[PATCH 1/4] PCI/ATS: Only enable ATS for trusted devices

Jean-Philippe Brucker jean-philippe at linaro.org
Fri May 15 10:43:59 UTC 2020

Add pci_ats_supported(), which checks whether a device has an ATS
capability, and whether it is trusted.  A device is untrusted if it is
plugged into an external-facing port such as Thunderbolt and could be
spoof an existing device to exploit weaknesses in the IOMMU
configuration.  PCIe ATS is one such weaknesses since it allows
endpoints to cache IOMMU translations and emit transactions with
'Translated' Address Type (10b) that partially bypass the IOMMU

The SMMUv3 and VT-d IOMMU drivers already disallow ATS and transactions
with 'Translated' Address Type for untrusted devices.  Add the check to
pci_enable_ats() to let other drivers (AMD IOMMU for now) benefit from

By checking ats_cap, the pci_ats_supported() helper also returns whether
ATS was globally disabled with pci=noats, and could later include more
things, for example whether the whole PCIe hierarchy down to the
endpoint supports ATS.

Signed-off-by: Jean-Philippe Brucker <jean-philippe at linaro.org>
 include/linux/pci-ats.h |  3 +++
 drivers/pci/ats.c       | 18 +++++++++++++++++-
 2 files changed, 20 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)

diff --git a/include/linux/pci-ats.h b/include/linux/pci-ats.h
index d08f0869f1213e..f75c307f346de9 100644
--- a/include/linux/pci-ats.h
+++ b/include/linux/pci-ats.h
@@ -6,11 +6,14 @@
 /* Address Translation Service */
+bool pci_ats_supported(struct pci_dev *dev);
 int pci_enable_ats(struct pci_dev *dev, int ps);
 void pci_disable_ats(struct pci_dev *dev);
 int pci_ats_queue_depth(struct pci_dev *dev);
 int pci_ats_page_aligned(struct pci_dev *dev);
 #else /* CONFIG_PCI_ATS */
+static inline bool pci_ats_supported(struct pci_dev *d)
+{ return false; }
 static inline int pci_enable_ats(struct pci_dev *d, int ps)
 { return -ENODEV; }
 static inline void pci_disable_ats(struct pci_dev *d) { }
diff --git a/drivers/pci/ats.c b/drivers/pci/ats.c
index 390e92f2d8d1fc..15fa0c37fd8e44 100644
--- a/drivers/pci/ats.c
+++ b/drivers/pci/ats.c
@@ -30,6 +30,22 @@ void pci_ats_init(struct pci_dev *dev)
 	dev->ats_cap = pos;
+ * pci_ats_supported - check if the device can use ATS
+ * @dev: the PCI device
+ *
+ * Returns true if the device supports ATS and is allowed to use it, false
+ * otherwise.
+ */
+bool pci_ats_supported(struct pci_dev *dev)
+	if (!dev->ats_cap)
+		return false;
+	return !dev->untrusted;
  * pci_enable_ats - enable the ATS capability
  * @dev: the PCI device
@@ -42,7 +58,7 @@ int pci_enable_ats(struct pci_dev *dev, int ps)
 	u16 ctrl;
 	struct pci_dev *pdev;
-	if (!dev->ats_cap)
+	if (!pci_ats_supported(dev))
 		return -EINVAL;
 	if (WARN_ON(dev->ats_enabled))

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