[PATCH v4] Bluetooth: schedule SCO timeouts with delayed_work

Desmond Cheong Zhi Xi desmondcheongzx at gmail.com
Wed Jul 28 07:17:21 UTC 2021

struct sock.sk_timer should be used as a sock cleanup timer. However,
SCO uses it to implement sock timeouts.

This causes issues because struct sock.sk_timer's callback is run in
an IRQ context, and the timer callback function sco_sock_timeout takes
a spin lock on the socket. However, other functions such as
sco_conn_del, sco_conn_ready, rfcomm_connect_ind, and
bt_accept_enqueue also take the spin lock with interrupts enabled.

This inconsistent {SOFTIRQ-ON-W} -> {IN-SOFTIRQ-W} lock usage could
lead to deadlocks as reported by Syzbot [1]:

To fix this, we use delayed work to implement SCO sock timouts
instead. This allows us to avoid taking the spin lock on the socket in
an IRQ context, and corrects the misuse of struct sock.sk_timer.

Link: https://syzkaller.appspot.com/bug?id=9089d89de0502e120f234ca0fc8a703f7368b31e [1]
Reported-by: syzbot+2f6d7c28bb4bf7e82060 at syzkaller.appspotmail.com
Signed-off-by: Desmond Cheong Zhi Xi <desmondcheongzx at gmail.com>


As suggested, this patch addresses the inconsistent lock state while
avoiding having to deal with local_bh_disable.

Now that sco_sock_timeout is no longer run in IRQ context, it might
be the case that bh_lock_sock is no longer needed to sync between
SOFTIRQ and user contexts, so we can switch to lock_sock.

I'm not too certain about this, or if there's any benefit to using
lock_sock instead, so I've left that out of this patch.

v3 -> v4:
- Switch to using delayed_work to schedule SCO sock timeouts instead
of using local_bh_disable. As suggested by Luiz Augusto von Dentz.

v2 -> v3:
- Split SCO and RFCOMM code changes, as suggested by Luiz Augusto von
- Simplify local bh disabling in SCO by using local_bh_disable/enable
inside sco_chan_del since local_bh_disable/enable pairs are reentrant.

v1 -> v2:
- Instead of pulling out the clean-up code out from sco_chan_del and
using it directly in sco_conn_del, disable local softirqs for relevant
- Disable local softirqs more thoroughly for instances of
bh_lock_sock/bh_lock_sock_nested in the bluetooth subsystem.
Specifically, the calls in af_bluetooth.c and rfcomm/sock.c are now made
with local softirqs disabled as well.

Best wishes,

 net/bluetooth/sco.c | 39 ++++++++++++++++++++++++---------------
 1 file changed, 24 insertions(+), 15 deletions(-)

diff --git a/net/bluetooth/sco.c b/net/bluetooth/sco.c
index 3bd41563f118..b6dd16153d38 100644
--- a/net/bluetooth/sco.c
+++ b/net/bluetooth/sco.c
@@ -48,6 +48,8 @@ struct sco_conn {
 	spinlock_t	lock;
 	struct sock	*sk;
+	struct delayed_work	sk_timer;
 	unsigned int    mtu;
@@ -74,9 +76,11 @@ struct sco_pinfo {
 #define SCO_CONN_TIMEOUT	(HZ * 40)
-static void sco_sock_timeout(struct timer_list *t)
+static void sco_sock_timeout(struct work_struct *work)
-	struct sock *sk = from_timer(sk, t, sk_timer);
+	struct sco_conn *conn = container_of(work, struct sco_conn,
+					     sk_timer.work);
+	struct sock *sk = conn->sk;
 	BT_DBG("sock %p state %d", sk, sk->sk_state);
@@ -89,16 +93,18 @@ static void sco_sock_timeout(struct timer_list *t)
-static void sco_sock_set_timer(struct sock *sk, long timeout)
+static void sco_sock_set_timer(struct sock *sk, struct delayed_work *work,
+			       long timeout)
 	BT_DBG("sock %p state %d timeout %ld", sk, sk->sk_state, timeout);
-	sk_reset_timer(sk, &sk->sk_timer, jiffies + timeout);
+	cancel_delayed_work(work);
+	schedule_delayed_work(work, timeout);
-static void sco_sock_clear_timer(struct sock *sk)
+static void sco_sock_clear_timer(struct sock *sk, struct delayed_work *work)
 	BT_DBG("sock %p state %d", sk, sk->sk_state);
-	sk_stop_timer(sk, &sk->sk_timer);
+	cancel_delayed_work(work);
 /* ---- SCO connections ---- */
@@ -174,7 +180,7 @@ static void sco_conn_del(struct hci_conn *hcon, int err)
 	if (sk) {
-		sco_sock_clear_timer(sk);
+		sco_sock_clear_timer(sk, &conn->sk_timer);
 		sco_chan_del(sk, err);
@@ -193,6 +199,8 @@ static void __sco_chan_add(struct sco_conn *conn, struct sock *sk,
 	sco_pi(sk)->conn = conn;
 	conn->sk = sk;
+	INIT_DELAYED_WORK(&conn->sk_timer, sco_sock_timeout);
 	if (parent)
 		bt_accept_enqueue(parent, sk, true);
@@ -260,11 +268,11 @@ static int sco_connect(struct sock *sk)
 		goto done;
 	if (hcon->state == BT_CONNECTED) {
-		sco_sock_clear_timer(sk);
+		sco_sock_clear_timer(sk, &conn->sk_timer);
 		sk->sk_state = BT_CONNECTED;
 	} else {
 		sk->sk_state = BT_CONNECT;
-		sco_sock_set_timer(sk, sk->sk_sndtimeo);
+		sco_sock_set_timer(sk, &conn->sk_timer, sk->sk_sndtimeo);
@@ -419,7 +427,8 @@ static void __sco_sock_close(struct sock *sk)
 	case BT_CONFIG:
 		if (sco_pi(sk)->conn->hcon) {
 			sk->sk_state = BT_DISCONN;
-			sco_sock_set_timer(sk, SCO_DISCONN_TIMEOUT);
+			sco_sock_set_timer(sk, &sco_pi(sk)->conn->sk_timer,
 			sco_pi(sk)->conn->hcon = NULL;
@@ -443,7 +452,8 @@ static void __sco_sock_close(struct sock *sk)
 /* Must be called on unlocked socket. */
 static void sco_sock_close(struct sock *sk)
-	sco_sock_clear_timer(sk);
+	if (sco_pi(sk)->conn)
+		sco_sock_clear_timer(sk, &sco_pi(sk)->conn->sk_timer);
@@ -500,8 +510,6 @@ static struct sock *sco_sock_alloc(struct net *net, struct socket *sock,
 	sco_pi(sk)->setting = BT_VOICE_CVSD_16BIT;
-	timer_setup(&sk->sk_timer, sco_sock_timeout, 0);
 	bt_sock_link(&sco_sk_list, sk);
 	return sk;
@@ -1036,7 +1044,8 @@ static int sco_sock_shutdown(struct socket *sock, int how)
 	if (!sk->sk_shutdown) {
 		sk->sk_shutdown = SHUTDOWN_MASK;
-		sco_sock_clear_timer(sk);
+		if (sco_pi(sk)->conn)
+			sco_sock_clear_timer(sk, &sco_pi(sk)->conn->sk_timer);
 		if (sock_flag(sk, SOCK_LINGER) && sk->sk_lingertime &&
@@ -1083,7 +1092,7 @@ static void sco_conn_ready(struct sco_conn *conn)
 	BT_DBG("conn %p", conn);
 	if (sk) {
-		sco_sock_clear_timer(sk);
+		sco_sock_clear_timer(sk, &conn->sk_timer);
 		sk->sk_state = BT_CONNECTED;

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