[PATCH] iommu/dma: limit iova free size to unmmaped iova

guptap at codeaurora.org guptap at codeaurora.org
Fri May 22 06:25:44 UTC 2020

On 2020-05-22 01:46, Robin Murphy wrote:
> On 2020-05-21 12:30, Prakash Gupta wrote:
>> Limit the iova size while freeing based on unmapped size. In absence 
>> of
>> this even with unmap failure, invalid iova is pushed to iova rcache 
>> and
>> subsequently can cause panic while rcache magazine is freed.
> Can you elaborate on that panic?
We have seen couple of stability issues around this.
Below is one such example:

kernel BUG at kernel/msm-4.19/drivers/iommu/iova.c:904!

It turned out an iova pfn 0 got into iova_rcache. One possibility I see 
where client unmap with invalid dma_addr. The unmap call will fail and 
warn on
and still try to free iova. This will cause invalid pfn to be inserted 
rcache. As and when the magazine with invalid pfn will be freed
private_find_iova() will return NULL for invalid iova and meet bug 

>> Signed-off-by: Prakash Gupta <guptap at codeaurora.org>
>> :100644 100644 4959f5df21bd 098f7d377e04 M	drivers/iommu/dma-iommu.c
>> diff --git a/drivers/iommu/dma-iommu.c b/drivers/iommu/dma-iommu.c
>> index 4959f5df21bd..098f7d377e04 100644
>> --- a/drivers/iommu/dma-iommu.c
>> +++ b/drivers/iommu/dma-iommu.c
>> @@ -472,7 +472,8 @@ static void __iommu_dma_unmap(struct device *dev, 
>> dma_addr_t dma_addr,
>>     	if (!cookie->fq_domain)
>>   		iommu_tlb_sync(domain, &iotlb_gather);
>> -	iommu_dma_free_iova(cookie, dma_addr, size);
>> +	if (unmapped)
>> +		iommu_dma_free_iova(cookie, dma_addr, unmapped);
> Frankly, if any part of the unmap fails then things have gone
> catastrophically wrong already, but either way this isn't right. The
> IOVA API doesn't support partial freeing - an IOVA *must* be freed
> with its original size, or not freed at all, otherwise it will corrupt
> the state of the rcaches and risk a cascade of further misbehaviour
> for future callers.
I agree, we shouldn't be freeing the partial iova. Instead just making
sure if unmap was successful should be sufficient before freeing iova. 
So change
can instead be something like this:

-	iommu_dma_free_iova(cookie, dma_addr, size);
+	if (unmapped)
+		iommu_dma_free_iova(cookie, dma_addr, size);

> TBH my gut feeling here is that you're really just trying to treat a
> symptom of another bug elsewhere, namely some driver calling
> dma_unmap_* or dma_free_* with the wrong address or size in the first
> place.
This condition would arise only if driver calling dma_unmap/free_* with 
iova_pfn. This will be flagged with a warning during unmap but will 
panic later on while doing unrelated dma_map/unmap_*. If unmapped has 
failed for invalid iova, there is no reason we should consider this as 
iova and free. This part should be fixed.

On 2020-05-22 00:19, Andrew Morton wrote:
> I think we need a cc:stable here?
Added now.


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