[Linux-kernel-mentees] [PATCH v3] checkpatch: fix false positives in REPEATED_WORD warning

Aditya Srivastava yashsri421 at gmail.com
Fri Oct 23 13:38:28 UTC 2020

Presence of hexadecimal address or symbol results in false warning
message by checkpatch.pl.

For example, running checkpatch on commit b8ad540dd4e4 ("mptcp: fix
memory leak in mptcp_subflow_create_socket()") results in warning:

WARNING:REPEATED_WORD: Possible repeated word: 'ff'
    00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 2f 30 0a 81 88 ff ff  ........./0.....

Similarly, the presence of list command output in commit results in
an unnecessary warning.

For example, running checkpatch on commit 899e5ffbf246 ("perf record:
Introduce --switch-output-event") gives:

WARNING:REPEATED_WORD: Possible repeated word: 'root'
  dr-xr-x---. 12 root root    4096 Apr 27 17:46 ..

Here, it reports 'ff' and 'root to be repeated, but it is in fact part
of some address or code, where it has to be repeated.

In these cases, the intent of the warning to find stylistic issues in
commit messages is not met and the warning is just completely wrong in
this case.

To avoid these warnings, add additional regex check for the
directory permission pattern and avoid checking the line for this
class of warning. Similarly, to avoid hex pattern, check if the word
consists of hex symbols and skip this warning if it is not among the
common english words formed using hex letters.

A quick evaluation on v5.6..v5.8 showed that this fix reduces
REPEATED_WORD warnings from 2797 to 907.

A quick manual check found all cases are related to hex output or
list command outputs in commit messages.

Signed-off-by: Aditya Srivastava <yashsri421 at gmail.com>
 scripts/checkpatch.pl | 15 ++++++++++++++-
 1 file changed, 14 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)

diff --git a/scripts/checkpatch.pl b/scripts/checkpatch.pl
index 9b9ffd876e8a..3bd8205c48d8 100755
--- a/scripts/checkpatch.pl
+++ b/scripts/checkpatch.pl
@@ -3051,7 +3051,9 @@ sub process {
 # check for repeated words separated by a single space
-		if ($rawline =~ /^\+/ || $in_commit_log) {
+# avoid false positive from list command eg, '-rw-r--r-- 1 root root'
+		if (($rawline =~ /^\+/ || $in_commit_log) &&
+				$rawline !~ /[bcCdDlMnpPs\?-][rwxsStT-]{9}/) {
 			while ($rawline =~ /\b($word_pattern) (?=($word_pattern))/g) {
 				my $first = $1;
@@ -3065,6 +3067,17 @@ sub process {
 				next if ($first ne $second);
 				next if ($first eq 'long');
+				# avoid repeating hex occurrences like 'ff ff fe 09 ...'
+				my @non_hex_words = (
+					"add", "added", "ace", "aced", "bad", "be", "bed", "bead",
+					"beaded", "bedded", "cab", "cabbed", "cede", "ceded",
+					"dead", "deaf", "deb", "decade", "deed", "deface", "defaced", "efface",
+					"effaced", "face", "faced", "fade", "faded", "fed", "fee", "feed"
+				);
+				if ($first =~ /\b[0-9a-f]{2,}\b/) {
+					next if (!grep(/^$first$/, @non_hex_words));
+				}
 					 "Possible repeated word: '$first'\n" . $herecurr) &&
 				    $fix) {

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