[Linux-kernel-mentees] [RFC, WIP, v6 06/10] media: vidtv: add MPEG TS common code

Daniel W. S. Almeida dwlsalmeida at gmail.com
Wed May 20 07:03:30 UTC 2020


From: "Daniel W. S. Almeida" <dwlsalmeida at gmail.com>

Add code to work with MPEG TS packets, such as TS headers, adaptation
fields, PCR packets and NULL packets.

Signed-off-by: Daniel W. S. Almeida <dwlsalmeida at gmail.com>
---
 drivers/media/test-drivers/vidtv/vidtv_ts.c | 157 ++++++++++++++++++++
 drivers/media/test-drivers/vidtv/vidtv_ts.h | 120 +++++++++++++++
 2 files changed, 277 insertions(+)
 create mode 100644 drivers/media/test-drivers/vidtv/vidtv_ts.c
 create mode 100644 drivers/media/test-drivers/vidtv/vidtv_ts.h

diff --git a/drivers/media/test-drivers/vidtv/vidtv_ts.c b/drivers/media/test-drivers/vidtv/vidtv_ts.c
new file mode 100644
index 0000000000000..77908c4e85eef
--- /dev/null
+++ b/drivers/media/test-drivers/vidtv/vidtv_ts.c
@@ -0,0 +1,157 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
+/*
+ * The Virtual DVB test driver serves as a reference DVB driver and helps
+ * validate the existing APIs in the media subsystem. It can also aid
+ * developers working on userspace applications.
+ *
+ * Written by Daniel W. S. Almeida <dwlsalmeida at gmail.com>
+ */
+
+#define pr_fmt(fmt) KBUILD_MODNAME ":%s, %d: " fmt, __func__, __LINE__
+
+#include <linux/printk.h>
+#include <linux/ratelimit.h>
+#include <linux/types.h>
+#include <asm/byteorder.h>
+
+#include "vidtv_ts.h"
+#include "vidtv_common.h"
+
+static u32 vidtv_ts_write_pcr_bits(u8 *to, u32 to_offset, u64 pcr)
+{
+	/* Exact same from ffmpeg. PCR is a counter driven by a 27Mhz clock */
+	u64 pcr_low = pcr % 300;
+	u64 pcr_high = pcr / 300;
+	u8 *buf = to + to_offset;
+
+	*buf++ = pcr_high >> 25;
+	*buf++ = pcr_high >> 17;
+	*buf++ = pcr_high >>  9;
+	*buf++ = pcr_high >>  1;
+	*buf++ = pcr_high <<  7 | pcr_low >> 8 | 0x7e;
+	*buf++ = pcr_low;
+
+	return 6;
+}
+
+void vidtv_ts_inc_cc(u8 *continuity_counter)
+{
+	++*continuity_counter;
+	if (*continuity_counter > TS_CC_MAX_VAL)
+		*continuity_counter = 0;
+}
+
+u32 vidtv_ts_null_write_into(struct null_packet_write_args args)
+{
+	u32    nbytes                  = 0;
+	struct vidtv_mpeg_ts ts_header = {0};
+
+	ts_header.sync_byte          = TS_SYNC_BYTE;
+	ts_header.pid                = TS_NULL_PACKET_PID;
+	ts_header.payload            = 1;
+	ts_header.continuity_counter = *args.continuity_counter;
+
+	cpu_to_be16s(&ts_header.bitfield);
+
+	/* copy TS header */
+	nbytes += vidtv_memcpy(args.dest_buf,
+			       args.dest_offset + nbytes,
+			       args.buf_sz,
+			       &ts_header,
+			       sizeof(ts_header));
+
+	be16_to_cpus(&ts_header.bitfield);
+
+	/*
+	 * Note:
+	 *	This will cause a discontinuity if the buffer is full,
+	 *	effectively dropping the packet, since nothing will get written
+	 *	but the continuity counter will still be incremented. This way,
+	 *	userspace can detect packet losses.
+	 */
+	vidtv_ts_inc_cc(args.continuity_counter);
+
+	/* fill the rest with empty data */
+	nbytes += vidtv_memset(args.dest_buf,
+			       args.dest_offset + nbytes,
+			       args.buf_sz,
+			       TS_FILL_BYTE,
+			       TS_PACKET_LEN - nbytes);
+
+	/* we should have written exactly _one_ 188byte packet */
+	if (nbytes != TS_PACKET_LEN)
+		pr_warn_ratelimited("Expected exactly %d bytes, got %d\n",
+				    TS_PACKET_LEN,
+				    nbytes);
+
+	return nbytes;
+}
+
+u32 vidtv_ts_pcr_write_into(struct pcr_write_args args)
+{
+	u32    nbytes                         = 0;
+	struct vidtv_mpeg_ts ts_header        = {0};
+	struct vidtv_mpeg_ts_adaption ts_adap = {0};
+
+	ts_header.sync_byte     = TS_SYNC_BYTE;
+	ts_header.tei           = 0;
+	ts_header.payload_start = 0;
+	ts_header.pid           = args.pid;
+	ts_header.priority      = 0;
+	ts_header.scrambling    = 0;
+	/* cc is not incremented, but we need it. see 13818-1 clause 2.4.3.3 */
+	ts_header.continuity_counter = *args.continuity_counter;
+	ts_header.payload            = 0;
+	ts_header.adaptation_field   = 1;
+
+	/* 13818-1 clause 2.4.3.5 */
+	ts_adap.length = 183;
+	ts_adap.PCR    = 1;
+
+	/*
+	 * Note:
+	 *	Nothing will get written if the buffer is full, this will
+	 *	essentially drop the packet. The continuity counter is not
+	 *	updated for PCR packets, so it will be as if no PCR packet was
+	 *	sent at all.
+	 */
+
+	cpu_to_be16s(&ts_header.bitfield);
+
+	/* copy TS header */
+	nbytes += vidtv_memcpy(args.dest_buf,
+			       args.dest_offset + nbytes,
+			       args.buf_sz,
+			       &ts_header,
+			       sizeof(ts_header));
+
+	be16_to_cpus(&ts_header.bitfield);
+
+	/* write the adap after the TS header */
+	nbytes += vidtv_memcpy(args.dest_buf,
+			       args.dest_offset + nbytes,
+			       args.buf_sz,
+			       &ts_adap,
+			       sizeof(ts_adap));
+
+	/* write the PCR optional */
+	cpu_to_be64s(&args.pcr);
+	nbytes += vidtv_ts_write_pcr_bits(args.dest_buf,
+					  args.dest_offset + nbytes,
+					  args.pcr);
+	be64_to_cpus(&args.pcr);
+
+	nbytes += vidtv_memset(args.dest_buf,
+			       args.dest_offset + nbytes,
+			       args.buf_sz,
+			       TS_FILL_BYTE,
+			       TS_PACKET_LEN - nbytes);
+
+	/* we should have written exactly _one_ 188byte packet */
+	if (nbytes != TS_PACKET_LEN)
+		pr_warn_ratelimited("Expected exactly %d bytes, got %d\n",
+				    TS_PACKET_LEN,
+				    nbytes);
+
+	return nbytes;
+}
diff --git a/drivers/media/test-drivers/vidtv/vidtv_ts.h b/drivers/media/test-drivers/vidtv/vidtv_ts.h
new file mode 100644
index 0000000000000..b6c638d13d14f
--- /dev/null
+++ b/drivers/media/test-drivers/vidtv/vidtv_ts.h
@@ -0,0 +1,120 @@
+/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */
+/*
+ * The Virtual DVB test driver serves as a reference DVB driver and helps
+ * validate the existing APIs in the media subsystem. It can also aid
+ * developers working on userspace applications.
+ *
+ * Written by Daniel W. S. Almeida <dwlsalmeida at gmail.com>
+ */
+
+#ifndef VIDTV_TS_H
+#define VIDTV_TS_H
+
+#include <linux/types.h>
+#include <asm/byteorder.h>
+
+#define TS_SYNC_BYTE 0x47
+#define TS_PACKET_LEN 188
+#define TS_PAYLOAD_LEN 184
+#define TS_NULL_PACKET_PID 0x1fff
+#define TS_CC_MAX_VAL 0x0f /* 4 bits */
+#define TS_LAST_VALID_PID 8191
+#define TS_FILL_BYTE 0xff /* the byte used in packet stuffing */
+
+struct vidtv_mpeg_ts_adaption {
+	u8 length;
+	struct {
+#if defined(__LITTLE_ENDIAN_BITFIELD)
+		u8 extension:1;
+		u8 private_data:1;
+		u8 splicing_point:1;
+		u8 OPCR:1;
+		u8 PCR:1;
+		u8 priority:1;
+		u8 random_access:1;
+		u8 discontinued:1;
+#elif defined(__BIG_ENDIAN_BITFIELD)
+		u8 discontinued:1;
+		u8 random_access:1;
+		u8 priority:1;
+		u8 PCR:1;
+		u8 OPCR:1;
+		u8 splicing_point:1;
+		u8 private_data:1;
+		u8 extension:1;
+#else
+#error  "Unknown bitfield ordering"
+#endif
+	} __packed;
+	u8 data[];
+} __packed;
+
+struct vidtv_mpeg_ts {
+	u8 sync_byte;
+	union {
+		u16 bitfield;
+		struct {
+			u16 pid:13;
+			u16 priority:1;
+			u16 payload_start:1;
+			u16 tei:1;
+		} __packed;
+	} __packed;
+	struct {
+#if defined(__LITTLE_ENDIAN_BITFIELD)
+		u8 continuity_counter:4;
+		u8 payload:1;
+		u8 adaptation_field:1;
+		u8 scrambling:2;
+#elif defined(__BIG_ENDIAN_BITFIELD)
+		u8 scrambling:2;
+		u8 adaptation_field:1;
+		u8 payload:1;
+		u8 continuity_counter:4;
+#else
+#error  "Unknown bitfield ordering"
+#endif
+	} __packed;
+	struct vidtv_mpeg_ts_adaption adaption[];
+} __packed;
+
+/**
+ * struct pcr_write_args - Arguments for the pcr_write_into function.
+ * @dest_buf: The buffer to write into.
+ * @dest_offset: The byte offset into the buffer.
+ * @pid: The TS PID for the PCR packets.
+ * @buf_sz: The size of the buffer in bytes.
+ * @countinuity_counter: The TS continuity_counter.
+ * @pcr: A sample from the system clock.
+ */
+struct pcr_write_args {
+	void *dest_buf;
+	u32 dest_offset;
+	u16 pid;
+	u32 buf_sz;
+	u8 *continuity_counter;
+	u64 pcr;
+};
+
+/**
+ * struct null_packet_write_args - Arguments for the null_write_into function
+ * @dest_buf: The buffer to write into.
+ * @dest_offset: The byte offset into the buffer.
+ * @buf_sz: The size of the buffer in bytes.
+ * @countinuity_counter: The TS continuity_counter.
+ */
+struct null_packet_write_args {
+	void *dest_buf;
+	u32 dest_offset;
+	u32 buf_sz;
+	u8 *continuity_counter;
+};
+
+/* Increment the continuity counter */
+void vidtv_ts_inc_cc(u8 *continuity_counter);
+
+u32 vidtv_ts_null_write_into(struct null_packet_write_args args);
+
+u32 vidtv_ts_pcr_write_into(struct pcr_write_args args);
+
+#endif //VIDTV_TS_H
-- 
2.26.2



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