[Lightning-dev] Revocations with OP_CSFS & signed sequence commitments

ZmnSCPxj ZmnSCPxj at protonmail.com
Fri Feb 1 05:15:17 UTC 2019

Good morning James,
‐‐‐‐‐‐‐ Original Message ‐‐‐‐‐‐‐
On Thursday, January 31, 2019 6:31 AM, James Chiang <james.chiangwu at gmail.com> wrote:

> Dear all,
>  I am trying to understand how channel commitment transactions can be revoked with op_checksigfromstack(msg, sig, key) and signed sequence commitments.
> I understand that a commitment c(n, randomness)  is signed by both parties for each state, and that this signature can be verified with op_csfs(c, sig(A+B), key(A+B)). The sequence n is incremented for each new state.
> Given the most recent commitment sequence signature (from both parties) and the sequence commitment opening (n++, r), an output script of an older, revoked commitment transaction can verify that a newer signed commitment sequence exists by examining:
> -   op_checksigfromstack(c++, sig(A+B), key(A+B)) 
> -   c++ == commitment(n++, r)
> However, it must also have information about its own sequence number n, so it can verify that this is indeed lower than n++ (current). How is sequence number n committed to the nth commitment tx and accessible on-stack during script evaluation?

>From what little I understand, I imagine that "n++" here is a SCRIPT input (such that any "n < n++" must be given).
Then the SCRIPT itself contains the "n" it has.

So the SCRIPT above is lacking the check:

    n < n++

which I suppose can be done via


Thus `n` is embedded in the SCRIPT directly as a constant.
Now the script itself is committed via P2WSH, and the output SCRIPT is committed to in the SIGHASH algorithm used.


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