[PATCH v2] Bluetooth: fix inconsistent lock state in sco

Desmond Cheong Zhi Xi desmondcheongzx at gmail.com
Tue Jul 13 16:28:38 UTC 2021


Syzbot reported an inconsistent {SOFTIRQ-ON-W} -> {IN-SOFTIRQ-W} lock
usage in sco_conn_del and sco_sock_timeout that could lead to
deadlocks.

This inconsistent lock state can also happen in sco_conn_ready,
rfcomm_connect_ind, and bt_accept_enqueue.

The issue is that these functions take a spin lock on the socket with
interrupts enabled, but sco_sock_timeout takes the lock in an IRQ
context. This could lead to deadlocks:

       CPU0
       ----
  lock(slock-AF_BLUETOOTH-BTPROTO_SCO);
  <Interrupt>
    lock(slock-AF_BLUETOOTH-BTPROTO_SCO);

 *** DEADLOCK ***

We fix this by ensuring that local bh is disabled before calling
bh_lock_sock.

After doing this, we additionally need to protect sco_conn_lock by
disabling local bh.

This is necessary because sco_conn_del makes a call to sco_chan_del
while holding on to the sock lock, and sco_chan_del itself makes a
call to sco_conn_lock. If sco_conn_lock is held elsewhere with
interrupts enabled, there could still be a
slock-AF_BLUETOOTH-BTPROTO_SCO --> &conn->lock#2 lock inversion as
follows:

        CPU0                    CPU1
        ----                    ----
   lock(&conn->lock#2);
                                local_irq_disable();
                                lock(slock-AF_BLUETOOTH-BTPROTO_SCO);
                                lock(&conn->lock#2);
   <Interrupt>
     lock(slock-AF_BLUETOOTH-BTPROTO_SCO);

  *** DEADLOCK ***

As sco_conn_del now disables local bh before calling sco_chan_del,
instead of disabling local bh for the calls to sco_conn_lock in
sco_chan_del, we instead wrap other calls to sco_chan_del with
local_bh_disable/enable.

Reported-by: syzbot+2f6d7c28bb4bf7e82060 at syzkaller.appspotmail.com
Tested-by: syzbot+2f6d7c28bb4bf7e82060 at syzkaller.appspotmail.com
Signed-off-by: Desmond Cheong Zhi Xi <desmondcheongzx at gmail.com>
---

Hi,

The previous version of this patch was a bit of a mess, so I made the
following changes.

v1 -> v2:
- Instead of pulling out the clean-up code out from sco_chan_del and
using it directly in sco_conn_del, disable local irqs for relevant
sections.
- Disable local irqs more thoroughly for instances of
bh_lock_sock/bh_lock_sock_nested in the bluetooth subsystem.
Specifically, the calls in af_bluetooth.c and rfcomm/sock.c are now made
with local irqs disabled as well.

Best wishes,
Desmond

 net/bluetooth/rfcomm/sock.c |  2 ++
 net/bluetooth/sco.c         | 26 +++++++++++++++++++++++++-
 2 files changed, 27 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)

diff --git a/net/bluetooth/rfcomm/sock.c b/net/bluetooth/rfcomm/sock.c
index ae6f80730561..d8734abb2df4 100644
--- a/net/bluetooth/rfcomm/sock.c
+++ b/net/bluetooth/rfcomm/sock.c
@@ -974,6 +974,7 @@ int rfcomm_connect_ind(struct rfcomm_session *s, u8 channel, struct rfcomm_dlc *
 	if (!parent)
 		return 0;
 
+	local_bh_disable();
 	bh_lock_sock(parent);
 
 	/* Check for backlog size */
@@ -1002,6 +1003,7 @@ int rfcomm_connect_ind(struct rfcomm_session *s, u8 channel, struct rfcomm_dlc *
 
 done:
 	bh_unlock_sock(parent);
+	local_bh_enable();
 
 	if (test_bit(BT_SK_DEFER_SETUP, &bt_sk(parent)->flags))
 		parent->sk_state_change(parent);
diff --git a/net/bluetooth/sco.c b/net/bluetooth/sco.c
index 3bd41563f118..2548b8f81473 100644
--- a/net/bluetooth/sco.c
+++ b/net/bluetooth/sco.c
@@ -167,16 +167,22 @@ static void sco_conn_del(struct hci_conn *hcon, int err)
 	BT_DBG("hcon %p conn %p, err %d", hcon, conn, err);
 
 	/* Kill socket */
+	local_bh_disable();
 	sco_conn_lock(conn);
 	sk = conn->sk;
 	sco_conn_unlock(conn);
+	local_bh_enable();
 
 	if (sk) {
 		sock_hold(sk);
+
+		local_bh_disable();
 		bh_lock_sock(sk);
 		sco_sock_clear_timer(sk);
 		sco_chan_del(sk, err);
 		bh_unlock_sock(sk);
+		local_bh_enable();
+
 		sco_sock_kill(sk);
 		sock_put(sk);
 	}
@@ -202,6 +208,7 @@ static int sco_chan_add(struct sco_conn *conn, struct sock *sk,
 {
 	int err = 0;
 
+	local_bh_disable();
 	sco_conn_lock(conn);
 	if (conn->sk)
 		err = -EBUSY;
@@ -209,6 +216,7 @@ static int sco_chan_add(struct sco_conn *conn, struct sock *sk,
 		__sco_chan_add(conn, sk, parent);
 
 	sco_conn_unlock(conn);
+	local_bh_enable();
 	return err;
 }
 
@@ -303,9 +311,11 @@ static void sco_recv_frame(struct sco_conn *conn, struct sk_buff *skb)
 {
 	struct sock *sk;
 
+	local_bh_disable();
 	sco_conn_lock(conn);
 	sk = conn->sk;
 	sco_conn_unlock(conn);
+	local_bh_enable();
 
 	if (!sk)
 		goto drop;
@@ -420,18 +430,25 @@ static void __sco_sock_close(struct sock *sk)
 		if (sco_pi(sk)->conn->hcon) {
 			sk->sk_state = BT_DISCONN;
 			sco_sock_set_timer(sk, SCO_DISCONN_TIMEOUT);
+			local_bh_disable();
 			sco_conn_lock(sco_pi(sk)->conn);
 			hci_conn_drop(sco_pi(sk)->conn->hcon);
 			sco_pi(sk)->conn->hcon = NULL;
 			sco_conn_unlock(sco_pi(sk)->conn);
-		} else
+			local_bh_enable();
+		} else {
+			local_bh_disable();
 			sco_chan_del(sk, ECONNRESET);
+			local_bh_enable();
+		}
 		break;
 
 	case BT_CONNECT2:
 	case BT_CONNECT:
 	case BT_DISCONN:
+		local_bh_disable();
 		sco_chan_del(sk, ECONNRESET);
+		local_bh_enable();
 		break;
 
 	default:
@@ -1084,21 +1101,26 @@ static void sco_conn_ready(struct sco_conn *conn)
 
 	if (sk) {
 		sco_sock_clear_timer(sk);
+		local_bh_disable();
 		bh_lock_sock(sk);
 		sk->sk_state = BT_CONNECTED;
 		sk->sk_state_change(sk);
 		bh_unlock_sock(sk);
+		local_bh_enable();
 	} else {
+		local_bh_disable();
 		sco_conn_lock(conn);
 
 		if (!conn->hcon) {
 			sco_conn_unlock(conn);
+			local_bh_enable();
 			return;
 		}
 
 		parent = sco_get_sock_listen(&conn->hcon->src);
 		if (!parent) {
 			sco_conn_unlock(conn);
+			local_bh_enable();
 			return;
 		}
 
@@ -1109,6 +1131,7 @@ static void sco_conn_ready(struct sco_conn *conn)
 		if (!sk) {
 			bh_unlock_sock(parent);
 			sco_conn_unlock(conn);
+			local_bh_enable();
 			return;
 		}
 
@@ -1131,6 +1154,7 @@ static void sco_conn_ready(struct sco_conn *conn)
 		bh_unlock_sock(parent);
 
 		sco_conn_unlock(conn);
+		local_bh_enable();
 	}
 }
 
-- 
2.25.1



More information about the Linux-kernel-mentees mailing list