[Linux-kernel-mentees] [PATCH] checkpatch: fix multi-statement macro checks for while blocks.

Dwaipayan Ray dwaipayanray1 at gmail.com
Thu Oct 1 17:19:03 UTC 2020


Checkpatch.pl doesn't have a check for excluding while (...) {...}
blocks from MULTISTATEMENT_MACRO_USE_DO_WHILE error.

For example, running checkpatch.pl on the file mm/maccess.c in the
kernel generates the following error:

ERROR: Macros with complex values should be enclosed in parentheses
+#define copy_from_kernel_nofault_loop(dst, src, len, type, err_label)  \
+       while (len >= sizeof(type)) {                                   \
+               __get_kernel_nofault(dst, src, type, err_label);        \
+               dst += sizeof(type);                                    \
+               src += sizeof(type);                                    \
+               len -= sizeof(type);                                    \
+       }

The error is misleading for this case. Enclosing it in parentheses
doesn't make any sense.

Checkpatch already has an exception list for such common macro types.
Added a new exception for while (...) {...} style blocks to the same.

In addition, the brace flatten logic was modified by changing the
substitution characters from "1" to "1u". This was done to ensure that
macros in the form "#define foo(bar) while(bar){bar--;}" were also
correctly procecssed.

Link: https://lore.kernel.org/linux-kernel-mentees/dc985938aa3986702815a0bd68dfca8a03c85447.camel@perches.com/

Suggested-by: Joe Perches <joe at perches.com>
Signed-off-by: Dwaipayan Ray <dwaipayanray1 at gmail.com>
---
 scripts/checkpatch.pl | 7 ++++---
 1 file changed, 4 insertions(+), 3 deletions(-)

diff --git a/scripts/checkpatch.pl b/scripts/checkpatch.pl
index 9e65d21456f1..31624bbb342e 100755
--- a/scripts/checkpatch.pl
+++ b/scripts/checkpatch.pl
@@ -5299,9 +5299,9 @@ sub process {
 			$dstat =~ s/\s*$//s;
 
 			# Flatten any parentheses and braces
-			while ($dstat =~ s/\([^\(\)]*\)/1/ ||
-			       $dstat =~ s/\{[^\{\}]*\}/1/ ||
-			       $dstat =~ s/.\[[^\[\]]*\]/1/)
+			while ($dstat =~ s/\([^\(\)]*\)/1u/ ||
+			       $dstat =~ s/\{[^\{\}]*\}/1u/ ||
+			       $dstat =~ s/.\[[^\[\]]*\]/1u/)
 			{
 			}
 
@@ -5342,6 +5342,7 @@ sub process {
 			    $dstat !~ /^\.$Ident\s*=/ &&				# .foo =
 			    $dstat !~ /^(?:\#\s*$Ident|\#\s*$Constant)\s*$/ &&		# stringification #foo
 			    $dstat !~ /^do\s*$Constant\s*while\s*$Constant;?$/ &&	# do {...} while (...); // do {...} while (...)
+			    $dstat !~ /^while\s*$Constant\s*$Constant\s*$/ &&		# while (...) {...}
 			    $dstat !~ /^for\s*$Constant$/ &&				# for (...)
 			    $dstat !~ /^for\s*$Constant\s+(?:$Ident|-?$Constant)$/ &&	# for (...) bar()
 			    $dstat !~ /^do\s*{/ &&					# do {...
-- 
2.27.0



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