[PATCH v3 1/2] Bluetooth: fix inconsistent lock state in SCO

Luiz Augusto von Dentz luiz.dentz at gmail.com
Tue Jul 27 00:30:08 UTC 2021


Hi Desmond,

On Wed, Jul 21, 2021 at 2:39 AM Desmond Cheong Zhi Xi
<desmondcheongzx at gmail.com> wrote:
>
> Syzbot reported an inconsistent {SOFTIRQ-ON-W} -> {IN-SOFTIRQ-W} lock
> usage in sco_conn_del and sco_sock_timeout that could lead to
> deadlocks.
>
> This inconsistent lock state can also happen in sco_conn_ready,
> rfcomm_connect_ind, and bt_accept_enqueue.
>
> The issue is that these functions take a spin lock on the socket with
> interrupts enabled, but sco_sock_timeout takes the lock in an IRQ
> context. This could lead to deadlocks:
>
>        CPU0
>        ----
>   lock(slock-AF_BLUETOOTH-BTPROTO_SCO);
>   <Interrupt>
>     lock(slock-AF_BLUETOOTH-BTPROTO_SCO);

Having a second look at this, it does seem this is due to use of
sk->sk_timer which apparently run its callback on IRQ context, so I
wonder if wouldn't be a better idea to switch to a delayed_work to
avoid having to deal with the likes of local_bh_disable, in fact it
seems we have been misusing it since the documentation says it is for
sock cleanup not for handling things like SNDTIMEO, we don't really
use it for other socket types so I wonder when we start using
delayed_work we forgot about sco.c.

>  *** DEADLOCK ***
>
> We fix this by ensuring that local bh is disabled before calling
> bh_lock_sock.
>
> After doing this, we additionally need to protect sco_conn_lock by
> disabling local bh.
>
> This is necessary because sco_conn_del makes a call to sco_chan_del
> while holding on to the sock lock, and sco_chan_del itself makes a
> call to sco_conn_lock. If sco_conn_lock is held elsewhere with
> interrupts enabled, there could still be a
> slock-AF_BLUETOOTH-BTPROTO_SCO --> &conn->lock#2 lock inversion as
> follows:
>
>         CPU0                    CPU1
>         ----                    ----
>    lock(&conn->lock#2);
>                                 local_irq_disable();
>                                 lock(slock-AF_BLUETOOTH-BTPROTO_SCO);
>                                 lock(&conn->lock#2);
>    <Interrupt>
>      lock(slock-AF_BLUETOOTH-BTPROTO_SCO);
>
>   *** DEADLOCK ***
>
> Although sco_conn_del disables local bh before calling sco_chan_del,
> we can still wrap the calls to sco_conn_lock in sco_chan_del, with
> local_bh_disable/enable as this pair of functions are reentrant.
>
> Reported-by: syzbot+2f6d7c28bb4bf7e82060 at syzkaller.appspotmail.com
> Tested-by: syzbot+2f6d7c28bb4bf7e82060 at syzkaller.appspotmail.com
> Signed-off-by: Desmond Cheong Zhi Xi <desmondcheongzx at gmail.com>
> ---
>  net/bluetooth/sco.c | 21 +++++++++++++++++++++
>  1 file changed, 21 insertions(+)
>
> diff --git a/net/bluetooth/sco.c b/net/bluetooth/sco.c
> index 3bd41563f118..34f3419c3330 100644
> --- a/net/bluetooth/sco.c
> +++ b/net/bluetooth/sco.c
> @@ -140,10 +140,12 @@ static void sco_chan_del(struct sock *sk, int err)
>         BT_DBG("sk %p, conn %p, err %d", sk, conn, err);
>
>         if (conn) {
> +               local_bh_disable();
>                 sco_conn_lock(conn);
>                 conn->sk = NULL;
>                 sco_pi(sk)->conn = NULL;
>                 sco_conn_unlock(conn);
> +               local_bh_enable();
>
>                 if (conn->hcon)
>                         hci_conn_drop(conn->hcon);
> @@ -167,16 +169,22 @@ static void sco_conn_del(struct hci_conn *hcon, int err)
>         BT_DBG("hcon %p conn %p, err %d", hcon, conn, err);
>
>         /* Kill socket */
> +       local_bh_disable();
>         sco_conn_lock(conn);
>         sk = conn->sk;
>         sco_conn_unlock(conn);
> +       local_bh_enable();
>
>         if (sk) {
>                 sock_hold(sk);
> +
> +               local_bh_disable();
>                 bh_lock_sock(sk);
>                 sco_sock_clear_timer(sk);
>                 sco_chan_del(sk, err);
>                 bh_unlock_sock(sk);
> +               local_bh_enable();
> +
>                 sco_sock_kill(sk);
>                 sock_put(sk);
>         }
> @@ -202,6 +210,7 @@ static int sco_chan_add(struct sco_conn *conn, struct sock *sk,
>  {
>         int err = 0;
>
> +       local_bh_disable();
>         sco_conn_lock(conn);
>         if (conn->sk)
>                 err = -EBUSY;
> @@ -209,6 +218,7 @@ static int sco_chan_add(struct sco_conn *conn, struct sock *sk,
>                 __sco_chan_add(conn, sk, parent);
>
>         sco_conn_unlock(conn);
> +       local_bh_enable();
>         return err;
>  }
>
> @@ -303,9 +313,11 @@ static void sco_recv_frame(struct sco_conn *conn, struct sk_buff *skb)
>  {
>         struct sock *sk;
>
> +       local_bh_disable();
>         sco_conn_lock(conn);
>         sk = conn->sk;
>         sco_conn_unlock(conn);
> +       local_bh_enable();
>
>         if (!sk)
>                 goto drop;
> @@ -420,10 +432,12 @@ static void __sco_sock_close(struct sock *sk)
>                 if (sco_pi(sk)->conn->hcon) {
>                         sk->sk_state = BT_DISCONN;
>                         sco_sock_set_timer(sk, SCO_DISCONN_TIMEOUT);
> +                       local_bh_disable();
>                         sco_conn_lock(sco_pi(sk)->conn);
>                         hci_conn_drop(sco_pi(sk)->conn->hcon);
>                         sco_pi(sk)->conn->hcon = NULL;
>                         sco_conn_unlock(sco_pi(sk)->conn);
> +                       local_bh_enable();
>                 } else
>                         sco_chan_del(sk, ECONNRESET);
>                 break;
> @@ -1084,21 +1098,26 @@ static void sco_conn_ready(struct sco_conn *conn)
>
>         if (sk) {
>                 sco_sock_clear_timer(sk);
> +               local_bh_disable();
>                 bh_lock_sock(sk);
>                 sk->sk_state = BT_CONNECTED;
>                 sk->sk_state_change(sk);
>                 bh_unlock_sock(sk);
> +               local_bh_enable();
>         } else {
> +               local_bh_disable();
>                 sco_conn_lock(conn);
>
>                 if (!conn->hcon) {
>                         sco_conn_unlock(conn);
> +                       local_bh_enable();
>                         return;
>                 }
>
>                 parent = sco_get_sock_listen(&conn->hcon->src);
>                 if (!parent) {
>                         sco_conn_unlock(conn);
> +                       local_bh_enable();
>                         return;
>                 }
>
> @@ -1109,6 +1128,7 @@ static void sco_conn_ready(struct sco_conn *conn)
>                 if (!sk) {
>                         bh_unlock_sock(parent);
>                         sco_conn_unlock(conn);
> +                       local_bh_enable();
>                         return;
>                 }
>
> @@ -1131,6 +1151,7 @@ static void sco_conn_ready(struct sco_conn *conn)
>                 bh_unlock_sock(parent);
>
>                 sco_conn_unlock(conn);
> +               local_bh_enable();
>         }
>  }
>
> --
> 2.25.1
>


-- 
Luiz Augusto von Dentz


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