[Linux-kernel-mentees] [PATCH v6] checkpatch: add new warnings to author signoff checks.

Joe Perches joe at perches.com
Wed Oct 7 20:30:14 UTC 2020


On Thu, 2020-10-08 at 00:50 +0530, Dwaipayan Ray wrote:
> The author signed-off-by checks are currently very vague.
> Cases like same name or same address are not handled separately.

Thanks Dwaipayan.

This might have to eventually change case #5 to CHK, but
otherwise this seems sensible and let's see how it goes...

Acked-by: Joe Perches <joe at perches.com>

> For example, running checkpatch on commit be6577af0cef
> ("parisc: Add atomic64_set_release() define to avoid CPU soft lockups"),
> gives:
> 
> WARNING: Missing Signed-off-by: line by nominal patch author
> 'John David Anglin <dave.anglin at bell.net>'
> 
> The signoff line was:
> "Signed-off-by: Dave Anglin <dave.anglin at bell.net>"
> 
> Clearly the author has signed off but with a slightly different version
> of his name. A more appropriate warning would have been to point out
> at the name mismatch instead.
> 
> Previously, the values assumed by $authorsignoff were either 0 or 1
> to indicate whether a proper sign off by author is present.
> Extended the checks to handle four new cases.
> 
> $authorsignoff values now denote the following:
> 
> 0: Missing sign off by patch author.
> 
> 1: Sign off present and identical.
> 
> 2: Addresses and names match, but comments differ.
>    "James Watson(JW) <james at gmail.com>", "James Watson <james at gmail.com>"
> 
> 3: Addresses match, but names are different.
>    "James Watson <james at gmail.com>", "James <james at gmail.com>"
> 
> 4: Names match, but addresses are different.
>    "James Watson <james at watson.com>", "James Watson <james at gmail.com>"
> 
> 5: Names match, addresses excluding subaddress details (RFC 5233) match.
>    "James Watson <james at gmail.com>", "James Watson <james+a at gmail.com>"
> 
> Also introduced a new message type FROM_SIGN_OFF_MISMATCH
> for cases 2, 3, 4 and 5.
> 
> Link: https://lore.kernel.org/linux-kernel-mentees/c1ca28e77e8e3bfa7aadf3efa8ed70f97a9d369c.camel@perches.com/
> Suggested-by: Joe Perches <joe at perches.com>
> Signed-off-by: Dwaipayan Ray <dwaipayanray1 at gmail.com>
> ---
>  scripts/checkpatch.pl | 93 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++--------
>  1 file changed, 77 insertions(+), 16 deletions(-)
> 
> diff --git a/scripts/checkpatch.pl b/scripts/checkpatch.pl
> index 31624bbb342e..124ff9432b51 100755
> --- a/scripts/checkpatch.pl
> +++ b/scripts/checkpatch.pl
> @@ -1163,10 +1163,10 @@ sub parse_email {
>  		}
>  	}
>  
> +	$comment = trim($comment);
>  	$name = trim($name);
>  	$name =~ s/^\"|\"$//g;
> -	$name =~ s/(\s*\([^\)]+\))\s*//;
> -	if (defined($1)) {
> +	if ($name =~ s/(\s*\([^\)]+\))\s*//) {
>  		$name_comment = trim($1);
>  	}
>  	$address = trim($address);
> @@ -1181,10 +1181,12 @@ sub parse_email {
>  }
>  
>  sub format_email {
> -	my ($name, $address) = @_;
> +	my ($name, $name_comment, $address, $comment) = @_;
>  
>  	my $formatted_email;
>  
> +	$name_comment = trim($name_comment);
> +	$comment = trim($comment);
>  	$name = trim($name);
>  	$name =~ s/^\"|\"$//g;
>  	$address = trim($address);
> @@ -1197,9 +1199,9 @@ sub format_email {
>  	if ("$name" eq "") {
>  		$formatted_email = "$address";
>  	} else {
> -		$formatted_email = "$name <$address>";
> +		$formatted_email = "$name$name_comment <$address>";
>  	}
> -
> +	$formatted_email .= "$comment";
>  	return $formatted_email;
>  }
>  
> @@ -1207,17 +1209,23 @@ sub reformat_email {
>  	my ($email) = @_;
>  
>  	my ($email_name, $name_comment, $email_address, $comment) = parse_email($email);
> -	return format_email($email_name, $email_address);
> +	return format_email($email_name, $name_comment, $email_address, $comment);
>  }
>  
>  sub same_email_addresses {
> -	my ($email1, $email2) = @_;
> +	my ($email1, $email2, $match_comment) = @_;
>  
>  	my ($email1_name, $name1_comment, $email1_address, $comment1) = parse_email($email1);
>  	my ($email2_name, $name2_comment, $email2_address, $comment2) = parse_email($email2);
>  
> +	if ($match_comment != 1) {
> +		return $email1_name eq $email2_name &&
> +		       $email1_address eq $email2_address;
> +	}
>  	return $email1_name eq $email2_name &&
> -	       $email1_address eq $email2_address;
> +	       $email1_address eq $email2_address &&
> +	       $name1_comment eq $name2_comment &&
> +	       $comment1 eq $comment2;
>  }
>  
>  sub which {
> @@ -2347,6 +2355,7 @@ sub process {
>  	my $signoff = 0;
>  	my $author = '';
>  	my $authorsignoff = 0;
> +	my $author_sob = '';
>  	my $is_patch = 0;
>  	my $is_binding_patch = -1;
>  	my $in_header_lines = $file ? 0 : 1;
> @@ -2674,9 +2683,37 @@ sub process {
>  		if ($line =~ /^\s*signed-off-by:\s*(.*)/i) {
>  			$signoff++;
>  			$in_commit_log = 0;
> -			if ($author ne '') {
> -				if (same_email_addresses($1, $author)) {
> +			if ($author ne ''  && $authorsignoff != 1) {
> +				if (same_email_addresses($1, $author, 1)) {
>  					$authorsignoff = 1;
> +				} else {
> +					my $ctx = $1;
> +					my ($email_name, $email_comment, $email_address, $comment1) = parse_email($ctx);
> +					my ($author_name, $author_comment, $author_address, $comment2) = parse_email($author);
> +
> +					if ($email_address eq $author_address && $email_name eq $author_name) {
> +						$author_sob = $ctx;
> +						$authorsignoff = 2;
> +					} elsif ($email_address eq $author_address) {
> +						$author_sob = $ctx;
> +						$authorsignoff = 3;
> +					} elsif ($email_name eq $author_name) {
> +						$author_sob = $ctx;
> +						$authorsignoff = 4;
> +
> +						my $address1 = $email_address;
> +						my $address2 = $author_address;
> +
> +						if ($address1 =~ /(\S+)\+\S+(\@.*)/) {
> +							$address1 = "$1$2";
> +						}
> +						if ($address2 =~ /(\S+)\+\S+(\@.*)/) {
> +							$address2 = "$1$2";
> +						}
> +						if ($address1 eq $address2) {
> +							$authorsignoff = 5;
> +						}
> +					}
>  				}
>  			}
>  		}
> @@ -2733,7 +2770,7 @@ sub process {
>  			}
>  
>  			my ($email_name, $name_comment, $email_address, $comment) = parse_email($email);
> -			my $suggested_email = format_email(($email_name, $email_address));
> +			my $suggested_email = format_email(($email_name, $name_comment, $email_address, $comment));
>  			if ($suggested_email eq "") {
>  				ERROR("BAD_SIGN_OFF",
>  				      "Unrecognized email address: '$email'\n" . $herecurr);
> @@ -2743,9 +2780,9 @@ sub process {
>  				$dequoted =~ s/" </ </;
>  				# Don't force email to have quotes
>  				# Allow just an angle bracketed address
> -				if (!same_email_addresses($email, $suggested_email)) {
> +				if (!same_email_addresses($email, $suggested_email, 0)) {
>  					WARN("BAD_SIGN_OFF",
> -					     "email address '$email' might be better as '$suggested_email$comment'\n" . $herecurr);
> +					     "email address '$email' might be better as '$suggested_email'\n" . $herecurr);
>  				}
>  			}
>  
> @@ -6891,9 +6928,33 @@ sub process {
>  		if ($signoff == 0) {
>  			ERROR("MISSING_SIGN_OFF",
>  			      "Missing Signed-off-by: line(s)\n");
> -		} elsif (!$authorsignoff) {
> -			WARN("NO_AUTHOR_SIGN_OFF",
> -			     "Missing Signed-off-by: line by nominal patch author '$author'\n");
> +		} elsif ($authorsignoff != 1) {
> +			# authorsignoff values:
> +			# 0 -> missing sign off
> +			# 1 -> sign off identical
> +			# 2 -> names and addresses match, comments mismatch
> +			# 3 -> addresses match, names different
> +			# 4 -> names match, addresses different
> +			# 5 -> names match, addresses excluding subaddress details (refer RFC 5233) match
> +
> +			my $sob_msg = "'From: $author' != 'Signed-off-by: $author_sob'";
> +
> +			if ($authorsignoff == 0) {
> +				ERROR("NO_AUTHOR_SIGN_OFF",
> +				      "Missing Signed-off-by: line by nominal patch author '$author'\n");
> +			} elsif ($authorsignoff == 2) {
> +				CHK("FROM_SIGN_OFF_MISMATCH",
> +				    "From:/Signed-off-by: email comments mismatch: $sob_msg\n");
> +			} elsif ($authorsignoff == 3) {
> +				WARN("FROM_SIGN_OFF_MISMATCH",
> +				     "From:/Signed-off-by: email name mismatch: $sob_msg\n");
> +			} elsif ($authorsignoff == 4) {
> +				WARN("FROM_SIGN_OFF_MISMATCH",
> +				     "From:/Signed-off-by: email address mismatch: $sob_msg\n");
> +			} elsif ($authorsignoff == 5) {
> +				WARN("FROM_SIGN_OFF_MISMATCH",
> +				     "From:/Signed-off-by: email subaddress mismatch: $sob_msg\n");
> +			}
>  		}
>  	}
>  



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