.kernel.org/patch/9953803/
  - https://patchwork.kernel.org/patch/10618713/

Rob Clark can add more details on this probably for the GPU faults.
As for the reliability, downstream kernel(I mean kernels with which 
android
devices with QCOM chipsets are shipped) has stalling enabled for a long 
time
now and has been stable in the field. So we can say that we are safe 
with
this enabled in QCOM implementation.

>>> Suggested-by: Rob Clark <robdclark at gmail.com>
>>> Signed-off-by: Sai Prakash Ranjan <saiprakash.ranjan at codeaurora.org>
>>> ---
>>> This has been attempted previously by Rob Clark in 2017, 2018.
>>> Hopefully we can get something concluded in 2020.
>>>  * https://patchwork.kernel.org/patch/9953803/
>>>  * https://patchwork.kernel.org/patch/10618713/
>>> ---
>>>  drivers/iommu/arm-smmu-qcom.c | 1 +
>>>  drivers/iommu/arm-smmu.c      | 7 +++++++
>>>  drivers/iommu/arm-smmu.h      | 1 +
>>>  3 files changed, 9 insertions(+)
>>> 
>>> diff --git a/drivers/iommu/arm-smmu-qcom.c 
>>> b/drivers/iommu/arm-smmu-qcom.c
>>> index 24c071c1d8b0..a13b229389d4 100644
>>> --- a/drivers/iommu/arm-smmu-qcom.c
>>> +++ b/drivers/iommu/arm-smmu-qcom.c
>>> @@ -32,6 +32,7 @@ static int qcom_sdm845_smmu500_reset(struct
>>> arm_smmu_device *smmu)
>>> 
>>>  static const struct arm_smmu_impl qcom_smmu_impl = {
>>>      .reset = qcom_sdm845_smmu500_reset,
>>> +    .stall = true,
>>>  };
>>> 
>>>  struct arm_smmu_device *qcom_smmu_impl_init(struct arm_smmu_device 
>>> *smmu)
>>> diff --git a/drivers/iommu/arm-smmu.c b/drivers/iommu/arm-smmu.c
>>> index e622f4e33379..16b03fca9966 100644
>>> --- a/drivers/iommu/arm-smmu.c
>>> +++ b/drivers/iommu/arm-smmu.c
>>> @@ -488,6 +488,11 @@ static irqreturn_t arm_smmu_context_fault(int
>>> irq, void *dev)
>>>                  fsr, iova, fsynr, cbfrsynra, idx);
>>> 
>>>      arm_smmu_cb_write(smmu, idx, ARM_SMMU_CB_FSR, fsr);
>>> +
>>> +    if (smmu->impl && smmu->impl->stall && (fsr & ARM_SMMU_FSR_SS))
>>> +        arm_smmu_cb_write(smmu, idx, ARM_SMMU_CB_RESUME,
>>> +                  ARM_SMMU_RESUME_TERMINATE);
> 
> Shouldn't this be *before* the write to FSR, in case the outstanding
> fault causes that to be immediately reasserted before we write
> CB_RESUME and we end up immediately taking the IRQ a second time?
> 

Yes, I will fixup this in the next version.

> (The overall enablement being in impl is sound, but you still don't
> get to play "works on my machine" in the architectural code :P)
> 

We could have our own context fault handler in QCOM implementation,
but that would just be duplicating things from arm-smmu context fault
handler. So I did not think it makes much sense to have our own
fault handler in qcom impl just for enabling stall model.

Thanks,
Sai

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