[Linux-kernel-mentees] [RFC, WIP, v4 09/11] media: vidtv: implement a PES packetizer

Daniel W. S. Almeida dwlsalmeida at gmail.com
Wed May 6 06:55:48 UTC 2020

Hi Mauro,

> As commented, don't use WARN_ON(). At most, you could use WARN_ON_ONCE(),
> as otherwise, you may end by causing serious performance issues if
> the code starts to produce a flood of warnings at the dmesg.
> I would use pr_warn_ratelimit() on all such cases.


> I don't like the idea of changing the "from" buffer endiannes, copy
> and then restore it back to the original state. Is this really needed?
> I would, instead, define:
> 	struct pes_header {
> 	...
> 		__be32 bitfield;
> 		__be16 length;
> 	...
> 	};
> Then wherever you would touch them:
> 	u32 bitfield;
> 	u16 len;
> 	/* Write into BE fields */
> 	pes_header.bitfield = cpu_to_be32(bitfield);
> 	pes_header.length = cpu_to_be16(len);
> 	/* Read from BE fields */
> 	bitfield = be32_to_cpu(pes_header.bitfield);
> 	len = be16_to_cpu(pes_header.length);
> As a side effect, when you use "__be16" and "__be32" types, gcc
> and smatch/sparse will warn you if you mess with endiannes.
> Same applies to similar code elsewhere.

I don't like it either, it is error prone. I did not know about this
other possibility. Does this work for _bitfields_ though?

I think the authors for libdvbv5 used unions precisely so bswap() could
be called on a 'bitfield' member and from then on the bitfields could be
accessed directly, e.g.:

	union {
		u16 bitfield; <-- call bswap() on this
		struct {
                        --> then use these directly:
			u8  syntax:1;
			u8  zero:1;
			u8  one:2;
			u16 section_length:12;
		} __packed;
	} __packed

At least that's what I understood.

I found this: 

Maybe *_get_bits, *_replace_bits is the equivalent that I should use for bitfields?

Because I'd rather not do this:

> 	u32 bitfield;
> 	/* Write into BE fields */
> 	pes_header.bitfield = cpu_to_be32(bitfield);

Since I'd have to write the (many!) bitwise operations myself and I'm
sure I will mess this up at _some_ point.

- Daniel

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