[PATCH v6 4/7] drm: avoid races with modesetting rights

Desmond Cheong Zhi Xi desmondcheongzx at gmail.com
Wed Aug 25 10:24:08 UTC 2021


In drm_client_modeset.c and drm_fb_helper.c,
drm_master_internal_{acquire,release} are used to avoid races with DRM
userspace. These functions hold onto drm_device.master_rwsem while
committing, and bail if there's already a master.

However, there are other places where modesetting rights can race. A
time-of-check-to-time-of-use error can occur if an ioctl that changes
the modeset has its rights revoked after it validates its permissions,
but before it completes.

There are four places where modesetting permissions can change:

- DROP_MASTER ioctl removes rights for a master and its leases

- REVOKE_LEASE ioctl revokes rights for a specific lease

- SET_MASTER ioctl sets the device master if the master role hasn't
been acquired yet

- drm_open which can create a new master for a device if one does not
currently exist

These races can be avoided using drm_device.master_rwsem: users that
perform modesetting should hold a read lock on the new
drm_device.master_rwsem, and users that change these permissions
should hold a write lock.

To avoid deadlocks with master_rwsem, for ioctls that need to check
for modesetting permissions, but also need to hold a write lock on
master_rwsem to protect some other attribute (or recurses to some
function that holds a write lock, like drm_mode_create_lease_ioctl
which eventually calls drm_master_open), we remove the DRM_MASTER flag
and push the master_rwsem lock and permissions check into the ioctl.

Reported-by: Daniel Vetter <daniel.vetter at ffwll.ch>
Signed-off-by: Desmond Cheong Zhi Xi <desmondcheongzx at gmail.com>
---
 drivers/gpu/drm/drm_auth.c  |  4 ++++
 drivers/gpu/drm/drm_ioctl.c | 20 +++++++++++++++-----
 drivers/gpu/drm/drm_lease.c | 35 ++++++++++++++++++++++++-----------
 include/drm/drm_device.h    |  5 +++++
 4 files changed, 48 insertions(+), 16 deletions(-)

diff --git a/drivers/gpu/drm/drm_auth.c b/drivers/gpu/drm/drm_auth.c
index 73ade0513ccb..65065f7e1499 100644
--- a/drivers/gpu/drm/drm_auth.c
+++ b/drivers/gpu/drm/drm_auth.c
@@ -120,6 +120,10 @@ int drm_authmagic(struct drm_device *dev, void *data,
 	DRM_DEBUG("%u\n", auth->magic);
 
 	down_write(&dev->master_rwsem);
+	if (unlikely(!drm_is_current_master(file_priv))) {
+		up_write(&dev->master_rwsem);
+		return -EACCES;
+	}
 	file = idr_find(&file_priv->master->magic_map, auth->magic);
 	if (file) {
 		file->authenticated = 1;
diff --git a/drivers/gpu/drm/drm_ioctl.c b/drivers/gpu/drm/drm_ioctl.c
index 158629d88319..8bea39ffc5c0 100644
--- a/drivers/gpu/drm/drm_ioctl.c
+++ b/drivers/gpu/drm/drm_ioctl.c
@@ -386,6 +386,10 @@ static int drm_setversion(struct drm_device *dev, void *data, struct drm_file *f
 	int if_version, retcode = 0;
 
 	down_write(&dev->master_rwsem);
+	if (unlikely(!drm_is_current_master(file_priv))) {
+		retcode = -EACCES;
+		goto unlock;
+	}
 	if (sv->drm_di_major != -1) {
 		if (sv->drm_di_major != DRM_IF_MAJOR ||
 		    sv->drm_di_minor < 0 || sv->drm_di_minor > DRM_IF_MINOR) {
@@ -420,8 +424,9 @@ static int drm_setversion(struct drm_device *dev, void *data, struct drm_file *f
 	sv->drm_di_minor = DRM_IF_MINOR;
 	sv->drm_dd_major = dev->driver->major;
 	sv->drm_dd_minor = dev->driver->minor;
-	up_write(&dev->master_rwsem);
 
+unlock:
+	up_write(&dev->master_rwsem);
 	return retcode;
 }
 
@@ -574,12 +579,12 @@ static const struct drm_ioctl_desc drm_ioctls[] = {
 	DRM_IOCTL_DEF(DRM_IOCTL_GET_STATS, drm_getstats, 0),
 	DRM_IOCTL_DEF(DRM_IOCTL_GET_CAP, drm_getcap, DRM_RENDER_ALLOW),
 	DRM_IOCTL_DEF(DRM_IOCTL_SET_CLIENT_CAP, drm_setclientcap, 0),
-	DRM_IOCTL_DEF(DRM_IOCTL_SET_VERSION, drm_setversion, DRM_MASTER),
+	DRM_IOCTL_DEF(DRM_IOCTL_SET_VERSION, drm_setversion, 0),
 
 	DRM_IOCTL_DEF(DRM_IOCTL_SET_UNIQUE, drm_invalid_op, DRM_AUTH|DRM_MASTER|DRM_ROOT_ONLY),
 	DRM_IOCTL_DEF(DRM_IOCTL_BLOCK, drm_noop, DRM_AUTH|DRM_MASTER|DRM_ROOT_ONLY),
 	DRM_IOCTL_DEF(DRM_IOCTL_UNBLOCK, drm_noop, DRM_AUTH|DRM_MASTER|DRM_ROOT_ONLY),
-	DRM_IOCTL_DEF(DRM_IOCTL_AUTH_MAGIC, drm_authmagic, DRM_MASTER),
+	DRM_IOCTL_DEF(DRM_IOCTL_AUTH_MAGIC, drm_authmagic, 0),
 
 	DRM_LEGACY_IOCTL_DEF(DRM_IOCTL_ADD_MAP, drm_legacy_addmap_ioctl, DRM_AUTH|DRM_MASTER|DRM_ROOT_ONLY),
 	DRM_LEGACY_IOCTL_DEF(DRM_IOCTL_RM_MAP, drm_legacy_rmmap_ioctl, DRM_AUTH),
@@ -706,10 +711,10 @@ static const struct drm_ioctl_desc drm_ioctls[] = {
 		      DRM_RENDER_ALLOW),
 	DRM_IOCTL_DEF(DRM_IOCTL_CRTC_GET_SEQUENCE, drm_crtc_get_sequence_ioctl, 0),
 	DRM_IOCTL_DEF(DRM_IOCTL_CRTC_QUEUE_SEQUENCE, drm_crtc_queue_sequence_ioctl, 0),
-	DRM_IOCTL_DEF(DRM_IOCTL_MODE_CREATE_LEASE, drm_mode_create_lease_ioctl, DRM_MASTER),
+	DRM_IOCTL_DEF(DRM_IOCTL_MODE_CREATE_LEASE, drm_mode_create_lease_ioctl, 0),
 	DRM_IOCTL_DEF(DRM_IOCTL_MODE_LIST_LESSEES, drm_mode_list_lessees_ioctl, DRM_MASTER),
 	DRM_IOCTL_DEF(DRM_IOCTL_MODE_GET_LEASE, drm_mode_get_lease_ioctl, DRM_MASTER),
-	DRM_IOCTL_DEF(DRM_IOCTL_MODE_REVOKE_LEASE, drm_mode_revoke_lease_ioctl, DRM_MASTER),
+	DRM_IOCTL_DEF(DRM_IOCTL_MODE_REVOKE_LEASE, drm_mode_revoke_lease_ioctl, 0),
 };
 
 #define DRM_CORE_IOCTL_COUNT	ARRAY_SIZE( drm_ioctls )
@@ -776,6 +781,9 @@ long drm_ioctl_kernel(struct file *file, drm_ioctl_t *func, void *kdata,
 	if (unlikely(drm_core_check_feature(dev, DRIVER_LEGACY)) && !(flags & DRM_UNLOCKED))
 		mutex_lock(&drm_global_mutex);
 
+	if (unlikely(flags & DRM_MASTER))
+		down_read(&dev->master_rwsem);
+
 	retcode = drm_ioctl_permit(flags, file_priv);
 	if (unlikely(retcode))
 		goto out;
@@ -783,6 +791,8 @@ long drm_ioctl_kernel(struct file *file, drm_ioctl_t *func, void *kdata,
 	retcode = func(dev, kdata, file_priv);
 
 out:
+	if (unlikely(flags & DRM_MASTER))
+		up_read(&dev->master_rwsem);
 	if (unlikely(drm_core_check_feature(dev, DRIVER_LEGACY)) && !(flags & DRM_UNLOCKED))
 		mutex_unlock(&drm_global_mutex);
 	return retcode;
diff --git a/drivers/gpu/drm/drm_lease.c b/drivers/gpu/drm/drm_lease.c
index dee4f24a1808..bed6f7636cbe 100644
--- a/drivers/gpu/drm/drm_lease.c
+++ b/drivers/gpu/drm/drm_lease.c
@@ -500,6 +500,18 @@ int drm_mode_create_lease_ioctl(struct drm_device *dev,
 		return -EINVAL;
 	}
 
+	/* Clone the lessor file to create a new file for us */
+	DRM_DEBUG_LEASE("Allocating lease file\n");
+	lessee_file = file_clone_open(lessor_file);
+	if (IS_ERR(lessee_file))
+		return PTR_ERR(lessee_file);
+
+	down_read(&dev->master_rwsem);
+	if (unlikely(!drm_is_current_master(lessor_priv))) {
+		ret = -EACCES;
+		goto out_file;
+	}
+
 	lessor = drm_file_get_master(lessor_priv);
 	/* Do not allow sub-leases */
 	if (lessor->lessor) {
@@ -547,14 +559,6 @@ int drm_mode_create_lease_ioctl(struct drm_device *dev,
 		goto out_leases;
 	}
 
-	/* Clone the lessor file to create a new file for us */
-	DRM_DEBUG_LEASE("Allocating lease file\n");
-	lessee_file = file_clone_open(lessor_file);
-	if (IS_ERR(lessee_file)) {
-		ret = PTR_ERR(lessee_file);
-		goto out_lessee;
-	}
-
 	lessee_priv = lessee_file->private_data;
 	/* Change the file to a master one */
 	drm_master_put(&lessee_priv->master);
@@ -571,17 +575,19 @@ int drm_mode_create_lease_ioctl(struct drm_device *dev,
 	fd_install(fd, lessee_file);
 
 	drm_master_put(&lessor);
+	up_read(&dev->master_rwsem);
 	DRM_DEBUG_LEASE("drm_mode_create_lease_ioctl succeeded\n");
 	return 0;
 
-out_lessee:
-	drm_master_put(&lessee);
-
 out_leases:
 	put_unused_fd(fd);
 
 out_lessor:
 	drm_master_put(&lessor);
+
+out_file:
+	up_read(&dev->master_rwsem);
+	fput(lessee_file);
 	DRM_DEBUG_LEASE("drm_mode_create_lease_ioctl failed: %d\n", ret);
 	return ret;
 }
@@ -705,6 +711,11 @@ int drm_mode_revoke_lease_ioctl(struct drm_device *dev,
 	if (!drm_core_check_feature(dev, DRIVER_MODESET))
 		return -EOPNOTSUPP;
 
+	down_write(&dev->master_rwsem);
+	if (unlikely(!drm_is_current_master(lessor_priv))) {
+		ret = -EACCES;
+		goto unlock;
+	}
 	lessor = drm_file_get_master(lessor_priv);
 	mutex_lock(&dev->mode_config.idr_mutex);
 
@@ -728,5 +739,7 @@ int drm_mode_revoke_lease_ioctl(struct drm_device *dev,
 	mutex_unlock(&dev->mode_config.idr_mutex);
 	drm_master_put(&lessor);
 
+unlock:
+	up_write(&dev->master_rwsem);
 	return ret;
 }
diff --git a/include/drm/drm_device.h b/include/drm/drm_device.h
index 142fb2f6e74d..7d32bb69e6db 100644
--- a/include/drm/drm_device.h
+++ b/include/drm/drm_device.h
@@ -151,6 +151,11 @@ struct drm_device {
 	 * Lock for &drm_device.master, &drm_file.was_master,
 	 * &drm_file.is_master, &drm_file.master, &drm_master.unique,
 	 * &drm_master.unique_len, and &drm_master.magic_map.
+	 *
+	 * Additionally, synchronizes modesetting rights between multiple users.
+	 * Users that can change the modeset or display state must hold a read
+	 * lock on @master_rwsem, and users that change modesetting rights
+	 * should hold a write lock.
 	 */
 	struct rw_semaphore master_rwsem;
 
-- 
2.25.1



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