[Linux-kernel-mentees] [PATCH] fs: gfs2: prevent OOB access in gfs2_read_sb()

Anant Thazhemadam anant.thazhemadam at gmail.com
Tue Oct 13 15:26:48 UTC 2020

In gfs2_read_sb(), if the condition
	(d != sdp->sd_heightsize[x - 1] || m)
isn't satisfied (in the first 11 iterations), the loop continues,
and begins to perform out-of-bounds access.
Fix this out-of-bounds access by introducing a condition in the for loop
that ensures that no more than GFS2_MAX_META_HEIGHT + 1 elements are

In addition to this, if the above condition is satisfied when
x = GFS2_MAX_META_HEIGHT (which = 10), and the flow of control breaks
out of the loop, then an out-of-bounds access is performed again while
assigning sdp->sd_heightsize[x] = ~0 (since x would be 11 now.), and
also the assertion that spd->sd_max_height <= GFS2_MAX_META_HEIGHT would
Fix this out-of-bounds access and ensure that the assertion doesn't fail
by introducing another variable "index", which keeps track of the last
valid value of x (pre-increment) that can be used.

Reported-by: syzbot+a5e2482a693e6b1e444b at syzkaller.appspotmail.com
Tested-by: syzbot+a5e2482a693e6b1e444b at syzkaller.appspotmail.com
Signed-off-by: Anant Thazhemadam <anant.thazhemadam at gmail.com>

I have one question here (potentially a place where I suspect this
patch could have a fatal flaw and might need some rework).

	sdp->sd_max_height = x;
	sdp->sd_heightsize[x] = ~0;

Were these lines written with the logic that the value of x would be
equal to (sdp->sd_heightsize[]'s last index filled in by the loop) + 1?
Or, is the expected value of x at these lines equal to 
(sdp->sd_heightsize[]'s last index as filled in by the loop)?
I would appreciate it if someone could clarify for me, how this would 
hold against the second potential out-of-bounds access I mentioned in my
commit message.

An additional comment (which I feel is of some significance) on this.
Reproducing the crash locally, I could infer that sdp->sd_fsb2bb_shift
sdp->sd_sb.sb_bsize, sdp->sd_sb.sb_bsize_shift, and sdp->sd_inptrs
were all 0.
This by extension also means that in gfs2_read_sb(), all the attributes
whose values were determined by performing some sort of calculation 
involving any one of these variables all resulted in either 0 or a 
negative value.
Simply doing the math will also show how this was also the primary reason
this OOB access occured in the first place. 
However, I still feel that gfs2_read_sb() could do with this bit of checking, 
since it fundamentally prevents OOB accesses from occuring in gfs2_read_sb()
in all scenarios.
Anyways, coming back to my initial point. Can having values like that be 
considered unacceptable and as something that needs to be handled (at 
gfs2_fill_super() maybe?) or is this non-anomalous behaviour and okay?

 fs/gfs2/ops_fstype.c | 15 ++++++++-------
 1 file changed, 8 insertions(+), 7 deletions(-)

diff --git a/fs/gfs2/ops_fstype.c b/fs/gfs2/ops_fstype.c
index 6d18d2c91add..66ee8fb06ab9 100644
--- a/fs/gfs2/ops_fstype.c
+++ b/fs/gfs2/ops_fstype.c
@@ -281,7 +281,7 @@ static int gfs2_read_sb(struct gfs2_sbd *sdp, int silent)
 	u32 hash_blocks, ind_blocks, leaf_blocks;
 	u32 tmp_blocks;
-	unsigned int x;
+	unsigned int x, index;
 	int error;
 	error = gfs2_read_super(sdp, GFS2_SB_ADDR >> sdp->sd_fsb2bb_shift, silent);
@@ -329,20 +329,21 @@ static int gfs2_read_sb(struct gfs2_sbd *sdp, int silent)
 	sdp->sd_heightsize[0] = sdp->sd_sb.sb_bsize -
 				sizeof(struct gfs2_dinode);
 	sdp->sd_heightsize[1] = sdp->sd_sb.sb_bsize * sdp->sd_diptrs;
-	for (x = 2;; x++) {
+	for (x = 2; x <= GFS2_MAX_META_HEIGHT; x++) {
 		u64 space, d;
 		u32 m;
-		space = sdp->sd_heightsize[x - 1] * sdp->sd_inptrs;
+		index = x;
+		space = sdp->sd_heightsize[index - 1] * sdp->sd_inptrs;
 		d = space;
 		m = do_div(d, sdp->sd_inptrs);
-		if (d != sdp->sd_heightsize[x - 1] || m)
+		if (d != sdp->sd_heightsize[index - 1] || m)
-		sdp->sd_heightsize[x] = space;
+		sdp->sd_heightsize[index] = space;
-	sdp->sd_max_height = x;
-	sdp->sd_heightsize[x] = ~0;
+	sdp->sd_max_height = index;
+	sdp->sd_heightsize[index] = ~0;
 	gfs2_assert(sdp, sdp->sd_max_height <= GFS2_MAX_META_HEIGHT);
 	sdp->sd_max_dents_per_leaf = (sdp->sd_sb.sb_bsize -

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