[PATCH 09/15] device core: Add ability to handle multiple dma offsets

Nicolas Saenz Julienne nsaenzjulienne at suse.de
Wed May 20 11:28:32 UTC 2020

Hi Jim,
thanks for having a go at this! My two cents.

On Tue, 2020-05-19 at 16:34 -0400, Jim Quinlan wrote:
> The device variable 'dma_pfn_offset' is used to do a single
> linear map between cpu addrs and dma addrs.  The variable
> 'dma_map' is added to struct device to point to an array
> of multiple offsets which is required for some devices.
> Signed-off-by: Jim Quinlan <james.quinlan at broadcom.com>
> ---


> --- a/include/linux/device.h
> +++ b/include/linux/device.h
> @@ -493,6 +493,8 @@ struct dev_links_info {
>   * @bus_dma_limit: Limit of an upstream bridge or bus which imposes a smaller
>   *		DMA limit than the device itself supports.
>   * @dma_pfn_offset: offset of DMA memory range relatively of RAM
> + * @dma_map:	Like dma_pfn_offset but used when there are multiple
> + *		pfn offsets for multiple dma-ranges.
>   * @dma_parms:	A low level driver may set these to teach IOMMU code
> about
>   * 		segment limitations.
>   * @dma_pools:	Dma pools (if dma'ble device).
> @@ -578,7 +580,12 @@ struct device {
>  					     allocations such descriptors. */
>  	u64		bus_dma_limit;	/* upstream dma constraint */
>  	unsigned long	dma_pfn_offset;
> -
> +	const void *dma_offset_map;	/* Like dma_pfn_offset, but for
> +					 * the unlikely case of multiple
> +					 * offsets. If non-null, dma_pfn_offset
> +					 * will be 0. */

I get a bad feeling about separating the DMA offset handling into two distinct
variables. Albeit generally frowned upon, there is a fair amount of trickery
around dev->dma_pfn_offset all over the kernel. usb_alloc_dev() comes to mind
for example. And this obviously doesn't play well with it. I feel a potential
solution to multiple DMA ranges should completely integrate with the current
device DMA handling code, without special cases, on top of that, be transparent
to the user.

In more concrete terms, I'd repackage dev->bus_dma_limit and
dev->dma_pfn_offset into a list/array of DMA range structures and adapt/create
the relevant getter/setter functions so as for DMA users not to have to worry
about the specifics of a device's DMA constraints. For example, instead of
editing dev->dma_pfn_offset, you'd be passing a DMA range structure to the
device core, and let it take the relevant decisions on how to handle it
internally (overwrite, add a new entry, merge them, etc...).

Easier said than done. :)


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